, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of , was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.SH72613. Gold , P90, 228 - 230, -, -, EF, lovely Hellenistic , mint luster, 8.579 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5220.00 (€4541.40)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
This is an extremely heroic variety of a . There is only one auction record on Coin Archives for this variety: NAC Auction 59 (4 Apr 2011), lot 968 (a beautiful near EF example). It sold for $48,717 including fees. SH73454. , 203q+2 (same obv die), 535 (S, no belt), 838 var (no belt), 565 var (no belt), VF, , high relief , , porous, areas of corrosion, 25.631 g, maximum 34.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 107 A.D.; NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P P, laureate left, full chest exposed, with drapery on left shoulder, military belt ( ) across chest; , in military dress on horseback right, thrusting spear at Dacian warrior trampled and falling under fore-hooves, S C in ; extremely variety; $5000.00 (€4350.00)
Roman Civil Wars, Revolt of , Governor of Spain, April - June 68 A.D.
lived in for eight years. This coin was issued by as governor of Spain in revolt against . The is copied from Republican struck in 62 B.C. by the moneyer L. Scribonius Libo.SH63560. Silver , 9, 396, 9, 2072, F, , 3.515 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 225o, (?) mint, Apr - Jun 68 A.D.; , young female ( ) right, around forehead; ROM RENASC, standing right in military garb, on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped over left shoulder in left; bargain priced for this interesting rarity implying the restoration of the Republic!; very (R4); $1300.00 (€1131.00)
Byzantion, , c. 210 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos'
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to , initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in . It survived until the 4th century AD when banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.SH71721. Silver , 411 (same dies), 142 - 146 var ( ), -, -, -, -, -, -, aEF, a few weak areas, 16.731 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 210 - 195 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, left arm on decorated with , transverse spear against right side, crowning name in right, left, BY on throne; ; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This was likely struck in anticipation of the upcoming war with . One of Galba's latest types is identical except for the : instead of . Several coins struck with what appear to be re-cut dies are known. SH72953. Silver , 17, 24a, 25, -, -, aVF, nice portrait, , light scrape on , 3.282 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 15 Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; , standing left on globe, wreath extended in right, frond in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Angel Fernandez; 17/1000 coins of this in Jyrki Muona' die-study; very ; $1000.00 (€870.00)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great
Lampsacus was known as center for worship of Priapus, who was said to have been born there.
notes that Lampsacus was Lysimachos' largest mint in , with approximately 150 known dies. Output from Lampsacus declined when Amphipolis began its extensive coinage c. 288 B.C.SH72207. Silver , 49, 2548 - 2549, 843, 1097 ( ), 399 (Sigeum), gVF, , some marks and , 16.495 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 45o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 297 - 281 B.C.; diademed of deified Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, crowning name in extended right hand, left arm rests on grounded round decorated with , transverse spear against right side, ∆/Ξ inner left , crescent horns left in ; ex Numismatics auction 11, lot 34; $990.00 (€861.30)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This was likely struck in anticipation of the upcoming war with . SH72952. Silver , 16, 24, 24, 21, 2165, F, nice portrait and , attractive , porous, 3.038 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 15 Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; , walking left, wreath extended in right, frond in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, 23/1000 coins of this in Jyrki Muona' die-study; very ( ); $900.00 (€783.00)
, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D.
was the first emperor who was not of Senatorial rank, his birth was obscure, and he had never distinguished himself in any matter of public service. Rumors soon spread that he was born a slave, was trained as gladiator, and was complicit in Caracalla's murder. Doomed from the moment his father took the purple, paid with his life for his father's hubris.SL70860. Silver , 102a, 87, 3, 7449, NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5 (4161195-005), 2.79 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, as , 11 Apr 217 - mid May 218 A.D.; M ANT DIADVMENIAN , bare-headed, draped and right; , standing slightly left, right, in military dress, in right, short in left, two grounded standards behind on right; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $800.00 (€696.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
Struck by Antony and at while preparing for the struggle with . Twenty-three different legions are named on coins of this issue. This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.
SH75375. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, gVF, , banker's mark, , 3.485 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $550.00 (€478.50)
Amisos, Pontos, 85 - 65 B.C.
Amisos, the mythical home of the Amazons, was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the until it was captured by the Seljuks in 1200, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.SH73961. Bronze AE 21, 165; 66; Black Sea 1218; 704; p. 56, 38; 244; -, VF, green , earthen encrustations, 7.574 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, Mithridatic War issue, 85 - 65 B.C.; of Amazon right, wearing wolf scalp headdress; walking right, extending wreath in right, frond over shoulder in left, AMI−ΣOY horizontal divided across ; ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Thebes, Boiotia, , 405 - 395 B.C.
The largest city in , leader of the Boeotian confederacy, and rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power of at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. After a revolt in 335, Alexander the Great destroyed the city, except, according to tradition, the house of the poet .GS74435. Silver tetartemorion, 466; p. 77, 87; 294; 35; 37, VF, , 0.163 g, maximum 6.4 mm, Thebes mint, 405 - 395 B.C.; Boiotian ; bunch of grapes on stem, Θ−E flanking above; ex ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
GS74866. Silver , 178, 365, -, aVF, rough, bumps and scratches, some corrosion, defect on top near edge, 15.601 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Herakleia Pontika (Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey) mint, c. 288 - 281 BC; diademed of the deified Alexander right, with horn of ; seated left, in her right hand crowning king's name with wreath, left arm resting on grounded round behind, transverse spear against far side, HP on throne, club left in ; $450.00 (€391.50)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $400.00 (€348.00)
Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, and , Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.
AVG in the , abbreviates Antony's official position as (not , a title which did not yet exist). The was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
Octavian's "equivalent" position as , a priest, is abbreviated in the .
The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of . In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.RR73605. Silver , and 8, 103, 1181, 517/2, 1504, F, , , grainy surfaces, 3.156 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, military mint moving with Antony, (?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; M ANT M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ), of Antony right; IMP , of right; ; $400.00 (€348.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RS73643. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, aVF, 3.378 g, maximum 17.9 mm, ,180o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $350.00 (€304.50)
Roman Republic, M. Porcius Cato, 89 B.C.
The seated figure on the is presumably Virgo, whose shrine was built by Cato Censorious. This was copied by in 47 - 46 B.C. -- Roman Republican Coinage by Michael H. RR74536. Silver , 247, 596a, 343/1b, 5, Nice VF, attractive and , 3.903 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 270o, Rome mint, 89 B.C.; diademed female right, (MA ) behind, M·CATO (AT ) below; seated right holding , (TR ) in ; $350.00 (€304.50)
Roman Republic, Q. Minucius M.f. Thermus, 103 B.C.
The refers to the moneyer's ancestor, Q. Minucius Q. f. L. n. Thermus, consul in 193 B.C., who distinguished himself by his bravery against the Ligurians.
RR75242. Silver , 197, 592, 319/1, 19, Italy 653, VF, attractive , nice , , 3.928 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 15o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; helmeted of left; Roman soldier fighting a barbarian, fallen soldier in center below, each holding a sword and , Q•TERM•MF in ; $350.00 (€304.50)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , 340 - 333 B.C.
(the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . He was the leader of the Lokrian contingent during the Trojan War. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.GS73966. Silver , 99; 50; 1700; 1958; 1339; -, VF, 2.762 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 0o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 340 - 333 B.C.; of Demeter right, wreathed in grain, wearing drop pendant earring and pearl necklace; OΠONTIΩN, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, nude but for crested Corinthian helmet, short sword in right, in left ornamented inside with coiled snake (control symbol); (control symbol) below; $330.00 (€287.10)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
This may refer to a on the Sea of Galilee during the recapture of .RB68879. Copper as, , 1, 335; 617; 632; -, F, , nice green , small areas of corrosion on obv, 12.620 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; AVG , right; , standing right on a prow, wreath in right, frond over should in left, S C in ; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $310.00 (€269.70)
Roman Republic, L. Aemilius Paullus, 62 B.C.
At the end of the Third Macedonian War (171 - 168 B.C.), Perseus of was decisively defeated by Rome at the Battle of Pydna. He surrendered to general Aemilius Paullus and was imprisoned in Rome with his half-brother Philippus and his son Alexander. The Antigonid kingdom was replaced with four republics, which were later dissolved and became the Roman province of .
SH74531. Silver , 366, 10, 415/1, Nice gVF, attractive coin, nice , some minor scratches and marks, small edge test cut, 3.901 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 150o, Rome mint, 62 B.C.; LEPIDVS , veiled and diademed of right; , Paullus on right, standing left, togate, touching in center; on the left, three standing bound captives: Perseus of , his half-brother, and his son; $300.00 (€261.00)
Roman Republic, Ti. Ti. f. Ap.n. , 79 B.C.
The S C on the stands for . This issue was authorized by Senate decree, most likely to pay for the extensive military operations during the ship of . The refers to the origin of the . The control numbers run all the way to CLXX.
RR75237. Silver , 310, 383/1, 770a, 6, EF, light , a couple dark spots, scratch on cheek, strike flat on highest points, 3.924 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 79 B.C.; diademed and draped of , bow and quiver over shoulder, S·C before; in a right, raising wreath in right, and reins in left, A·II (control number) below, TI· ·TI·F / AP N (VD and AP in ) in two lines in ; $290.00 (€252.30)
, II Gonatas, 277 - 239 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Most people expect the crests on ancient helmets to strictly run from front to back. Officer's helmets, however, frequently had a crest running from ear to ear, as on the helmet used as a control symbol on the of this coin. The two ear flaps dangle below the and visor of the helmet.
SH75314. Silver , 618 (same obv. die); , Administrative VI.1, obv. die A1; 629; 233; -, -, VF, centered, golden , test cut, light scratches and marks, lamination defect on , 16.793 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, (or Amphipolis?) mint, c. 275 - 270 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right, long vertical behind in left, crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing on left, ΠAP under seat strut, KE in ; ex CNG auction 349, lot 35; $280.00 (€243.60)
Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 104 B.C.
In 104 B.C., the Republic was in a state of emergency. The Cimbri had just dealt Rome its most severe defeat since Cannae; two armies were destroyed. Italy was nearly defenseless. The consul Gaius asked Nicomedes III of to provide troops. Nicomedes III turned down the request declaring, "All those eligible for military service in my kingdom have been robbed by the Roman tax-farmers and sold into slavery." In response, about 800 Italian slaves in were freed. Non-Italians slaves incorrectly believed they had also been freed. When ordered back to servitude, these slaves amassed an army 2,000 cavalry and 20,000 infantry. The revolt, the Second Servile War, lasted until 100 B.C., caused famine in Rome, and was defeated only after great effort. It was the second of a series of three slave revolts in the Roman Republic.
RR75244. Silver , 3, 318/1b, 582a, 196 var (noted), VF, fantastic , excellent centering, nice old cabinet , a few scratches, 3.948 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 104 B.C.; of left in winged helmet; in a left holding reins in both , CALD below, Q and three pellets (control mark) in ; $280.00 (€243.60)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
This celebrated Elagabalus' over . Especially in the first year of his reign, was dependent upon the support of the troops to maintain his rule. This was likely intended not just to increase his own prestige but also to recognize the army for supporting him and congratulate them for their too.
RB72368. , 377 (S), 362, 297, 96, 7582, aF, , nice portrait, lower half of weakly struck, crack, corrosion, 21.835 g, maximum 29.2 mm, 45o, Rome mint, c. 218 - 219 A.D.; IMP AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and right; ANTONINI AVG, advancing right, raising wreath in right hand, frond in left hand over left shoulder, S C across below center; ex Robert T. Golan (Warrenton, NC); very ; $270.00 (€234.90)
Himera, , 420 - 409 B.C.
In 409 B.C., attacked Himera. The city was unprepared; its fortifications weak. At first they were supported about 4000 auxiliaries from , but their general, Diocles, seized with panic for the safety of itself, abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. More than 3000 prisoners were put to death by General Hannibal Mago as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C.GB70582. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 41, 27; 318, 365; 184 var (grasshopper control), VF, , nice , 5.272 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 90o, Himera mint, 420 - 409 B.C.; Pan on a goat prancing right, nude but for fluttering in the wind behind, preparing to blow on conch in right, in left over shoulder, Corinthian helmet (control symbol) below; HIMEPAION, flying left, with dangling fillets in extended right, fold of long in left, six pellets (mark of value) left below arm; $260.00 (€226.20)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to . destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to over the and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.RL90695. , 279, 27, 16726, EF, centered, interesting decoration on , traces of , 3.008 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 135o, 1st , Londinium ( , England) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; CRISPVS NOBIL C, laureate and left, holding spear and ; BEAT TRA-NQLITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, in ; ; $250.00 (€217.50)
Kingdom of , Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, of , died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became . An ally of , the Roman Historian described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, divided his realm, half for his son Cotys and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of , while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.RP72883. Bronze AE 15, 159, 1707, -, -, -, VF, 1.999 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 225o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; K ΣEBAΣTOY, capricorn right, globe upper right between legs; POIMH, advancing right, raising wreath in extended right, grounded frond before her in left; ; $250.00 (€217.50)
, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.
When this coin was struck in 282, was the Prince of Youth, full of promise. Later he would be remembered as one of the worst . This infamy is, however, likely fiction, supported by himself. For example, the (unreliable) Augusta has marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, , by whom he had a son, Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as . His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.
RS71588. , 390 (LV 4227); , 2, 182; 97; 71; VI-2, p. 28; 12302, EF, most remains, and struck, nice portrait, some , 4.627 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 0o, 4th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd issue as , 282 - 283 A.D.; CARINVS NOB , , draped and right; , standing left, globe in extended right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, bound captive seated left at feet on left, QXXI in ; $250.00 (€217.50)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Capta, ,
Capta issue minted at , . After Herod's death, was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From , Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to where he was tried before Festus and (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD75361. Bronze AE 26, 1454, 391, 2304, F, red earthen encrustation, some corrosion, 10.803 g, maximum 25.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; IMP DOMITIANVS AVG , laureate left; standing right on galley with owl on prow, in left, spear downward in right, behind, frond right, no ; from the J. Collection (a surface find from an agricultural near in 1972); $250.00 (€217.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
The XIII Gemina probably fought for , and so is not likely to be the Thirteenth Legion referred to on this coin.
SH75371. Silver , 544/20, 1224, II East 198, RSC 34, F, dark , bankers' marks, some scratches and marks under tone, traces of deposits, shallow edge test, a little off center, 3.305 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III•VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - XIII, ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; ex CNG e-auction 353, lot 419; $250.00 (€217.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR75378. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., VF, nice galley, rough, off center, 3.311 g, maximum 17.9 mm, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow, of dots; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards, of dots; $250.00 (€217.50)
, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of I
was a fervent supporter of the Nicene Creed. Sozomen reports her preventing a conference between and Eunomius of Cyzicus who served as figurehead of Anomoeanism, a sect of Arians. Ambrose and Gregory of Nyssa praise her Christian virtue and comment on her role as "a leader of justice" and "pillar of the Church." She is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.RL70543. Bronze AE 4, 35, VF, excellent centering, 0.926 g, maximum 13.3 mm, 0o, (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped right; , seated right inscribing on set on , BSIS• in ; (R2); $225.00 (€195.75)
, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
(or ) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. , was located at the mid-point between the modern cities of Ýzmir, Manisa, Bergama and Aliaða.GB90401. Bronze AE 17, 12 var (different ); 1598 var (same); 368 var (same); p. 96, 14 (no ); 4169, gVF, 4.601 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 0o, mint, 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; helmeted of right; AIΓAEΩN, standing left, wreath in righ, in left, left, right; $220.00 (€191.40)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to . destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to over the and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.RL90682. , 281, 28, 16726, EF, green , perfect centering, small die break on at 8:00, 4.026 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, 1st , Londinium ( , England) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; CRISPVS NOBIL C, helmeted and left, holding spear and ; , globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, in ; ; $220.00 (€191.40)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The depicts as a military and probably copies an imperial statue. The may depict a local statue of .GB90707. Bronze AE 20, 978 (same dies), 7179 (R7), 79, 37, 6068, -, -, , -, F, 6.620 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; ; $220.00 (€191.40)
, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
was about eight years old when this coin was minted. Here he is draped and as a powerful child with the world in his !SH63721. , Trier 382 (R3) . (no ), 17155, 23, gVF, on a , nice green , 2.868 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped and left, on globe offering wreath in right hand, in left, of on ; , inscribed VO/TIS / XX, surmounted by globe, three stars above, •STR• in ; ; $215.00 (€187.05)
Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.
The eight prutot was Herod's largest . JD64052. Copper eight prutot,
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to . The depicts as a military and probably copies an imperial statue. The may depict a local statue of .GB90406. Bronze AE 20, 978 (same dies), 7179 (R7), 79, 37, 6068, -, -, , -, gF, centered, some , 5.099 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; TPAIANOC, emperor on horseback galloping right, brandishing spear to strike a prostrate foe below; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, standing left, on , long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded behind; ; $200.00 (€174.00)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and . Angels are all male. ( ) is female.SL73455. Silver , 60, 242, 121, 3147, NGC Ch XF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5, deposits (2410838-004), 3.31 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 225o, Rome mint, 101 - 102 A.D.; TRAIAN AVG , laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; P·M·TR·P·COS·IIII·P·P, walking left, wreath in extended right hand, frond in left; $200.00 (€174.00)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Darius II, c. 455 - 420 B.C.
SH75209. Silver , IV (early) A; 1037 (also ); p. 71 and pl. 19, 146 ff.; 678; 4683, F, fantastic of the !, banker's mark, , 5.073 g, maximum 15.6 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 455 - 420 B.C.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, dagger in right, bow in left, bearded, crowned, shapeless body completely lacking a waist; irregular oblong punch; $200.00 (€174.00)
, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.
This is much scarcer than Vetranio's usual HOC SIGNO ERIS and types.SH66576. Bronze AE 2, 296, VF, 1.684 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, 3rd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 A.D.; D N , laureate, draped and right; , emperor, standing right, holding spear and globe, at feet seated captive, ΓSIS in ; ; $195.00 (€169.65)
Tisna, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; 345 var ( right); -; -, -, -, -, VF, 1.214 g, maximum 10.3 mm, 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; youthful of river-god Tisnaios left; sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very ; $195.00 (€169.65)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, 223 - 187 B.C.
Antiochus' at the Battle of Panium in 198 B.C. transferred control of from Ptolemaic to the Seleukid Kingdom. When Antiochos conquered , however, the Romans responded. Antiochos' losses were so great that the whole of his empire was shattered and he was forced to content himself with the region that he had held in the beginning, .SL74043. Bronze AE 26, 1256, 611, 795, 482 (R2), NGC VG, strike 4/5, surface 3/5, (4161256-003), 13.00 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 0o, Ekbatana mint, c. 205 A.D.; diademed right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, walking left, wreath in extended right hand, long in left, ∆Ϙ over horse left in inner left , TBΛ inner right; ex Tom Cederlind; ; $190.00 (€165.30)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
This coin is dedicated to the goddess for her quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance. RB90829. , 171a, 51, gVF, , portrait, grainy, edge cracks, , edge clip at 12:00 (pre-strike to adjust ?), 13.589 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and right, from behind; , four legionary standards, second from left militaria with hand on top, third an , S C in ; $185.00 (€160.95)
, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D., Roman Provincial
RX72854. , 5611; 4724 var (unbroken ); 114.9; p. 320, 2467 var (no ); 3195 var (same), VF, highlighting , 8.197 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 0o, mint, as , c. Oct 283 - 28 Aug 284 A.D.; A K M A NOVM-EPIANOC CEB, laureate, draped and right; advancing right wreath in right hand, frond in left, L - B (year 2 of ) divided across , in right ; ; $185.00 (€160.95)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
In 68 A.D., Buddhism officially arrived in China with the building of the White Horse Temple.RB73696. Copper as, 431, 274, aF, 9.157 g, maximum 27.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Dec 68 A.D.; SER IMP AVG PON MA TR P, laureate right; legionary ( ) on thunderbolt between two military standards, across fields; ex (2009); ; $185.00 (€160.95)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 55 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering and , he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and during his occupation of from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned some of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to Rome as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule as an ally of Rome until his death in 55 B.C.
SH66375. Bronze four chalci, cf. 84; 119; p. 104, 12 (half ); -, aF, 9.332 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 83 - 69 B.C.; of Tigranes I right wearing five-pointed Armenian , A behind; BAΣIΛEΩΣ TIΓPANOY, advancing left, wreath in extended right, left hand on hip, uncertain letters outer left; ex Gianni Aiello Collection; ; $180.00 (€156.60)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
RS70179. Silver , , 1, 957; 49; 234; 207; 2638, VF, portrait, , 3.303 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 77 - 78 A.D.; DOMITIANVS, laureate right; , helmeted rider on rearing horse right; $180.00 (€156.60)
, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.
In 363, negotiated a disastrous peace with , surrendering four of the five Roman provinces gained by in 298, and the cities and .SH90399. Bronze AE 1, 238, VF, green , 8.537 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 135o, 4th , (Salonika, ) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; D N IOVIAN - VS , laurel and rosette diademed, draped and right; , standing facing, right, holding on globe and Chi-Rho , •TES∆•; ; $180.00 (€156.60)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Capta
On 14 April 70 A.D. surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.SH90414. Silver , , 1, 2; 1479; 35; 226; 2296, F, , 2.312 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 69 - 70 A.D.; IMP AVG, laureate right; IVDAEA, Jewess seated right, mourning, veiled, supporting chin with left hand, of captured arms behind her; $180.00 (€156.60)
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