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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Types ▸ Happy DaysView Options:  |  |  | 

FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO

The reverse legend FEL TEMP REPARATIO was used on coins from the time of Constans and Constantius II to that of Gratian (337 to 375). Although the intended reading of this legend is not completely certain, it most likely reads, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO, meaning "re-establishment of the happy times." We prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" From the coins below, it seems the Romans had a very different concept of what made for happy times.


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius' bronze was typically struck on undersized flans. Perfectly centered coins on large flans occur very rarely and if uncirculated and with good detail such as on this specimen they retail for at least $600 (2003).
RB71806. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinople 17(a)6, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, double struck, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 2.509 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONS∆• in exergue; rare (R2); $160.00 (€139.20)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" To a Roman, spearing a barbarian was happy time!
RB71440. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Alexandria 74, LRBC II 2838, SRCV V 18997, Voetter 1, Cohen VII 17, aEF, some silvering, tight flan, weight 5.005 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Sep 351 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing bare-headed bearded fallen horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, Γ upper left, ALEA in exergue; $100.00 (€87.00)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL68274. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Constantinople 92, Choice VF, excellent centering, nice green patina, weight 3.440 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing right, head turned back, leading small barbarian from hut beneath tree with right hand, spear in left with point between legs, Γ above, CONSE* in ex; $95.00 (€82.65)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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According to Zosimus, Julian gave Procopius an imperial robe, informing him of his intent to make him his successor. But Julian did not tell anyone of this intent and Jovian was acclaimed emperor. Procopius gave Jovian the robe. He told Jovian of Julian's intention but asked the new Emperor to allow him to retire to private life. Jovian accepted and Procopius and his family retired to Caesarea Mazaca.
RL75117. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1927, RIC IX Heraclea 8, Cohen VIII 10, SRCV V 19876, VF, bold cross on vexillum, dark green patina, a little rough, weight 2.295 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 15o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep - 31 Dec 365 A.D.; obverse D N PROCOPIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, vexillum with cross in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, SMHA in exergue; $80.00 (€69.60)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2084, RIC IX 17b, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19882, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, palm frond lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in exergue; very rare; $70.00 (€60.90)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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In 358, during the reign of Constantius II, Procopius was sent with Lucillianus as an envoy to the Sassanid court. In this period he was tribunus and notarius.
RL26676. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19876 ff., good portrait, scarcer right facing portrait, VF, weight 1.375 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCOPIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield; scarce; $65.00 (€56.55)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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Constans, Constantine's youngest son, inherited part of the Western Empire. In 340, Constantine II, his brother, invaded his territory but was killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, his general Magnentius rebelled. Constans tried to escape but overtaken and killed.
RL64020. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Thessalonica 116, VF, weight 4.081 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, spearing horseman who has fallen to his hands and knees and is wearing a pointed (Parthian) cap, TSΓ* in ex; $60.00 (€52.20)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
RL70755. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 138, LRBC 2051, VF, choice obverse, reverse well struck with a worn die, weight 2.442 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier advancing left with shield on left arm, spearing fallen bare-headed bearded horseman who is turned to face the solder and extending his left arm, CONSΓ in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren Collection; scarce; $60.00 (€52.20)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL90083. Bronze centenionalis, Failmezger pl. 41, 462cCS (this coin); RIC VII Constantinople 112; LRBC 2033; Voetter 31, gF, weight 4.858 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman clutching horse, shield on ground right, B and pellet upper left divided by spear, CONS[A?] in ex; from the Susan Bradford Collection, ex Ancient Imports, ex Failmezger Collection (plate coin, 2002), ex Dr. D. Zauge Collection (2001); $55.00 (€47.85)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
BB62728. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, VF, weight 2.663 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $36.00 (€31.32)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL70711. Billon AE 2, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC 2026, gVF, weight 5.426 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman who is raising his arm, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, CONSZ* in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 (€30.45)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RL62715. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 371, VF, weight 2.600 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€27.84)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
BB62721. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 382, VF, green patina, weight 2.134 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€27.84)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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CIn 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL70721. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Cyzicus 104/110, aEF, nice green patina, tight flan, weight 2.613 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap and raising hand, oval shield at feet, SMK∆ in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $32.00 (€27.84)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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BB60517. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 374, VF, weight 2.341 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISD in exergue; scarce; $31.00 (€26.97)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
BB62713. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 370, gF, weight 2.449 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bare-headed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ASIS zigzag symboL in exergue; scarce; $31.00 (€26.97)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
RL62724. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 371, VF, green patina, weight 2.371 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $30.00 (€26.10)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70743. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC II 2044, Voetter 5, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VII 12, VF, green patina, weight 2.292 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen bare-headed horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, • left center, CONSIA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (€26.10)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The first known mention of the Bulgars in European chronicles occured in 354 A.D.
BB70713. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Heraclea 82, LRBC 1893, aVF, soft strike, weight 4.203 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground at feet, Γ left, SMHB in exergue; larger bronze for the period, from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $28.00 (€24.36)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In February 360, Julian Caesar was proclaimed emperor by the Gallic legions in Lutetia (modern Paris) at the Thermes de Cluny. They refused to support the eastern campaign against King Shapur II of Persia and revolted. Constantius II and Julian exchanged several letters, both hoping to avoid a civil war.
BB70719. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 369, aVF, weight 2.363 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 45o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M left, ΓSIS and reversed Z in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $28.00 (€24.36)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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RL60496. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 371, VF, weight 2.331 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, ∆SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (€21.75)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
BB68325. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 120 (S), LRBC II 2040, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VII 12, Voetter -, F, weight 1.999 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen bare-headed horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (€21.75)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60475. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Sirmium 78, VF/F, weight 1.940 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, [?]SIRM* in ex; $23.00 (€20.01)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
BB60502. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Sirmium 76, VF, ragged flan, weight 1.616 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, •BSIRM• in exergue; scarce; $23.00 (€20.01)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire and the veneration of non-Christian images was banned. When Julian became emperor he would attempt to restore the ancient pagan religions.
BB62124. Bronze AE 3, cf. RIC VIII Sirmium 72, VF, weight 2.110 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM[...] in ex; $21.00 (€18.27)







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Catalog current as of Sunday, August 02, 2015.
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FEL TEMP REPARATION