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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>RomanRepublic>99-50B.C. PAGE 1/5123»»»

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.


Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE
Click for a larger photo From the author of Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC - 49 BC. This new book covers the thirty-four moneyers who minted between 81 and 64 B.C.. Michael Harlan describes the fascinating details of historical events and the social context of the period, the moneyers' family histories, and how all these influenced the coin types.
BC59785. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE by Michael Harlan, reverse FORVM Roman Republic C. Licinius L.f. Macer 84 B.C. Silver Denarius; 240 pages with 144 enlarged illustrations, 2012; NEW!; $24.95 (€21.71)

Athens, Attica, Greece, New Style Tetradrachm, c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by Sulla
Click for a larger photo After 1 March 86 B.C., Sulla was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic king Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for Sulla, either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and Delphi. The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY monogram may refer to Marcus the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.
SH70948. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Thompson Athens 1293; Svoronos Athens pl. 78, 11; Dewing 1653; Boehringer AMUGS V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; Kraay-Hirmer pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive style, well struck, nicely toned, centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape flan, weight 16.581 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a griffin right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; reverse owl standing right on amphora on its side right, head facing, MARKOY monogram left, TAMIOY monogram right, A on amphora, all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; rare; $2500.00 (€2175.00)

Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; $550.00 (€478.50)

Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH71045. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $480.00 (€417.60)

Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $450.00 (€391.50)

Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., c. 80 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium. Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed.
SH73137. Silver denarius, SRCV I 306, Sydenham 771, Crawford 379/1, RSC I Procilia 1, EF, some die wear, weight 3.937 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake before her, L.PROCILI. / F behind; $350.00 (€304.50)

Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, 69 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Most of the types minted by this moneyer appear to relate to a cult, to which he was probably connected. Each control mark for this type has only one die. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR71967. Silver denarius, Crawford 405/5, Sydenham 807, RSC I Plaetoria 5, BMCRR I Rome 3554 ff., SRCV I 344, VF, small die break on reverse, very small test cuts in edge, weight 3.989 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; obverse young male head (Mercury or Bonus Eventus?) right with flowing hair, uncertain control symbol behind; reverse winged caduceus, M·PLAETORI downward on right, CEST·EX·S·C downward on left; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 569; $200.00 (€174.00)

Roman Republic, A. Postumius A.f. S.n. Albinus, 81 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 81 B.C. Sulla was appointed dictator and reformed the constitution. He ordered Julius Caesar to divorce his wife, but Caesar refused and fled to Asia and joined in the campaign against Mithridates.
RR71585. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 296, Crawford 372/1, Sydenham 745, RSC I Postumia 7, VF, centered, toned, scratch on cheek, corrosion on reverse, weight 3.746 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 81 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above; reverse A POST A F S N ALBIN, togate figure standing left before flaming altar, holding sprinkler over sacrificial bull, all on stone platform; $175.00 (€152.25)

Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The reverse refers to the rape of the Sabines. This moneyer traced his descent form the Sabines and perhaps from King Tatius himself. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by David R. Sear and Robert Loosley
RR71941. Silver denarius, SRCV I 249, Crawford 344/1, RSC I Tituria1- 2, Sydenham 698, BMCRR I Rome 2322 ff., aVF, toned, tight flan, obverse slightly off center, weight 3.934 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 89 B.C.; obverse bare head of King Tatius right, SABIN downward behind, TA monogram or palm frond before; reverse two Roman soldiers running left, each bearing a Sabine woman in his arms, L·TITVRI in ex; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 578; $170.00 (€147.90)

Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This moneyer traced his descent from the Sabines and perhaps from King Tatius himself. Tarpeia was daughter of the commander of the citadel in Rome. She offered to open the gates for the besieging Sabines, if they would give her what they wore on their left arms, meaning their gold bracelets. The Sabines were unable to enter the citadel; its open gates were miraculously protected by boiling jets of water created by Janus. Keeping their promise, the Sabines threw the shields they worn on their left arms upon Tarpeia, crushing her to death, and then they kicked her off a cliff. This myth was likely used to explain the Tarpeian Rock, a cliff on the Capitoline Hill from which murderers and traitors were thrown.
RR71940. Silver denarius, Crawford 344/2c, Sydenham 699a, RSC I Tituria 5, BMCRR I Rome 2326, SRCV I 252, aVF, toned, weight 3.332 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 89 B.C.; obverse bare head of Sabine King Tatius right, palm frond below chin, SABIN behind, A.PV (argento publico) before; reverse Tarpeia buried to her waist in shields, trying to repel soldiers who are about to cast shields upon her, star over and within crescent with horns up above, left TITVRI in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auctions 10, lot 578; $165.00 (€143.55)



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REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Monday, March 02, 2015.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.