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Roman Republic, 99 - 50 B.C.

Roman Republic, C. Servilius C.f., 57 B.C.

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Interesting issue combining a Flora (goddess of the spring and flowers, associated with the Floralia festival) obverse with a military reverse. It is worth noting that the soldiers are in a rather relaxed pose and they do not seem to be ready to fight. However, the type has a rare variant on which they are crossing their swords.
RR85234. Silver denarius, Crawford 423/1, Sydenham 890, RSC I Servilia 15, SRCV I 380, VF, porous, weight 3.332 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 57 B.C.; obverse FLORAL PRIMVS (AL and MV ligate), head of Flora right, wreathed with flowers, lituus behind; reverse two soldiers, facing each other, each holds a shield and a short sword upright, hilts touching, shield on right decorated with a star, CF right, CSEREIL in exergue; scarce; $120.00 (106.80)


Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus, 88 B.C.

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This type probably commemorated the victories of M. Claudius M.f. M.n. Marcellus over Hannibal in the second Punic War and the capture of Syracuse in 212 B.C.
RR84914. Silver quinarius, SRCV I 255, Sydenham 703, Crawford 345/2, RSC I Cornelia 51, VF, toned, weight 1.574 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 88 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right; reverse Victory standing right crowning trophy of captured arms with wreath, CN LENT (NT ligate) in exergue; $130.00 (115.70)


Roman Republic, c. 100 - 80 B.C.

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RR84587. Bronze quadrans, cf. Crawford 350B/3d (Rome mint, 86 B.C.), VF, nice green patina, red earthen highlighting, weight 2.082 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome or unofficial mint, c. 100 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, ROMA (MA ligate) above, three pellets right(?), head of Venus decorating top of acrostolium(?); ex RBW Collection; $80.00 (71.20)


Numismatica Ars Classica Auction 73, The Collection of Roman Republican Coins of A Student And His Mentor - Part II

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A superb series of denarii of the Social War, an exceptional aureus of Sulla, the rare denarius Q. Pomponius Muta with the muse Erato, and many more auction items are included in this collection.
BK10370. Numismatica Ars Classica (NAC 73), The Collection of Roman Republican Coins of A Student And His Mentor - Part II, 18 Nov 2013, 85 pages, illustration throughout, paperback; $4.00 (3.56)


Roman Republic, Cn. Cornelius Lentulus, 88 B.C.

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This type probably commemorated the victories of M. Claudius M.f. M.n. Marcellus over Hannibal in the second Punic War and the capture of Syracuse in 212 B.C.
RR79923. Silver quinarius, SRCV I 255, Sydenham 703, Crawford 345/2, RSC I Cornelia 51, aVF, die wear, weight 2.024 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 88 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Jupiter right; reverse Victory standing right crowning trophy with wreath, CN LENT (NT ligate) in exergue; $130.00 (115.70)


Roman Republic, C. Servilius C.f., 57 B.C.

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Interesting issue combining a Flora (goddess of the spring and flowers, associated with the Floralia festival) obverse with a military reverse. It is worth noting that the soldiers are in a rather relaxed pose and they do not seem to be ready to fight. However, the type has a rare variant on which they are crossing their swords.
RR79927. Silver denarius, SRCV I 380, Crawford 423/1, Sydenham 890, RSC I Servilia 15, gVF, attractive style, attractive dark tone, reverse 1/4 off-center, weight 3.517 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 57 B.C. (Berk 52 B.C.); obverse FLORAL PRIMVS (AL and MV in monograms) downward on right, head of Flora right, wreathed with flowers, lituus behind; reverse two soldiers, facing each other, each holds a shield and a short sword upward, hilts touching, shield on right decorated with a star, CF upward lower right, CSEREIL in exergue; ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachfolger e-auction 1, lot 116; scarce; $200.00 (178.00)


Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.

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The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from Praeneste, in Latium, 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to Fortuna Primigenia. Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The reverse likely depicts a pediment in the sanctuary. The epithet of Primigenia means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be Jupiter and Juno, and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later Theodosius I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.
SH76980. Silver denarius, BMCRR Rome 3524 (same wheel control); Crawford 405/1b; Sydenham 800a; SRCV I 340, F, banker's mark, weight 3.563 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Fortuna Primigenia right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; reverse temple pediment, ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ligate) on the architrave, CEST S C in exergue; very rare; $720.00 (640.80)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 170 - 160 B.C.

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Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR76436. Bronze as, cf. McCabe Anonymous K2, Crawford 198/1a, Sydenham 143, BMCRR 217, SRCV I 712, F, pitting, weight 28.660 g, maximum diameter 34.0 mm, die axis 270o, Rome(?) mint, c. 170 - 160 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, I (mark of value) above, ROMA in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (71.20)


Roman Republic, Vergilius, Gargilius and Ogulnius, 86 B.C.

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The as is the only bronze denomination struck by these moneyers.
RR76801. Bronze as, BMCRR I Rome 2632, Crawford 350A/3c, Sydenham 722b, SRCV I 752, VF, encrusted areas, some spots of corrosion, weight 13.454 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 86 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, I (mark of value above); reverse OGVL GAR VER (VL, AR, and VE ligate), war galley prow left, X (control letter) before prow; $200.00 (178.00)


Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.

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The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.

The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.
RS72975. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, Choice aF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $140.00 (124.60)










REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 20, 2017.
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Roman Republic Coins of 99-50 B.C.