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Home>Catalog>ByzantineCoins>MacedonianDynasty>RomanusII

Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 15 March 963 A.D.

Joint rule with Constantine VII (his father), 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.
Sole rule, 9 November 959 A.D. - April 960
Joint rule with Basil II (his son), April 960 - April 961 A.D.
Joint rule with Basil II and Constantine VIII (his sons), April 961 - 15 March 963 A.D.
Romanus II ruled alone for only three years. He was an ineffectual ruler, dominated by his beautiful wife Theophano. During his rule his general, and the future emperor, Nicephorus Phocas, reconquered Crete and captured Aleppo in Syria.


Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH47406. Gold solidus, Füeg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, Choice EF, weight 4.395 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; unusual strike with near full circles visible; very rare; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.
Click for a larger photo This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. David Sear notes, "Perhaps the Byzantine mint had received no clear instructions from the new regime and simply resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives from the palace.
SH36155. Gold solidus, Füeg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, gVF, weight 4.422 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse  IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM, bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; very rare; SOLD

Click for a larger photo This type with the obliterated reverse legend has been attributed as an emergency issue struck at the beginning of Romanus' sole reign. Coins of this emergency issue are very rare. This coin is the only one that Forum has seen with two pellets in each limb of the cross inside the nimbus cruciger vs. the usual three.
SH05323. Gold solidus, Füeg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; Triton IV 837; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22, gVF, weight 4.38 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 959 A.D.; obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM (Jesus Christ King of Kings), bust of Christ facing,, wearing nimbus cruciger, two pellets in each cross limb, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left; reverse obliterated legend, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; superb portrait of Christ; very rare; SOLD


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REFERENCES

Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Monday, December 22, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Romanus II