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Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
After a successful campaign in Judaea (which he left to his son Titus to finish), Flavius Vespasianus was declared emperor by his troops at Alexandria in 69 A.D. Upon the defeat of Vitellius by the Danubian legions, Vespasian went to Rome and consolidated his power. He built the Colosseum and other important public works. Vespasian was popular, being both down to earth and possessed of great wit. He was responsible for the economic and military recovery of Rome and is justly regarded as one of the greatest Roman emperors.
| is believed to be the Biblical city Shepham (Num. xxxiv. 11). After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in in 62 B.C. On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity (Josephus, . Jud. ii. 18, § 5). |
This , the only issue by in the Period, may have been issued to finance recovery from an earthquake and fire mentioned by Suetonius ( . 17).
|In 77 or 78 A.D., Gnaeus Julius Agricola was made governor of Roman Britain,he occupied until 84. In his first year, Agricola subdued the Ordovices in Wales and pursued the remnants of the tribe to Anglesey, the holy island of the Druids. According to , he exterminated the whole tribe. The Ordovices do completely disappear from the historical record, but considering the mountainous terrain, it is unlikely killed the entire population. Another tribe, the Silures, was either also militarily defeated or simply agreed to terms. wrote of the Silures: non atrocitate, non mutabatur - the tribe "was changed neither by cruelty nor by clemency." A Roman squadron, sent by Agricola, explored the of Scotland for the first time, discovering the Orkney and Shetland Islands.|