Parthian Kingdom, Gotarzes II, 40 - 51 A.D.
Gotarzes II ruled as the Parthian intermittently between 40 and 51 A.D. When his brother Vardanes I succeeded to throne, Gotarzes II rebelled. He went to Hyrcania and gathered an army from Dahae nomads. War between the two kings was ended by a treaty. Gotarzes II returned to Hyrcania, but when Vardanes I was killed in about 47, Gotarzes II was acknowledged as of the whole empire. He then added to his coins the usual Parthian titles, of kings Arsaces the benefactor, the just, the illustrious ( ), and the friend of the Hellenes (Philhellenes). Gotarzes II was detested for his cruelty. Among many other murders he even slew his brother Artabanus and his whole family. His cruelty prompted a request to the Roman emperor to release from Rome an Arsacid prince, Meherdates, who lived there as a hostage. Meherdates crossed the Euphrates in 49, but was beaten and taken prisoner by Gotarzes II, who cut off his ears. Soon afterwards Gotarzes II died, according to of an illness; Josephus says that he was murdered. His last coin is dated from June 51. .SL70892. Silver , 65.14, 631, -, -, NGC , Strike 4/5, Surface 4/5 (2490208-002), 14.49 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 45o, Seleukeia mint, May 46 A.D.; bearded, diademed and left; BACIΛEWC BACIΛEWN APCAKOY EYEPΓATO ∆IKAIOY EΠIΦANOY ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, enthroned left, receiving from standing left holding , HNT ( year 358) above, ∆AIΣIOΣ (Parthian month = May) below; ex (2014), ex Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection, ex CNG auction 317, lot 140; $270.00 (€240.30)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
This commemorates Septimius' great in when, in 197, the Roman legions looted the royal palace at Ctesiphon and captured an enormous number of the city's inhabitants as slaves.RS77582. Silver , 295, 744, 365, 101, 6372, VF, on a full , mint luster, , 2.843 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 202 - 210 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; MAX, walking left, in right hand, frond in left hand; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
In 201, Osroene, a semi-autonomous vassal kingdom located in , became the first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion. The independence of the state ended in 244 when it was incorporated in the Roman Empire.RS77027. Silver , 54b, 175 , 6853, VF, nice portrait, , small , 3.413 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 201 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; TR P IIII, of captured arms, flanked by two captives seated facing outward and wearing pointed caps; $125.00 (€111.25)
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