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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Thrace&Moesia>Tomis

Tomis, Moesia Inferior

Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was a Greek colony founded on the Black Sea shore around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic populations. In 29 B.C. the Romans captured the region, which they called Limes Scythicus, from the Odryses. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." The city was later in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, it was the metropolis of Scythia Minor. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, in the winter of 597/598, Tomis was besieged by the Avars. Tomis included in the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, later in the independent principality of Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici, in Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, and under Ottoman rule from around 1419. Tomis was renamed "Kωνσταντια" ("Constantia") in honor of Constantia, the half-sister of Constantine the Great sometime before 950.


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was founded by Greek colonists around 600 B.C. on the Black Sea shore for trade with the local Getic population. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire."
RP68780. Bronze AE 18, Varbanov 4646 (R6), AMNG I/II 2592, SNG Cop -, SNG Stancomb -, BMC Thrace -, VF, weight 4.517 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse ∆OMETIANO-C KAICA ΓEPM, laureate head right; reverse TOM−ITΩN, Nike standing left on globe, wreath in right, palm frond in left; scarce; $140.00 (€105.00)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo Hera was the wife and older sister of Zeus. She was a goddess of women and marriage. The cow and the peacock were sacred to her.
RP48668. Bronze 4 assaria, AMNG I/II 3390, SNG Stancomb -, VF, weight 12.487 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 190o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, Hera standing half left, patera in right, scepter in left, ∆ left; nice portrait; $135.00 (€101.25)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo The Roman poet Ovid was banished by Augustus to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire."
RP48205. Bronze AE 27, Varbanov 5567, AMNG I/II 3402, SNG Stancomb -, VF, cleaning scratches, weight 13.328 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 30o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC (final C in right field), Demeter standing left, grain and poppy in right, long torch vertical in left, ∆ left; $90.00 (€67.50)

Tomis, Moesia Inferior, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Tomis (Constanta, Romania today) was founded by Greek colonists around 600 B.C. on the Black Sea shore for trade with the local Getic population.
GB54172. Bronze AE 28, SNG BM 301 ff. var (TOMI above eagle, different magistrates), 302 same countermark; AMNG I/II 2407 ff. var (same); SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, F, nice green patina, weight 9.674 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Great God diademed and bearded right, countermark: helmeted head right in a round punch; reverse TO-MI (divided by eagles head) / NO... (below, magistrate), eagle right, wings closed, all within wreath; high relief obverse, reverse flattened by application of the countermark; very rare; $90.00 (€67.50)


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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
de Callataÿ, F. L’histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies. (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1997).
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. and K. Regling. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Möesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/II. (Berlin, 1910).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, (English Edition), Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 31, 2014.
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Tomis