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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Gods,Non-Olympian>Cybele

Cybele

Cybele was the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother.


Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius M.f. Cestianus, 67 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Struck by Cestianus serving as curule aedile by special decree of the Senate. Cestianus had also issued coins as moneyer two years before.
SH71031. Silver denarius, SRCV I 350, Sydenham 808, Crawford 409/2, RSC I Plaetoria 3, aEF, nice style, nice strike, polished, weight 3.777 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 67 B.C.; obverse CESTIANVS, turreted bust of Cybele right, forepart of lion behind, globe below chin; reverse M PLAETORIVS AED CVR EX S C, curule chair, hammer (control symbol) left; $300.00 (225.00)

Roman Republic, P. Furius Crassipes, 84 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The clubfoot, crassipes in Latin, in a perfect example of typical Roman humor, replaces the moneyer's name in the obverse inscription. The chair refers to the moneyer's position as Aedile Curule. The turreted head probably indicates this special issue was authorized to finance a building project. Publius Fourius Crassipes is only known from his coins but he was probably the father of Fourius Crassipes who married Cicero's daughter, who became proquaestor in Sicily, and who struck bronze coins bearing his name at Panormus.
RR71365. Silver denarius, RSC I Furia 20, Sydenham 735, Crawford 356/1a, BMCRE I Rome 2604, SRCV I 275, F, weight 3.831 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; obverse AED CVR (downward on left), turreted head of Cybele right, clubfoot pointed upwards behind; reverse curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS, CRASSIPES in exergue; $150.00 (112.50)

Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Cybele, the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother, was born a hermaphrodite but castrated by the gods, she became female. Heeding the Sibylline oracle, the senate brought her worship to Rome in 204 B.C. as the first officially sanctioned Eastern cult. After approval they were dismayed to learn that the priesthood required voluntary self-castration, which was abhorrent to the Romans. Romans were barred from entering the priesthood or even entering the priest's sanctuary. The eunuch priests, recruited from outside Rome, were confined to their sanctuary, leaving only to parade in the streets during festivals in April. Claudius removed the bans on Roman participation, making worship of Cybele and her consort Attis part of the state religion.
RS59584. Silver denarius, RIC IV (Caracalla) 382, BMCRE V 16, RSC III 137, VF, flan crack, weight 3.136 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 211 - 215 A.D.; obverse IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right; reverse MATRI DEVM, Cybele standing facing, leaning with left arm resting on a column, head left, towered and veiled, legs crossed, drum in right hand, long scepter resting against left arm, lion at feet left; $100.00 (75.00)

Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 68 - 79 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Cybele, the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother, was born a hermaphrodite but castrated by the gods, she became female. Heeding the Sibylline oracle, the senate brought her worship to Rome in 204 B.C. as the first officially sanctioned Eastern cult. After approval they were dismayed to learn that the priesthood required voluntary self-castration, which was abhorrent to the Romans. Romans were barred from entering the priesthood or even entering the priest's sanctuary. The eunuch priests, recruited from outside Rome, were confined to their sanctuary, leaving only to parade in the streets during festivals in April. Claudius removed the bans on Roman participation, making worship of Cybele and her consort Attis part of the state religion.
RP69810. Bronze AE 17, BMC Phrygia p. 158, 3; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tire; Lindgren -, gF/Fair, weight 2.566 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Cotiaeum mint, c. 68 - 79 A.D.; obverse KOTIAEIΣ − PΩMHN, Turreted and draped bust of Roma right; reverse EΠI K ΣEKOYN∆OY, Cybele seated left, phiale in right, resting left hand on tympanum, small lion left below throne; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $90.00 (67.50)


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Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 21, 2014.
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Cybele