Hygieia is usually said to be a daughter of Asklepios, along with her sisters, Panacea and Iaso. Hygieia, though, was the most important of the attendants of Asklepios and was thought by some in antiquity to be not his daughter but his wife. She was more important than other members of the family and more on par with Asklepios himself. Hygieia is remembered today in the word, "hygiene." She appears on numerous coins, usually depicted feeding the sacred snake from a patera. Salus was the Roman goddess of health, identified by the Romans with the Greek Hygiea.
Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
With this coin Galba claims he assumed the throne for the salvation of the human race. It alludes to a letter Julius Vindex, wrote to him, asking that he, of high birth and established reputation, as an advocate for the human family, take leadership of the empire.
SH56874. Silver denarius, RIC I 214, BMCRE I 43, RSC II 236, aVF, scratches, weight 3.190 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. July 68 - Jan 69 A.D.; obverse IMP SER GALBACAESAR AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverseSALVS GEN HVMANI, Salus advancing left, right foot on globe, holding patera over altar in right and carrying rudder in left; rare; $645.00 (€483.75)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 279, Probus defeated the Burgundians and Vandals in Raetia and Pannonia (modern Switzerland and Hungary).
RA62617. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 567, EF, weight 3.714 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum mint, 279 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseSALVS PVBLIC, Salus standing right feeding snake held in arms, ΓXXI in ex; full silvering; $165.00 (€123.75)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II - III of Ticinum, V - / TXXI
Click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter V in the reversefield is the third letter of the codewordEQVITI. The letter T in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the third officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
SH58232. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 499, Choice gVF, weight 3.044 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum mint, c. 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and mantled bust left holding eagle-tipped scepter; reverseSALVS AVG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in arms, V left, TXXI in ex; excellent centering, strong obverse; $150.00 (€112.50)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Akrasos, Lydia
Akrasos was probably located on the upper course of the Caicus River. The site remains unknown. Even which river was once called the Caicus is uncertain. It is believed to be the modern Bakirçay River in Turkey. Nothing is known of the city beyond its coinage.
RP62322. Bronze AE 26, SNGvA 2890, BMC Lydia p. 16, 36, SNG Cop -, gVF detail, chipped, weight 5.071 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Acrasus mint, obverse AYT K CE AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse AKPACIΩ/TΩN, Asklepios standing facing, looking left, staff which serpent twines in right, Hygieia standing right, patera in left, feeding serpent; very rare; $145.00 (€108.75)
Maximinus I Thrax, 20 March 235 - Late May 238 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit
RS65174. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RSC III 85a, RIC IV 14, BMCRE 21, SRCV III 8304 (official, silver, Rome mint, Mar 235 - Jan 236 A.D.), VF, weight 2.978 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, obverse IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseSALVS AVGVSTI, Salus seated left, from patera feeding snake coiled around altar, left elbow resting on back of throne; near full centering, great portrait; $130.00 (€97.50)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RS65175. Silver denarius, RIC IV 32, RSC III 239, BMCRE VI 117, cf. SRCV II 7894 (TR P COS, 222 A.D.), gVF, weight 2.642 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 223 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverseP M TR P II COS P P, Salus seated left, with right feeding snake coiled around altar, left elbow resting on chair; $130.00 (€97.50)
Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.
RA67091. Bronze antoninianus, Bastien VII 401 (3 examples cited), RIC V, Part II, 89; Cohen 445, gVF/F, worn reverse die, weight 3.681 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum mint, 7th issue, Spring 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiatebust left, wearing imperial mantle, globe in right; reverseSALVSAVGG, Salus standing right, feeding snake from patera, C in exergue; a rarebusttype for Diocletian; rare (R3); $125.00 (€93.75)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius and Minerva.
RB63619. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 345, F, weight 17.020 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseSALVS AVG TR P VII IMP V COS III S C, Salus (goddess of health) standing left, feedings snake raising from altar; $120.00 (€90.00)
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
In 166 A.D., an epidemic known as the Antonine Plague (possibly small pox) spread from the East throughout the Roman Empire. This coin was likely dedicated to Salus to plea for her aid against the outbreak. Salus was slow to act . In 169, Lucilla's husband, Lucius Verus, fell ill with symptoms attributed to food poisoning and died after a few days. He may actually been a victim of the plague. The plague continued for roughly twenty years.
RB65161. Orichalcum as, RIC III 1760, BMCRE IV 1222, Cohen 66, RSCV II 5521, VF, well centered, nice patina, weight 13.387 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, c. 166 - 169 A.D.; obverse LVCILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseSALVS S C, Salus seated on throne left, with patera in right, feeding snake rising from altar, left elbow on back of chair; $100.00 (€75.00)
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.
In 290, Diocletian and Maximian met in Milan, on the five-year anniversary of their rule, to discuss politics and war. Rome had become only the ceremonial capital of the Empire.
RB60469. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 422, Bastien 415, gVF, weight 3.392 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiatebust left wearing imperial mantle, holding globe in right hand; reverseSALVSAVGG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in arms, C in ex; scarce; $90.00 (€67.50)