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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ TomisView Options:  |  |  | 

Tomis, Moesia Inferior

Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was a Greek colony founded on the Black Sea shore around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic populations. In 29 B.C. the Romans captured the region, which they called Limes Scythicus, from the Odryses. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." The city was later in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, it was the metropolis of Scythia Minor. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, in the winter of 597/598, Tomis was besieged by the Avars. Tomis was within the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, later in the independent principality of Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici, in Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, and under Ottoman rule from around 1419. Tomis was renamed "Kwnstantia" ("Constantia") in honor of Constantia, the half-sister of Constantine the Great sometime before 950.


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Tomis, Thrace

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Nemesis, the winged balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. The wheel of fate rests against her side. She holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and holds the scales and cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts.
RP73672. Bronze tetrakaihemiassarion (4 1/2 assaria), BMC Thrace 64, Varbanov I 5702 (R3) var. (no scales), AMNG I/II 3539 var. (same), SNG BM - SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, Moushmov -, SGICV -, aF, a little rough, centration dimples, weight 11.318 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVΓ CAB, TPANKVΛ/ΛINA (ending in two lines under busts), confronted busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Tranquillina on right, draped and wearing stephane; reverse Nemesis-Dikaiosyne standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cubit rule and lorum in left hand, wheel at feet to left, ∆< (mark of value) lower right; very rare; $40.00 (€35.60)
 


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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Tomis was founded by Greek colonists on the shore of the Black Sea around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic population. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." Constanta Romania today, the city was renamed to honor Constantine the Great.
RP63347. Bronze tetrassaria, Varbanov I 5787 (R4), AMNG I/II 3598, Moushmov 2310, SNG BM -, SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, SGICV -, aF, a little rough, light corrosion and encrustation, flan crack, centration dimples, weight 10.13 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, as caesar, Feb/Mar 244 - July/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse MAP IOYΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC, KAICAP (ending below busts), bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip II right (on left), confronting draped bust of Serapis left, with kalathos on head (on right); reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, Asclepius standing facing, head left, snake entwined staff in right hand, left hand on hip; rare; $29.00 (€25.81)
 


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was founded by Greek colonists around 600 B.C. on the Black Sea shore for trade with the local Getic population. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire."
RP68780. Bronze AE 18, Varbanov I 4646 (R6), AMNG I/II 2592, SNG Cop -, SNG Stancomb -, BMC Thrace -, VF, weight 4.517 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse ∆OMETIANO-C KAICA ΓEPM, laureate head right; reverse TOM−ITΩN, Nike standing left on globe, wreath in right, palm frond in left; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
de Callataÿ, F. L'histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies. (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1997).
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. and K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Möesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/II. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Sunday, June 26, 2016.
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Tomis