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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Types>HappyDays

FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO

The reverse legend FEL TEMP REPARATIO was used on coins from the time of Constans and Constantius II to that of Gratian (337 to 375). Although the intended reading of this legend is not completely certain, it most likely reads, FELicium TEMPorum REPARATIO, meaning "re-establishment of the happy times." We prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" From the coins below, it seems the Romans had a very different concept of what made for happy times.


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB66469. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 96, VF, set in golden (probably not gold) bezel, weight 7.060 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, Cyzicus mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, •SMK[E?]; large bronze for the period; $140.00 (€105.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The final A in the mintmark appears as H, but it must be a carelessly engraved A because IA is the officina (workshop) mark and there were only eleven officina in operation. IA is the Greek numeral eleven. IH is the Greek numeral eighteen. Open topped A's are not unusual in this period.
RL68726. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 82, Choice gVF, weight 5.995 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 330o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman wearing, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, CONSIA* in ex; $140.00 (€105.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 242 A.D., Gordian III marched against the Persian invasion of the East, and relieved Antioch from siege.
RS67630. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8659, RIC IV 216, RSC IV 319, EF, weight 4.599 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 225o, Antioch mint, 242 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (happy times), Emperor standing right, transverse spear in right hand, globe in left; $120.00 (€90.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL68274. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 92, Choice VF, excellent centering, nice green patina, weight 3.440 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier advancing right, head turned back, leading small barbarian from hut beneath tree with right hand, spear in left with point between legs, Γ above, CONSE* in ex; $110.00 (€82.50)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 17b, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATI-O FEL TEMP, Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, branch lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in ex; very rare; $70.00 (€52.50)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constans, Constantine's youngest son, inherited part of the Western Empire. In 340, Constantine II, his brother, invaded his territory but was killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, his general Magnentius rebelled. Constans tried to escape but overtaken and killed.
RL64020. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 116, VF, weight 4.081 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing horseman who has fallen to his hands and knees and is wearing a pointed (Parthian) cap, TSΓ* in ex; $70.00 (€52.50)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Procopius was a general under Julian II. After the accession of Valens, Procopius led a rebellion at Constantinopolis while the emperor was in Syria. Procopius' forces were quickly defeated and he was executed shortly after.
RL26676. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Heraclea 8 or similar, VF, weight 1.375 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, obverse D N PROCOPIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP, Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield; good portrait, scarcer right facing portrait; scarce; $65.00 (€48.75)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL90083. Bronze centenionalis, Failmezger pl. 41, 462cCS (this coin); RIC VII 112; LRBC 2033; Voetter 31, gF, weight 4.858 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman clutching horse, shield on ground right, B and pellet upper left divided by spear, CONS[A?] in ex; from the Susan Bradford Collection, ex Ancient Imports, ex Failmezger Collection (plate coin, 2002), ex Dr. D. Zauge Collection (2001); $65.00 (€48.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
BB62728. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 382, VF, weight 2.663 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $36.00 (€27.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL66233. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 61, VF, nice highlighting patina, weight 3.825 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPA-RATIO, Soldier advancing right, looking back, leading barbarian from hut under tree with right hand, spear in left, ALEA in ex; ex Seaver Collection; $36.00 (€27.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
BB62311. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 382, VF, weight 2.672 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $34.00 (€25.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
BB62312. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 363, VF, weight 2.491 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, ∆SISZ in exergue; scarce; $34.00 (€25.50)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
BB54582. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 103, LRBC 88, VF, turquoise patina, weight 2.945 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPAR-ATIO, helmeted soldier, leading barbarian with right hand from hut under tree, spear in left, AQT• in ex; $32.00 (€24.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL62364. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 86, gVF, weight 3.190 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REP-ARATIO, Constans walking right, looking back left, leading barbarian from hut under tree, holding spear, star above, SMKΓ in ex; $32.00 (€24.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RL62715. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 371, VF, weight 2.600 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€24.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
BB62721. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 382, VF, green patina, weight 2.134 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $32.00 (€24.00)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
BB60517. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 374, VF, weight 2.341 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISD in exergue; scarce; $31.00 (€23.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
BB62713. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 370, gF, weight 2.449 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bare-headed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ASIS zigzag symbol in exergue; scarce; $31.00 (€23.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
RL62724. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 371, VF, green patina, weight 2.371 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $30.00 (€22.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
BB60476. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 370, F, weight 2.741 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bare-headed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ASIS zigzag symbol in exergue; nicely centered; scarce; $27.00 (€20.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB62129. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 74, VF, weight 2.092 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM• in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60486. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 74, VF, weight 1.968 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM• in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RL60496. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 371, VF, weight 2.331 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, ∆SIS zigzag in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (€18.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB62725. Bronze AE 3, cf. RIC VIII 72 - 78 (various mint marks), VF, weight 2.169 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM[...] in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
BB69493. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 189, LRBC 1681, Voetter 39, F, weight 2.702 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Dec 350 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield in left, spearing fallen horseman with right, horseman turned facing soldier and extending left arm, shield on the ground right, Γ upper left, SMTS in ex; $24.00 (€18.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend roughly translates, "Happy days are here again!"
BB62193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, VF, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ∆SIS in ex; $23.00 (€17.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60475. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 78, VF/F, weight 1.940 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, [?]SIRM* in ex; $23.00 (€17.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
BB60502. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 76, VF, ragged flan, weight 1.616 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, •BSIRM• in ex; scarce; $23.00 (€17.25)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 355, the Franks besieged Cologne for ten months.
BB53650. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 374, aVF, weight 2.770 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...S]ISD in exergue; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, the veneration of non-Christian images was banned in the Roman Empire.
BB53651. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 382, aVF, weight 2.590 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ∆SISL in exergue; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 6 November 355, at Mediolanum (Milan), Constantius II elevated his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian took command of the western provinces and married Constantius' sister, Helena.
BB53659. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 374, gF, weight 2.184 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIAN-VS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M in left field, [...]SISD in exergue; scarce; $22.00 (€16.50)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire and the veneration of non-Christian images was banned. When Julian became emperor he would attempt to restore the ancient pagan religions.
BB62124. Bronze AE 3, cf. RIC VIII 72, VF, weight 2.110 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM[...] in ex; $21.00 (€15.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the 1st century A.D., Sirmium gained a status of a colony of the citizens of Rome, and became an important military and strategic center of Pannonia province. The war expeditions of Roman emperors Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Claudius II were prepared in Sirmium.
BB60482. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 74, aVF, weight 2.602 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIA-NVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, BSIRM• in ex; $21.00 (€15.75)

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 357, Julian constructed a fleet in Gaul to secure the corn supply from Britain for the garrisons (castella) of the Rhine.
BB60483. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 370, LRBC 1229, aVF, weight 2.431 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - Feb 360 A.D.; obverse D N IVLIANVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bare-headed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, M in left field, ASIS zigzag symbol in exergue; scarce; $21.00 (€15.75)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB69363. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 189, F, weight 2.043 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 45o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 350 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, E(?) left, SMTS in ex; $20.00 (€15.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard.
RL69375. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 189, LRBC 921, Voetter -, aF, weight 3.918 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, Sep 352 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, LXXII (mark of value) in upper left field, AQS• in ex; scarce; $20.00 (€15.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 19 Feb 356, Constantius II issued a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire.
BB69432. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 369, LRBC 1234, Voetter 72, aVF, weight 1.699 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 6 Nov 355 - summer 361; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, M upper left, BSIS and reversed Z in ex; from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer; $20.00 (€15.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB68325. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 122, LRBC 2044, F, weight 1.999 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $19.00 (€14.25)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB52659. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 34, LRBC 1593, F, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, Sept 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, ASIRM in ex; $18.00 (€13.50)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB52662. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, LRBC 1115, F, weight 2.152 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ASIS in ex; $16.00 (€12.00)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB53070. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, VF, weight 2.303 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, horseman wears a pointed cap and falls on the horse's neck, [...]SIS in ex; $16.00 (€12.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB67985. Bronze centenionalis, SRCV 4003, aF, weight 4.355 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind bust; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman; $15.00 (€11.25)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
BB62751. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 49, F, weight 1.908 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, [B?]SIRM in ex; $14.00 (€10.50)


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