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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Olympians ▸ Ares or MarsView Options:  |  |  |   

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to Mars Propugnator, Mars the Champion or Defender.
RB73010. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 332a (S), Hunter III 148, Cohen V 157, SRCV III 8718, VF, superb portrait, edge chip on reverse, weight 18.308 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARS PROPVGNAT, Mars advancing right, wearing military garb, transverse spear in right hand, shield in left, S - C flanking low in field; scarce; $135.00 (120.15)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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Mars, the god of war, was, according to the common belief of the ancients, the son of Jupiter and of Juno; or as some of the later poets have pretended, the son of Juno, by whom solely he was generated, as the goddess Minerva was brought forth from Jupiter alone. Mars was regarded as a great leader in battle; as presiding over discord and contest, everywhere exciting slaughter and war. Although this divinity had numerous adorers in Greece and in many other countries, there was no place where his worship became more popular than in Rome.
RS76150. Silver denarius, Woytek 104c, Hunter II 30, Strack II 336, RIC II 52 var. (drapery vs. aegis), RSC II 228a (same), BMCRE III 94 var. (same), BnF IV 137 var. (same), VF, excellent portrait, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 2.929 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 101 - 102 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM, laureate head right, aegis on left shoulder; reverse P M TR P COS IIII P P, Mars advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak around waist, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of arms over left shoulder in left hand; $135.00 (120.15)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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On 8 or 9 August 117, Trajan, age 63, died at Selinus, Cilicia while en route from Mesopotamia to Italy. On his death bed, he adopted Hadrian as his successor. The Roman Empire reached its maximum territorial extent at the time of Trajan's death. Hadrian soon abandoned indefensible parts of Mesopotamia to the Parthians.Rome's greatest extent 117 A.D.
RS76174. Silver denarius, Woytek 520e, RSC II 270a, RIC II 339, Strack I 230, BnF IV 819 var. (draped), Hunter II 178 var. (draped), BMCRE III 537 var. (draped), VF, toned, light marks, weight 2.891 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate bust right, aegis on front and back of left shoulder, bare chest showing; reverse P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Mars walking right, helmeted, nude but for cloak billowing behind and sword on belt around waist, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; $135.00 (120.15)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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In 191 A.D., King Vologases IV of Parthia died after a 44-year reign and was succeeded by his son Vologases V.
SL74041. Silver denarius, RIC III 257, RSC II 346, Hunter II 66, BMCRE IV 351, MIR 18 824-4/30, SRCV II 5658, NGC Ch F, strike 4/5, surface 2/2, (4161268-021), weight 2.80 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, Rome mint, 191 A.D.; obverse L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right; reverse MARTI VLTORI AVG, Mars standing right, wearing military garb, inverted spear behind in right hand, left hand on grounded shield at left side; ex Wayne C. Philips; $130.00 (115.70)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
SH62614. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC, part 2, V 811 var. (bust type), EF, sharp, near full silvering and centering, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIVI in exergue; $125.00 (111.25)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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Mars, the god of war, was, according to the common belief of the ancients, the son of Jupiter and of Juno; or as some of the later poets have pretended, the son of Juno, by whom solely he was generated, as the goddess Minerva was brought forth from Jupiter alone. Mars was regarded as a great leader in battle; as presiding over discord and contest, everywhere exciting slaughter and war. Although this divinity had numerous adorers in Greece and in many other countries, there was no place where his worship became more popular than in Rome.
SL75308. Silver denarius, RIC IV 53, RSC III 281, BMCRE VI 353, Hunter III 32, cf. SRCV II 7898 (TR P IIII), NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (3808048-001), weight 2.62 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 226 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P VI COS II P P, Mars advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms over shoulder in left hand; NGC certified and in NGC plastic holder (slabbed); $120.00 (106.80)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, I, QXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "I" in the reverse field is the fourth letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "Q" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the fourth officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA62615. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 509, EF, weight 3.910 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 281 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left; reverse MARTI PACIF, Mars advancing left, holding olive-branch, shield and spear, I left, QXXI in exergue; sharp strike with full silvering, some hoard patina remaining; $105.00 (93.45)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RA47015. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC V, part 2, 811 var. (bust type), Choice EF, weight 3.844 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in ex; full silvering and centering, slightly flat reverse; $100.00 (89.00)


Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 100 - 85 B.C.

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We have been unable to find another example with this flower(?) or palm(?) control symbol on the reverse.
BB63160. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 311 var., BMC Pontus p. 100, 49 var.; SNG BM 1528 ff. var.; SNG Stancomb 795 var.; SNGvA 227 var. (no refs. with this symbol left), VF, weight 8.575 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope (Sinop, Turkey) mint, 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse ΣINΩ−ΠHΣ, sword in scabbard, flower(?) or palm(?) lower left; rare, unpublished(?); $95.00 (84.55)


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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Click for a larger photo The Battle of Antioch. After Macrinus unwisely cut legionary pay, Legio III Gallica hailed Elagabalus as emperor on 16 May 218. Macrinus sent cavalry but they too joined Elagabalus. He finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated Macrinus was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Macrinus shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the Bosporus, taken back to Antioch and executed.
RS73663. Silver denarius, RSC III 113a; BMCRE V p. 533, 21; RIC IV 123c (S); SRCV II 7523; Hunter III 11 var. (no cuirass), VF, well centered on a tight flan, toned frosty surfaces, weight 2.579 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 218 - 219 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak flying behind at waist, transverse spear in right hand, trophy of captured arms over shoulder in left hand; $95.00 (84.55)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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Mars, the god of war, was, according to the common belief of the ancients, the son of Jupiter and of Juno; or as some of the later poets have pretended, the son of Juno, by whom solely he was generated, as the goddess Minerva was brought forth from Jupiter alone. Mars was regarded as a great leader in battle; as presiding over discord and contest, everywhere exciting slaughter and war. Although this divinity had numerous adorers in Greece and in many other countries, there was no place where his worship became more popular than in Rome.
RS77482. Silver denarius, RSC III 76, RIC IV 103, BMCRE V 742, SRCV II 7179, VF, nice boy portrait, light toning, weight 2.926 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bare-headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak in belt at waist flying to sides, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand; ex Forum (2012); scarce; $85.00 (75.65)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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In 226 A.D., the Parthian Empire fell. King Ardashir I, ruler of the Sassanid dynasty, defeated Artabanus V and was crowned "King of Kings" of the Persian Empire, beginning the 400 year-reign of the Sassanid Empire.
RB73722. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE VI 357, Hunter III 92, RIC IV 440, Cohen IV 282, cf. SRCV II 7989 (TR P IIII), gF, nice portrait, dark near black patina, tight flan crowding off parts of legends, corrosion, weight 19.977 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 226 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P V COS II P P, Mars advancing right, nude but for helmet and cloak at waist flying out left and right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand, S - C flanking below cloak; $80.00 (71.20)


Quintillus, August or September - October or November 270 A.D.

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"Mars the Pacifier" may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that victory in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
RL74565. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1190, RIC V 24, Normanby 1194, Cunetio 2351, SRCV III 11448, aF, weight 1.936 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Rome mint, 1st issue, end 270; obverse IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI PACI, Mars standing left, wearing military garb, olive branch raised in right hand, spear and shield in left hand, X in exergue; $75.00 (66.75)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB77038. Bronze AE 20, cf. BMC Pontus p. 17, 48; SNG BM 1161; SNG Stancomb 679; SNGvA 64; SNG Cop 150; SGCV II 3643, VF, tight flan, corrosion, weight 7.969 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse sword in sheath with strap, AMI−ΣOY divided across field, star within crescent with horns up upper left, IB upper right, monograms lower left and right; $70.00 (62.30)


The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 275 - 264 B.C.

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Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB69014. Bronze pentonkion, HGC 2 865 (lists A control symbol); cf. Calciati I p. 93, 4; SNG Cop 434; SNG ANS 403; BMC Sicily p. 109, 4 (all Φ vice A), VF, rough, weight 16.666 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 225o, Messana mint, c. 275 - 264 B.C.; obverse APEΣ, laureate head of Ares right, Macedonian helmet (control symbol) behind; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings open, A (control symbol) left; $65.00 (57.85)


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS73366. Silver denarius, RSC III 76, RIC IV 103, BMCRE V 742, SRCV II 7179, VF, small flan, weight 1.830 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, draped bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI VICTORI, Mars advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; scarce; $60.00 (53.40)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.

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The grooves in this coin are not scratches made in circulation. They are "adjustment marks" made at the mint during manufacture of the flan, prior to striking.
GB56855. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 1148, SNG Stancomb 676, SNGvA 64, SGCV II 3643, aVF, flan adjustment marks, weight 7.946 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap; $50.00 (44.50)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D., Struck by Aureolus

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This coin was struck in the name of Postumus by Aureolus (one of the so-called Thirty Tyrants) while Gallienus held him under siege in Milan. Ancient sources which refer to Aureolus are limited and contradictory. He may have made his own bid for the Purple after Gallienus was murdered and Postumus failed to take advantage of the turmoil in Italy. The new emperor Claudius soon brought his rebellion to an end.
RA60402. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 388, RSC IV 441, Mairat 222 - 227, Schulzki AGK 111b, Elmer 614, Cunetio 2485 - 2488, SRCV III 11001, VF, usual small flan, weight 3.303 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 315o, 3rd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 3rd emission, mid 268 A.D.; obverse IMP POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EQVIT, Virtus (or Mars) walking right, wearing helmet and military garb, cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right, shield in left, T in exergue; $50.00 (44.50)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to Mars Propugnator, Mars the Champion (or Defender).
RS74214. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 145, RSC IV 155, Hunter III 58, SRCV III 8623, VF, well centered on a broad flan, nice portrait, struck with a worn reverse die, marks, flan cracks, weight 3.771 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARS PROPVG, Mars advancing right, wearing helmet and military garb, cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, shield in left hand; $50.00 (44.50)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RB46795. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3329, Bastien IX 100, RIC V 30, Bastien IX 100, BnF XII 1504, Venra Hoard -, VF, well centered, some silvering, weight 3.574 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, issue 7, May - Jun 276 A.D.; obverse IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, spear in right and trophy in left across shoulder, inverted B left, * right; scarce; $45.00 (40.05)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277 Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province.
RA46831. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 816, Choice VF, weight 4.683 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle tipped scepter in right; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, P lower right, XXI in exergue; extensive silvering, full circles centering, nicer than photo suggest; $45.00 (40.05)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.

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Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB72621. Brass AE 19, SNG BM 1148, SNG Stancomb 676, SNGvA 64, SGCV II 3643, aVF, weight 7.414 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap; $45.00 (40.05)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RA46821. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 810; Alfldi, Siscia V 96, 178; Pink VI-1, p. 50, gVF, full circles strike, extensive silvering, weight 3.778 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 4th emission, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle tipped scepter in right; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in exergue; $40.00 (35.60)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RA46827. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 169 corr.; Pink VI-1, p. 58, VF, extensive silvering, weight 3.418 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Rome mint, emission 6, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, R thunderbolt E in exergue; $40.00 (35.60)


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

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The grooves in this coin are not scratches made in circulation. They are "adjustment marks" made at the mint during manufacture of the flan, prior to striking.
GB90170. Bronze AE 21, BMC Pontus p. 17, 48; SNG BM 1161; SNG Stancomb 679 var.(another monogram right); SGCV II 3643, F, some corrosion, flan adjustment marks, weight 8.152 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap, star in crescent upper left, IB upper right, monogram lower left; $40.00 (35.60)




  



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Ares or Mars