Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.
Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE
From the author of Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63 BC - 49 BC. This new book covers the thirty-four moneyers who minted between 81 and 64 B.C.. Michael Harlan describes the fascinating details of historical events and the social context of the period, the moneyers' family histories, and how all these influenced the coin types.BC59785. Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 81 BCE - 64 BCE by Michael Harlan, reverse FORVM Roman Republic C. Licinius L.f. Macer 84 B.C. Silver Denarius; 240 pages with 144 enlarged illustrations, 2012; NEW!; $24.95 (€21.71)
Athens, Attica, Greece, New Style Tetradrachm, c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by Sulla
After 1 March 86 B.C., Sulla was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic king Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for Sulla, either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and Delphi. The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY monogram may refer to Marcus the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Thompson Athens 1293; Svoronos Athens pl. 78, 11; Dewing 1653; Boehringer AMUGS V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; Kraay-Hirmer pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive style, well struck, nicely toned, centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape flan, weight 16.581 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a griffin right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; reverse owl standing right on amphora on its side right, head facing, MARKOY monogram left, TAMIOY monogram right, A on amphora, all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; rare; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Roman Republic, Q. Pomponius Musa, 66 B.C.
Many of the Roman moneyers had a solid sense of humor and word play with homonyms was very popular. Pomponius Musa, playing on his name, issued ten types each depicting Hercules Musagetes (Conductor of the Muses) or one of nine different Muses, creating one of the most interesting and sought after series of the Republican coinage. This coin depicts Clio, the Muse of History.SH90301. Silver denarius, RSC I Pomponia 11, SRCV I 353, Sydenham 813, Crawford 410/3, gF, banker's marks, weight 3.585 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 66 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, scroll tied with cord behind; reverse MVSA on left, Q POMPONI on right, Clio, Muse of History standing left, reading from open scroll which she holds in both hands, left elbow rests on column; ex CNG auction 233 (26 April 2010), lot 315; $550.00 (€478.50)
Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH71045. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69; Imhoof-Blumer GRMK 281, VF/F, weight 6.826 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pontus (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q (quaestor) below; reverse two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $480.00 (€417.60)
Pontus (Amisos?), Roman Quaestor (Lucius Lucullus?), 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male head as a Roman Quaestor. This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to Forum. Perhaps the image is of Lucius Lucullus, an important Quaestor of Sulla, about whom Plutarch wrote. The reverse legend, the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, part of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.SH66800. Brass AE 20, RPC I 2156, SNG Leypold I p. 24, 69, F, cleaning scratches, weight 7.222 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Pontus(?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); obverse bare male head right, Q below; reverse two standing figures holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETIA in exergue; rare; $450.00 (€391.50)
Roman Republic, L. Marcius Censorinus, 82 B.C.
The moneyer selected the design to play on his name, Marsyas sounds like Marcius.
Marsyas found Athena's flute. Inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully. Foolishly he challenged Apollo to a musical contest. Apollo won by singing to the music of his lyre. As a just punishment for his presumption, Apollo flayed Marsyas alive. His blood was the source of the river Marsyas, and his skin was hung like a wine bag in the cave out of which that river flows.SH73011. Silver denarius, SRCV 281, Sydenham 737, Crawford 363/1, RSC I Marcia 24, VF, nice style, attractive iridescent toning, weight 3.650 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse the satyr Marsyas standing left with wine skin over shoulder, L·CENSOR before, a column topped with Victory behind; scarce; $380.00 (€330.60)
Roman Republic, T. Vettius Sabinus, 70 B.C.
The moneyer's name and head of King Tatius on this denarius indicate the Sabine origins of the moneyer's family.RR73527. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 339, Sydenham 905, Crawford 404/1, RSC I Vettia 2, BMCRR Rome 3370, gVF, attractive coin, weight 3.890 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 70 B.C.; obverse bare head of Sabine King Tatius right, TA monogram (Tatius) below, SABINVS behind, S C (Senatus Consulto) before; reverse magistrate in slow biga left holding staff, stalk of grain behind, IVDEX above, T•VETTIVS in ex; scarce; $360.00 (€313.20)
Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., c. 80 B.C.
Sospita was a surname of Juno in Latium. Her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. She also had two temples at Rome. Her statue, as described by Cicero, was covered with a goat skin. This statue may be the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute is the serpent, which inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not was destroyed.SH73137. Silver denarius, SRCV I 306, Sydenham 771, Crawford 379/1, RSC I Procilia 1, EF, some die wear, weight 3.937 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right, S C (senatus consulto - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; reverse Juno Sospita standing right, brandishing spear and holding shield, snake before her, L.PROCILI. / F behind; $310.00 (€269.70)
Roman Republic, Mn Fonteius C.f., c. 85 B.C.
Vejovis is a little-known Italian deity. He was worshiped in a temple on the Capitol in Rome. The reverse most likely depicts a statue that was beside the statue of Vejovis in the temple. This statue may refer to the infancy of Jupiter who was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.
The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.RR73465. Silver denarius, RSC I Fonteia 9, Sydenham 724, BMCRR 2476, Crawford 353/1a, SRCV I 271, gVF, broad flan, porosity, minor encrustations and marks, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; obverse MN FONTEI C F (MN and NT in monogram), laureate head of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, Roma monogram below chin; reverse Cupid seated on goat right, caps of the Dioscuri above, thyrsus of Bacchus in ex, all within laurel wreath; $165.00 (€143.55)
Roman Republic, C. Vibius C.F. Pansa, 90 B.C.
In 90 B.C., Rome barely managed to stave off total defeat in the Social War. The Italians were denied citizenship and, despite making up over half the Roman army, were denied a fair share of the booty and lands. They rebelled and raised an army of 100,000 battle-hardened soldiers. After Roman victories and citizenship concessions, the war was nearly over by 88 B.C.RR59575. Copper as, Crawford 342/7d; Sydenham 690b; SRCV I 744, F, weight 7.587 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 90 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I above; reverse ROMA, three galley prows right, C VIBI AV (AV ligate) in exergue, I right; $160.00 (€139.20)
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