Hygieia is usually said to be a daughter of Asklepios, along with her sisters, Panacea and Iaso. Hygieia, though, was the most important of the attendants of Asklepios and was thought by some in antiquity to be not his daughter but his wife. She was more important than other members of the family and more on par with Asklepios himself. Hygieia is remembered today in the word, "hygiene." She appears on numerous coins, usually depicted feeding the sacred snake from a patera. Salus was the Roman goddess of health, identified by the Romans with the Greek Hygiea.
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
RS68718. Silver denarius, RIC IIVesp 1084, RSC II 384, BMCRE II Vesp 265, VF/F, weight 3.473 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 79 A.D.; obverseCAESARAVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI, laureate head right; reverse PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, Salus standing left, legs crossed, leaning against column, feeding snake from patera; $170.00 (€127.50)
Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - late May 238 A.D.
RIC notes a specimen of this type from the L. A. Lawrence Collection, well struck on a large heavy flan, but without S C in the exergue. Numismatica Ars Classica auction 46, lot 641 is this type on a 16.87 gram medallic flan, with S C in the exergue (5,800 CHF plus fees). Our example is not quite that large or "medallic" but it is well struck on broad, overweight flan.
RB69008. Copper as, RIC IV 87, BMCRE VI 180, Cohen 93; cf. NAC auction 46, lot 641, VF, some roughness, scratches and edge flaking, weight 12.610 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 236 - 237 A.D.; obverse MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, Laureate and draped bust right; reverseSALVS AVGVSTI, Salus seated left, from patera in right, feeding snake rising from altar at feet on left, S C in exergue; $150.00 (€112.50)
Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit
RS65174. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RSC III 85a, RIC IV 14, BMCRE 21, SRCV III 8304 (official, silver, Rome mint, Mar 235 - Jan 236 A.D.), VF, weight 2.978 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, obverse IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseSALVS AVGVSTI, Salus seated left, from patera feeding snake coiled around altar, left elbow resting on back of throne; near full centering, great chin; $130.00 (€97.50)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RS65175. Silver denarius, RIC IV 32, RSC III 239, BMCRE VI 117, cf. SRCV II 7894 (TR P COS, 222 A.D.), gVF, weight 2.642 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverseP M TR P II COS P P, Salus seated left, with right feeding snake coiled around altar, left elbow resting on chair; $130.00 (€97.50)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius and Minerva.
RB63619. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 345, F, weight 17.020 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseSALVS AVG TR P VII IMP V COS III S C, Salus (goddess of health) standing left, feedings snake raising from altar; $120.00 (€90.00)
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
In 166 A.D., an epidemic known as the Antonine Plague (possibly small pox) spread from the East throughout the Roman Empire. This coin was likely dedicated to Salus to plea for her aid against the outbreak. Salus was slow to act . In 169, Lucilla's husband, Lucius Verus, fell ill with symptoms attributed to food poisoning and died after a few days. He may actually been a victim of the plague. The plague continued for roughly twenty years.
RB65161. Orichalcum as, RIC III 1760, BMCRE IV 1222, Cohen 66, RSCV II 5521, VF, well centered, nice patina, weight 13.387 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, c. 166 - 169 A.D.; obverse LVCILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseSALVS S C, Salus seated on throne left, with patera in right, feeding snake rising from altar, left elbow on back of chair; $100.00 (€75.00)
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
In 290, Diocletian and Maximian met in Milan, on the five-year anniversary of their rule, to discuss politics and war. Rome had become only the ceremonial capital of the Empire.
RB60469. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 422, Bastien 415, gVF, weight 3.392 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiatebust left wearing imperial mantle, holding globe in right hand; reverseSALVSAVGG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in arms, C in ex; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)
Tacitus, 25 September 275 - 12 April 276 A.D.
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain.
RB48408. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V -, Venèra Hoard 1307-1328 (LV 1859), VF, weight 3.991 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st emission, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. Oct - Dec 275 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseSALVS AVG, Salus seated left, feeding snake rising from altar, T in ex; type unlisted in RIC; rare; $70.00 (€52.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series III of Ticinum, V * TXXI
Ticinum mint EQVITI series III - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "V" in the reversefield is the third letter of the codewordEQVITI. The letter "T" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the third officina (mint workshop). The star indicates this is from the third Ticinum series. The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RB51517. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 499, gVF, weight 3.862 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and mantled bust left holding eagle-tipped scepter; reverseSALVS AVG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in arms, V left, TXXI in ex; excellent centering, strong reverse; $70.00 (€52.50)
Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Marcus Livius Drusus proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities. He was assassinated, leading to the Social War.
RR69284. Silver denarius, RSC IJunia 18, Crawford 337/2c, BMCRR Rome 1842, Sydenham 645, SRCV I 223, F, weight 3.522 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; obverse head of Salus right, SALVS (AL ligate) below, reversed C (control mark) below chin, torque as border; reverseVictory in a biga right holding reins and palm frond, ROMA below, D SILANVS L F in exergue; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $70.00 (€52.50)