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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Thrace&Moesia>DanubeTribes

Celts and Other Tribes of the Danube Region


Southern Danubian Celts, c. Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo The earliest Celtic imitations of Philip II tetradrachms are very similar to the Macedonian originals. It isn't always completely clear if a coin is a Celtic imitative or an oddly engraved Macedonian original. Fairly quickly the imitative inscriptions were shortened and then blundered. Over time the head of Zeus was increasingly "Celticized" and eventually both the head of Zeus and the horseman devolved into barely recognizable abstract forms. This coin is similar to the original but, with a rather exotic head of Zeus, could never be confused with the Macedonian prototype.
SH66569. Silver tetradrachm, cf. CCCBM I 6 (Λ vice thunderbolt), Lanz 360 (same), Göbl OTA 14/5 (thunderbolt but other symbols different), Castelin 1215 (same), VF, some corrosion, weight 14.207 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; obverse Celticized laureate head of Zeus right, dot border; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠ−OY, naked youth on horse pacing right holding palm frond, thunderbolt over torch below, dolphin below raised foreleg, dot border; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II; $600.00 (€450.00)

Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, c. 125 - 40 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The style is close to that of Rome, but not quite right, and the inscription in the exergue does not match an official Roman type.
CE69906. Silver denarius, Davis Website -; for prototype cf. Roman Republic, T. Quinctius Flamininus, Rome mint, c. 126 B.C., SRCV I 143, RSC I Quinctia 2, Crawford 267/1, gF, well centered on broad flan, uneven toning with dark areas, weight 3.734 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 125 - 40 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma right, apex behind, X below chin; reverse Dioscuri on horseback right, round Macedonian shield and inverted crescent below, IOMΛ in exergue; appearance would almost certainly improve with cleaning; $180.00 (€135.00)

Danubian Celts, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Sear describes the obverse of this type as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE71314. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV I 212, CCCBM 195, VF, weight 14.421 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 270o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse Almost plain, very faint traces of the head of Herakles; reverse crude figure of of Zeus seated left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a legend on right; $180.00 (€135.00)

Danubian Celts, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia
Click for a larger photo Sear describes the obverse of this type as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE71348. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV I 212, CCCBM 195, VF, double struck reverse, weight 14.997 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse Almost plain, very faint traces of the head of Herakles; reverse crude figure of of Zeus seated left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a legend on right; $180.00 (€135.00)

Celtic Ring Money, Black Sea Region, c. 800 - 100 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in weight; they are all multiples of a standard unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.
CE67781. Bronze Ring Money, Topalov Apollonia I p. 88; Victoor -; numerous knobs, VF, weight 21.220 g, maximum diameter 35.9 mm, probably 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; $160.00 (€120.00)

Gallic(?) Tribes in Thrace, c. 250 - 230 B.C., Imitative of Mesembria
Click for a larger photo The crude style and inscriptions indicate this was probably not an official issue of Mesembria, but rather an imitative issue from a nearby Gallic tribes. Kavaros who ruled 230 - 218 B.C., was the last Gallic king in Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins. He issued coins with the same types but replaced the city ethnic with his name. Perhaps an earlier Gallic king anonymously issued this cruder coin.
GB68053. Bronze AE 21, for prototype see SNG BM 280 ff., SNG Cop 661, SGCV I 1676, VF, weight 5.568 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 315o, tribal mint, c. 250 - 230 B.C.; obverse diademed female head right; reverse METAM/BPIANΩN, Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield in right, brandishing spear in left; $110.00 (€82.50)

Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE68492. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Lanz 471; Göbl OTA 193/14; CCCBM I S133; Pink 199, Forrer Keltische pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, aVF, weight 8.947 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek; reverse devolved horse trotting left; $60.00 (€45.00)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46708. Bronze AE 18, Malloy Danubian Celts type F5G; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, some corrosion, weight 5.101 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, no inscription or symbols; ex Alex G. Malloy; rare; $55.00 (€41.25)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46694. Bronze AE 22, Malloy Danubian Celts type F3B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, aVF, weight 10.225 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, stylized dolphin ornaments flanking shaft, blundered illiterate inscription; $50.00 (€37.50)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46715. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type E1C; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, weight 6.844 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, scroll-like ornaments between the prongs, stylized dolphin ornaments flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; beautiful turquoise-green patina; scarce; $45.00 (€33.75)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46716. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type G3B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, weight 5.259 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse simple trident, monograms flanking shaft, blundered illiterate inscription; rare; $45.00 (€33.75)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46719. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type B1G; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, high relief head, weight 7.032 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, stylized dolphin ornaments and monograms flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; rare; $45.00 (€33.75)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46723. Bronze AE 19, Malloy Danubian Celts type F3B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, gF, weight 5.529 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 225o, obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse simple trident, stylized dolphin ornaments flanking shaft, blundered illiterate inscription; $45.00 (€33.75)

Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
BB60601. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Lanz 471; Göbl OTA 193/14; CCCBM I S133; Pink 199; Forrer Keltische pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, aF, green patina, weight 6.039 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 270o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek; reverse devolved horse trotting left; $38.00 (€28.50)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46786. Bronze AE 19, Malloy Danubian Celts type H(?)4B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, aF, nice patina, weight 5.228 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 90o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, no inscription or symbols; ex Alex G. Malloy; rare; $30.00 (€22.50)

Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
BB90171. Bronze AE 18, Malloy Danubian Celts type H5B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, Fair, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident head, no ornamentation, no legend or symbols; $30.00 (€22.50)


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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 21, 2014.
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Celts, Danube Region