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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Personifications>Money

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Laodikea ad Mar (Latakia, Syria) has been inhabited since the second millennium B.C. It was renamed by Seleucus I Nicator in honor of his mother, Laodice, and was a major port for the Seleukid Kingdom. Pompey created the new Roman province of Syria in 64 B.C. The Romans modified the name to Laodicea-ad-Mare.
RS66573. Silver denarius, RIC IV 459 note, RSC III 331a, BMCRE V 384 var (obv legend), cf. SRCV II 6413 (same, Emesa), VF, weight 3.014 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right; reverse MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $250.00 (€187.50)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 193, Laodicea was sacked by the governor of Syria, Pescennius Niger, in his revolt against Septimius Severus. In 194, Septimius Severus reorganized Syria into five new provinces. One of these, Coele-Syria, including all of northern Syria, briefly had its capital in Laodicea before reverting to Antioch. Septimius sought to punish Antioch for having supported Pescennius Niger. Septimius Severus endowed Laodicea with four colonnaded streets, baths, a theater, a hippodrome, numerous sanctuaries and other public buildings in the city. Laodicea was a key strategic seaport for Roman Syria.
RS68071. Silver denarius, SRCV II 6822, RIC IV 337d, RSC III 168c, EF, nice boy portrait, weight 3.654 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 45o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 198 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR ANTON AVG P TR P, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MONETA AVGG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; scarce; $220.00 (€165.00)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 224, King Ardashir I defeated Artabanus IV at Hormizdegan (modern Shushtar), destroying the Parthian Empire and establishing the Sassanid dynasty. Artabanus's brother Vologases VI continued to rule with Armenian and Kushan support over outlying parts of Parthia.
SH56934. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE VI 204 var (S - C outer fields and lower); RIC IV 587 var (anvil not mentioned); Cohen -, cf. 179 (MONETA AVG), aVF, nice green patina, weight 19.148 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 224 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, S - C, Moneta standing half left, scales in right held over die anvil at feet on left, cornucopia in left; rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshipped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Julia Domna, was from Emesa. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa.
RS65354. Silver denarius, RSC III 279a, RIC IV 398, BMCRE V 373, SRCV II 6305 var (LIBERA AVG), gVF, porous, weight 3.554 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse LIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, polos on head, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; scarce; $140.00 (€105.00)

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS68507. Silver denarius, RIC IV 100, RSC III 81a, BMCRE V 214, SRCV 7521 var (cornucopia on base), VF+, centered, toned, weight 2.973 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 219 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren with Antioch Associates tag; $120.00 (€90.00)

Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This type has the earliest depiction of the Three Monetae on coinage.
RB63622. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 500, Fair, weight 19.208 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 187 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P/ MON AVG/ S C, Three Monetae standing left, each holding scale in right and cornucopia in left; $90.00 (€67.50)

Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Julia Domna, was from Emesa. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa.
RS49580. Silver denarius, RIC IV 627 var (reverse legend), SRCV II 6591 var (same), F, weight 2.695 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse LIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; very rare; $85.00 (€63.75)

Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 302 A.D., Diocletian began passing laws against Christians and a policy of religious oppression in Antioch.
RB70869. Bronze follis, RIC VI 105a, Cohen 434, VF, minor roughness, weight 8.663 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 302 - 303 A.D.; obverse IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing facing, head left, scales in right, cornucopia in left, star right, R P in ex; scarce; $75.00 (€56.25)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Three Monetae are depicted, one for each metal: gold, silver and copper.
RB65851. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 670, SRCV II 6404, Fine/Fair, flan crack, weight 19.409 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right; reverse MONET AVG COS II P P S C, three Monetae standing facing, each with head left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; scarce; $65.00 (€48.75)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Liberalitas coins advertise distributions of money by the emperor to the people, usually on important occasions or upon his return to Rome after a long absence. This coin commemorates Antoninus' third Liberalitas, distributed in 145 A.D., perhaps for the wedding of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger.
RS67166. Silver denarius, RIC III 156, RSC II 490, BMCRE IV 574, SRCV II -, F, weight 2.967 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 145 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right; reverse LIB IIII (in ex), TR POT COS IIII, Liberalitas standing left,vexillum in right, cornucopia in left; $50.00 (€37.50)

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A scarce denomination for the period.
RB90373. Bronze as, RIC 120a, Cohen 71, aF, rough, corrosion, weight 7.785 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $50.00 (€37.50)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RS56682. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 199, RIC V 75, VF, weight 3.160 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 266 - 267 AD; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; $36.00 (€27.00)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RS70774. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 199, RIC V 75, VF, toned, weight 2.355 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 266 - 267 AD; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; $36.00 (€27.00)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Festivities celebrating Postumus' quinquennalia continued into 266 A.D. and very little troubled his empire in 267. A sudden deterioration in the coinage in 268 shows, however, that Postumus faced increasing challenges and the need to buy off an increasingly discontented army.
BB70780. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 199, RIC V 75, VF, weak reverse, weight 3.077 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 266 - 267; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; $36.00 (€27.00)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS68498. Silver denarius, RIC IV 278a, RSC III 298, BMCRE V 349, VF, flan crack, weight 3.271 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 202 - 210 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing left, coin counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $16.49 (€12.37)



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Catalog current as of Tuesday, July 22, 2014.
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