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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Gods,Olympians>AresorMars PAGE 1/212

Ares or Mars

God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RB47015. Silvered antoninianus, Alfldi Siscia V type 96, n 79; RIC V 811 var (bust type), Choice EF, weight 3.844 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in ex; full silvering and centering, slightly flat reverse; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RB47728. Silvered antoninianus, Venra Hoard 2386 (1 specimen), BnF XII p. 404 citing Venra Hoard, RIC V -, aEF, weight 3.745 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 275 - 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONSERVAT MILIT, Emperor standing left, scepter in left, receiving globe from Mars standing right, spear in left, S in ex; rare; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Panormos, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 241 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
RR49949. Bronze AE 26, SNG ANS 556; SNG Cop -, Fine, weight 15.823 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 315o, Panormus (Palermo) mint, obverse ΠANOP−MITAN, helmeted head of Ares right; reverse wreathed head of Kore left; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RB46815. Bronze antoninianus, BnF XII 2391, Venra Hoard 1727, RIC V -, gVF, weight 3.022 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 275 - 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, bare chest bust with slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse CONSERVAT MILIT, Emperor standing left, holding scepter, receiving globe from Mars standing right holding spear, B in center, KA in ex; unusual, rare bust type for the era; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Sinope, Paphlagonia, c. 100 - 85 B.C.
Click for a larger photo We have been unable to find another example with this flower(?) or palm(?) control symbol on the reverse.
BB63160. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 311 var, BMC Pontus p. 100, 49 var; SNG BM 1528 ff. var; SNG Stancomb 795 var; SNGvA 227 var (none with this symbol left), VF, weight 8.575 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sinope mint, 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse ΣINΩ−ΠHΣ, sword in scabbard, flower(?) or palm(?) lower left; rare, unpublished(?); $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Aurelian probably joined the army in 235, a year that began an era of crisis, imperial assassinations, invasions, civil wars, plagues, and economic depression, which severely damaged the army. He distinguished himself in battle and successes as a cavalry commander eventually made him a member of emperor Gallienus' entourage. Claudius gave him command of the elite Dalmatian cavalry, and then promoted him to Master of Horse (second in command of the army after the Emperor). As emperor, Aurelian's successful restoration of the Army enabled him to defeat the Alamanni, Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and the Palmyrene Empire effectively ending the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century.
RB66589. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 366, Cohen 206, EF, perfect centering, weight 4.087 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 135o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR EXERCITI (restorer of the army), Aurelian standing left holding scepter and presenting globe to Mars, also holding scepter, helmeted, standing right, A in center, XXI in ex; scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
On 8 or 9 August 117, Trajan, age 63, died at Selinus, Cilicia while en route from Mesopotamia to Italy. On his death bed, he adopted Hadrian as his successor. The Roman Empire reached its maximum territorial extent at the time of Trajan's death. Hadrian soon abandoned indefensible parts of Mesopotamia to the Parthians.Rome's greatest extent 117 A.D.
RS70317. Silver denarius, RIC II 337, RSC II 270, BMCRE III 536, BnF IV, Woytek MIR 520v, Strack 230, VF, centered, uneven toning, weight 3.293 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 114 - 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Mars walking right, helmeted, nude but for sword and cloak billowing behind on belt around waist, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left; ex Triton XVII, part of lot 1600; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 199, Mesopotamia was partitioned into two Roman provinces divided by the Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Osroene. Two new legions, I Parthica and III Parthica, were formed as a permanent garrison. Septimius Severus laid siege to the city-state Hatra in Central-Mesopotamia, but failed to capture the city despite breaching the walls.
RS90476. Silver denarius, RIC IV 134, RSC III 321a, BMCRE V 133, cf. SRCV II 6312 (IMP X, 198 A.D.), VF, toned, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.093 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 199 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing facing, head right, helmeted, nude to the waist, resting right hand on shield set on helmet, inverted spear in left; ; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 231, Severus Alexander accompanied his mother Julia Mamaea to Syria and campaigned against the Persians. Military command rested in the hands of his generals, but his presence gave additional weight to the empire's policy. The Romans were defeated and withdrew to Syria. After heavy losses on both sides, a truce was signed accepting the status quo. In 233, Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome to commemorate his "victory."
RB57156. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 635, BMCRE 847, VF, scratches, weight 19.580 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate,draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARS VLTOR S C, Mars advancing right in military garb, spear transverse in right, shield in left; well centered; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 275 - 264 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB69014. Bronze pentonkion, HGC 2 865 (lists A control symbol); cf. Calciati I p. 93, 4; SNG Cop 434; SNG ANS 403; BMC Sicily p. 109, 4 (all Φ vice A), VF, rough, weight 16.666 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 225o, Messana mint, c. 275 - 264 B.C.; obverse APEΣ, laureate head of Ares right, Macedonian helmet (control symbol) behind; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings open, A (control symbol) left; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 199, Mesopotamia was partitioned into two Roman provinces divided by the Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Osroene. Two new legions, I Parthica and III Parthica, were formed as a permanent garrison. Septimius Severus laid siege to the city-state Hatra in Central-Mesopotamia, but failed to capture the city despite breaching the walls.
RS68499. Silver denarius, RIC IV 134, RSC III 321a, BMCRE V 133, SRCV II 6312 var (IMP X, 198 A.D.), VF, weight 3.695 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 199 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse MARTI VICTORI, Mars standing facing, head right, helmeted, nude to the waist, resting right hand on shield set on helmet(?), inverted spear in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 276, after Tacitus died, his troops made Florian emperor but after only a few weeks they assassinated him. Probus was then proclaimed the new Emperor of Rome.
RB60592. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 30, Bastien IX 96, VF, weight 2.982 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, spear in right and trophy in left across shoulder, B left, * right; large flan, much silvering remaining; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00

Amisos, Pontos, c. 100 - 85 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The grooves in this coin are not scratches made in circulation. They are "adjustment marks" made at the mint during manufacture of the flan, prior to striking.
GB56855. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 1148, SNG Stancomb 676, SNGvA 64, SGCV II 3643, aVF, flan adjustment marks, weight 7.946 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos mint, c. 100 - 85 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of young Ares right; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D., Struck by Aureolus
Click for a larger photo Struck by Aureolus in the name of Postumus during his hold of Milan against Gallienus. Gallienus died during the siege but the new emperor Claudius brought the rebellion to an end.
RB60402. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 388, Cunetio Hoard 2485 - 2488, VF, small flan, weight 3.303 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 315o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, obverse IMP POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EQVIT, Mars or Virtus, in military dress, advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, shield in left, T in ex; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RB68318. Billon antoninianus, Cohen 899, RIC V 810, Pink VI p. 50, SRCV III 12071, Hunter 236 var (VI officina), F, weight 3.396 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right holding transverse spear in right and trophy over shoulder in left, P right, XXI in ex; rare variety; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Click for a larger photo  
RB46795. Silvered antoninianus, Bastien IX 100; RIC V 30, VF, weight 3.574 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARS VICTOR, Mars walking right, nude but for cloak flying behind, spear in right and trophy in left across shoulder, B left, * right; scarce; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 277 Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province.
RB46831. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 816, Choice VF, weight 4.683 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle tipped scepter in right; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, nude but for helmet and cloak flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, P lower right, XXI in ex; extensive silvering, full circles centering, nicer than photo suggest; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50

Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL57691. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Arles 143, VF, weight 3.483 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVV-ENTVTIS, Mars standing left, resting right hand on grounded shield, spear vertical behind in right, C - S across field, QARL in ex; scarce; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00

Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Gallienus paid particular adoration to Mars. He raised a temple to the worship of Mars in the Circus Flaminus and called the god Propugnator (champion or defender). "Mars the Pacifier" may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that victory in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
RA64612. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 889i, Cunetio hoard 0714, Elmer 85, SRCV III 10195, RIC V J10 var (bust, Lugdunum), RSC IV 150 var (same), F, struck with worn dies, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 259 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse DEO MARTI, Mars standing left within hexastyle temple, helmeted, nude, resting right hand on grounded shield, inverted spear vertical behind in left; rare with this bust; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00

The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 220 - 200 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
GB66277. Bronze pentonkion, cf. Calciati I p. 101, 25; BMC Sicily p. 112, 32; SNG ANS 423; SNG Cop 446, F, green patina, weight 10.481 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Messana mint, c. 220 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Ares left; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, warrior walking left, with right holding head and leading horse behind, transverse spear in left, Π left; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RB46821. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 810, gVF, weight 3.778 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle tipped scepter in right; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG, Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in ex; full circles strike, extensive silvering; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 278 A.D., Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RB47763. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V 428, VF, weight 3.298 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, PXXT in ex; full silver; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00

Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The grooves in this coin are not scratches made in circulation. They are "adjustment marks" made at the mint during manufacture of the flan, prior to striking.
GB66049. Bronze AE 19, BMC Pontus p. 17, 48; SNG BM 1161; SNG Stancomb 679 var (2nd monogram right); SGCV II 3643, aVF, weight 7.612 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap, star in crescent upper left, monogram lower left, IB upper right; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00

Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 63 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The grooves in this coin are not scratches made in circulation. They are "adjustment marks" made at the mint during manufacture of the flan, prior to striking.
GB90170. Bronze AE 21, BMC Pontus p. 17, 48; SNG BM 1161; SNG Stancomb 679 var (another monogram right); SGCV II 3643, F, some corrosion, flan adjustment marks, weight 8.152 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos mint, c. 120 - 63 B.C.; obverse head of Ares right in crested helmet; reverse AMI−ΣOY, sword in sheath with strap, star in crescent upper left, monogram lower left, IB upper right; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00

Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Marking coins with numbers in ink was once a common practice for museums and collectors. It has been out of fashion for many decades. Unfortunately the origin of the number is not known.
RA41941. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 570a, RIC V S236, RSC IV 617a, SRCV III 10288 (264 - 266), VF, weight 3.751 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 8th emission, 256 - 257 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate head right; reverse MARTI PACIFERO, Mars standing half left, olive branch raised in right hand, resting left on grounded shield, spear behind, A in left field, old ink museum number (34) lower left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00

Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RS57881. Silver antoninianus, RIC V 57, VF, weight 3.589 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 262 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P IIII COS III P P, Mars walking right, spear transverse in right, trophy over shoulder in left; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RB90365. Orichalcum dupondius, cf. RIC II, part 1, 293; BMCRE II 308; Cohen I 427; BnF III 330; cf. SRCV I 2789 (COS X), aF, weight 10.169 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, radiate head right, wearing aegis; reverse Mars advancing left, wearing military garb, parazonium on left side, Victory in in extended right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, S - C flanking low across field; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00

Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
Click for a larger photo During the siege of Milan, at a late hour but while he was still lingering with pleasures of the table, a false alarm was suddenly given, that Aureolus, at the head of all his forces, had made a desperate sally from the town. Gallienus, who was never deficient in personal bravery, started from his silken couch, and without allowing himself time either to put on his armor, or to assemble his guards, he mounted on horseback, and rode full speed towards the supposed place of the attack. Ambushed by enemies among his own officers, amidst the nocturnal tumult he received a mortal wound from an uncertain hand.
RA64603. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 375x, RIC V S325, RSC IV 1288, SRCV III -, VF, weight 3.327 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 260 - 261 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Mars standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded shield, spear vertical behind in left, VI right; $38.00 SALE PRICE $34.20

Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.
Click for a larger photo RIC incorrectly describes this reverse as Virtus, it is Mars. Virtus is never shown nude.
BB51470. Bronze follis, RIC VI 37a corr., F, weight 6.641 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVTI EXERCITVS, Mars advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, star left, B right, SMTS in ex; $25.00 SALE PRICE $22.50



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Ares or Mars