Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Please login or register to view your wish list! All items guaranteed authentic for eternity! We are striving to be Your Favorite Ancient Coin Shop. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Roman Coins
Roman Coins Showcase


Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheSeveranPeriod>CaracallaPAGE 2/212
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia

Click for a larger photo
Carrhae is the Haran of the Bible. Crassus was defeated and killed by the Parthians near Carrhae in 53 B.C. Emperor Galerius was defeated on the same site in 296 A.D.
RP57175. Bronze AE 21, BMC Arabia p. 84, 15, SNG Cop -, F, weight 4.991 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae mint, obverse AYTOKP ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, with short beard; reverse KAP KOΛ MHTPOΠOΛ, eight pointed star in crescent; very rare; $85.00 (73.95)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

Click for a larger photo
A temple of Mn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69829. Bronze AE 17, cf. SNG Cop 43 (slightly different reverse legend), Krzyzanowska -, BMC Pisidia -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 6.169 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Antiocheia mint, as caesar, 196 - 28 Jan 198 A.D.; obverse IMP C MA-R AVR ANT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOC-H - MENTIS COIC, Mn standing facing in long robes and Phrygian cap, head right, crescent moon behind shoulders, left foot on bucranium, spear vertical in right hand, Nike (holding trophy?) in extended left, cock left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $75.00 (65.25)


Click for a larger photo
In 196, Septimius Severus captured and sacked Byzantium after a long siege.
RB67889. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 399, Cohen 564, Fair, attractive for grade, weight 16.570 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 196 - 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed boy's bust right, from behind; reverse SECVRITAS PERPETVA, Minerva standing left, resting right hand on grounded shield, inverted spear behind in left hand, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $70.00 (60.90)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia

Click for a larger photo
Caracalla was assassinated near Carrhae on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed Caracalla with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says Caracalla had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. Macrinus, the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.
RP67880. Bronze AE 20, cf. BMC Arabia p.85, 16 ff.; SNG Hunterian 2485 ff.; SNG Cop 176 ff., F, nice green patina, flan crack, weak legends, weight 4.254 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae mint, obverse M AVR ANTONINVS P F AVG, laureate head right, with short beard; reverse COL MET ANTONINIANA, turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right; $60.00 (52.20)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

Click for a larger photo
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. Minted under the consular legate (governor) Aurelius Gallus.
RP68415. Bronze assarion, Varbanov 2986 (R5, same dies), H-H-J Nikopolis 8.18.27.1 (R5), AMNG I/I 1492, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, weight 2.988 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, 195 - 198 A.D.; obverse M AY KA ANTΩNIN−OC, bare head right; reverse NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, radiate head of Sol right, whip over shoulder; scarce; $60.00 (52.20)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
Pautalia was located near thermal springs and the city had a temple of Asklepios. The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as symbols and tools for healing and fertility. Asklepios, the son of Apollo and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RP68942. Bronze AE 19, Apparently unpublished variety; Varbanov 4979 (R4) var (laureate head right, AV K M AV...), Ruzicka 761 (same), Moushmov -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, gF, weight 3.998 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 45o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AY K C ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, amphora; possibly unique; we were unable to find another example; extremely rare; $50.00 (43.50)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Thyatira, Lydia

Click for a larger photo
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle").
RB71902. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 610, SNGvA 3228; SNG Mnchen 648; BMC Lydia p. 311, 106, aVF, green patina, well centered, rough, weight 4.351 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Thyatira mint, c. 209 - 217; obverse ANTΩ−NEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ΘYATEIΠ−HNΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, rudder in right, cornucopia in left; $50.00 (43.50)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

Click for a larger photo
Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:1352) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP69830. Bronze AE 24, Krzyzanowska Group C, XVII/32; BMC Pisidia -; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, c. 203 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR ANTONI AVG, laureate head right; reverse ANTIOCHC GEN COL CAES, Genius of the colony standing left, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare variant; $40.00 (34.80)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Serdica, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
This obverse die was normally paired with a very similar type with Mars in nearly an identical pose. References list this Athena reverse only with obverse dies with CEVH in the legend and none with this laureate and cuirassed only bust. We have seen other examples of this die pair online described as the Mars type, but this appears to be Athena. The drapery and pose are feminine. Mars stands more aggressively with his feet further apart. Athena's drapery does not, however, match the other coins from her issue. This coin was likely struck during the Mars type issue and the reverse may be an engraver's erroneous rendering of Mars.
RP69761. Bronze AE 29, Hristova Serdica 12.18.11.2 (R4) var (this obv die, Mars reverse), Hristova Serdica 12.18.4.- (R5) var (...CEVH..., also draped), F, weight 16.128 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 45o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVP CEV ANTΩNEINOC, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OVΛΠIAC CEP∆IKHC, Athena standing sightly left, head left, wearing crested helmet, resting right hand on grounded shield, reversed spear in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $38.00 (33.06)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
BB68957. Bronze AE 28, AMNG II 524/5 (same reverse legend arrangement), Varbanov II 409 (R3), SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, aF, weight 10.884 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AYT M AYP ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛE,ΩN (last two letters in exergue), Tyche-Fortuna standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left; $34.00 (29.58)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Augusta Traiana, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by Trajan, c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman Thrace, after Philippopolis, and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from time of Marcus Aurelius to Gallienus.
RP69762. Bronze AE 30, Varbanov II 1167 (R3), Moushmov 3067, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, weight 15.957 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 45o, Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVPHΛ ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right; reverse AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, Homonoia standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, patera in right, cornucopia in left; big 29.5 mm bronze, from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $30.00 (26.10)




ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050 PAGE 2/212

OUR FINEST COINS ARE LISTED FIRST. CLICK TO THE LAST PAGE FOR OUR BARGAINS.

CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


OBVERSE LEGENDS

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Mouchmov, N.A. Le Tresor Numismatique De Reka-Devnia (Marcianopolis). (Sofia, 1934).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 28, 2015.
Page created in 2.184 seconds
Roman Coins of Caracalla