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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Ares or MarsView Options:  |  |  | 

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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This is the only specimen of this type known to Forum. We did not find another online or in the many references examined. The type must have been struck during a very short period after the mintmark was changed from S - C / C to S - P / C but before the reverse legends were changed to the plural ending AVGGG.
RA73244. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 -, Webb Carausius -, Borne Carausius -, SRCV IV -, Hunter IV -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Carausian Hoard -, et al., aF, broad flan, near black patina, rough, corrosion, scratches, weight 4.186 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, shield or trophy in left hand, S - P flanking across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; extremely rare; $95.00 (80.75)


Amisos, Pontos, 100 - 85 B.C.

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Mithradates VI was king of Pontus c. 120 - 63 B.C. Mithradates is was one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies. He engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the Mithridatic Wars: Sulla, Lucullus, and Pompey the Great. After Mithradates VI was defeated by Pompey.
GB83917. Bronze 12 nummi, SNG BM 1163; SNG Stancomb 681; BMC Pontus p. 17, 49; SNGvA 64 var. (monograms), VF, dark patina with highlighting red earthen fill, tight flan, obverse off center but full face on flan, scratches, weight 8.818 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent upper left, monogram lower left, another monogram upper right; $90.00 (76.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
SH62614. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC V-2 811 var. (bust type), EF, sharp, near full silvering and centering, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIVI in exergue; $80.00 (68.00)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Rabbathmoba-Areopolis, Provincia Arabia

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Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.
RP84127. Bronze AE 27, Sofaer 5; Spijkerman p. 264, 8; cf. Rosenberger IV 1-3 (bust and legend variations, etc.); SNG ANS 1414 (same), VF, no patina, weight 6.492 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, obverse AVT KAIC Λ CEΠ - CEOVHPOC ΠEB, laureate bust right; reverse RABBAΘM-WBHNWN APHC, cult statue of Ares standing facing in military dress, sword erect in right hand, spear and round shield in left hand, on platform with four legs set on base; rare; $70.00 (59.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, I, QXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "I" in the reverse field is the fourth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "Q" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fourth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA62615. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 509, EF, weight 3.910 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 281 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, holding olive-branch, shield and spear, I left, QXXI in exergue; sharp strike with full silvering, some hoard patina remaining; $65.00 (55.25)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RA47015. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC V-2 811 var. (bust type), Choice EF, full silvering and centering, slightly flat reverse, weight 3.844 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in exergue; $60.00 (51.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS64642. Silver antoninianus, RIC V-2 57, RSC 273a, Schulzki AGK 64, Elmer 332, Cunetio 2406, Hunter IV 4, SRCV III 10974, VF, excellent centering, toned, nice style, slight porosity, edge cracks, weight 3.442 g, maximum diameter 21.618 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 263 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Mars walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, spear transverse in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand; $45.00 (38.25)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS64657. Silver antoninianus, RIC V-2 57, RSC 273a, Schulzki AGK 64, Elmer 332, Cunetio 2406, Hunter IV 4, SRCV III 10974, VF, well centered, toned, edge cracks, weight 2.512 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 45o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 263 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Mars walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied at waist and flying behind, spear transverse in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand; $40.00 (34.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RB64658. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 419; RIC V-2 93; Mairat 56; Schulzki AGK 102; Elmer 190; Cunetio 2400; SRCV III -, VF, well centered and struck, flan cracks, weight 3.351 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 45o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 262 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Mars standing right, helmeted, nude but for paludamentum on shoulders, vertical spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side; $34.00 (28.90)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB72621. Brass AE 19, SNG BM 1148; SNG Stancomb 676; SNG Cop 148; SNGvA 64; BMC Pontus p. 17, 40; SGCV II 3643; HGC 7 241, aVF, weight 7.414 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap; $32.00 (27.20)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Gallienus paid particular adoration to Mars. He raised a temple to the worship of Mars in the Circus Flaminius and called the god Propugnator (champion or defender). "Mars the Pacifier or Peacemaker" may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that victory in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
RA84388. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 68 (also with A appearing like N), Gbl MIR 570a, RIC V-1 S236, RSC IV 617a, SRCV III 10288, VF, well centered, dark patina, weak centers, slightest porosity, weight 3.497 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 8th emission, c. 263 - 266 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right, one tie over shoulder; reverse MARTI PACIFERO (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars standing left in military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, left resting on grounded shield behind, spear vertical behind with point up resting against shield and left arm, A (top open, appearing like N) left; $30.00 (25.50)







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Ares or Mars