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Home>Catalog>Themes>Military
Military, Combat & Arms on Ancient Coins


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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Nero's first bronze issue at Rome c. 63 A.D. omitted the usual letters S C, abbreviating Senatus Consulto (with authority of the Senate). All of his following issues included S C. Curtis Clay was the first to note that an example of this third issue type, struck with the same reverse die as our coin, had been struck with a first issue reverse die, recycled with S C added. A Praetorian camp is visible in the upper background on the first issue specimens. Due to die wear, the camp is not visible on third issue examples from this recycled die.
SH71774. Bronze sestertius, RIC I 135 (S), Mac Dowall WCN 84, BMCRE I 124, BnF II 272, Cohen I -, SRCV I -, F, well centered, nice high relief portrait, weight 23.438 g, maximum diameter 35.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right wearing aegis; reverse bare-headed, togate Nero, standing left on dais addressing troops, raising right hand, praetorian prefect behind, three soldiers before him standing right, two foremost hold standards, praetorian camp in background, S - C flanking, ADLOCVT COH in ex; ex Seaver Collection; very rare; $800.00 (696.00)


Florianus, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

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Florian's harmony with the military would not last, his officers murdered him after a reign of less than three months.
SH71637. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 4293; Alfldi 1940, 2,2; Venra Hoard II 2734; BnF XII 1950; RIC V part I, 57 var (officina, Ticinum); Cohen VI 11; SRCV III 11851, Choice EF, near full silvering, some porosity, weight 3.658 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 135o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, July - August 276; obverse IMP C M AN FLORIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORD MILIT, Florian togate standing right, claping the hand of Concordia standing left, S in exergue; officina mark not in RIC (522.00)


The Sileraioi, Sicily, c. 357 - 330 B.C.

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Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These rare coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in north central Sicily. The coins are often overstruck on coins from Syracuse minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.
SH68704. Bronze Calciati p. 301, 2; HGC 2 1243 (R1); SNG Cop -; SNG ANS -; SNG Mnchen -; SNG Morcom -, VF/F, reverse rough, weight 7.521 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; obverse ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), man-faced bull forepart charging right; reverse SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, shield in left; rare; $400.00 (348.00)


Roman Republic, Second Triumvirate, Mark Antony and Octavian, Spring - Early Summer 41 B.C.

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AVG in the obverse legend, abbreviates Antony's official position as Augur (not Augustus, a title which did not yet exist). The augur was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the augur was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"

Octavian's "equivalent" position as Pontifex, a priest, is abbreviated PONT in the reverse legend.

The moneyer M. Barbatius was a friend of Julius Caesar. In 41 B.C. he was a quaestor pro praetore to Antony in the East.
RR73605. Silver denarius, RSC I Mark Antony and Augustus 8, BMCRR 103, Sydenham 1181, Crawford 517/2, SRCV I 1504, F, well centered, toned, grainy surfaces, weight 3.156 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, military mint moving with Antony, Ephesus(?) mint, spring - early summer 41 B.C.; obverse M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P (MP and AV ligate), bare head of Antony right; reverse CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C, bare head of Octavian right; scarce; $400.00 (348.00)


Vetranio, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.

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This reverse is much scarcer than Vetranio's usual HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS and CONCORDIA MILITVM types.
SH66576. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Siscia 296, VF, weight 1.684 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 A.D.; obverse D N VETRANIO P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, emperor, standing right, holding spear and globe, at feet seated captive, ΓSIS in ex; scarce; $195.00 (169.65)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In 77 or 78 A.D., Gnaeus Julius Agricola was made governor of Roman Britain, a post he occupied until 84. In his first year, Agricola subdued the Ordovices in Wales and pursued the remnants of the tribe to Anglesey, the holy island of the Druids. According to Tacitus, he exterminated the whole tribe. The Ordovices do completely disappear from the historical record, but considering the mountainous terrain, it is unlikely killed the entire population. Another tribe, the Silures, was either also militarily defeated or simply agreed to terms. Tacitus wrote of the Silures: non atrocitate, non clementia mutabatur - the tribe "was changed neither by cruelty nor by clemency." A Roman squadron, sent by Agricola, explored the north of Scotland for the first time, discovering the Orkney and Shetland Islands.Pre-Roman Wales
RS70179. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, Vespasian 957; RSC II 49; BMCRE II 234; BnF III 207; SRCV I 2638, VF, superb portrait, toned, weight 3.303 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 77 - 78 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right; reverse COS V, helmeted rider on rearing horse right; $180.00 (156.60)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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After Jovian's death, the new emperors, Valentinian I and Valens, sent some soldiers to arrest Procopius. He surrendered, but asked to meet his family; he had his captors dine and drink, and then seized the opportunity to flee with his family, first to the Black Sea and later to the Tauric Chersonese, where they hid. However, Procopius feared a betrayal, and decide to go to Constantinople and to declare himself Emperor.
RL73604. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1930, RIC IX Heraclea 7, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19881, VF, dark sea green patina, tight flan with slightly ragged edges, weight 3.425 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, pellet right, SMHA in exergue; rare; $175.00 (152.25)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 310 A.D., Maximian unsuccessfully tried to depose Constantine. Maximian was defeated, captured, and forced to abdicate. Later, in July, Constantine forced Maximian to commit suicide.
RL72423. Billon follis, RIC VII Lyons 305, Cohen VII 417, SRCV IV 16030, Choice EF, excellent bust, small closed edge crack, weight 4.107 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 225o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (prince of youth), prince standing right, wearing military garb, transverse spear in right hand, globe in left, F - T at sides, PLC in ex; rare; $170.00 (147.90)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
SH48399. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 273a, Cohen V 384, aVF, weight 15.272 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 240 A.D; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG S C, Virtus standing half left, helmeted and in military dress, head left, resting right hand on shield set on ground, inverted spear in left; beautiful light green patina; $145.00 (126.15)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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Trajan was a brilliant soldier and administrator. He restored the Senate to its full status, started a welfare program to feed and care for poor children, directed an extensive building program across the empire, annexed Dacia and invaded Arabia. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. And he managed to do all this without a deficit or increasing taxes.
RB63728. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 658, BMCRE III 1019, Cohen II 178, aF, weight 23.403 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 115 - 116 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse IMPERATOR VIIII / S C in exergue, Trajan seated right on platform, placed on left, accompanied by two officers and addressing five soldiers; rare; $140.00 (121.80)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280, Julius Saturninus, the governor of Syria, was made emperor by his troops. Probus besiege him at Apamea, where he was captured and executed. Proculus started a rebellion at Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and he proclaimed himself emperor. Before the end of the year, Probus suppressed the revolt and Proculus was executed.
RA70606. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 887; Cohen VI 926; Pink VI/1, P. 45, aEF, well centered, weight 4.023 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 276 - 282 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, emperor riding left, raising hand, captive at foot before horse, KAΓ (A appearing as H) in ex; ex Pecunem & Gitbud & Naumann, auction 11, lot 666; $140.00 (121.80)


Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D.

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In 237, Maximinus Thrax campaigned on the rivers Danube and Rhine in Germania, defeating the Alemanni. He never visited Rome. He taxed the rich aristocracy heavily and engendered such hostility among them that they plotted against him.
RS73521. Silver denarius, Alram MIR 28-3, RIC IV 4, RSC III 56, BMCRE VI 157, SRCV III 8312 var (no GERM), Hunter III -, gVF, well centered, nice portrait, small die break at top of forehead, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 2.666 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 5th emission, 237 A.D.; obverse MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, Maximinus standing half-left, raising right hand, spear in left, flanked by a standard on each side; $140.00 (121.80)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In 257, Valerian's persecution of Christians began. His edict ordered bishops and priests to sacrifice according to the pagan rituals, and prohibited Christians, under penalty of death, from meeting at the tombs of their deceased.
RS67084. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 870f, RIC V J22 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 397 (Lugdunum), SRCV III 10246, VF, full circles strike, grainy, weight 4.421 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 45o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 257 A.D.; obverse IMP GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter standing slightly left on cippus inscribed IMP C E S (Imperator cum exercitu suo - the Emperor with his army), Victory in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; $135.00 (117.45)


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the army in Illyria (western Balkans).

Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RS90372. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 16, RSC IV 49, SRCV III 9374, VF, weight 3.252 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 AD.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right, cornucopia in left, standard right; $130.00 (113.10)


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS68506. Silver denarius, RSC III 38a, RIC IV 73, BMCRE V 38, SRCV II 7512, gVF, centered, toned, weight 3.332 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 219 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing facing, head right, vexillum in right, standard in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $125.00 (108.75)


Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D., Struck by Aureolus

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This coin was struck in the name of Postumus by Aureolus (one of the so-called Thirty Tyrants) while Gallienus held him under siege in Milan. Ancient sources which refer to Aureolus are limited contradictory. He may have made his own bid for the Purple after Gallienus was murdered and Postumus failed to take advantage of the turmoil in Italy. The new emperor Claudius soon brought his rebellion to an end.
RS68404. Billon antoninianus, Mairat 209, Schulzki AGK 18c, RIC V 378 var (no cuirass), RSC IV 60 var (same), SRCV III 10938, VF, superb portrait, tight flan, weight 2.847 g, maximum diameter 18.91 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, struck under Aureolus, 3rd emission, 268 A.D.; obverse IMP POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES EQVIT, Aequitas seated left, patera in right, vexillum behind in left, P in ex; $120.00 (104.40)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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RS90403. Silver denarius, RIC IV 221, RSC III 580, BMCRE VI 653, SRCV II 7937, VF, well centered bold strike, frosty surfaces, small edge bump, weight 3.290 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 230 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus seated left on cuirass and shield, in military garb with helmet and parazonium, branch in right hand, spear vertical behind in left; $120.00 (104.40)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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In 213, Caracalla summoned Abgar IX Severus, King of Edessa (Osroene), with his son to Rome and then ordered them murdered. A year later, Caracalla incorporated Edessa as a Roman province. Caracalla would be assassinated by his legionaries near Edessa in 217.
RS73545. Silver denarius, RIC IV 225, RSC III 508, BMCRE V 97, SRCV II 6876, weight 3.051 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse PROFECTIO AVG (Departure of the Augustus), Caracalla standing right in military dress, spear in both hands, two standards behind; scarce; $120.00 (104.40)


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates Genius Illyriciani, dedicating the coin to the Genius of [the army in] Illyria (western Balkans).
RA90724. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 2027, Venra Hoard II 6029, La Venra 1069, Cohen VI 103, RIC V 223 var (Q right), VF, uneven strike,, weight 3.146 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, emission 2, Nov 270; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIVS ILLVR, Genius standing left, nude but for kalathos on head and cloak over shoulder, patera in right, cornucopia in left, standard in ground behind, Q left, nothing in exergue; variety not in RIC; $100.00 (87.00)


Carausius, Mid 286 - Mid 293 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB73220. Bronze antoninianus, Unpublished; RIC V -, ERIC II -, Hunter -, SRCV IV -, Bicester Hoard -; cf. RIC V 228 (C in ex) & 781 - 783 (different obv. legends), gF, nice green patina, weight 2.976 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain British mint, 287 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing half left, holding two flanking legionary standards; ex Forum; possibly unique!; $100.00 (87.00)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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In 241 Timesitheus was appointed the head of the Praetorian Guard, Gordian married his daughter Tranquillina, and she received the honorific title of Augusta. The marriage indicates Gordian correctly understood that Timesitheus was indispensable. Timesitheus died under suspicious circumstances in 243. Not long after losing his protector, Gordian was murdered by mutinous soldiers in February 244.
RB60655. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 306a, SRCV III 8731, VF, nice portrait and reverse style, weight 16.643 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 241 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P IIII COS II P P S C, Gordian standing right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, globe in left; $90.00 (78.30)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can usually be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RB38043. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 437 var (bust type), VF, weight 3.509 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left holding Victory, spear and shield, QXXT in ex; very rare; $85.00 (73.95)


The Mamertini, Sicily, 208 - 200 B.C.

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Mamertini or "Children of Mars" were a band of Campanian (or Samnite) mercenaries who, about 289 B.C., seized Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it. The Mamertines held Messana for over 20 years, converting it from a town of farmers and traders to a raiding base for pirates on land and sea. In 265 B.C., after Hiero of Syracuse had defeated them and besieged Messana, the Mamertines appealed to Carthage for aid. Soon after they appealed to Rome to rid them of the Carthaginians. The Mamertini then disappear from history, except even centuries later the inhabitants of Messana were called Mamertines. "Mamertine wine" from the vineyards of north-eastern tip of Sicily was the favorite of Julius Caesar and he made it popular after serving it at a feast to celebrate his third consulship.
RR69298. Bronze pentachalkia, Calciati p, 103, 26; SNG Cop 449; SNG ANS 431; SNG Mnchen 705; BMC Sicily p. 112, 36; HGC 2 850 (R1), F, centered, weight 10.205 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 225o, Mamertine mint, 208 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, long hair, kithara behind; reverse warrior standing facing, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, sword in sheath with strap in right, inverted spear vertical in left, round grounded shield leaning against spear, Π (mark of value) right; $85.00 (73.95)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277, Probus entered Rome to have his position as Emperor ratified by the Senate.
RB29519. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 351 var (bust type), aVF, weight 3.197 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing slightly right, radiate, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left, TXXT in exergue; very rare; $80.00 (69.60)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB52323. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 87 var (bust type), VF, weight 3.381 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 275 - 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate bare-chest bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two standards, XXIS in exergue; rare; $80.00 (69.60)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277 A.D., Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province.
RB48410. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 366, VF, weight 3.894 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield decorated with florets and stars; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, standard in each hand, VIXXT in ex; rare with this shield decoration; $70.00 (60.90)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2084, RIC IX 17b, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19882, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, palm frond lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in exergue; very rare; $70.00 (60.90)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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In 358, during the reign of Constantius II, Procopius was sent with Lucillianus as an envoy to the Sassanid court. In this period he was tribunus and notarius.
RL26676. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19876 ff., good portrait, scarcer right facing portrait, VF, weight 1.375 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCOPIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield; scarce; $65.00 (56.55)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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In 225, Severus Alexander married Sallustia Orbiana, and possibly elevated her father Seius Sallustius to the rank of caesar.
RB72369. Copper as, RIC IV 430, Cohen 264, BMCRE VI 243, SRCV II 8070, aVF, nice portrait, weight 11.854 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 225 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P IIII COS P P, Fides standing half left, holding a standard in each hand, S - C flanking at sides; $65.00 (56.55)


The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 220 - 200 B.C.

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Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB66277. Bronze pentonkion, cf. Calciati I p. 101, 25; BMC Sicily p. 112, 32; SNG ANS 423; SNG Cop 446, F, green patina, weight 10.481 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Messana mint, c. 220 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Ares left; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, warrior walking left, with right holding head and leading horse behind, transverse spear in left, Π left; $60.00 (52.20)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine and Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still a baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL43300. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Trier 173, EF, hair struck a bit soft, weight 3.495 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Constantine II standing right holding transverse spear in right and globe in left, F left, T right, BTR in ex; $50.00 (43.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB46827. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 169 corr., VF, weight 3.418 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, R thunderbolt E in ex; extensive silvering; $45.00 (39.15)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB49569. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 25, VF, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, early 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, holding two flanking standards, BA in exergue; $45.00 (39.15)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Marking coins with numbers in ink was once a common practice for museums and collectors. It has been out of fashion for many decades. Unfortunately the origin of the number is not known.
RA41941. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 570a, RIC V S236, RSC IV 617a, SRCV III 10288 (264 - 266), VF, weight 3.751 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 8th emission, 256 - 257 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing half left, olive branch raised in right hand, resting left on grounded shield, spear behind, A in left field, old ink museum number (34) lower left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $40.00 (34.80)


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

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Aurelian's concord with the military apparently came undone; he fell victim to a conspiracy of his chief officers and was assassinated at Caenophrurium in Thrace.
BB50391. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 192, aVF, pitting, much silvering, weight 2.914 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 270 - 272 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILI, Concordia standing half left, holding two flanking standards, T (3rd officina) right; $36.00 (31.32)


Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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In 384, an edict of Theodosius I closed the pagan temples in the Nile Valley, Egypt.
RL90650. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX Heraclea 24a(2), Cohen 57, aVF, green patina with earthen fill, light scratches, weight 4.555 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS E-XERCITI, emperor standing right standard in right and globe in left, left foot on kneeling captive, star in left field, SMHB in ex; scarce; $35.00 (30.45)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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On 5 November 355 Emperor Constantius II in Mediolanum (Italy) raised his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar. Julian married Constantius' sister, Helena, and took command of the western provinces.
BB62114. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 150, aVF, light cleaning scratches, weight 1.839 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CL IVLIANVS NOB CAES, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REI-PVBLICAE, emperor standing left, helmeted, in military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left, CONSS in ex; very scarce; $23.00 (20.01)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
BB54582. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Aquileia 103, LRBC 88, VF, turquoise patina, weight 2.945 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier, leading barbarian with right hand from hut under tree, spear in left, AQT in ex; $22.00 (19.14)



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Catalog current as of Saturday, April 25, 2015.
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