Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
This type refers to Severus' victories over Parthia. Severus assumed the title "Parthicus Maximus," greatest of Parthian conquerors.
RS71520. Silver denarius, RIC IV 176, RSC III 370, BMCRE V 256, cf. SRCV II 6323 (TR P X COS III, 202 A.D.), VF, well centered, toned, weight 2.934 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 201 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reversePART MAXP M TR PVIIII, trophy of captured arms, flanked by two captives seated facing outward and wearing pointed caps; BMCRE 256, SRCV II 6323 var.; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
An interesting historical type commemorating the defeat of Parthia and the investiture of the puppet king Parthamastes by Trajan. His reign was short because the Roman army soon withdrew and Trajan died the following year.
RB72490. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC II 667, BMCRE III 1046, BnF IV 920, Woytek 594v, Cohen II 328, Strack 476, Banti 96, SRCV II 3191, aF, Tiberpatina, rough, flan crack, weight 22.007 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 116 A.D.; obverseIMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICOP M TR PCOS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverseREX PARTHIS DATVS (a king given to the Parthians), Trajan seated left on platform, placing diadem on head of kingParthamaspates, officer standing behind the emperor, Parthian kneeling in supplication before; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (13 - 14 Nov 2012), part of lot 954; ex Kenneth Edwin Day Collection; scarce; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In 166, the war with Parthia was successfully ended. The Parthians left Armenia and eastern Mesopotamia, which both become Roman protectorates.
RB63624. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 948, BMCRE IV 1318, Cohen 815, gF, weight 20.188 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 166 - Dec 167 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverseTR POT XXI IMP IIII COS III, Victory walking left, extending wreath in right, palm frond in left; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
Abgarians, M.T. & D.G. Sellwood. “A Hoard of Early Parthian Drachms” in NC 1971. Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. Osterreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. (Wien, 1986). Assar, G.R.F. “Genealogy and Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers, II” in Parthica 6, 2004. Assar, G.R.F. “Genealogy and Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers, II” in Parthica 7, 2005. Assar, G.R.F. “A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 91- 55 BC” in Parthica 8, 2006. Assar, G.R.F. “Recent Studies in Parthian History: Part II” in The Celator 15, No. 1, January 2001. Busso Peus Sale 388, Sammlung Dr. Robert Gonnella, November 1, 2006. CNG Auction 36, Fred B. Shore Collection of Parthian Coins, December 5-6, 1995. Fröhlich, C. Monnaies indo-scythes et indo-parthes, Catalogue raisonné Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008). Nelson, Bradley R., ed., Numismatic Art of Persia. The Sunrise Collection, Part I: Ancient - 650 BC to AD 650. (Lancaster, PA, 2011). Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979). Sear, David. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sellwood, D. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. 2nd edition. (London, 1980). Sellwood, D. “New Parthian coin types” in NC 1989. Sellwood, D. “The End of the Parthian Dynasty” in NumCirc June 1990. Shore, F. Parthian Coins and History: Ten Dragons Against Rome. (Quarryville, 1993). Sinisi, F. Sylloge Nummorum Parthicorum, Volume VII: Vologases I - Pacorus II. (Wein, 2012). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Wroth, W. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Parthia. (London, 1903).
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