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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheSeveranPeriod>Caracalla PAGE 2/2«««12

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.


Click for a larger photo In 196, Septimius Severus captured and sacked Byzantium after a long seige.
RB67889. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 399, Cohen 564, Fair, attractive for grade, weight 16.570 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 196 - 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed boy's bust right, from behind; reverse SECVRITAS PERPETVA, Minerva standing left, resting right on grounded shield, inverted spear behind in left, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)

Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarrelling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
RP59371. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.20.3 (R5), Varbanov I 1005, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, weight 11.280 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, magistrate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOYΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right confronting draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Asklepios standing facing, snake-entwined staff in right, E (mark of value) in left field; $90.00 (€67.50)

Click for a larger photo  
RS56842. Silver denarius, RIC IV 275a, RSC III 337, VF, slightly rough, edge chip, weight 2.280 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 216 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XVIIII COS IIII P P, Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude but for cloak over shoulders, thunderbolt in right, long scepter in left; $85.00 (€63.75)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia
Click for a larger photo Caracalla was assassinated near Carrhae on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed Caracalla with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says Caracalla had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. Macrinus, the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.
RP67880. Bronze AE 20, cf. BMC Arabia p.85, 16 ff.; SNG Hunterian 2485 ff.; SNG Cop 176 ff., F, nice green patina, flan crack, weak legends, weight 4.254 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae mint, obverse M AVR ANTONINVS P F AVG, laureate head right, with short beard; reverse COL MET ANTONINIANA, turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right; $80.00 (€60.00)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. Minted under the consular legate (governor) Aurelius Gallus.
RP68415. Bronze assarion, Varbanov 2986 (R5, same dies), Nikopolis 2012 8.18.27.1 corr. (R5), AMNG I/I 1492, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, weight 2.988 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Nikopolis ad Istrum mint, as caesar, 195 - 198 A.D.; obverse M AY KA ANTΩNIN−OC, bare head right; reverse NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, radiate head of Sol right, whip over shoulder; scarce; $80.00 (€60.00)

Click for a larger photo 'Courage' is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RS57669. Silver denarius, RIC IV 95, RSC III 440, aVF, toned, weight 3.785 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF TR P X COS II, Virtus standing right in military garb, left foot on helmet, reversed spear behind in right, parazonium in left; $75.00 (€56.25)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nicomedia, Bithynia
Click for a larger photo Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.
RP54676. Bronze AE 28, CNG E 160, lot 162; Rec Gén 245 var (rad) & 246 var (legends); SNGvA 774 var (same); BMC Pontus 51 var (same); SNG Hunterian -; SNG Cop -; SNG Tüb -, F, weight 11.514 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, obverse ANTΩNEINOC AYΓOYCTOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. from behind; reverse NI−KO/MH−∆E/Ω−N ∆IX NEΩKO−PΩN, octastyle temple, pellet on pediment; rare; $70.00 (€52.50)

Click for a larger photo The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by Serapis, was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. Julian II consulted the oracle of Apollo for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and Serapis were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.

RS66555. Silver denarius, RIC IV 194, BMCRE V 39, RSC III 195, cf. RSCV 6829 (TR P XVI), aVF, weight 2.759 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 212 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XV COS III P P, Serapis standing slightly left, polos on head, draped, raising right hand, scepter near vertical in left; $70.00 (€52.50)

Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarrelling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
RP63342. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.34.1 (R5, same dies), AMNG I 681 var (togate, E rev.), Varbanov I 1026 var (same), SNG Cop -, SNG München -, SNG Hungary, BMC -, F, weight 11.92 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOYΛIA − ∆OMNA (ending across upper field), laureate head of Caracalla right, confronting diademed and draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, emperor standing left, in military attire, sacrificing from patera in left over flaming altar, reversed spear (or scepter) vertical behind in left; USA import restricted type, from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; rare; $45.00 (€33.75)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Byblos, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo Byblos produced papyrus and our word bible was derived from the name of this city.
RP66219. Bronze AE 24, BMC Phoenicia p. 101, 29 ff.; SNG Cop 141; Rouvier IV p. 52, 692, aF, weight 9.633 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Byblos mint, obverse AY K M AYP CEOYH ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IEPAC BYBΛOY, temple of two columns surmounted by arch of shell pattern, containing Astarte standing right, foot on prow, crowned by Nike standing on column; $45.00 (€33.75)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Heliopolis, Coele Syria
Click for a larger photo Baalbek, a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon, east of the Litani River, was known as Heliopolis during Roman rule. It was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire and contains some of the best preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon. The gods worshiped at the temple, the triad of Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.
RP69638. Bronze AE 18, Sawaya Heliopolis 387 - 388 (D74/R151), Cohen 872, aVF, reverse off center, weight 3.885 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Heliopolis (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 211 - 212; obverse M AVR ANTONI, laureate head right, from behind; reverse COL HEL, Hermes standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, purse in right, caduceus; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $45.00 (€33.75)

Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarrelling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
RP63352. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.38.3 (same dies, R3); Varbanov I 1054 (same coin as H-J, R3); AMNG I/I 678; SNG Cop 220; BMC Thrace p. 31, 21, F, weight 12.33 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOςΛIA, ∆OMNA (ending in field above heads), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, confronting draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, Tyche-Fortuna standing slightly left, kalathos on head, rudder in right, cornucopia in left, E upper left; USA import restricted type, from the old stock of a retiring Ohio dealer acquired by Forum in 2012; $38.00 (€28.50)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 19 February 197, Septimius Severus defeated Clodius Albinus at Lugdunum (modern Lyon). Albinus commited suicide. Legionaries sacked the town. Septimius Severus returned to Rome and had about 30 of Albinus's supporters in the Senate executed.
RS68796. Silver denarius, RIC IV 13b, RSC III 505, F, weight 2.817 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, boy's bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing left, baton in right, spear in left, trophy to right; $35.00 (€26.25)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Click for a larger photo Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101-106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town peaked during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. In 447, Nicopolis was destroyed by Attila's Huns. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century.
RP66924. Bronze AE 27, H-J Marcianopolis 6.18.1.8 (R3), AMNG I/I 645, Varbanov I 969 (R3), SNG Cop -, SNG Budapest -, SNG München -, BMC Thrace -, aF, weight 9.894 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ΠIOC AVΓOVCTOC ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, eagle standing facing on exergue line, wings half open, head left; $18.00 (€13.50)



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Obverse legends:

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM




Average well preserved denarius weight 3.20 grams.

Average well preserved antoninianus weight 5.15 grams.


Catalog current as of Thursday, April 17, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Caracalla