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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ MoneyView Options:  |  |  | 

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.


Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D., Overstrike on Denarius, Probably Severus Alexander

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Overstruck over a denarius of Severus Alexander, which suggests that the new coin was worth at least as much of the old one. Otherwise, it would have made more sense to melt the denarius.
RA73221. Silver antoninianus, cf. RIC V 287 (S), Webb Carausius 336, SRCV IV 13629, VF, toned, weight 2.664 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, Middle 286 - spring/early summer 293 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, mintmark obscured by over-strike effects; undertype bust (Severus Alexander?) visible; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, ex Forum (2010); scarce; $160.00 (€140.80)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.
RS76196. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 230, RSC IV 17, Hunter III 23, SRCV III 9265, Choice VF/F, excellent centering, nice portrait, small flan cracks, reverse die wear, weight 4.069 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG III, Philip I (holding short scepter) and Philip II seated left on curule chairs; $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In 93 A.D., Pliny the Younger was named a praetor. On 24 August 79, he along with his uncle, Pliny the Elder, witnessed the eruption of Vesuvius, during which his uncle died. Pliny rose through the cursus honorum, a series of Imperial civil and military offices, and was an imperial magistrate under Trajan. He wrote hundreds of letters, many of which still survive, that are of great historical value for the time period. Some are addressed to reigning emperors or to notables such as the historian Tacitus. His letters to Trajan provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors.
RB73715. Copper as, RIC II, part 1, 756; BMCRE II 469; BnF III 500; Cohen I 333; Hunter I -; cf. SRCV 2807 (COS XV), VF, centered, green patina, light scratches and corrosion, weight 10.417 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 92 - 94 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; $135.00 (€118.80)
 


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS72573. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87, Hunter III 21, SRCV III 8937, VF, well centered, rose gold toning, weight 4.364 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $125.00 (€110.00)
 


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS68507. Silver denarius, RIC IV 100, RSC III 81a, BMCRE V 214, SRCV 7521 var.(cornucopia on base), VF+, centered, toned, weight 2.973 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 219 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren with Antioch Associates tag; $105.00 (€92.40)
 


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake none but just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RB73730. Copper as, RIC II, part 1, 303; BMCRE II 314; BnF III 337; Hunter I 112; Cohen I 325 var. (AVGVST); cf. SRCV I 2806 (COS XV), aVF, dark sea green patina, light marks and scratches, porosity, areas of corrosion, weight 9.898 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 85 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, laureate bust right with aegis; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C across field below center; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS73368. Silver denarius, RIC IV 278a, RSC III 298, BMCRE V 349, SRCV II 6306, VF, superb portrait, excellent centering and strike, flan cracks as expected for this issue, small flaw on reverse at 12:30, weight 2.786 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 209 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RA76754. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 199a, Cunetio 2413 (968 spec.), RIC V 75, Schulzki AGK 45, Mairat 65, Elmer 336, Hunter IV 60, VF, well centered and struck, nice portrait, weight 3.694 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 45o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 263 - 265 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; ex Harlan J. Berk; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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In 213, Caracalla summoned Abgar IX Severus, the king of Edessa, to Rome and had him murdered. A year later the Kingdom of Edessa was incorporated into the empire as a Roman province.
RS72358. Silver denarius, RIC IV 236; RSC III 166; BMCRE V p. 441, 62; cf. SRCV II 6821 (obv legend); Hunter III 15 (same), Choice VF, excellent centering, light toning, die break behind Caracalla's eye, weight 3.094 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate bearded head right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; ex Timeline Auctions; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them, in money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. This coin advertises that Elagabalus has made his third distribution to the people. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia
RS74122. Silver denarius, RIC IV 103; RSC III 86; Hunter III 60; SRCV II 7522; BMCRE V p. 563, 216 var. (star right), VF, well centered on a tight flan, coppery spots, reverse legend weak, weight 3.032 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 221 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG III, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left hand, star lower left; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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In 194, Septimius Severus marched with his army of 12 legions to Cilicia and defeated Pescennius Niger, governor of Syria, at the Battle of Issus. Pescennius retreated to Antioch where he was executed by Severus' troops.
RS77483. Silver denarius, RIC IV S610, RSC III 144, BMCRE V S329, F, dark toning, scratches, edge cracks, weight 2.407 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $75.00 (€66.00)
 


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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This type has the earliest depiction of the Three Monetae on coinage.
RB63622. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 500, Fair, weight 19.208 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 187 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P/ MON AVG/ S C, Three Monetae standing left, each holding scale in right and cornucopia in left; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In 303 A.D., Diocletian began to persecute the Christians in earnest.
RB73834. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 46a, SRCV IV 14092, Cohen VII 264, VF, some roughness, weight 8.743 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, c. 300 - 303 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (unbroken), Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ST• in exergue; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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In 165, the Parthians sued for peace after the Romans captured Artaxata, Seleucia on the Tigris, and Ctesiphon. Unfortunately the returning army brought with them a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague. The plague significantly depopulated the entire Roman Empire.
RB76490. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1147, BMCRE IV 1506, Hunter II 216, Cohen III 419, SRCV II 4989, aF, well centered, nice portrait, small deposits, weight 24.438 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 174 - autumn 175 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG GERM TR P XXIX, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI IMP VII COS III, Liberalitas standing left, raising counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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A scarce denomination for the period.
RB90373. Bronze as, RIC IV 120a, Cohen V 71, aF, rough, corrosion, weight 7.785 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Three Monetae are depicted, one for each metal: gold, silver and copper.
RB65851. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 670, SRCV II 6404, Fine/Fair, flan crack, weight 19.409 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III, laureate head right; reverse MONET AVG COS II P P S C, three Monetae standing facing, each with head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; big 30mm brass; scarce; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS74167. Silver denarius, RIC IV 278a, RSC III 298, BMCRE V 349, SRCV II 6306, F, porous, reverse off center, weight 2.519 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 209 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $38.00 (€33.44)
 


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them, in money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. This coin advertises that Elagabalus has made his third distribution to the people. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia.
RS64690. Billon antoninianus, Gφbl MIR RIC V 99, RSC IV 108, Hunter IV 28, Cunetio 477 (36 specs.), SRCV III -, F, weight 2.595 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG, Liberalitas standing facing, head left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $25.00 (€22.00)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS74137. Silver denarius, RIC IV 278a, RSC III 298, BMCRE V 349, SRCV II 6306, VF/F, centered, flan cracks, weight 2.748 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 209 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; every example of this type handled by Forum to date has a flan crack at 6:00; $12.49 (€10.99)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them, in money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, the symbol of prosperity.
RS74156. Silver denarius, RIC IV 148, RSC III 108, BMCRE VI 6, Hunter III 9, cf. SRCV II 7875 (Antioch, Rome noted), aVF, toned, tight flan, weight 2.370 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $.99 (€.87)







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Catalog current as of Thursday, May 05, 2016.
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