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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Types ▸ Family & ChildrenView Options:  |  |  | 

Family and Children on Ancient Coins

Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.

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Vitellius' children, portrayed on this denarius, thought to have been named Vitellius Germanicus and Vitellia, were born to his second wife, Galeria Fundana. When Vitellius was made emperor by the senate, his son, who was about six years old, was sent to Lugdunum to meet him upon his arrival from Germany. The boy may have perished with his father, others say he was executed in 70, on orders of the praetorian prefect Licinius Mucianus. Vespasian arranged an excellent marriage for Vitellius' daughter and provided her with a wedding gown and dowry. Vitellius had another son, Petronianus, by his first wife. He died long before Vitellius became emperor. It was widely believed that Vitellius had poisoned him.
SH77008. Silver denarius, RIC I 103, RSC II 2, BMCRE I 29, BnF III 62, Hunter I -, SRCV I -, attractive gVF, fine style portraits, old cabinet toning, tight flan as usual for the type, light marks and scratches, closed flan crack, weight 3.208 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late Apr - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVGVST TR P, laureate head right; reverse LIBERI IMP GERMAN, confronted draped busts of Vitellius' son (on left) and daughter (thought to have been named Vitellius Germanicus and Vitellia); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very rare; $8000.00 (7120.00)


Fausta, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL76975. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier p. 209, 484; LRBC I 36; SRCV IV 16560; Cohen VII 17, EF, excellent centering, green patina, cleaning scratches, spot of corrosion, weight 2.804 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, hair waived, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIP-VBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, PTR followed by dot over crescent with horns up in exergue; $150.00 (133.50)


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

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Although many coin references classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her usually advertise the fertility of the imperial family.
RB73634. Copper as, RIC IV SA669, BMCRE VI 924, Cohen IV 9, SRCV II 8241, aVF, green patina, light roughness, weight 9.921 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 15th emission, c. 232 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right; reverse FECVNDITAS AVGVSTAE, Fecunditas standing left, extending right hand over child standing before her with arms raised, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking very low in field; ex CNG e-auction 243 (27 Oct 2010), lot 385; ex J.S. Wagner Collection; $145.00 (129.05)


Crispina, Wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.

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Juno Lucina was the Goddess of Light and of childbirth. In her honour, on 1st of March the Roman matrons celebrated the festival Matronalia and it was customary for their husbands or lovers to present gifts.
RB77892. Copper as, RIC III 680, Cohen III 24, BMCRE IV 433, SRCV II 6018, F, centered, nice dark patina, scratches, weight 10.542 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse IVNO LVCINA S C, Juno standing left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex Kirk Davis; $120.00 (106.80)


Fausta, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL74497. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia p. 621, 131 (R4); LRBC I 1102; SRCV IV 16575; Cohen VII 17, VF, excellent centering, dark green patina, marks, light corrosion, weight 2.800 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right hair waived, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, MNA in exergue; scarce; $110.00 (97.90)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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In 160 A.D., manufacture of soap containing grease, lime and ashes began in Rome.
RB73710. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1031, BMCRE IV 2088, Hunter II 359, Cohen II 621, SRCV II 4205, F, weight 22.702 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 159 - 160 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIIII, laureate head right; reverse PIETATI AVG COS IIII S C, Pietas standing slightly left, head left, globe in extended right hand, child in left arm, flanked both left and right at feet by a small girl child standing left and raising her right hand; $105.00 (93.45)


Theodora, Augusta, Wife of Constantius I, who Reigned 305 - 306 A.D.

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RL77919. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Trier 56 (R), Voetter 2, SRCV V 17501, Cohen VII 4, Hunter V -, LRBC I -, aEF, well centered, very light corrosion and die wear, weight 1.846 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, TRS in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby; rare; $65.00 (57.85)


Crispina, Wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

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This type invokes the Gods of Childbirth, however, there is no record of the offspring from Commodus and Crispina.
RS76885. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. BMCRE IV 39, RSC II 16, RIC III 281B (R), SRCV II 5999, Hunter II - (official, solid silver, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.), gF, toned, darker spots, scratches and bumps, edge cracks, weight 2.845 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial counterfeiter's mint, c. 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair in round coil at the back; reverse DIS GENITALIBVS, large rectangular altar, flames at top center, horns(?) at sides of top; $40.00 (35.60)


Fausta, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL77924. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia p. 621, 131 (R4); LRBC I 1102; SRCV IV 16575; Cohen VII 17, VF, well centered, green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 1.884 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right hair waived, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, MNA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $40.00 (35.60)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

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The epithet Genetrix identifies Venus as the goddess of motherhood and domesticity. Venus is shown consulting with Cupid, her partner in her better known role as the goddess of love.
RS65800. Silvered antoninianus, Gbl MIR 245b, Cunetio 993 (91 spec.), RIC V S30 corr. (holds helmet or apple), RSC IV 121a (same), SRCV V 10657 (same), Hunter IV - (p. lxxii), gF, white metal, edge cracks, marks, porous, weight 2.973 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 45o, 6th officina, Rome mint, 257 - 258 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, thin crescent behind shoulders; reverse VENVS GENETRIX (Mother Venus), Venus standing left, child in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, a second child at feet on left standing right reaching up to her, VI right; $35.00 (31.15)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

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Although many coin references classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her usually advertise the fertility of the imperial family.
RS65788. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 935t (Mediolanum), RIC V J26 (Rome), RSC IV 44, Hunter III J8 (Rome), SRCV III 10634 var. (Rome, officina ∆), F, well centered, reverse struck with a very worn die, weight 3.011 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan) or Rome mint, c. 258 - 260 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse FECVNDITAS AVG, Fecunditas standing facing, head right, reaching down with right hand to child at her feet, infant in left hand; $28.00 (24.92)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).

RIC assigns this issue to Antioch but MIR gives the issue to a second Eastern mint located at Samosata.
RS65802. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1706s (Samosata), RSC IV 31a (Antioch), RIC V J63 (Antioch), SRCV III 10630, Hunter IV J33 var. (no star), VF, both sides a little off center on a tight flan, porous, small encrustations, weight 3.778 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, 255 - 258 A.D.; obverse CORN SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Gallienus (on left) and Salonina standing confronted, clasping hands, star above center; $28.00 (24.92)







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Catalog current as of Thursday, June 30, 2016.
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Family & Children