Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Please login or register to view your wish list! All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Please login or register to view your wish list! All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! All blue text is linked. Click for a definition or other information. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Severan Period ▸ CaracallaView Options:  |  |  |   

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia

Click for a larger photo
Carrhae is the Haran of the Bible. Crassus was defeated and killed by the Parthians near Carrhae in 53 B.C. Emperor Galerius was defeated on the same site in 296 A.D.
RP57175. Bronze AE 21, BMC Arabia p. 84, 15, SNG Cop -, F, weight 4.991 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae mint, obverse AYTOKP ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, with short beard; reverse KAP KOΛ MHTPOΠOΛ, eight pointed star in crescent; very rare; $85.00 (73.95)


Click for a larger photo
In 196, Septimius Severus made Caracalla caesar and attempted to assassinate Clodius Albinus but failed. Albinus retaliated by marching on Rome to take the empire. To ensure the support of the legions in Germany, while crossing Gaul Clodius Albinus was declared Augustus by his army.
RS68501. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1, RSC III 73, BMCRE V 180A, SRCV II 6673 var (obv leg), gF/F, weight 3.467 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 196 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, boy's bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITATEM PVBLICAM, Felicitas standing left, caduceus in right, long scepter behind in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $85.00 (73.95)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

Click for a larger photo
A temple of Mn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But Mn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, Mn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. Mn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP69829. Bronze AE 17, cf. SNG Cop 43 (slightly different reverse legend), Krzyzanowska -, BMC Pisidia -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 6.169 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Antiocheia mint, as caesar, 196 - 28 Jan 198 A.D.; obverse IMP C MA-R AVR ANT, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOC-H - MENTIS COIC, Mn standing facing in long robes and Phrygian cap, head right, crescent moon behind shoulders, left foot on bucranium, spear vertical in right hand, Nike (holding trophy?) in extended left, cock left at feet behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $75.00 (65.25)


Click for a larger photo
In 196, Septimius Severus captured and sacked Byzantium after a long siege.
RB67889. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 399, Cohen 564, Fair, attractive for grade, weight 16.570 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 196 - 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed boy's bust right, from behind; reverse SECVRITAS PERPETVA, Minerva standing left, resting right hand on grounded shield, inverted spear behind in left hand, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $70.00 (60.90)


Click for a larger photo
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS72356. Silver denarius, RSC III 424a; BMCRE V p. 254, 497; Hunter III 29 var (no drapery); RIC IV 83; cf. SRCV 6859 (TR P VIII), VF, centered, toned, light marks, light porosity, weight 3.143 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 206 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right, bare shoulder from behind; reverse PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II, Mars standing left in military dress, resting right hand on grounded shield on far side, reversed spear vertical behind in left hand; $65.00 (56.55)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Carrhae, Mesopotamia

Click for a larger photo
Caracalla was assassinated near Carrhae on 8 April 217, while urinating on a roadside. When his escort gave him privacy to relieve himself, Julius Martialis, an officer of his personal bodyguard, ran forward and killed Caracalla with a single sword stroke. Martialis fled on horseback, but was killed by a bodyguard archer. Herodian says Caracalla had executed Martialis' brother a few days earlier on an unproven charge. Cassius Dio says that Martialis was resentful at not being promoted to the rank of centurion. Macrinus, the Praetorian Guard Prefect, who succeeded him as emperor, may have arranged the assassination.
RP67880. Bronze AE 20, cf. BMC Arabia p.85, 16 ff.; SNG Hunterian 2485 ff.; SNG Cop 176 ff., F, nice green patina, flan crack, weak legends, weight 4.254 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Carrhae mint, obverse M AVR ANTONINVS P F AVG, laureate head right, with short beard; reverse COL MET ANTONINIANA, turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right; $60.00 (52.20)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

Click for a larger photo
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. Minted under the consular legate (governor) Aurelius Gallus.
RP68415. Bronze assarion, Varbanov 2986 (R5, same dies), H-H-J Nikopolis 8.18.27.1 (R5), AMNG I/I 1492, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, VF, nice green patina, weight 2.988 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, 195 - 198 A.D.; obverse M AY KA ANTΩNIN−OC, bare head right; reverse NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, radiate head of Sol right, whip over shoulder; scarce; $60.00 (52.20)


Click for a larger photo
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS74136. Silver denarius, RSC III 424; BMCRE V p. 254, 498; Hunter III 29; RIC IV 83; cf. SRCV 6859 (draped, TR P VIII), VF, centered, superb portrait, black encrustation, a few marks, weight 3.366 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 206 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right, bare shoulder from behind; reverse PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II, Mars standing left, in military dress, resting right hand on shield, reversed spear in left hand; $60.00 (52.20)


Click for a larger photo
Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS74180. Silver denarius, RSC III 424; BMCRE V p. 254, 498; Hunter III 29; RIC IV 83; cf. SRCV 6859 (draped, TR P VIII), aVF, toned, small edge cracks, weight 3.150 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 206 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right, bare shoulder from behind; reverse PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II, Mars standing left, in military dress, resting right hand on shield, reversed spear in left hand; $55.00 (47.85)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Thyatira, Lydia

Click for a larger photo
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle").
RB71902. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 610, SNGvA 3228; SNG Mnchen 648; BMC Lydia p. 311, 106, aVF, green patina, well centered, rough, weight 4.351 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Thyatira mint, c. 209 - 217; obverse ANTΩ−NEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ΘYATEIΠ−HNΩN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, rudder in right, cornucopia in left; $50.00 (43.50)


Click for a larger photo
 
RS74175. Silver denarius, RIC IV 4, RSC III 587, SRCV II 6679, aVF, light toning, edge cracks, weight 3.236 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 196 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTONINVS CAES, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SEVERI AVG PII FIL, priestly implements; lituus, ax, jug, simpulum, and sprinkler; scarce; $50.00 (43.50)


Click for a larger photo
This type indicates Severus granted a special favor to Carthage. The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.
RS74185. Silver denarius, RIC IV 130a; RSC III 97; BMCRE V p. 208, 280; Hunter III 38; SRCV II 6806, aVF, nice boy portrait, frosty surfaces, porous, edge cracks, edge chip, weight 1.701 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse INDVLGENTIA AVGG IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis holding thunderbolt and scepter, riding lion right over waters gushing from rock; $50.00 (43.50)


Click for a larger photo
Virtus (courage, valor) is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can usually be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RS74186. Silver denarius, RIC IV 149; RSC III 667; BMCRE V p. 211, 300; SRCV II 6903; Hunter III -, VF, excellent portrait, well centered, toned, porous, weight 2.958 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 203 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, Victory offering wreath in extended right hand, reversed spear vertical behind in left hand; $50.00 (43.50)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

Click for a larger photo
Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:1352) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP69830. Bronze AE 24, Krzyzanowska Group C, XVII/32; BMC Pisidia -; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, F, weight 4.856 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, c. 203 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR ANTONI AVG, laureate head right; reverse ANTIOCHC GEN COL CAES, Genius of the colony standing left, branch in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare variant; $40.00 (34.80)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Alexandreia Troas, Troas

Click for a larger photo
Alexandria Troas (modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the west coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced.
RP74429. Bronze AE 23, SNG Stockholm 2154 (same dies); SNG Righetti 781; Bellinger Troy A262, SNG Cop 139 var (legends, bust); BMC Troas p. 22, 101 var (same); SNGvA -, F, weight 6.557 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria Troas mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse ANTONINV-S PIVS AV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse COL - AVG TR-OA, eagle flying right with bull's head in tallons; $40.00 (34.80)


Click for a larger photo
On 19 February 197, Septimius Severus defeated Clodius Albinus at Lugdunum (modern Lyon). Albinus committed suicide. Legionaries sacked the town. Septimius Severus returned to Rome and had about 30 of Albinus' supporters in the Senate executed.
RS74194. Silver denarius, RIC IV 13a, RSC III 505a; BMCRE V p. 54, 208; SRCV II 6677; Hunter III -, aF, small flan as typical for Severus before 199, weight 2.896 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 197 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, boy's bare-headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Caracalla standing slightly left, baton downward in right, spear vertical behind in left, trophy of captured arms behind on right; $38.00 (33.06)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

Click for a larger photo
When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
BB68957. Bronze AE 28, AMNG II 524/5 (same reverse legend arrangement), Varbanov II 409 (R3), SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, aF, weight 10.884 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AYT M AYP ANTΩNEINOC, laureate head right; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛE,ΩN (last two letters in exergue), Tyche-Fortuna standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, rudder held by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left; $34.00 (29.58)


Click for a larger photo
 
RS74118. Silver denarius, RIC IV 11; RSC III 154; BMCRE V p. 53, 202; SRCV II 6675; Hunter III -, aF, small flan as typical for Severus before 199, weight 3.032 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 198 A.D.; obverse M AVR ANTON CAES PONTIF, draped bust right; reverse MARTI VLTORI (to Mars the Avenger), Mars advancing right, spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; $30.00 (26.10)




  



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


OBVERSE LEGENDS

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Mouchmov, N.A. Le Tresor Numismatique De Reka-Devnia (Marcianopolis). (Sofia, 1934).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, David. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 31, 2015.
Page created in 2.215 seconds
Roman Coins of Caracalla