, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. She was to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of , the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RA71411. , 1354i, S512, 932, -, EF, no wear but small areas of light corrosion, on , 3.373 g, maximum 21.1 mm, 180o, 2nd , Mediolanum ( , Italy) mint, 267 A.D.; GALLIENVS AVG, , draped, and right; , standing right, feeding snake in right from in left, MS in ; $150.00 (€132.00)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
The motto ‘ Generis Humani,’ meaning safety of the human race and the health of humanity, is on a pin presented to graduates at Columbia University who have successfully completed the master’s degree in nursing.RS73529. Silver , 350, 6883, 701, 558a, VF, cuts off of the , 2.914 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, ad Mare (Latakia, ) mint, 200 A.D.; ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and right, from behind; ( Generis Humani), standing left, extending right hand to kneeling woman, long vertical snake-wreathed in left; $150.00 (€132.00)
Roman Republic, Mn. Acilius Glabrio, 49 B.C.
and were honored on coins of the because they claimed to have introduced the first Greek physician into Rome. , to the Greeks, was the original Roman goddess of personal health. Over time, , the goddess of safety and well-being (including welfare and prosperity in addition to health) assumed Valetudo's role. Few recognize Valetudo's name today.
On 10 January 49 B.C., led his army across the Rubicon, which separated his jurisdiction (Cisalpine Gaul) from that of the Senate (Italy), and thus initiates a civil war. In October 49 B.C., was appointed of Rome.RR74560. Silver , 442/1a, 8, I Rome 3944, 922, 412, gVF, nicely , on flatly struck, 4.003 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 49 B.C.; (upward behind), laureate of right; MN ACILIVS III VIR VALETVS (clockwise from upper right, MN and TV ), (the old Roman goddess of personal health) standing left, snake in right hand, resting left elbow on column; $150.00 (€132.00)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. According to , p. 129, the idea behind the is that the safety of the state is dependent on the health of the emperor. "For that reason holds the rudder of in some of these types, as an indication that the fate of the empire rests in her ."RB73723. , 9016, 76, 206, 187(a) var ( vice rudder), VF/F, excellent portrait, grainy surfaces, light corrosion, 18.695 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, seen from behind; , standing facing, left, feeding snake coiled around , rudder vertical vertical behind in left, flanking low across ; $130.00 (€114.40)
Roman Republic, D. Junius L.f. Silanus, 91 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Livius proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities. He was assassinated, leading to the .RR71926. Silver , 18, 337/2c, Rome 1842, 645, 223, VF, , 3.870 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 45o, Rome mint, 91 B.C.; of right, (AL ) below, reversed B (control letter) below chin, torque as ; in a right holding reins and frond, below, D SILANVS L F in ; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Numismatics e-auction 11, lot 141; and May 2013 Auction, lot 1211; $115.00 (€101.20)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
In 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius spawned a deadly cloud of volcanic gas, stones, ash and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 miles), spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. The towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum were obliterated and buried underneath massive pyroclastic surges and lava. An estimated 16,000 people died from the eruption. Historians have learned about the eruption from the eyewitness account of Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator and poet.RS70314. Silver , , 1, 1084; 384; 265; 237; 2642, F, nice portrait, , 3.472 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, as , 79 A.D.; DOMITIANVS , laureate right; , standing left, legs crossed, leaning against column, feeding snake from ; $110.00 (€96.80)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. She was to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of , the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. This coin, dedicated to the health of the emperor, probably indicates the emperor was at the time suffering from some disease, and sacred rites had been performed for his recovery.RS71509. Silver , 305, 741, 988, 4106, VF, 3.372 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 159 - 160 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG P P TR P XXIII, laureate right; , standing left, from in right, feeding snake coiled around at feet on left, long vertical behind in left; $110.00 (€96.80)
, Gaul, c. 40 B.C.
was founded as a colony by in 45 or 44 B.C. for veterans that had served under his command in Gaul and the invasion of . He was the first husband of Livia and was persuaded or forced by to divorce her. At the wedding he gave her in marriage to "just as a father would."RP74283. Brass , 520, 692, 431, CCC BM III 231, 2735, VF, 2.108 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 270o, (Nimes) mint, c. 40 B.C.; helmeted and draped right, S (mark of value) behind; NEM COL (downward on right), standing, in right over two snakes, left elbow on column behind; $100.00 (€88.00)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of health. She was to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of , the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RB72534. , 751 (S), 1650, cf. 350 var (incomplete desc.), 4172 (no rudder on globe, flower under seat), 265 (same), F/aF, attractive for grade, nice glossy dark green , 33.6 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, late 144 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG P P TR P , laureate right; , Salus-Fortuna seated left, from in right right she feeds a snake coiled around and rising from an at her feet on left; her left elbow resting on a rudder on globe behind, S C in ; $80.00 (€70.40)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his over the . Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of , , the Antonines and the dynasty.RP73901. Bronze assarion, 2517 (R3), 22.214.171.124 (R2) var (...ICT), I/I 1348 var (same), 1020, -, -, VF, 2.530 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 45o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV KAI CE - CEVHPOC, laureate right; NIKOΠOΛ−IT ΠPOC IC, standing right feeding snake in her arms, from a in her left hand; $75.00 (€66.00)
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