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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Types>HappyDays

FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO

The reverse legend FEL TEMP REPARATIO was used on coins from the time of Constans and Constantius II to that of Gratian (337 to 375). Although the intended reading of this legend is not completely certain, it most likely reads, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO, meaning "re-establishment of the happy times." We prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" From the coins below, it seems the Romans had a very different concept of what made for happy times.


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The final A in the mintmark appears as H, but it must be a carelessly engraved A because IA is the officina (workshop) mark and there were only eleven officina in operation. IA is the Greek numeral eleven. IH is the Greek numeral eighteen. Open topped A's are not unusual in this period.
RL68726. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, Choice gVF, weight 5.995 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 330o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman wearing, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, CONSIA* in ex; $140.00 (€105.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB66469. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 96, VF, set in golden (probably not gold) bezel, weight 7.060 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, •SMK[E?]; large bronze for the period; $125.00 (€93.75)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 242 A.D., Gordian III marched against the Persian invasion of the East, and relieved Antioch from siege.
RS67630. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8659, RIC IV 216, RSC IV 319, EF, weight 4.599 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 225o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 242 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (happy times), Emperor standing right, transverse spear in right hand, globe in left; $120.00 (€90.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL68274. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Constantinople 92, Choice VF, excellent centering, nice green patina, weight 3.440 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier advancing right, head turned back, leading small barbarian from hut beneath tree with right hand, spear in left with point between legs, Γ above, CONSE* in ex; $110.00 (€82.50)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 17b, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATI-O FEL TEMP, Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, branch lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in ex; very rare; $70.00 (€52.50)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constans, Constantine's youngest son, inherited part of the Western Empire. In 340, Constantine II, his brother, invaded his territory but was killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, his general Magnentius rebelled. Constans tried to escape but overtaken and killed.
RL64020. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Thessalonica 116, VF, weight 4.081 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing horseman who has fallen to his hands and knees and is wearing a pointed (Parthian) cap, TSΓ* in ex; $70.00 (€52.50)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Procopius was a general under Julian II. After the accession of Valens, Procopius led a rebellion at Constantinopolis while the emperor was in Syria. Procopius' forces were quickly defeated and he was executed shortly after.
RL26676. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Heraclea 8 or similar, VF, weight 1.375 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, obverse D N PROCOPIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP, Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield; good portrait, scarcer right facing portrait; scarce; $65.00 (€48.75)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL90083. Bronze centenionalis, Failmezger pl. 41, 462cCS (this coin); RIC VII Constantinople 112; LRBC 2033; Voetter 31, gF, weight 4.858 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman clutching horse, shield on ground right, B and pellet upper left divided by spear, CONS[A?] in ex; from the Susan Bradford Collection, ex Ancient Imports, ex Failmezger Collection (plate coin, 2002), ex Dr. D. Zauge Collection (2001); $65.00 (€48.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
RL70755. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 138, LRBC 2051, VF, choice obverse, reverse well struck with a worn die, weight 2.442 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier advancing left with shield on left arm, spearing fallen bare-headed bearded horseman who is turned to face the solder and extending his left arm, CONSΓ in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren Collection; scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
RL70754. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, Choice VF, weight 2.857 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $50.00 (€37.50)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL70746. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 351, LRBC 1115, EF, well centered, sharp detail, weight 2.552 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ASIS in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 (€33.75)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
BB70708. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC 1136, gVF, weight 2.404 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 45o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 19 Jan 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left in Galley, holding labarum and Phoenix on globe, at stern Victory steering, [...]SIS and control-symbol in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€30.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70745. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 351, LRBC 1115, Choice VF, dark sea green patina, weight 2.187 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ASIS in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $38.00 (€28.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
BB62728. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, VF, weight 2.663 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $36.00 (€27.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL66233. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Alexandria 61, VF, nice highlighting patina, weight 3.825 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Soldier advancing right, looking back, leading barbarian from hut under tree with right hand, spear in left, ALEA in ex; ex Seaver Collection; $36.00 (€27.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL70711. Billon AE 2, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC 2026, gVF, weight 5.426 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman who is raising his arm, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, CONSZ* in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 (€26.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
BB62311. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, VF, weight 2.672 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $34.00 (€25.50)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
BB54582. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Aquileia 103, LRBC 88, VF, turquoise patina, weight 2.945 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPAR-ATIO, helmeted soldier, leading barbarian with right hand from hut under tree, spear in left, AQT• in ex; $32.00 (€24.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL62364. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 86, gVF, weight 3.190 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REP-ARATIO, Constans walking right, looking back left, leading barbarian from hut under tree, holding spear, star above, SMKΓ in ex; $32.00 (€24.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RL62715. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 371, VF, weight 2.600 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€24.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
BB62721. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, VF, green patina, weight 2.134 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€24.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo CIn 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL70721. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Cyzicus 104/110, aEF, nice green patina, tight flan, weight 2.613 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap and raising hand, oval shield at feet, SMK∆ in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $32.00 (€24.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
BB60517. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 374, VF, weight 2.341 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISD in exergue; scarce; $31.00 (€23.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
BB62713. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 370, gF, weight 2.449 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bare-headed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ASIS zigzag symbol in exergue; scarce; $31.00 (€23.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
RL62724. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 371, VF, green patina, weight 2.371 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $30.00 (€22.50)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo During this period A's were frequently engraved with open tops and looked like H's.
BB70717. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 352, VF, nice patina, weight 2.780 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (Happy Times Return), soldier advancing left, spear in right, shield in left, spearing fallen horseman laying over horse's neck, head turned back, wearing a pointed cap and raising arm, shield at feet, ASIS and reversed Z in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $30.00 (€22.50)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In spite of edicts issued by Constantius banning sacrifices and closing temples, he was not fanatically anti-pagan - he never made any attempt to disband the various Roman priestly colleges or the Vestal Virgins, he never acted against the various pagan schools, and, at times, he actually made some effort to protect paganism. He remained pontifex maximus and was deified by the Roman Senate after his death. His relative moderation toward paganism is reflected by the fact that it was over twenty years after his death, during the reign of Gratian, before any pagan senator protested his treatment of their religion.
RL70718. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 350, gVF, centered, green patina, weight 2.570 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (Happy Times Return), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap and raising arm, shield at feet, BSIS in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $30.00 (€22.50)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70743. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC 2044, VF, green patina, weight 2.292 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, • left center, CONSIA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (€22.50)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The first known mention of the Bulgars in European chronicles occured in 354 A.D.
BB70713. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Heraclea 82, LRBC 1893, aVF, soft strike, weight 4.203 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground at feet, Γ left, SMHB in exergue; larger bronze for the period, from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $28.00 (€21.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In February 360, Julian Caesar was proclaimed emperor by the Gallic legions in Lutetia (modern Paris) at the Thermes de Cluny. They refused to support the eastern campaign against King Shapur II of Persia and revolted. Constantius II and Julian exchanged several letters, both hoping to avoid a civil war.
BB70719. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 369, aVF, weight 2.363 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 45o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M left, ΓSIS and reversed Z in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $28.00 (€21.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70742. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Cyzicus 106, VF, weight 2.594 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, SMKA in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $27.00 (€20.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60486. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Sirmium 74, VF, weight 1.968 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM• in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RL60496. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 371, VF, weight 2.331 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, ∆SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (€18.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB62725. Bronze AE 3, cf. RIC VIII Sirmium 72 - 78 (various mint marks), VF, weight 2.169 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM[...] in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
BB69493. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Thessalonica 189, LRBC 1681, Voetter 39, F, weight 2.702 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Dec 350 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield in left, spearing fallen horseman with right, horseman turned facing soldier and extending left arm, shield on the ground right, Γ upper left, SMTS in ex; $24.00 (€18.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 351, in India, a new process was invented for the extraction of sugar from sugarcane.
BB62193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 351, LRBC 1115, VF, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ∆SIS in ex; $23.00 (€17.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60475. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Sirmium 78, VF/F, weight 1.940 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, [?]SIRM* in ex; $23.00 (€17.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
BB60502. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Sirmium 76, VF, ragged flan, weight 1.616 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, •BSIRM• in ex; scarce; $23.00 (€17.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 355, the Franks besieged Cologne for ten months.
BB53650. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 374, aVF, weight 2.770 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...S]ISD in exergue; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, the veneration of non-Christian images was banned in the Roman Empire.
BB53651. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, aVF, weight 2.590 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 6 November 355, at Mediolanum (Milan), Constantius II elevated his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian took command of the western provinces and married Constantius' sister, Helena.
BB53659. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 374, gF, weight 2.184 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SISD in exergue; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire and the veneration of non-Christian images was banned. When Julian became emperor he would attempt to restore the ancient pagan religions.
BB62124. Bronze AE 3, cf. RIC VIII Sirmium 72, VF, weight 2.110 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM[...] in ex; $21.00 (€15.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60482. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Sirmium 74, aVF, weight 2.602 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM• in ex; $21.00 (€15.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 357, Julian constructed a fleet in Gaul to secure the corn supply from Britain for the garrisons (castella) of the Rhine.
BB60483. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 370, LRBC 1229, aVF, weight 2.431 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bare-headed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ASIS zigzag symbol in exergue; scarce; $21.00 (€15.75)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard.
RL69375. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Aquileia 189, LRBC 921, Voetter -, aF, weight 3.918 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, Sep 352 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, LXXII (mark of value) in upper left field, AQS• in ex; scarce; $20.00 (€15.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 19 Feb 356, Constantius II issued a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire.
BB69432. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 369, LRBC 1234, Voetter 72, aVF, weight 1.699 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 6 Nov 355 - summer 361; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M upper left, BSIS and reversed Z in ex; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer; $20.00 (€15.00)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB68325. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC 2044, F, weight 1.999 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $19.00 (€14.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 358, the Salian Franks capitulated to Julian in Gaul. He allowed them to form a Roman foederati in Toxandria. Frankish settlers were established in areas in the north and the east to help with the defense of the Rhine frontier.
BB70756. Bronze AE 3/4, SRCV 4063, F, tight flan, weight 2.630 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, as caesar, 355 - 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing a fallen horseman, shield on the ground, mintmark in exergue (off flan); from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $19.00 (€14.25)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 351, Constantius Gallus built a new church in honor of Saint Babylas at Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and transfered the remains of the bishop to it to neutralize the pagan effects of the nearby temple of Apollo. In 362, Julian consulted the oracle of Apollo at the temple in Daphne, but received no answer, and was told that it was because of the proximity of the saint. He had the sarcophagus of the martyr exhumed and removed. A few days later, on October 22, a mysterious fire broke out consuming the roof of the temple and the statue of the god, copied from Phidias' statue of Zeus at Olympia. Julian, suspecting angry Christians, closed the cathedral of Antioch and ordered an investigation. Ammianus Marcellinus reports "a frivolous rumor" laid blame on candles lit by a worshipper late the previous night (XXII, 13). John Chrysostom claimed a bolt of lightning set the temple on fire. The remains of Babylas were reinterred in a church dedicated to him on the other side of the River Orontes.
BB52659. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 34, LRBC 1593, F, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, ASIRM in ex; $18.00 (€13.50)


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Catalog current as of Friday, October 24, 2014.
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