Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.
The depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a , requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a in 100 or 99 B.C., and of Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to Gaius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to , but failed.
The honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri , the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in of and the other gods. His uncle was an , and decemvir, , , Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of , and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the .
RS72975. Silver , 437/2a, 894, 7, II 3837, 404, aF, , on a , 3.623 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, of Coelius Caldus right, inscribed HIS ( ) behind, in the form of a (emblem of of , ) before; C CALDVS downward on left, ( , , Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD , triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL , Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ; $185.00 (€162.80)
Roman Republic, Pub. Crepusius, 82 B.C.
This moneyer is known only from his coins. The likely refers to an act of bravery by an ancestor. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. RR75240. Silver , 283, 738a, 361/1c, 1, I Rome 2673 ff. var. (various control and numbers), gVF, excellent , , marks and scratches, corrosion, crack, 3.439 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 270o, Rome mint, 82 B.C.; laureate of right, over shoulder, C (control symbol) behind, uncertain control symbol below chin; horseman galloping right hurling spear, Roman numeral control numeral behind, P CREPVSI in ; $150.00 (€132.00)
Roman Republic, Mn Fonteius C.f., c. 85 B.C.
Vejovis is a little-known Italian deity. He was worshiped in a temple on the Capitol in Rome. The most likely depicts a statue that was beside the statue of Vejovis in the temple. This statue may refer to the infancy of Jupiter who was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.RR75243. Silver , 9, 724, 2476, 353/1a, 271, aEF, and struck, nicely , a few light scratches, 3.813 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; MN FONTEI C F (MN and NT in ), laureate of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, below chin; seated on goat right, caps of the above, of , all within laurel wreath; ex Naville auction 9, lot 175, ex Tkalec sale 2006, 106, ex NAC 46 (April 2008), lot 369; $400.00 (€352.00)
Roman Republic, T. Cloulius (or Cloelius), 98 B.C.
Refers to Marius' victories over the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquae Sextiae in 102 B.C. and the Cimbri at Vercellae in 101 B.C. Cloelius, a Marian faction partisan, strikes as quaestor. believes this issue financed settlement of Marius' veterans, partly in Cisalpine Gaul. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. RR75814. Silver , 586, 332/1a, 2, I Rome 1282 ff. var (control), 212, VF, old cabinet , , light marks, 1.721 g, maximum 16.6 mm, 270o, Rome mint, 98 B.C.; laureate of Jupiter right, F with pellet above and pellet below (control mark) behind; r. in left over shoulder, crowning with wreath in right, seated Gallic captive and (war trumpet) at base of , T·CLOVI downward in center, Q in ; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, privately purchased from AH Baldwin and Son's Ltd. (1994); $150.00 (€132.00)
Roman Republic, P. Furius Crassipes, 84 B.C.
The clubfoot, crassipes in Latin, in a perfect example of typical Roman humor, replaces the moneyer's name in the . The chair refers to the moneyer's position as Aedile Curule. The turreted probably indicates this special issue was authorized to finance a building project. Publius Fourius Crassipes is only known from his coins but he was probably the father of Fourius Crassipes who married Cicero's daughter, who became proquaestor in , and who struck bronze coins bearing his name at .RR75815. Silver , 20, 735, 356/1a, Rome 2604, 275, VF, well struck foot (often poorly struck on the ), nice old cabinet , , slightly uneven strike with weak areas, 3.870 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; (downward on left), turreted of right, clubfoot pointed upwards behind; curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS, CRASSIPES in ; $130.00 (€114.40)
Roman Republic, Anonymous (Mn. Fonteius C.f.), c. 85 B.C.
Although this specific is anonymous, other issues with the exact same and types from the same year provide the moneyer's name. suggests this and other "anonymous" types, struck in this period and marked to indicate they were made from the public silver, may have been struck using silver bequeathed to the Roman people by Ptolemy X Alexander of .RR75816. Silver , 353/2, 726, 12, I Rome 2483, 273, gVF, , light , die breaks, light scratches, 3.383 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. 85 B.C.; laureate of Vejovis right, thunderbolt below, EX A P (ex Argento Publico) downward behind, no moneyer's name; seated on goat right, flanked by caps of the , of , all within laurel wreath; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex CNG e-auction 244 (10 Nov 2010), lot 383; $150.00 (€132.00)
Roman Republic, L. Rubrius Dossenus, 87 B.C.
Athens chose the wrong side in Rome's war with Mithridates, portrayed as a war of Greek freedom against Roman domination. In 87 B.C., Sulla's siege of Athens was long and brutal. The population was reduced to eating shoe leather and grass. A delegation was sent to , but instead of serious negotiations they expounded on the glory of their city. sent them away saying: “I was sent to Athens, not to take lessons, but to reduce rebels to obedience.” Sulla's rough battle hardened legions took Athens on 12 February 86 B.C. Blood was said to have literally flowed in the streets, it was only after the entreaties of a couple of his Greek friends and the pleas of the Roman Senators in his camp that decided enough was enough. Before he left Athens, burnt the of Piraeus to the ground. It was "some time" before Aristion and his followers on the Akropolis eventually surrendered, after their water had run out. Rome's show of vengeance ensured would remain docile during later civil wars and Mithridatic wars.RR75831. Bronze as, 348/5, 709, I Rome 2461, 1326, 749, aVF, green , 10.757 g, maximum 29.0 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 87 B.C.; laureate of bearded , snake entwined cylindrical in center; prow of galley right, L RVBRI / DOSSEN in two lines above, I (mark of value) to right, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $125.00 (€110.00)
Roman Republic, L. Titurius L.f. Sabinus, 89 B.C.
This moneyer traced his descent from the and perhaps from himself. was daughter of the commander of the citadel in Rome. She offered to open the gates for the besieging , if they would give her what they wore on their left arms, meaning their gold bracelets. The were unable to enter the citadel; its open gates were miraculously protected by boiling jets of water created by . Keeping their promise, the threw the shields they worn on their left arms upon , crushing her to death, and then they kicked her off a cliff. This myth was likely used to explain the Tarpeian Rock, a cliff on the Capitoline from which murderers and traitors were thrown.RR75835. Silver , 344/2c, 699a, 5, I Rome 2326, 252, VF, light , 3.649 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 89 B.C.; of right, frond below chin, behind, (argento publico) before; buried to her waist in shields, trying to repel soldiers who are about to cast shields upon her, over and within crescent with horns up above, left TITVRI in ; from the Andrew McCabe collection; $165.00 (€145.20)
Roman Republic, L. Procilius L.f., c. 80 B.C.
In Roman mythology, was the daughter of Saturn and the wife of Jupiter. Among her many attributes was , who offered protection to women, accompanying them throughout their lives from birth to death. She was often called upon by infertile women to aid in conception. had a two temples at Rome, but her most famous temple was at Lanuvium. Her statue there, as described by and as depicted on coinage, wore a goatskin coat with a goat-horned headdress. This statue may the one now at the Vatican. Her attribute, the , inhabited a grotto near her temple, and was fed annually by a young girl, who, if a virgin, escaped unharmed, but if not, was destroyed.RR75236. Silver , 306, 771, 379/1, 1, aEF, off center but only slightly detracting, uneven , marks, scratches, die wear, 3.695 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 135o, Italian mint, 80 B.C.; laureate of Jupiter right, S C ( - authorized by special decree of the Senate) behind; (protector of women) standing right, brandishing spear and holding , snake before her, L.PROCILI. / F downward in two rows behind; $180.00 (€158.40)
Roman Republic, Ti. Ti. f. Ap.n. , 79 B.C.
The S C on the stands for . This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the ship of . The refers to the origin of the . The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.RR75237. Silver , 310, 383/1, 770a, 6, EF, light , a couple dark spots, scratch on cheek, strike flat on highest points, 3.924 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; diademed and draped of , bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C before; in a right, raising wreath in right, and reins in left, A·II (control number) below, TI· ·TI·F / AP N (VD and AP in ) in two lines in ; $290.00 (€255.20)
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