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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Thrace&Moesia>CelticTribes
Celtic Tribes in Thrace


Southern Danubian Celts, c. Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.

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The earliest Celtic imitations of Philip II tetradrachms are very similar to the Macedonian originals. It isn't always completely clear if a coin is a Celtic imitative or an oddly engraved Macedonian original. Fairly quickly the imitative inscriptions were shortened and then blundered. Over time the head of Zeus was increasingly "Celticized" and eventually both the head of Zeus and the horseman devolved into barely recognizable abstract forms. This coin is similar to the original but, with a rather exotic head of Zeus, could never be confused with the Macedonian prototype.
SH66569. Silver tetradrachm, cf. CCCBM I 6 (Λ vice thunderbolt), Lanz 360 (same), Göbl OTA 14/5 (thunderbolt but other symbols different), Castelin 1215 (same), VF, some corrosion, weight 14.207 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; obverse Celticized laureate head of Zeus right, dot border; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠ−OY, naked youth on horse pacing right holding palm frond, thunderbolt over torch below, dolphin below raised foreleg, dot border; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II; $540.00 (€469.80)


Danubian Celts, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia

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Sear describes the obverse of this type as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE71314. Silver tetradrachm, CCCBM 195, Lanz 920, Dembski 1479, SGCV I 212, VF, weight 14.421 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 270o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse almost plain, highly degraded head of Herakles right in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse crude figure of Zeus seated left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a legend on right, I under throne; $180.00 (€156.60)


Danubian Celts, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia

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Sear describes the obverse of this type as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE72190. Silver tetradrachm, CCCBM 195, Lanz 920, Dembski 1479, SGCV I 212, F, weight 15.315 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse almost plain, highly degraded head of Herakles right in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse crude figure of Zeus seated left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a legend on right, I below throne; $150.00 (€130.50)


Thracian Kings, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.

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Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB56007. Bronze AE 18, SNG BM 194, SNG Stancomb 304, VF, flat reverse strike, weight 6.582 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle mint, 230 - 218 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, palm frond in left, monogram inner left; nice green patina; $125.00 (€108.75)


Kings of Thrace, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.

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Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB65171. Bronze AE 22, cf. SNG BM 194; SNG Stancomb 304; SNG Cop 1175; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; Lindgren 10; SGCV I 1727, weight 6.136 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle mint, 225 - 218 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, palm frond in left, monogram inner left; $105.00 (€91.35)


Kings of Thrace, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.

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Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB66862. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM 194; SNG Stancomb 304; SNG Cop 1175; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; Lindgren 10; SGCV I 1727, VF, weight 6.676 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle mint, c. 225 - 218 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, palm frond in left, monogram inner left; $105.00 (€91.35)


Gallic(?) Tribes in Thrace, c. 250 - 230 B.C., Imitative of Mesembria

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The crude style and inscriptions indicate this was probably not an official issue of Mesembria, but rather an imitative issue from a nearby Gallic tribes. Kavaros who ruled 230 - 218 B.C., was the last Gallic king in Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins. He issued coins with the same types but replaced the city ethnic with his name. Perhaps an earlier Gallic king anonymously issued this cruder coin.
GB68053. Bronze AE 21, for prototype see SNG BM 280 ff., SNG Cop 661, SGCV I 1676, VF, weight 5.568 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 315o, tribal mint, c. 250 - 230 B.C.; obverse diademed female head right; reverse METAM/BPIANΩN, Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield in right, brandishing spear in left; $95.00 (€82.65)


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE68492. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Lanz 471; Göbl OTA 193/14; CCCBM I S133; Pink 199, Forrer Keltische pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, aVF, weight 8.947 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek; reverse devolved horse trotting left; $60.00 (€52.20)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46708. Bronze AE 18, Malloy Danubian Celts type F5G; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, some corrosion, weight 5.101 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, no inscription or symbols; ex Alex G. Malloy; rare; $55.00 (€47.85)


Thracian Kings, Kavaros, c. 225 - 219 B.C.

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Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB52322. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 195, SNG Cop 1175, aVF, weight 4.827 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, crowning name wreath in right, monogram inner left; nice style; rare; $55.00 (€47.85)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46715. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type E1C; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, weight 6.844 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, scroll-like ornaments between the prongs, stylized dolphin ornaments flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; beautiful turquoise-green patina; scarce; $45.00 (€39.15)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46723. Bronze AE 19, Malloy Danubian Celts type F3B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, weight 5.529 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 225o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse simple trident, stylized dolphin ornaments flanking shaft, blundered illiterate inscription; $45.00 (€39.15)


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
BB60601. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Lanz 471; Göbl OTA 193/14; CCCBM I S133; Pink 199; Forrer Keltische pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, aF, green patina, weight 6.039 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 270o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek; reverse devolved horse trotting left; $38.00 (€33.06)


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
BB90171. Bronze AE 18, Malloy Danubian Celts type H5B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, Fair, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident head, no ornamentation, no legend or symbols; $30.00 (€26.10)



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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Monday, May 25, 2015.
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Celts in Thrace