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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>RomanRepublic>99-50B.C. PAGE 1/6123»»»

Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.


Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE
Click for a larger photo From the author of Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC - 49 BC. This new book covers the thirty-four moneyers who minted between 81 and 64 BCE. Michael Harlan describes the fascinating details of historical events and the social context of the period, the moneyers' family histories, and how all these influenced the coin types.
BC59785. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE by Michael Harlan, reverse FORVM Roman Republic C. Licinius L.f. Macer 84 B.C. Silver Denarius; 240 pages with 144 enlarged illustrations, 2012; NEW!; $24.95 SALE PRICE $22.46

Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; $550.00 SALE PRICE $495.00

Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH71045. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $480.00 SALE PRICE $432.00

Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00

Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.

The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.
SH71922. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, VF, toned, banker's mark, some light corrosion, weight 3.825 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 11, lot 171; scarce; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00

Roman Republic, A. Postumius A.f. S.n. Albinus, 81 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 81 B.C. Sulla was appointed dictator and reformed the constitution. He ordered Julius Caesar to divorce his wife, but Caesar refused and fled to Asia and joined in the campaign against Mithridates.
RR72071. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 296, Crawford 372/1, Sydenham 745, RSC I Postumia 7, aEF, toned, nice style, perfect centering, a little earthen encrustation, weight 3.985 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 81 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder, bucranium above; reverse A POST A F S N ALBIN, togate figure standing left before flaming altar, holding sprinkler over sacrificial bull, all on stone platform; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00

Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., 80 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium, Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had a two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed.
RR68924. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 307, Sydenham 772, Crawford 379/2, RSC I Procilia 2, gVF, weight 3.868 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita clad in goat skin right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita in a biga right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake below, L.PROCILI.F in ex; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00

Roman Republic, C. Calpurnius Piso L.f. Frugi, 67 - 60 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Gaius was married to Cicero's daughter, Tullia, in 63 B.C. and he was questor in 58 B.C. This type copies an issue of his father, Lucius Piso Frugi, c. 90 B.C. Crawford dates this type to 67 B.C. Sydenham and Grueber date it 64 B.C. Sear notes that hoard evidence indicates a date closer to 60 B.C.
RR71923. Silver denarius, BMCRR 3768 - 3770 var (controls); Crawford. 408/1b, Sydenham 853, RSC I Calpurnia 25, SRCV I 348, VF, high relief head, attractive iridescent tone, weight 3.841 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 67 - 60 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left, hair tied with fillet and falling in long ringlets, L (1/24, control symbol) behind; reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, C PISO L F FRV over pellet (1/8, control symbol) below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 11, lot 168; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00

Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, 69 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Most of the types minted by this moneyer appear to relate to a cult, to which he was probably connected. Each control mark for this type has only one die. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. Crawford
RR71967. Silver denarius, Crawford 405/5, Sydenham 807, RSC I Plaetoria 5, BMCRR I Rome 3554 ff., SRCV I 344, VF, small die break on reverse, very small test cuts in edge, weight 3.989 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; obverse young male head (Mercury or Bonus Eventus?) right with flowing hair, uncertain control symbol behind; reverse winged caduceus, M·PLAETORI downward on right, CEST·EX·S·C downward on left; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 569; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00

Roman Republic, C. Hosidius C. f. Geta, 68 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Diana, Artemis to the Greeks, is the virgin goddess of the hunt and of the moon. Her symbols include the deer and the bow. She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo.
RR71937. Silver denarius serratus, Crawford 407/1, Sydenham 903, BMCRR I Rome 3386, RSC I Hosidia 2, SRCV I 347, VF, toned, light graffito (X) on cheek, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 68 B.C.; obverse III VIR GETA, diademed and draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse wild boar right, spear in shoulder, attacked below by hound right, C HOSIDI C F in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 585; $220.00 SALE PRICE $198.00



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REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 24, 2015.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.