Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. Minted under the consular legate (governor) Aurelius Gallus.
RP68415. Bronze assarion, Varbanov 2986 (R5, same dies), H-H-J Nikopolis 18.104.22.168 corr. (R5), AMNG I/I 1492, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, weight 2.988 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, 195 - 198 A.D.; obverse M AY KA ANTΩNIN−OC, bare head right; reverse NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, radiate head of Sol right, whip over shoulder; scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Thyatira, Lydia
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle").
RB71902. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 610, SNGvA 3228; SNG München 648; BMC Lydia p. 311, 106, aVF, green patina, well centered, rough, weight 4.351 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Thyatira mint, c. 209 - 217; obverse ANTΩ−NEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse ΘYATEIΠ−HNΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, rudder in right, cornucopia in left; $50.00 (€37.50)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Heliopolis, Coele Syria
Baalbek, a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon, east of the Litani River, was known as Heliopolis during Roman rule. It was one of the largest sanctuaries in the empire and contains some of the best preserved Roman ruins in Lebanon. The gods worshiped at the temple, the triad of Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility. Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.
RP69638. Bronze AE 18, Sawaya Heliopolis 387 - 388 (D74/R151), Cohen 872, aVF, reverse off center, weight 3.885 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Heliopolis (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 211 - 212; obverseM AVR ANTONI, laureate head right, from behind; reverse COL HEL, Hermes standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, purse in right, caduceus; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $45.00 (€33.75)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia
Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:13–52) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP69830. Bronze AE 24, Krzyzanowska Group C, XVII/32; BMC Pisidia -; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Pisidia, Antiocheia mint, c. 203 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR ANTONI AVG, laureate head right; reverse ANTIOCHC GEN COL CAES, Genius of the colony standing left, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare variant; $40.00 (€30.00)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. Berytus, Phoenicia
Berytus became a Roman colony in 14 B.C., named ColoniaJulia Augusta Felix Berytus, for the daughter of Augustus. Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa I, and Herod Agrippa II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus also gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.
RB69647. Bronze AE 25, cf. Rouvier 564; BMC Phoenicia p. 74, 148 ff.; Baramki AUB 95; SNG Cop 110, aF, weight 9.971 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 315o, Berytus mint, obverse IMP M AVR SEV ANTON AVG (or similar), laureate head right; reverse FEL / AVG - BER, COL - IVL (or similar), within tetrastyle temple, Astarte standing facing, on right Nike stands on a short column crowning her, ladder below at an angle leading up to temple; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $28.00 (€21.00)