Southern , c. Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
The earliest imitations of tetradrachms are very similar to the Macedonian originals. It isn't always completely clear if a coin is a imitative or an oddly Macedonian original. Fairly quickly the imitative inscriptions were shortened and then blundered. Over time the of Zeus was increasingly "Celticized" and eventually both the of Zeus and the horseman devolved into barely recognizable abstract forms. This coin is similar to the original but, with a rather exotic of Zeus, could never be confused with the Macedonian prototype. SH66569. Silver , cf. I 6 (Λ vice thunderbolt), 360 (same), 14/5 (thunderbolt but other different), 1215 (same), VF, some corrosion, 14.207 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; Celticized laureate of Zeus right, dot ; ΦIΛIΠΠ−OY, naked youth on horse pacing right holding frond, thunderbolt over torch below, below raised foreleg, dot ; derived from the tetradrachms of ; $540.00 (€469.80)
, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of
Sear describes the of this as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of ."CE71314. Silver , 195, 920, 1479, 212, VF, 14.421 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 270o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; almost plain, highly degraded of right in scalp headdress; crude figure of Zeus seated left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a on right, I under throne; $160.00 (€139.20)
, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Imitative of Philip III of
Sear describes the of this as, "Almost plain, though with very faint traces of the hd. of ."CE72190. Silver , 195, 920, 1479, 212, F, 15.315 g, maximum 29.4 mm, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; almost plain, highly degraded of right in scalp headdress; crude figure of Zeus seated left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, blundered imitation of a on right, I below throne; $150.00 (€130.50)
, Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from 800 to 500 B.C., but it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings. Others claim, however, that although the rings vary in ; they are all multiples of a unit, indicating a uniform principle regulated their size - i.e., their use as coinage. Bronze rings have been found in quite large hoards, which also strongly indicates they were used as money.CE73525. Ring Money, VIII-10; equilateral triangle formed of three connected rings, white metal, 4.323g, 24.7mm, VF, $150.00 (€130.50)
Thracian Kings, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.
Kavaros was a Gallic of , the last Gaul to rule and the only Gallic in to strike coins.GB56007. Bronze AE 18, 194, 304, VF, flat strike, 6.582 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 0o, Kabyle mint, 230 - 218 B.C.; laureate of right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, frond in left, inner left; nice green ; $125.00 (€108.75)
Gallic(?) Tribes in , c. 250 - 230 B.C., Imitative of Mesembria
The crude and inscriptions indicate this was probably not an official issue of Mesembria, but rather an imitative issue from a nearby Gallic tribes. Kavaros who ruled 230 - 218 B.C., was the last Gallic in and the only Gallic in to strike coins. He issued coins with the same types but replaced the city with his name. Perhaps an earlier Gallic anonymously issued this cruder coin.GB68053. Bronze AE 21, for prototype see 280 ff., 661, 1676, VF, 5.568 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 315o, tribal mint, c. 250 - 230 B.C.; diademed female right; METAM/BPIANΩN, Alkidemos advancing left, in right, brandishing spear in left; $95.00 (€82.65)
Kings of , Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.
Kavaros was a Gallic of , the last Gaul to rule and the only Gallic in to strike coins.GB65171. Bronze AE 22, cf. 194; 304; 1175; p. 207, 1; 10; 1727, 6.136 g, maximum 21.6 mm, 0o, Kabyle mint, 225 - 218 B.C.; laureate of right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, frond in left, inner left; $90.00 (€78.30)
Pannonian , Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) , c. 2nd Century B.C.
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the .CE68492. Bronze , cf. 471; 193/14; I S133; 199, pl. XXXII, 279; derived from the tetradrachms of , aVF, 8.947 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; devolved laureate of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel wreath, ball cheek; devolved horse trotting left; $60.00 (€52.20)
Thracian Kings, Kavaros, c. 225 - 219 B.C.
Kavaros was a Gallic of , the last Gaul to rule and the only Gallic in to strike coins. GB52322. Bronze AE 20, 195, 1175, aVF, 4.827 g, maximum 21.4 mm, 0o, Kabyle mint, laureate of right; BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, standing left, crowning name wreath in right, inner left; nice ; ; $55.00 (€47.85)
, Region, , 168 - 31 B.C.
imitative of a Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The was appropriate for the as the river Strymon runs through the region. CE46715. Bronze AE 20, Malloy E1C; imitative of a (Philip V or Perseus) , 187 - 168 B.C., 1299, gF, 6.844 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 0o, reed-wreathed of the river god Strymon right; trident, bar across near base of prongs, scroll-like ornaments between the prongs, ornaments flanking shaft, blundered similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; beautiful turquoise-green ; ; $45.00 (€39.15)
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