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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ CybeleView Options:  |  |  | 

Cybele

Cybele was the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother.


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace

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Hadrian refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
RP69751. Bronze AE 20, Apparently unpublished; Jurukova -, Varbanov -, Moushmov -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, F, green patina, a little rough, weight 3.792 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Hadrianopolis mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV K Λ CEΠT - [CEVHPOC Π] (or similar), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PIANO−ΠOΛITΩN, Cybele enthroned left, throne flanked by two lions, kalathos on head, patera in right hand, resting left forearm on drum; extremely rare, we were unable to find another example, possibly unique(?) ,from the Butte College Foundation; ex Lindgren; $135.00 (117.45)


Roman Republic, P. Furius Crassipes, 84 B.C.

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The clubfoot, crassipes in Latin, in a perfect example of typical Roman humor, replaces the moneyer's name in the obverse inscription. The chair refers to the moneyer's position as Aedile Curule. The turreted head probably indicates this special issue was authorized to finance a building project. Publius Fourius Crassipes is only known from his coins but he was probably the father of Fourius Crassipes who married Cicero's daughter, who became proquaestor in Sicily, and who struck bronze coins bearing his name at Panormus.
RR71365. Silver denarius, RSC I Furia 20, Sydenham 735, Crawford 356/1a, BMCRE I Rome 2604, SRCV I 275, F, weight 3.831 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 84 B.C.; obverse AED CVR (downward on left), turreted head of Cybele right, clubfoot pointed upwards behind; reverse curule chair inscribed P FOVRIVS, CRASSIPES in exergue; $135.00 (117.45)


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Cybele, the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother, was born a hermaphrodite but castrated by the gods, she became female. Heeding the Sibylline oracle, the senate brought her worship to Rome in 204 B.C. as the first officially sanctioned Eastern cult. After approval they were dismayed to learn that the priesthood required voluntary self-castration, which was abhorrent to the Romans. Romans were barred from entering the priesthood or even entering the priest's sanctuary. The eunuch priests, recruited from outside Rome, were confined to their sanctuary, leaving only to parade in the streets during festivals in April. Claudius removed the bans on Roman participation, making worship of Cybele and her consort Attis part of the state religion.
RS59584. Silver denarius, RIC IV C382, BMCRE V C16, RSC III 137, VF, flan crack, weight 3.136 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 211 - 215 A.D.; obverse IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right; reverse MATRI DEVM, Cybele standing facing, leaning with left arm resting on a column, head left, towered and veiled, legs crossed, drum in right hand, long scepter resting against left arm, lion at feet left; $90.00 (78.30)


Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 68 - 79 A.D.

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Cybele, the Phrygian deification of the Earth Mother, was born a hermaphrodite but castrated by the gods, she became female. Heeding the Sibylline oracle, the senate brought her worship to Rome in 204 B.C. as the first officially sanctioned Eastern cult. After approval they were dismayed to learn that the priesthood required voluntary self-castration, which was abhorrent to the Romans. Romans were barred from entering the priesthood or even entering the priest's sanctuary. The eunuch priests, recruited from outside Rome, were confined to their sanctuary, leaving only to parade in the streets during festivals in April. Claudius removed the bans on Roman participation, making worship of Cybele and her consort Attis part of the state religion.
RP69810. Bronze AE 17, BMC Phrygia p. 158, 3; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tire; Lindgren -, gF/Fair, weight 2.566 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Cotiaeum mint, c. 68 - 79 A.D.; obverse KOTIAEIΣ − PΩMHN, Turreted and draped bust of Roma right; reverse EΠI K ΣEKOYN∆OY, Cybele seated left, phiale in right, resting left hand on tympanum, small lion left below throne; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $90.00 (78.30)


Plakia, Mysia, c. 4th Century B.C.

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Plakia, called Cilician Thebe in Homer's Iliad, was near the Troad, at the foot of Mount Placus, in a small region once called Cilicia (not the Cilicia in southern Anatolia). According to myth, it was founded by Heracles after his sack of Troy and named after his birthplace, Thebes in Boeotia. At the time of the Trojan War, people were known as the Cilicians, and ruled by King Eetion. Eetion's daughter Andromache was given in marriage to Hector, son of King Priam of Troy. The Achaians, led by Achilleus, sacked the city during the latter part of the war, killed King Eetion, his wife and his sons. They also carried off several women, including Chryseis, who became the concubine of Agamemnon. Chryseis' father attempted to ransom his to ransom his daughter, initiating the plot of the Iliad.
GB72008. Bronze AE 14, SNG BnF 2378 ff, SNG Cop 545; SNGvA 1432; BMC Mysia p. 174, 5, VF, nice dark green patina, weight 1.538 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 180o, Plakia mint, c. 4th Century B.C.; obverse turreted head of Cybele right; reverse ΠΛAKIA, lion right devouring prey, grain-ear right below; rare city; $90.00 (78.30)







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Catalog current as of Monday, July 06, 2015.
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Cybele