Vardanes I succeeded his father Artabanus III, but had to continually fight against his brother Gotarzes II to keep his throne. He once lost it to him temporarily. He also prepared for war against Rome, with the aim of reconquering Armenia, but ultimately decided against facing the legions. He was assassinated while hunting and Gotarzes II became King again.
GS66790. Billontetradrachm, cf. Sellwood 64.28-30 (various months); Shore 352 (month off flan); BMC Parthia p. 156, 23 - 29 (all month obscure or off flan), VF, porous, typical tight flan, weight 13.494 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Seleukeia on the Tigris mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; obverse bearded, diademed and cuirassedbust left, pointed short beard, ear covered, royal wart on brow; reverse BACIΛEWC BACIΛEWN APCAKOY EYEPΓATO ∆IKAIOY EΠIΦANOYC ΦIΛEΛΛHNOC, king enthroned left, receiving palm branch from Tyche, standing right, cornucopia in her left, ςNT (year 356) between heads, uncertain Parthian month in ex (off flan); $180.00 (€135.00)
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In 166, the war with Parthia was successfully ended. The Parthians left Armenia and eastern Mesopotamia, which both become Roman protectorates.
RB63624. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 948, BMCRE IV 1318, Cohen 815, gF, weight 20.188 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 166 - Dec 167 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverseTR POT XXI IMP IIII COS III, Victory walking left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $105.00 (€78.75)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
This type refers to Severus' victories over Parthia. Severus assumed the title "Parthicus Maximus," greatest of Parthian conquerors.
RS70447. Silver denarius, RIC IV 176, RSC III 370, BMCRE V 118 (possibly a base metal counterfeit), aVF, uncleaned, weight 2.793 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 201 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reversePART MAXP M TR PVIIII, trophy of arms flanked by two seated captives; $90.00 (€67.50)
Abgarians, M.T. & D.G. Sellwood. “A Hoard of Early Parthian Drachms” in NC 1971. Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. Osterreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. (Wien, 1986). Assar, G.R.F. “Genealogy and Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers, II” in Parthica 6, 2004. Assar, G.R.F. “Genealogy and Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers, II” in Parthica 7, 2005. Assar, G.R.F. “A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 91- 55 BC” in Parthica 8, 2006. Assar, G.R.F. “Recent Studies in Parthian History: Part II” in The Celator 15, No. 1, January 2001. Busso Peus Sale 388, Sammlung Dr. Robert Gonnella, November 1, 2006. CNG Auction 36, Fred B. Shore Collection of Parthian Coins, December 5-6, 1995. Fröhlich, C. Monnaies indo-scythes et indo-parthes, Catalogue raisonné Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008). Nelson, Bradley R., ed., Numismatic Art of Persia. The Sunrise Collection, Part I: Ancient - 650 BC to AD 650. (Lancaster, PA, 2011). Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979). Sear, David. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sellwood, D. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. 2nd edition. (London, 1980). Sellwood, D. “New Parthian coin types” in NC 1989. Sellwood, D. “The End of the Parthian Dynasty” in NumCirc June 1990. Shore, F. Parthian Coins and History: Ten Dragons Against Rome. (Quarryville, 1993). Sinisi, F. Sylloge Nummorum Parthicorum, Volume VII: Vologases I - Pacorus II. (Wein, 2012). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Wroth, W. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Parthia. (London, 1903).
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