Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem), Syria Palestina
At each summer solstice Elagabalus celebrated a great festival during which he paraded the holy stone through the city of Rome. Herodian described the spectacle: "A six horse chariot carried the divinity, the horses huge and flawlessly white, with expensive gold fittings and rich ornaments. No one held the reins, and no one rode in the chariot; the vehicle was escorted as if the god himself were the charioteer. Elagabalus ran backward in front of the chariot, facing the god and holding the horses' reins. He made the whole journey in this reverse fashion, looking up into the face of his god.
SH66766. Bronze AE 24, Sofaer p. 86 & pl. 78, 120; Meshorer Aelia 133; KadmanAelia Capitolina 148; Rosenberger 78; SNG ANS 626, F, green patina, weight 8.192 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A ANTONINVS, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse COL AELIA CA CPIFE (ColoniaAelia Capitolina Pius Felix), quadriga of horses facing, drawing cart bearing the stone of Elagabal adorned with an eagle, each pair of horses is shaded by a canopy; $200.00 (€150.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Eleutheropolis, Syria Palaestina
Josephus wrote that in 68 A.D. Vespasian "seized upon two villages, which were in the very midst of Idumea, Betaris, and Caphartobas, he slew above ten thousand of the people, and carried into captivity above a thousand, and drove away the rest of the multitude, and placed no small part of his own forces in them, who overran and laid waste the whole mountainous country."
The site was demolished again during the Bar Kokhba revolt, 132 - 135.
Septimius Severus refounded the site as Eleutheropolis, its founding era beginning on January 1, 200 on its coins and inscriptions. Eleutheropolis became so important that Roman milestones in Palestine used it as the central point from which all distances were measured.
RP40352. Bronze AE 27, SNG ANS 891, F, weight 9.396 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Eleutheropolis mint, 203 A.D.; obverse AV KA CEΠ CEOVEVC ΠEP CEB or similar, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse [Λ CE CEO EΛEYΘEP], tetrastyle temple containing statue of Tyche standing left on river-god, holding bust and cornucopia, date E∆ (year 4) at sides; rare; $70.00 (€52.50)