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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Comnen Dynasty ▸ Manuel IView Options:  |  |  | 

Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

Manuel's reign was a period in which the Byzantine Empire flourished. He was quick to become personally involved in military campaigns. Gibbons' "Decline & Fall" notes, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, [Manuel I's] friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own." Unfortunately his over ambitious policies created enemies and expended the strength of the state. He was severely defeated by the Turks and died a broken man, ruler of a broken empire. Byzantium Empire 1170 AD


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Saint George (d. April 23, 303) was a Roman soldier from Anatolia, who was venerated as a Christian martyr. Immortalized in the tale of George and the Dragon, he is the patron saint of England, Greece, Portugal, Russia, and many other countries, cities and organizations. -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_George
BZ76643. Bronze half tetarteron, cf. DOC IV, part 1, 18; Morrisson BnF 61/Th/AE/05; CLBC I 4.4.5; Grierson 1101; SBCV 1975; Sommer 61.19 (none with same arrangements), VF, well centered, nice face of St. George, nice green patina, Manuel's face weakly struck, weight 2.773 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1152 - c. 1160 A.D.; obverse Θ / Γ/ε−ωP/ΓI/Oς (wP ligate), nimbate bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing tunic, cuirass, and sagion, spear in right, shield in left; reverse MANYH−Λ − ∆εCΠOTH, Manuel, bust facing, wearing crown and loros, labarum headed scepter in right, globus cruciger in left; $75.00 (€66.00)
 


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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die.Click here to read a detailed explanation.
BZ69198. Bronze half tetarteron, SBCV 1980; DOC IV, part 1, 23, VF, weight 1.176 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Greek mint, 1152 - c. 1160 A.D.; obverse Θ / Γ/ε−ωP/ΓI/OC, bust of St. George facing, beardless, wearing nimbus, tunic, cuirass, and sagion, spear in right, shield in left; reverse incuse of obverse; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


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Called ho Megas ("the Great"), Manuel inspired intense loyalty in those who served him. He appears as the hero of a history written by his secretary, John Kinnamos, in which every virtue is attributed to him. Modern historians, however, have been less enthusiastic. Some argue that, since Byzantine imperial power declined catastrophically after Manuel's death, it is necessary to look for the causes of this decline in his reign.
BB75632. Billon aspron trachy, DOC IV, part 1, 13f; Morrisson BnF 61/Cp(B)39; Wroth BMC 40; Ratto 2127; SBCV 1966; Sommer 61.11, aVF, weight 3.327 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 8 Apr 1143 - 24 Sep 1180 A.D.; obverse Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne without back, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left hand, star to left and right, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking head; reverse MANYHΛ ∆ECΠ (or similar), Virgin Mary standing, on right, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, crowns emperor with right, Manuel standing, on left, wearing divitision, loros, and chlamys, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left; $14.49 (€12.75)


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Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own."
BZ75938. Billon aspron trachy, DOC IV, part 1, 13f; Morrisson BnF 61/Cp(B)39; Wroth BMC 40; Ratto 2127; SBCV 1966; Sommer 61.11, aF, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 8 Apr 1143 - 24 Sep 1180 A.D.; obverse Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne without back, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left hand, star to left and right, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking head; reverse MANYHΛ ∆ECΠ (or similar), Virgin Mary standing, on right, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, crowns emperor with right, Manuel standing, on left, wearing divitision, loros, and chlamys, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left; $2.00 (€1.76)


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Variety with stars both left and right on the obverse.
BZ75943. Billon aspron trachy, DOC IV, part 1, 13f; Morrisson BnF 61/Cp(B)39; Wroth BMC 40; Ratto 2127; SBCV 1966; Sommer 61.11, aF, green patina with highlighting earthen fill, weight 2.910 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 8 Apr 1143 - 24 Sep 1180 A.D.; obverse Christ Pantokrator seated facing on throne without back, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, colobium, Gospels in left hand, star to left and right, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation for Jesus Christ) flanking head; reverse MANYHΛ ∆ECΠ (or similar), Virgin Mary standing, on right, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, crowns emperor with right, Manuel standing, on left, wearing divitision, loros, and chlamys, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left; $.99 (€.87)







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. IV, Part 1: Alexius I to Alexius V (1081-1204). (Washington D.C., 1966).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Marchev, V. and R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 09, 2016.
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Byzantine Coins of Manuel I