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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Types ▸ Family & ChildrenView Options:  |  |  | 

Family and Children on Ancient Coins

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Cyzicus, Mysia; Britannicus, Octavia and Antonia

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Britannicus was the son of Claudius and Messalina, and the presumptive heir. Octavia was his older sister. Antonia was a daughter of Claudius, by an earlier wife.
SH67894. Bronze AE 12, RPC I 2248, BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Hunterian -, F, weight 1.770 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kyzicus mint, 25 Jan 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse NEΩΣ ΓEPMANIKOΣ K Y, bare head of Britannicus right; reverse AN OKTA, confronted, draped busts of Antonia and Octavia; very rare; $280.00 SALE PRICE $252.00

Plautilla, Augusta 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Wife of Caracalla

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Although this coin suggests Caracalla and Plautilla desired an heir, it would have been difficult because their mutual hatred was so strong they even refused to dine together. Their marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father, Caracalla's Praetorian Prefect, she was exiled to the Lipari islands and executed in 212 A.D.
RS68921. Silver denarius, RIC IV 367, RSC III 16, BMCRE V 422, SRCV II 7072, VF, excellent centering, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 203 A.D.; obverse PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing facing, head right, long scepter in right, child in left; scarce; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

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Although many coin reference books classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her usually advertise the fertility of the imperial family.
RB73634. Copper as, RIC IV SA669, BMCRE VI 924, Cohen IV 9, SRCV II 8241, aVF, green patina, light roughness, weight 9.921 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 15th emission, c. 232 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse FECVNDITAS AVGVSTAE, Fecunditas standing left, extending right hand over child standing before her with arms raised, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking very low in field; ex CNG e-auction 243 (27 Oct 2010), lot 385; ex J.S. Wagner Collection; $165.00 SALE PRICE $149.00

Katane, Sicily, c. 186 - 70 B.C.

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For rescuing their aged parents from an eruption of Mt. Etna, the Romans idolized the Katanean brothers as the embodiment of the Roman virtue pietas.
GI75646. Bronze AE 21, Calciati III p. 98, 10; SNG ANS 1285; SNG Cop 196; SNG MŁnchen 454; BMC Sicily p. 52, 72; HGC 2 626 (R2), aVF, weak reverse center, porous, weight 6.881 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Katane (Catania, Sicily) mint, Roman rule, c. 186 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath, ΛAΣIO (magistrate) above, monogram (ΩΣI?) behind; reverse KATANΩN, the Katanean brothers, Amphinomos and Anapias, carrying their aged parents, saving them from an eruption of Mt. Etna; ex CNG; very rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00

Caracalla and Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

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The brothers, Caracalla and Geta, pledged to their dying father, Septimius Severus, they would rule together. But each had a rival faction and vied for supremacy. Pretending reconciliation, Caracalla scheduled a meeting at their mother's house where instead Geta was murdered, dying in his mother's arms.
RP72141. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis corr. (same dies, H-J assumes full ethnic off flan, R4), Varbanov I 1086 var (full ethnic, R3); AMNG I/I 652 var (same), nice F, weight 10.733 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Flavius Ulpianus, 210 - 211 A.D.; obverse AY K M AY ANTΩNINOC AY K CEΠ, ΓETAC (ending below busts), laureate and draped confronted busts of Caracalla and Geta; reverse Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛIT, Tyche standing left, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left, E (mark of value) in field left; ex Henrik Angdal collection; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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In 160 A.D., manufacture of soap containing grease, lime and ashes began in Rome.
RB73710. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1031, BMCRE IV 2088, Hunter II 359, Cohen II 621, SRCV II 4205, F, weight 22.702 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 159 - 160 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIIII, laureate head right; reverse PIETATI AVG COS IIII S C, Pietas standing slightly left, head left, globe in extended right hand, child in left arm, flanked both left and right at feet by a small girl child standing left and raising her right hand; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00

Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Isis was the goddess of motherhood and fertility in Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs, whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world. In later myths about Isis, she had a brother, Osiris, who became her husband, and she then was said to have conceived Horus.
RS69956. Silver denarius, RSC III 174, RIC IV S577, SRCV II 6606, VF, weight 3.223 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 196 - 211 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS, Isis nursing the infant Horus, right foot on prow, anchor rests against altar behind; uncommon reverse type; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50

Greek, Terracotta Child's Head, 4th Century B.C.

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer in antiquities for 40 years.
AT34468. 4 cm (1 1/2") high, grey terracotta, hair back, fragment with left side missing, charming style, Superb face, unmounted; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

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This type of reverse usually indicates the birth of a prince, and we would normally assume the boy and girl on the reverse represent children of the emperor. Hadrian and Sabina, however, had no children.
RB72513. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 970b, Hunter II 447, BMCRE III 1370, Cohen II 817 (Hilaritas half nude, probably in error), SRCV II 3602 var (drapery), aF, nice green patina, weight 22.368 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right, long neck; reverse HILARITAS P R (Joy of the Roman People), Hilaritas standing half left, palm frond in right, cornucopia in left, at her feet on left a small nude boy standing right also holding the palm frond, at feet on right a dressed small girl standing left and reaching up touching Hilaritas' drapery, S - C flanking across field, COS III in exergue; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (13 - 14 Nov 2012), part of lot 957; ex Kenneth Edwin Day Collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).

RIC assigns this issue to Antioch but MIR gives the issue to a second Eastern mint located at Samosata.
RS65802. Billon antoninianus, GŲbl MIR 1706s (Samosata), RSC IV 31a (Antioch), RIC V J63 (Antioch), SRCV III 10630, Hunterian IV J33 var. (no star), VF, both sides a little off center on a tight flan, porous, small encrustations, weight 3.778 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, 255 - 258 A.D.; obverse CORN SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hair in ridges and plait up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Gallienus (on left) and Salonina standing confronted, clasping hands, star above center; $28.00 SALE PRICE $25.20

Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Hilaritas, the personification of rejoicing, is usually depicted as a matron, standing with a cornucopia in her left hand and a long palm frond on the ground in her right. Green branches were a sign of gladness and for special occasions, both public and private, it was the custom in ancient times to ornament streets, temples, gates, houses, and even entire cities, with branches and leaves of trees. This tradition carries on today in the form of wreaths and Christmas trees.
RS74117. Silver denarius, RIC IV S557, RSC III 79, BMCRE V p. 161, S34-5???, Hunter III p. 43, 27; SRCV II 6587, F, centered, toned, weight 3.383 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 200 - 202 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse HILARITAS, Hilaritas standing facing between two naked small boys (Caracalla and Geta), her head left, her right leg forward, long grounded near vertical palm frond in her right hand, cornucopia in her left, the boy on the left touches the palm, the boy on the right touches her drapery; $21.01 (Ä18.49)


Catalog current as of Thursday, November 26, 2015.
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Family & Children