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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Military PAGE 1/212»»»

Military, Combat & Arms on Ancient Coins


Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In late October 97 A.D. Nerva adopted Trajan as his son and heir of the Empire. The previous emperor Domitian was a friend of the army and gave no consideration to the Senate, while Nerva was a very old senator. Trajan was perhaps the most popular and successful general of the time. The adoption reversed growing military opposition and brought concord with the army.
RB68481. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 81, BMCRE III 122, Cohen 32, gVF, weight 14.365 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, radiate head right; reverse CONCORDIA EXERCITVVM S C, clasped hands holding a legionary eagle set on a prow; $570.00 (€427.50)

The Sileraioi, Sicily, c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These rare coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in north central Sicily. The coins are often overstruck on coins from Syracuse minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.
SH68704. Bronze Calciati p. 301, 2; HGC 2 1243 (R1); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Mόnchen -; SNG Morcom -, VF/F, reverse rough, weight 7.521 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; obverse ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), man-faced bull forepart charging right; reverse SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right, shield in left; rare; $450.00 (€337.50)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 124, Antinous, described and depicted as a beautiful boy, became Hadrian's beloved companion. Their relationship is believed to have been sexual. Antinous drowned in the Nile in October 130. His death was proclaimed an accident. At the time it was widely believed that Antinous had been sacrificed or had sacrificed himself and it was said that Hadrian "wept for him like a woman." Soon after, Hadrian had Antinous deified, which previously had been exclusively reserved for members of the imperial family.
RB65532. Copper quadrans, RIC II 977, Cohen 450, BMCRE III p. 448 note *, VF, well centered, weight 3.670 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 124 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS P P, laureate head right; reverse COS III S C, aquila (legionary eagle) between two legionary standards; rare; $400.00 (€300.00)

Vetranio, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 312 A.D., Constantine the Great dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin, "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
SH59948. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 287, SRCV 4042, Cohen 4 (25 Fr.), gVF, weight 4.543 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, obverse D N VETRANIO P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star in front; reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Vetranio standing left in military dress, labarum (Christogram standard) in right, scepter in left, crowned by Victory behind, A left, •BSIS• in ex; scarce; $240.00 (€180.00)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A decursio was a military exercise, by which Roman soldiers were taught to make long marches in a given time, under arms and without quitting their ranks. They sometimes consisted of a mock fight between two divisions. Augustus and subsequently Hadrian ordered that the infantry and cavalry were to march out three times a month ten miles from the camp and ten miles back, fully armed and equipped. The decursio this coin probably refers Nero's participation in mock military maneuvers in the circus.
SH67778. Orichalcum sestertius, cf. RIC 169, BMCRE I 146, MacDowell WCN 89 (no aegis may indicate an Balkan mint variety not listed in the refs), F, river-find corrosion, cleaning scratches, smoothing, possibly some tooling, weight 25.573 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 45o, Rome or Balkan mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right; reverse DECVRSIO (in exergue), Nero and a companion on horseback prancing right, Nero holds spear in right, companion holds vexillum in right over shoulder, S - C flanking high across field; damaged by amateur cleaning but nice examples can be 10x the price; rare; $240.00 (€180.00)

Vetranio, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This reverse is much scarcer than Vetranio's usual HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS and CONCORDIA MILITVM types.
SH66576. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 296, VF, weight 1.684 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 A.D.; obverse D N VETRANIO P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, emperor, standing right, holding spear and globe, at feet seated captive, ΓSIS in ex; scarce; $220.00 (€165.00)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Caius Reverse
Click for a larger photo The brothers Caius (the eldest, pictured on this coin) and Lucius were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.
SH64488. Silver denarius, RIC I 199, BMCRE I 500, RSC I 40, F, toned, weight 3.483 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 270o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 8 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS DIVI•F, laureate head right; reverseCAESAR, AVGVS•F in ex, Caius Caesar galloping right on horseback, holding sword and shield, legionary eagle and two standards behind; $215.00 (€161.25)

Vetranio, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
SH59946. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 132, VF, weight 5.546 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse D N VETRAN-IO P F AVG, diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor holding two standards decorated with Chi-Rho, star above, A in left field, B in right, •TSA• in ex; scarce; $200.00 (€150.00)

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 78 A.D., the Romans conquered the Ordovices, located in present-day northern Wales, as well as the Silures.
RS68307. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 957; RSC II 49; BMCRE II 234, F, weight 3.243 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right; reverse COS V, helmeted rider on rearing horse right; $170.00 (€127.50)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo 'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
SH48399. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 273a, Cohen 384, aVF, weight 15.272 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 240 A.D; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG S C, Virtus standing half left, helmeted and in military dress, head left, resting right on shield set on ground, inverted spear in left; beautiful light green patina; $165.00 (€123.75)

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Trajan was a brilliant soldier and administrator. He restored the Senate to its full status, started a welfare program to feed and care for poor children, directed an extensive building program across the empire, annexed Dacia and invaded Arabia. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. And he managed to do all this without a deficit or increasing taxes.
RB63728. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 658, BMCRE III 1019, aF, weight 23.403 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 115 - 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse IMPERATOR VIIII / S C in exergue, Trajan seated right on platform, placed on left, accompanied by two officers and addressing five soldiers; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)

Gallienus, August 253 - 24 March 268 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 257, Valerian's persecution of Christians began. His edict ordered bishops and priests to sacrifice according to the pagan rituals, and prohibited Christians, under penalty of death, from meeting at the tombs of their deceased.
RS67084. Silver antoninianus, Gφbl MIR 870f, RIC V 22 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 397, SRCV III 10246, VF, full circles strike, grainy, weight 4.421 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 45o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing slightly left on cippus inscribed IMP C E S (Imperator cum exercitu suo - the Emperor with his army), Victory in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; $150.00 (€112.50)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D., Struck by Aureolus
Click for a larger photo This coin was struck in the name of Postumus by Aureolus (one of the so-called Thirty Tyrants) while Gallienus held him under siege in Milan. Ancient sources which refer to Aureolus are limited contradictory. He may have made his own bid for the Purple after Gallienus was murdered and Postumus failed to take advantage of the turmoil in Italy. The new emperor Claudius soon brought his rebellion to an end.
RS68404. Billon antoninianus, Mairat 209, Schulzki AGK 18c, RIC V 378 var (no cuirass), RSC IV 60 var (same), SRCV III 10938, VF, superb portrait, tight flan, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 18.91 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, struck under Aureolus, 3rd emission, 268 A.D.; obverse IMP POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES EQVIT, Aequitas seated left, patera in right, vexillum behind in left, P in ex; $150.00 (€112.50)

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the army in Illyria (western Balkans).

Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RS69165. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 16, RSC IV 49, SRCV III 9374, VF, weight 3.802 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 AD.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right, cornucopia in left, standard right; $150.00 (€112.50)

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS65190. Silver denarius, RIC IV 139, RSC III 52, BMCRE VI 220, SRCV II 7864, Choice gVF, weight 2.976 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 222 - 228 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing slightly, flanked by two standards, one in each hand; $140.00 (€105.00)

Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL66602. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 132, VF, weight 3.169 g, maximum diameter 17.22 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 317 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAESAR, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS, soldier standing right, spear vertical behind in right, shield on ground in left, R - S across fields, QARL in ex; rare; $140.00 (€105.00)

Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverses of Roman coins often reveal the issues of the time. Nerva would not need to advertise that he had achieved concord with the army unless the relationship had been a problem. Often coins conveyed hope for progress not yet achieved and sometimes reverse types were completely fictional. In this case, Nerva's adoption of Trajan, a general on the German frontier, as Caesar and heir, successfully established harmony with the army.
RS69964. Silver denarius, RIC II 3, RSC II 25, BMCRE III 8, F, uneven toning, encrustation, weight 3.371 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 96 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS II P P, laureate head right; reverse CONCORDIA EXERCITVVM, clasped hands holding legionary eagle on prow; $130.00 (€97.50)

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS68506. Silver denarius, RSC III 38a, RIC IV 73, BMCRE V 38, SRCV II 7512, gVF, centered, toned, weight 3.332 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 219 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing facing, head right, vexillum in right, standard in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $125.00 (€93.75)

The Mamertini, Sicily, 208 - 200 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Mamertini or "Children of Mars" were a band of Campanian (or Samnite) mercenaries who, about 289 B.C., seized Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it. The Mamertines held Messana for over 20 years, converting it from a town of farmers and traders to a raiding base for pirates on land and sea. In 265 B.C., after Hiero of Syracuse had defeated them and besieged Messana, the Mamertines appealed to Carthage for aid. Soon after they appealed to Rome to rid them of the Carthaginians. The Mamertini then disappear from history, except even centuries later the inhabitants of Messana were called Mamertines. "Mamertine wine" from the vineyards of north-eastern tip of Sicily was the favorite of Julius Caesar and he made it popular after serving it at a feast to celebrate his third consulship.
RR69298. Bronze pentachalkia, Calciati p, 103, 26; SNG Cop 449; SNG ANS 431; SNG Mόnchen 705; BMC Sicily p. 112, 36; HGC 2 850 (R1), F, centered, weight 10.205 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 225o, Mamertine mint, 208 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, long hair, kithara behind; reverse warrior standing facing, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, sword in sheath with strap in right, inverted spear vertical in left, round grounded shield leaning against spear, Π (mark of value) right; $125.00 (€93.75)

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus III the Great, 223 - 187 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 213 B.C., after a two year siege, allied with Attalus I of Pergamum, Antiochus III captured the rebel capitol Sardes and executed the rebel king Achaeus. Houghton and Lorber explain that this that this larger denomination "A" does not fit Sardian tradition but the type is attributed to Sardes based on excavation finds. The type, overstruck on Antioch bronzes, was likely issued to support Antiochus' troops during the siege. Perhaps Antiochus' hoped larger coins would impress the troops and the local population.
GB63181. Bronze AE 25, Houghton-Lorber I 971, Newell WSM 1187, Hoover Syrian 468 (R2), F, overstruck on an Antioch mint coin, weight 12.983 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 315o, military mint near Sardes(?) mint, c. 215 - 213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, short hair with longer locks on the back of the neck, some undertype effects; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, tripod lebes, no control symbols, undertype: Apollo standing left, examining arrow in right, resting left on grounded bow behind; very rare; $120.00 (€90.00)

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB46814. Silvered antoninianus, Bastien IX 57, RIC V 27, Choice VF, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, early 276 A.D.; obverse IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two standards, BA in exergue; excellent centering; $115.00 (€86.25)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 241 Timesitheus was appointed the head of the Praetorian Guard, Gordian married his daughter Tranquillina, and she received the honorific title of Augusta. The marriage indicates Gordian correctly understood that Timesitheus was indispensable. Timesitheus died under suspicious circumstances in 243. Not long after losing his protector, Gordian was murdered by mutinous soldiers in February 244.
RB60655. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 306a, VF, weight 16.643 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 241 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS II P P S C, Gordian standing right, wearing military garb, spear in right, globe in left; nice portrait and reverse style; $115.00 (€86.25)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 242, Gordian III evacuated the Cimmerian cities in the Bosphorus (Crimea), as the territory was controlled by the Goths.
RB67919. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC 307a, Cohen 267, cf. SRCV 8731 (TR P IIII), VF, holed, weight 19.368 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, c. 242 - 243 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P V COS II P P, emperor advancing right, transverse spear in right, globe in left, S - C flanking across field; $110.00 (€82.50)

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the Syrian sun god El-Gebal (or Elagabal), worshipped in the form of a conical black stone. In 187, Septimius Severus married Julia Domna, age 17, the youngest daughter of the high-priest Julius Bassianus and a Syrian princess from the Royal House of Emesa.
RS68055. Silver denarius, RIC IV 431, Cohen 771, VF, lamination flaws and corrosion on reverse, weight 2.189 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 315o, Emesa (Homs) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVTE AVG, Virtus advancing right, wearing military garb, inverted spear in right, parazonium in left; scarce; $110.00 (€82.50)

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS26719. Silver antoninianus, RIC V 303, RSC IV 65, Mairat 120, Schulzki AGK 20, gVF, weight 3.126 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 45o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 4th emission, 1st phase, 266 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES EXERCITVS, four military standards, the center two surmounted by hand and eagle; ex CNG, slightly irregular flan; $105.00 (€78.75)

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta
Click for a larger photo Celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus against the First Jewish Revolt.
RB70482. Orichalcum sestertius, Hendin 775, SRCV I 2327, BMCRE II 546, RIC II 427, Fair, weight 21.269 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate bust right; reverse IVDAEA CAPTA, Jewess mourning sits right on right beneath palm tree, behind Vespasian stands right in military dress with spear and parazonium, foot on helmet, S C in ex; very scarce; $100.00 (€75.00)

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo 'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can usually be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RB38043. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 437 var (bust type), VF, weight 3.509 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left holding Victory, spear and shield, QXXT in ex; very rare; $95.00 (€71.25)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS69077. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8609, RIC IV 1, RSC IV 86, VF, weak reverse, weight 4.652 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, end of July 238 to end of July 239 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing facing, head left, standard in right, transverse scepter in left; $95.00 (€71.25)

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 277, Probus entered Rome to have his position as Emperor ratified by the Senate.
RB29519. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 351 var (bust type), aVF, weight 3.197 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing slightly right, radiate, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left, TXXT in exergue; very rare; $90.00 (€67.50)

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo 'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RB33967. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 68, Bastien IX 47, VF, weight 3.382 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 275 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, spear in left, resting right on shield; $90.00 (€67.50)

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB52323. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 87 var (bust type), VF, weight 3.381 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 275 - 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate bare-chest bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two standards, XXIS in exergue; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RA67087. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 30, BnF XII 1470, Bastien IX 79, Cohen 57, VF, weight 3.259 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 5th emission, Mar - Apr 276 A.D.; obverse IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak over shoulder and flying behind, transverse spear in right, trophy in left over shoulder, B left, A right; $90.00 (€67.50)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS59544. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8609, RIC IV 1, RSC IV 86, aEF, weight 4.163 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, end of July 238 to end of July 239 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing facing, head left, standard in right, transverse scepter in left; $85.00 (€63.75)

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 277 A.D., Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province.
RB48410. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 366, VF, weight 3.894 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield decorated with florets and stars; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, standard in each hand, VIXXT in ex; rare with this shield decoration; $80.00 (€60.00)

The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 220 - 200 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB66277. Bronze pentonkion, cf. Calciati I p. 101, 25; BMC Sicily p. 112, 32; SNG ANS 423; SNG Cop 446, F, green patina, weight 10.481 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Messana mint, c. 220 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Ares left; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, warrior walking left, with right holding head and leading horse behind, transverse spear in left, Π left; $80.00 (€60.00)

Panormos, Sicily, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city.
GB69732. Bronze AE 17, Calciati I p. 333, 8 st 1 (also barbarous style); cf. BMC Sicily p. 123, 26; SNG Cop 536; SNG ANS 565, HGC 2 1081 (S); SNG Morcom -, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Panormus (Palermo) mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΠA−NOP−MITAN (counterclockwise from upper left), soldier standing facing, head left, phiale in right, spear vertical in left, shield leaning against spear; from The Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $80.00 (€60.00)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 17b, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople mint, 28 Sep 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATI-O FEL TEMP, Procopius holding labarum in right, resting left on shield, branch lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in ex; very rare; $70.00 (€52.50)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Procopius was a general under Julian II. After the accession of Valens, Procopius led a rebellion at Constantinopolis while the emperor was in Syria. Procopius' forces were quickly defeated and he was executed shortly after.
RL26676. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Heraclea 8 or similar, VF, weight 1.375 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse D N PROCOPIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP, emperor standing facing, head right holding labarum and resting hand on shield; good portrait, scarcer right facing portrait; scarce; $65.00 (€48.75)

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL30360. Bronze AE 3, Bastien XIII 250, break i; RIC VII 263 var (rev legend break), EF, weight 2.528 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, *PLG in ex; sharp portrait, large flan; rare (RIC R2); $65.00 (€48.75)

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 1 March 317, Constantine and Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still a baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL43300. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 173, EF, hair struck a bit soft, weight 3.495 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Constantine II standing right holding transverse spear in right and globe in left, F left, T right, BTR in ex; $60.00 (€45.00)

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 244, Philip the Arab maked a disgraceful peace with the Persians. He evacuated Syria and gives Shapur I 500,000 gold pieces.The Persians occupied Armenia.
RS57382. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9240, RIC IV 218d corr., RSC IV 48, VF, weight 4.873 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT, Philip II standing left in military dress, globe in right, inverted spear behind in left; broad flan; $60.00 (€45.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 244 A.D. Philip negotiated peace with the Persian invaders in order to deal with the troubles on the Rhine and Danube border.
RS57656. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8974, RIC IV 52, RSC IV 239, VF, toned, weight 4.128 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 75o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, in military garb, branch in right, inverted spear behind in left, right foot on helmet; full circles strike; $60.00 (€45.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS68519. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 32b, RSC IV 55, SRCV III 8932, VF, well centered, frosty with mint luster in recesses, weight 4.376 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse FIDES MILIT, Fides standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $60.00 (€45.00)

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB49569. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 25, VF, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, early 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two flanking standards, BA in exergue; $55.00 (€41.25)

Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the army in Illyria (western Balkans).

Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RS68522. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 16(c), RSC IV 49, SRCV III 9374, aVF, weight 3.832 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right, cornucopia in left, standard right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $55.00 (€41.25)

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB46827. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 169 corr., VF, weight 3.418 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, R thunderbolt E in ex; extensive silvering; $50.00 (€37.50)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 241 Timesitheus was appointed the head of the Praetorian Guard, Gordian married his daughter Tranquillina, and she received the honorific title of Augusta. The marriage indicates Gordian correctly understood that Timesitheus was indispensable. Timesitheus died under suspicious circumstances in 243. Not long after losing his protector, Gordian was murdered by mutinous soldiers in February 244.
RS60451. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8646, RIC IV 92, RSC IV 253, VF, weight 4.504 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 241 - 243 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Gordian standing right, wearing military garb, spear in right, globe in left; uneven toning, full circles centering; $50.00 (€37.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 248, Trajan Decius put down the revolts of Pacatianus in Moesia and Iotapianus in Syria. In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched to Verona, where his forces defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RS41769. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8949, RIC IV 7, RSC IV 145, VF, weight 4.381 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P V COS III P P, Marti Pacifero standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, branch in right, supporting grounded spear and shield with left, officina mark A left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $45.00 (€33.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign, or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RS41808. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8916, RIC IV 26b, RSC IV 3, VF, mint luster, weight 4.488 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVGG, emperor on horseback left, raising right hand, scepter in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $45.00 (€33.75)



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