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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Greek DominationView Options:  |  |  | 

Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine

From Alexander the Great's conquest until Roman domination, the city states and small nations of the region, including Judaea, were at various times either ruled or dominated by the great Seleukid or Ptolemaic Kingdoms.Judea 160 to 143 BCE


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 165 or 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee

Click for a larger photo
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
BB75457. Bronze serrated AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 1478(1), cf. SNG Spaer 1109 ff., aF, weight 2.173 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, Galilee, Ake-Ptolemais mint, 175 - c. 172 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, monogram behind, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo, seated left on omphalos, naked, examining arrow in right hand, grounded bow in left, aplustre outer left, monogram in exergue; $28.00 (Ä24.36)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee

Click for a larger photo
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes ("God Manifest") and after his defeat of Egypt, Nikephoros ("Bearer of Victory"). But his often eccentric behavior, capricious actions and even insanity led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanes.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.


BB75508. Bronze serrated AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 1479; BMC Seleucid p. 38, 41; SNG Spaer 1130 ff.; Houghton CSE 791 ff.; Babelon Rois 572 ff.; HGC 9 726; SGCV II 6994, weight 2.599 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, c. 173 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochus right, A/B monogram (control mark) left, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTOXOY, veiled and draped goddess (Hera or Demeter) standing facing, long scepter or torch in right; $25.00 (Ä21.75)


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 165 or 164 B.C., Ake Ptolemais, Galilee

Click for a larger photo
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.

In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
BB75465. Bronze serrated AE 14, Houghton-Lorber II 1478(1), cf. SNG Spaer 1109 ff., Fair, weight 2.942 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 175 - c. 172 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, monogram behind, dot border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Apollo, seated left on omphalos, naked, examining arrow in right hand, grounded bow in left, aplustre outer left, monogram in exergue; $14.00 (Ä12.18)







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Catalog current as of Sunday, August 30, 2015.
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Greek Domination of Judaea and Palestine