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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 99-50 B.C.View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.

Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.

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The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.

The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.
RS72975. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, Choice aF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $185.00 (162.80)

Roman Republic, Pub. Crepusius, 82 B.C.

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This moneyer is known only from his coins. The reverse likely refers to an act of bravery by an ancestor. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR75240. Silver denarius, SRCV I 283, Sydenham 738a, Crawford 361/1c, RSC I Crepusia 1, BMCRR I Rome 2673 ff. var. (various control symbols and numbers), gVF, excellent style, well centered, marks and scratches, corrosion, flan crack, weight 3.439 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scepter over shoulder, C (control symbol) behind, uncertain control symbol below chin; reverse horseman galloping right hurling spear, Roman numeral control numeral behind, P CREPVSI in exergue; $150.00 (132.00)

Roman Republic, Mn Fonteius C.f., c. 85 B.C.

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Vejovis is a little-known Italian deity. He was worshiped in a temple on the Capitol in Rome. The reverse most likely depicts a statue that was beside the statue of Vejovis in the temple. This statue may refer to the infancy of Jupiter who was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
RR75243. Silver denarius, RSC I Fonteia 9, Sydenham 724, BMCRR 2476, Crawford 353/1a, SRCV I 271, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, nicely toned, a few light scratches, weight 3.813 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; obverse MN FONTEI C F (MN and NT in monogram), laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, Roma monogram below chin; reverse Cupid seated on goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, thyrsus of Bacchus in ex, all within laurel wreath; ex Naville auction 9, lot 175, ex Tkalec sale 2006, 106, ex NAC 46 (April 2008), lot 369; $400.00 (352.00)

Roman Republic, T. Cloulius (or Cloelius), 98 B.C.

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Refers to Marius' victories over the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquae Sextiae in 102 B.C. and the Cimbri at Vercellae in 101 B.C. Cloelius, a Marian faction partisan, strikes as quaestor. Crawford believes this issue financed settlement of Marius' veterans, partly in Cisalpine Gaul. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR75814. Silver quinarius, Sydenham 586, Crawford 332/1a, RSC I Cloulia 2, BMCRR I Rome 1282 ff. var (control), SRCV I 212, VF, old cabinet toning, well centered, light marks, weight 1.721 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 98 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, F with pellet above and pellet below (control mark) behind; reverse Victory r. palm in left over shoulder, crowning trophy with wreath in right, seated Gallic captive and carnyx (war trumpet) at base of trophy, TCLOVI downward in center, Q in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, privately purchased from AH Baldwin and Son's Ltd. (1994); $150.00 (132.00)

Roman Republic, P. Furius Crassipes, 84 B.C.

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The clubfoot, crassipes in Latin, in a perfect example of typical Roman humor, replaces the moneyer's name in the obverse inscription. The chair refers to the moneyer's position as Aedile Curule. The turreted head probably indicates this special issue was authorized to finance a building project. Publius Fourius Crassipes is only known from his coins but he was probably the father of Fourius Crassipes who married Cicero's daughter, who became proquaestor in Sicily, and who struck bronze coins bearing his name at Panormus.
RR75815. Silver denarius, RSC I Furia 20, Sydenham 735, Crawford 356/1a, BMCRE I Rome 2604, SRCV I 275, VF, well struck foot (often poorly struck on the type), nice old cabinet toning, well centered, slightly uneven strike with weak areas, weight 3.870 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; obverse AED CVR (downward on left), turreted head of Cybele right, clubfoot pointed upwards behind; reverse curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS, CRASSIPES in exergue; $130.00 (114.40)

Roman Republic, Anonymous (Mn. Fonteius C.f.), c. 85 B.C.

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Although this specific type is anonymous, other issues with the exact same obverse and reverse types from the same year provide the moneyer's name. Crawford suggests this and other "anonymous" types, struck in this period and marked to indicate they were made from the public silver, may have been struck using silver bequeathed to the Roman people by Ptolemy X Alexander of Egypt.
RR75816. Silver denarius, Crawford 353/2, Sydenham 726, Fonteia 12, BMCRR I Rome 2483, SRCV I 273, gVF, well centered, light toning, obverse die breaks, light scratches, weight 3.383 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, EX A P (ex Argento Publico) downward behind, no moneyer's name; reverse Cupid seated on goat right, flanked by caps of the Dioscuri, thyrsus of Bacchus in ex, all within laurel wreath; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex CNG e-auction 244 (10 Nov 2010), lot 383; $150.00 (132.00)

Roman Republic, L. Rubrius Dossenus, 87 B.C.

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Athens chose the wrong side in Rome's war with Mithridates, portrayed as a war of Greek freedom against Roman domination. In 87 B.C., Sulla's siege of Athens was long and brutal. The population was reduced to eating shoe leather and grass. A delegation was sent to Sulla, but instead of serious negotiations they expounded on the glory of their city. Sulla sent them away saying: I was sent to Athens, not to take lessons, but to reduce rebels to obedience. Sulla's rough battle hardened legions took Athens on 12 February 86 B.C. Blood was said to have literally flowed in the streets, it was only after the entreaties of a couple of his Greek friends and the pleas of the Roman Senators in his camp that Sulla decided enough was enough. Before he left Athens, Sulla burnt the Port of Piraeus to the ground. It was "some time" before Aristion and his followers on the Akropolis eventually surrendered, after their water had run out. Rome's show of vengeance ensured Greece would remain docile during later civil wars and Mithridatic wars.
RR75831. Bronze as, Crawford 348/5, Sydenham 709, BMCRR I Rome 2461, Russo RBW 1326, SRCV I 749, aVF, green patina, weight 10.757 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 87 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, snake entwined cylindrical altar in center; reverse prow of galley right, L RVBRI / DOSSEN in two lines above, I (mark of value) to right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $125.00 (110.00)

Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.

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This moneyer traced his descent from the Sabines and perhaps from King Tatius himself. Tarpeia was daughter of the commander of the citadel in Rome. She offered to open the gates for the besieging Sabines, if they would give her what they wore on their left arms, meaning their gold bracelets. The Sabines were unable to enter the citadel; its open gates were miraculously protected by boiling jets of water created by Janus. Keeping their promise, the Sabines threw the shields they worn on their left arms upon Tarpeia, crushing her to death, and then they kicked her off a cliff. This myth was likely used to explain the Tarpeian Rock, a cliff on the Capitoline Hill from which murderers and traitors were thrown.
RR75835. Silver denarius, Crawford 344/2c, Sydenham 699a, RSC I Tituria 5, BMCRR I Rome 2326, SRCV I 252, VF, light toning, weight 3.649 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 89 B.C.; obverse bare head of Sabine King Tatius right, palm frond below chin, SABIN behind, A.PV (argento publico) before; reverse Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, trying to repel soldiers who are about to cast shields upon her, star over and within crescent with horns up above, left TITVRI in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection; $165.00 (145.20)

Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., c. 80 B.C.

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In Roman mythology, Juno was the daughter of Saturn and the wife of Jupiter. Among her many attributes was Juno Sospita, who offered protection to women, accompanying them throughout their lives from birth to death. She was often called upon by infertile women to aid in conception. Juno Sospita had a two temples at Rome, but her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. Her statue there, as described by Cicero and as depicted on coinage, wore a goatskin coat with a goat-horned headdress. This statue may the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute, the serpent, inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not, was destroyed.
RR75236. Silver denarius, SRCV I 306, Sydenham 771, Crawford 379/1, RSC I Procilia 1, aEF, obverse off center but only slightly detracting, uneven toning, marks, scratches, die wear, weight 3.695 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 135o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita (protector of women) standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake before her, L.PROCILI. / F downward in two rows behind; $180.00 (158.40)

Roman Republic, Ti. Claudius Ti. f. Ap.n. Nero, 79 B.C.

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The S C on the obverse stands for Senatus Consulto. This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the dictator ship of Sulla. The obverse refers to the Sabine origin of the Claudius Gens. The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
RR75237. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 310, Crawford 383/1, Sydenham 770a, RSC I Claudia 6, EF, light toning, a couple dark spots, scratch on cheek, reverse strike flat on highest points, weight 3.924 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Diana, bow and quiver over shoulder, SC before; reverse Victory in a biga right, raising wreath in right, palm and reins in left, AII (control number) below, TICLAVDTIF / AP N (VD and AP in monogram) in two lines in exergue; $290.00 (255.20)


Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 13, 2015.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.