Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE
From the author of Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC - 49 BC. This new book covers the thirty-four moneyers who minted between 81 and 64 BCE. Michael Harlan describes the fascinating details of historical events and the social context of the period, the moneyers' family histories, and how all these influenced the coin types.
BC59785. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE by Michael Harlan, reverse FORVM Roman Republic C. Licinius L.f. Macer 84 B.C. Silver Denarius; 240 pages with 144 enlarged illustrations, 2012; NEW!; $24.95 (€18.71)
Pontus(?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on another example known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverselegend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths.
SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $720.00 (€540.00)
Roman Republic, M. Valerius Messalla, 53 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
The reverselegend PATRE COS, meaning "in the consulship of my father," believed to refer to the consulship of Messalla Rufus also in 53 B.C.
RR90606. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. Crawford 435/1; Sydenham 934; BMCRR Rome 3927 (official, Rome mint, sold silver, 53 B.C., very rare), aEF, tiny plating breaks, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, counterfeiter mint, obverse MESSA• F, helmeted bust of Roma right from behind, undraped, wearing Corinthian helmet, spear over shoulder; reverse curule chair, PATRE COS above, S• - C• flanking legs, scepter and diadem below; $700.00 (€525.00)
Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.
SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC IPomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; $550.00 (€412.50)
Roman Republic, A. Postumius A.f. Sp. n. Albinus, c. 81 B.C.
Refers to the praetorship of L. Postumius Albinus over Spain and his successful expeditions against the Vaccaei and Lusitani, and the levying of troops for this campaign.
SH70564. Silver denariusserratus, SRCV I 297, Sydenham 746, Crawford 372/2, RSC IPostumia 8, VF, toned, weight 3.970 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 81 B.C.; obverseHISPAN behind veiled head of Hispania right with disheveled hair; reverse togate figure standing left extending hand toward legionary eagle before him, fasces and axe behind, A• / ALBIN / N•S• vertical downward in fields from left to right, POST A.F. in ex; $300.00 (€225.00)
Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., 80 B.C.
Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium, Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had a two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed.
RR68924. Silver denariusserratus, SRCV I 307, Sydenham 772, Crawford 379/2, RSC IProcilia 2, gVF, weight 3.868 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse head of Juno Sospita clad in goat skin right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverseJuno Sospita in a biga right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake below, L.PROCILI.F in ex; $250.00 (€187.50)
Roman Republic, Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius, Imperator, 81 B.C.
This issuer strikes as imperator in Northern Italy where he was campaigning on behalf of Sulla. The following year he was to be the dictators colleague in the consulship. Pietas and her emblem the stork are used to highlight his cognomen, Pius. The elephant is the traditional symbol of the gensCaecilia, recalling the capture of Hasdrubal's elephants by L. Caecilius Metellus in 252 B.C.
RR90318. Silver denarius, SRCV I 301, Crawford 374/1, Sydenham 750, RSC ICaecilia 43, F, weight 3.276 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Northern Italian mint, 81 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Pietas right, hair tied in a knot, and wearing earring, stork right before; reverseelephant walking left, bell hanging from its neck, Q.C.M.P.I in ex; ex Frascatius; $190.00 (€142.50)
Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Heraklestype was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
SH70437. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group V, monogram 2, 72 (OE6 / R63); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, spotty toning, light scratches, weight 16.820 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left on hip, M monogram inner left; $180.00 (€135.00)
Roman Republic, Barbarous Imitative, c. 100 - 80 B.C.
In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, and of beginnings and endings. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR54763. Copper as, unlisted with long beards and no value mark; cf. Crawford 339/1a, Sydenham 679 (Rome mint, short beards, value mark), VF/F, uneven strike, weight 9.034 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Italian or Sicilian mint, c. 100 - 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, with long beards; reverse prow right, ROMA above, no value mark; $170.00 (€127.50) ON RESERVE
Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.
RR59575. Copper as, Crawford 342/7d; Sydenham 690b; SRCV I 744, F, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I above; reverseROMA, three galley prows right, C VIBI AV (AV ligate) in exergue, I right; $160.00 (€120.00)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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