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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ Celtic TribesView Options:  |  |  | 

Celtic Tribes in Thrace

Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" Type, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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The type "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" literally translates "with inserted cloven hoof."
CE77589. Silver tetradrachm, Lanz 413 (same dies); cf. Göbl OTA 122/2 (for obverse) and Göbl OTA 122/3 (for reverse), aVF, obverse off center, uneven strike, marks and scratches, weight 10.665 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse stylized laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized helmeted horseman riding left; cloven hoof above the horse's head; on left: round floral design with pellet in oval in center with many small pellet petals around; below: wheel with five spokes and five pellets between the spokes; rare; $600.00 (€534.00)
 


Southern Danubian Celts, c. Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.

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The earliest Celtic imitations of Philip II tetradrachms are very similar to the Macedonian originals. It isn't always completely clear if a coin is a Celtic imitative or an oddly engraved Macedonian original. Fairly quickly the imitative inscriptions were shortened and then blundered. Over time the head of Zeus was increasingly "Celticized" and eventually both the head of Zeus and the horseman devolved into barely recognizable abstract forms. This coin is similar to the original but, with a rather exotic head of Zeus, could never be confused with the Macedonian prototype.
SH66569. Silver tetradrachm, cf. CCCBM I 6 (Λ vice thunderbolt), Lanz 360 (same), Göbl OTA 14/5 (thunderbolt but other symbols different), Castelin 1215 (same), VF, some corrosion, weight 14.207 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; obverse Celticized laureate head of Zeus right, dot border; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠ−OY, naked youth on horse pacing right holding palm frond, thunderbolt over torch below, dolphin below raised foreleg, dot border; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II; $480.00 (€427.20)
 


Celts, Danube Region, Imitative of Thasos, Thrace, c. 120 - 10 B.C.

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This type was first struck by Thasos, c. 168 - 148 B.C. Roman authorities struck imitatives, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia. Tribal groups (mostly Celtic) struck imitatives from about 120 to possibly as late as 10 B.C.

This is the only specimen known to Forum with a star or X inner left. Most Roman imitatives have M or a monogram there. Based on the style, and blundered inscription, we believe this coin is a Celtic issue.
CE79676. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA Class I - II; imitative of SNG Cop 1040 ff., gVF, toned, reverse slightly off center, scratches on reverse, weight 15.931 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, c. 120 - 10 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse IPAKVEOV ΣOTHPΘΣ ΘAΣIΩMM, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, X inner left; ex Münzen & Medaillen auction 38 (5 Jun 2013), lot 234; ex Coins & Medals Germany auction 3 (1998), lot 293; unique(?); $350.00 (€311.50)
 


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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This type normally has a prominent raised round (ball) cheek, but on this example the cheek is less prominent than most.

Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE76349. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Göbl OTA 197, Lanz 465; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, VF, tight flan, porous, weight 6.239 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 270o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath; reverse devolved horse trotting left, pellet in circle above; $300.00 (€267.00)
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Although the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia has been replaced by a wheel, the horseman's leg and foot can still be found on the side of the horse!
CE76356. Silver drachm, cf. Göbl OTA 189, Lanz 458, Dembski 1110, Flesche 612, Choice VF, weight 2.270 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 45o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse horse prancing left, wheel with four spokes above, leg and foot of horseman on side of the horse; $300.00 (€267.00)
 


Danube Celts, The Skordoski in Syrmia, Imitative of Philip of Macedonia, "Kugelwange" type, 2nd Century B.C.

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This type was struck by the Celtic Skordoski tribe in Syrmia. Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain, between the middle-lower Danube and Sava rivers. It is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE76360. Silver drachm, "Kugelwange" (ball cheek) type, imitative of Philip II of Macedonia; Lanz 507, Göbl OTA 205, CCCBM I S134, Dembski 1121, gVF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 1.518 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 0o, Syrmia mint, 2nd phase (no legend), 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right with ball cheek (Kugelwange); reverse horse prancing left, pellet-in-annulet above, no legend; $225.00 (€200.25)
 


Eastern Celts or Other Tribal, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C., Alexander the Great Chios Mint Imitative

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Clearly the engraver was illiterate and did not even know the correct letter forms. Looking at the throne, it seems the engraver may have never actually seen a chair.
CE76171. Silver drachm, Price B19 var. (nothing under throne); Muller Alexander 2324 var. (same), gVF, interesting barbaric style, toned, tight flan, weight 3.858 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tribal mint, 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on high back throne, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, M in circle over grapes left, ΛE (E reversed) below throne; $180.00 (€160.20)
 


Danubian Celts, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia

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Sear describes the obverse of this type as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE76351. Silver tetradrachm, CCCBM 195, Lanz 920, Dembski 1479, SGCV I 212, F, toned, light marks, weight 15.118 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse almost plain, highly degraded head of Herakles right in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse crude figure of Zeus seated left, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, blundered imitation of a legend on right, I below throne; $180.00 (€160.20)
 


Eastern Celts, "Kapostal" Type South-West Hungary, 3rd Century B.C., Imitative Philip II of Macedonia

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CE77504. Silver drachm, Kapostal type; CCCBM I S99, Lanz 799, Göbl OTA pl. 39, 500/3, VF, high relief, well centered, toned, weight 2.636 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd century B.C.; obverse Celticized laureate head of Zeus right, laurel wreath as zig-zag between lines; reverse Celticized rider on horseback left, large crest above head, crescent to left; ex CNG e-auction 285 (22 Aug 2012), lot 162; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


Danubian Celts, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of Macedonia

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Sear describes the obverse of this type as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of Herakles."
CE72190. Silver tetradrachm, CCCBM 195, Lanz 920, Dembski 1479, SGCV I 212, F, weight 15.315 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse almost plain, highly degraded head of Herakles right in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse crude figure of Zeus seated left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, blundered imitation of a legend on right, I below throne; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Eastern Celts or Other Tribal, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C., Alexander the Great Chios Mint Imitative

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This example is very close to the original issue from Chios but the style is a little crude.
CE76172. Silver drachm, Price B19; Muller Alexander 2324, VF, dark toning, area of horn silver, weight 3.905 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Tribal mint, 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on high back throne, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, M in circle over grapes left; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Gallic(?) Tribes in Thrace, c. 250 - 230 B.C., Imitative of Mesembria

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The crude style and inscriptions indicate this was probably not an official issue of Mesembria, but rather an imitative issue from a nearby Gallic tribes. Kavaros who ruled 230 - 218 B.C., was the last Gallic king in Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins. He issued coins with the same types but replaced the city ethnic with his name. Perhaps an earlier Gallic king anonymously issued this cruder coin.
GB68053. Bronze AE 21, for prototype see SNG BM 280 ff., SNG Cop 661, SGCV I 1676, VF, weight 5.568 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 315o, tribal mint, c. 250 - 230 B.C.; obverse diademed female head right; reverse METAM/BPIANΩN, Athena Alkidemos advancing left, shield in right, brandishing spear in left; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Kings of Thrace, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.

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Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB65171. Bronze AE 22, cf. SNG BM 194; SNG Stancomb 304; SNG Cop 1175; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; Lindgren 10; SGCV I 1727, weight 6.136 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle mint, 225 - 218 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, palm frond in left, monogram inner left; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Pannonian Celts, Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) Type, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west.
CE68492. Bronze tetradrachm, cf. Lanz 471; Göbl OTA 193/14; CCCBM I S133; Pink 199, Forrer Keltische pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the Macedonian Kingdom tetradrachms of Philip II, aVF, weight 8.947 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 180o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse devolved laureate head of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek; reverse devolved horse trotting left; $50.00 (€44.50)
 







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REFERENCES

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Friday, August 26, 2016.
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Celts in Thrace