Roman Republic, C. Allius Bala, 92 B.C.
In Roman mythology, was the goddess of the hunt, the moon and childbirth, associated with wild and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control . Oak groves were especially sacred to her. She was equated with the Greek goddess , though she had an independent origin in Italy. In myth, was born with her twin brother on the island of Delos, daughter of Jupiter and Latona. was known to be the virgin goddess of childbirth and women. She was one of the three maiden goddesses, along with and , who swore never to marry.RR77759. Silver , I 1751 (same controls), 336/1c, 221, 595, 4, aF, etched rough and porous surfaces, 3.329 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 92 B.C.; diademed of right, wearing earring and necklace, BALA downward behind, F (control letter) below chin; in of stags right, holding and torch in right, reins in left, duck right (control symbol) below, C•ALLI in , all within laurel wreath; from the Butte College Foundation, ex , ex Wayne C. Phillips; $7.51 (€6.61)
Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.
The refers to the rape of the . This moneyer traced his descent form the and perhaps from himself. -- Roman Silver Coins edited by and Robert LoosleyRR77760. Silver , 344/1a, 698, 1, I Rome 2322, 249, F, uneven strike, porous, scratches, crack, 3.770 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 89 B.C; of right, downward behind, TA ( ) before; two Roman soldiers running left, each bearing a woman in his arms, L·TITVRI in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex , ex M & R Coins; $135.00 (€118.80)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be Jupiter and , and she was especially worshipped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , Rome 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $800.00 (€704.00)
Roman Republic, M. Fannius and L. Critonius, 86 B.C.
In 80 B.C. M. Fannius was one of the judices quaestionis in the trial of Sextus Roscius, who was accused of having murdered his father, and who was defended by . L. Critonius is otherwise unknown but was probably the father of the of the same name who held office in 44 B.C.RR74537. Silver , 351/1, 717, 1a, I Rome 2463, 267, VF, struck with worn dies, , 3.790 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 195o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; draped of right, wearing earring, wreathed in grain, AED. PL ( ) behind; the aediles M. Fannius and L. Critonius seated right on a , P A ( ) behind, ear of grain before, M FAN L CRIT (IT ) in ; ; $185.00 (€162.80)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 170 - 160 B.C.
(or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.RR76436. Bronze as, cf. K2, 198/1a, 143, 217, 712, F, pitting, 28.660 g, maximum 34.0 mm, 270o, Rome(?) mint, c. 170 - 160 B.C.; laureate and bearded of , I (mark of value) above; prow right, I (mark of value) above, in ; ; $90.00 (€79.20)
Roman Republic, Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, 86 B.C.
The as is the only bronze struck by these .RR76801. Bronze as, I Rome 2632, 350A/3c, 722b, 752, VF, encrusted areas, some spots of corrosion, 13.454 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; laureate of , I (mark of value above); OGVL GAR VER (VL, AR, and VE ), war galley prow left, X (control letter) before prow; $250.00 (€220.00)
Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.
The depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a , requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a in 100 or 99 B.C., and of Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to Gaius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to , but failed.
The honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri , the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in of and the other gods. His uncle was an , and decemvir, , , Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of , and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the .RS72975. Silver , 437/2a, 894, 7, II 3837, 404, aF, , on a , 3.623 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, of Coelius Caldus right, inscribed HIS ( ) behind, in the form of a (emblem of of , ) before; C CALDVS downward on left, ( , , Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD , triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL , Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ; $165.00 (€145.20)
Roman Republic, Mn Fonteius C.f., c. 85 B.C.
Vejovis is a little-known Italian deity. He was worshiped in a temple on the Capitol in Rome. The most likely depicts a statue that was beside the statue of Vejovis in the temple. This statue may refer to the infancy of Jupiter who was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
RR75243. Silver , 9, 724, 2476, 353/1a, 271, aEF, and struck, nicely , a few light scratches, 3.813 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; MN FONTEI C F (MN and NT in ), laureate of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, below chin; seated on goat right, caps of the above, of , all within laurel wreath; ex Naville auction 9, lot 175, ex Tkalec sale 2006, 106, ex NAC 46 (April 2008), lot 369; $360.00 (€316.80)
Roman Republic, P. Furius Crassipes, 84 B.C.
The clubfoot, crassipes in Latin, in a perfect example of typical Roman humor, replaces the moneyer's name in the . The chair refers to the moneyer's position as Aedile Curule. The turreted probably indicates this special issue was authorized to finance a building project. Publius Fourius Crassipes is only known from his coins but he was probably the father of Fourius Crassipes who married Cicero's daughter, who became proquaestor in , and who struck bronze coins bearing his name at .RR75815. Silver , 20, 735, 356/1a, Rome 2604, 275, VF, well struck foot (often poorly struck on the ), nice old cabinet , , slightly uneven strike with weak areas, 3.870 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; (downward on left), turreted of right, clubfoot pointed upwards behind; curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS, CRASSIPES in ; $115.00 (€101.20)
Roman Republic, L. Rubrius Dossenus, 87 B.C.
Athens chose the wrong side in Rome's war with Mithridates, portrayed as a war of Greek freedom against Roman domination. In 87 B.C., Sulla's siege of Athens was long and brutal. The population was reduced to eating shoe leather and grass. A delegation was sent to , but instead of serious negotiations they expounded on the glory of their city. sent them away saying: “I was sent to Athens, not to take lessons, but to reduce rebels to obedience.” Sulla's rough battle hardened legions took Athens on 12 February 86 B.C. Blood was said to have literally flowed in the streets, it was only after the entreaties of a couple of his Greek friends and the pleas of the Roman Senators in his camp that decided enough was enough. Before he left Athens, burnt the of Piraeus to the ground. It was "some time" before Aristion and his followers on the Akropolis eventually surrendered, after their water had run out. Rome's show of vengeance ensured would remain docile during later civil wars and Mithridatic wars.RR75831. Bronze as, 348/5, 709, I Rome 2461, 1326, 749, aVF, green , 10.757 g, maximum 29.0 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 87 B.C.; laureate of bearded , snake entwined cylindrical in center; prow of galley right, L RVBRI / DOSSEN in two lines above, I (mark of value) to right, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $110.00 (€96.80)
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