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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>CrisisandDecline>PhilipI PAGE 1/212»»»

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

Marcus Julius Verus Philippus, known as Philip I "The Arab," was the Praetorian Prefect, and successor to Gordian III whom he possibly had murdered. After signing a treaty with the Persians, he returned home. During his reign the 1000th anniversary of the foundation of Rome (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held on a scale rarely seen. In 249 A.D. a series of rebellions occurred, both Philip and his son were killed after their army was defeated near Verona by the forces of Trajan Decius.


Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis, Cilicia
Click for a larger photo Aratos was a native of Soli. His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in Ephesus, Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the Antigonus II Gonatas, whose victory over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I Soter but returned to Pella where he died sometime before 240 B.C.

Comes with an old round coin ticket probably from Seaby 1960's or 1970's that references Milne, Numismatic Chronicle 1940, page 247, 40 (Notes on the Oxford Collection. 6, Phrygia to Galatia - Numismatic Chronicle, 5th ser. Vol. 20 (1940), p. 213-254, pls. XII-XIV). We do not hold NC 1940 and cannot verify the reference.
SH58900. Bronze hexassarion, Lindgren I 1605 (same dies); BMC Lycaonia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Levante -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, SNG Pfδlzer -, gF, weight 12.323 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; obverse AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, Π − Π across field; reverse ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 131) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped bust of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise; extremely rare; $570.00 (€427.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo MON VRB stands for MONETA VRBIS. According to H. R. Baldus this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait style is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely engraved by the Rome mint.
SH60142. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 899, Prieur 304, BMC Syria 507, EF, coppery encrustations, weight 10.570 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome or Antioch (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing facing on ground line, wings open, head and tail left, wreath in beak, S - C below wings, MON VRB in ex; areas of light corrosion, uncirculated sharp detail, mint luster; $300.00 (€225.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo MON VRB stands for MONETA VRBIS. According to H. R. Baldus this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait style is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely engraved by the Rome mint.
SH60149. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 899, Prieur 304, BMC Syria 507, EF, weight 13.825 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPC EΞOYCIAC, eagle standing facing on ground line, wings open, head and tail left, wreath in beak, S - C below wings, MON VRB in ex; double strike evident in obverse legend, minor flan crack, small encrustations, very sharp, handsome portrait and eagle; $285.00 (€213.75)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
SH60141. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 907a, Prieur 357, SNG Righetti 2027, SNG Cop -, EF, weight 10.949 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassed bust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $280.00 (€210.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP59985. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 925, Prieur 355, EF, mint luster, weight 10.961 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassed bust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $270.00 (€202.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo "And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch." -- Acts 11:26
SH60147. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 902, Prieur 371, EF, weight 11.716 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing facing, head and tail right, wreath in beak, wings spread, ANTIOXIA S C in ex; grainy areas of light corrosion, areas of mint luster, sharp detail, good portrait; $260.00 (€195.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
GS60146. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 935, Prieur 444; BMC Syria 517, aEF, weight 13.013 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 248 - 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings open, head left, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; light corrosion on reverse, sharp detail, well centered and struck, some mint luster; $230.00 (€172.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia
Click for a larger photo The god Kabeiros is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of Kabeiros are a rhyton and hammer.
RP59998. Bronze AE 25, Varbanov III 4709, BMC Macedonia p. 127, 133, SNG Cop -, VF, light scratches, weight 8.831 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika mint, obverse AYK K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN ΠYΘIA, Apollo standing left, small Kabeiros in right, laurel branch in left, at his feet, agonistic urn containing a palm branch rests on a table; scarce; $200.00 (€150.00)

Click for a larger photo The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.
SH59594. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 148a, Cohen 121, gVF, flan flaw, weight 18.909 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P II COS P P, emperor seated left on curule chair, globe in right, short scepter pointed downward in left; $185.00 (€138.75)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Deultum, Thrace
Click for a larger photo Colonia Flavia Pacensis (or Pacifica) Deultum was founded by Vespasian. The colony assumed his family name, Flavia, and on account of Vespaian's devotion to the goddess of Peace (to whom he built a temple at Rome); it was called Pacensis (or Pacifica).
RP66050. Bronze AE 23, Draganov Deultum 1797 (O167/R656); Varbanov II 3043 (R5), aVF, nice patina, weight 2.327 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum mint, obverse PHILIPPVS IMP M IVL, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield; reverse C F / P D, dolphin swimming right; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, Historia ecclesiastica, VI, 34). Later legend elaborates, stating that Babylas demanded that he do penance for his part in the murder of the young Gordian III before he would allow Philip to celebrate Easter. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.
RP59309. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 977; BMC Syria p. 215, 527, F, well centered, weight 14.385 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 2nd issue; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN , towered, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right, ∆ - E / S - C across fields, ram leaping right with head turned back above, star below; big 31 mm bronze!; $135.00 (€101.25)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
Click for a larger photo In 248, Trajan Decius put down the revolts of Pacatianus in Moesia and Iotapianus in Syria, by order of Emperor Philip. In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip.
RP57153. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 922, Prieur 375, Dura 404, VF, weight 12.492 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 225o, Antioch mint, 248 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings spread, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in exergue; $125.00 (€93.75)

Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RS68516. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8923, RIC IV 29, RSC IV 32, EF, mint luster, edge cracks, weight 3.437 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG, Annona standing half left, stalks of grain in right over modius overflowing with grain, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $125.00 (€93.75)

Click for a larger photo In 247, Philip the Arab mark the millennium of Rome by holding the Ludi Saeculares.
RS45514. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8926, RIC IV 60, RSC IV 39, Choice gVF, weight 3.701 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS IMPP, inscription in three lines within wreath; near full centering; scarce; $120.00 (€90.00)

Click for a larger photo In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity.
RS67633. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8918, RIC IV 27b, RSC IV 9, Choice VF, weight 4.703 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 245 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing half left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; $120.00 (€90.00)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and he defeated and killed Philip in September.
RX62934. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 3771; Dattari 4922; BMC Alexandria p. 255, 1975; Kampmann-Ganschow 74.106; Geissen 2752 var (legend ends EV); Emmett 3513, Choice gVF, weight 10.943 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 248 - 28 Aug 249 A.D.; obverse A K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, rudder in right, cornucopia in left, LS (year 6) in upper left field; $115.00 (€86.25)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 246, Philip the Arab fought the Germans along the Danube.
RX62944. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 3598; Dattari 4891; Geissen 2720; Kampmann-Ganschow 74.44; BMC Alexandria p. 254, 1965; SNG Cop 713; Emmett 3492, Choice VF, weight 12.841 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 245 - 28 Aug 246; obverse A K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EYCEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike advancing right, wreath extended in right, fillet and palm frond over shoulder in left, LΓ (year 3) right; $110.00 (€82.50)

Philip I, the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Viminacium, Moesia Superior
Click for a larger photo Viminacium was a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. The usual legend is P.M.S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII and IV, which were quartered in the province.
RP65168. Bronze AE 30, H-J Viminacium 32 (R2); Varbanov I 138 (R3); AMNG I/I 105; BMC Thrace p. 17, 25, VF, weight 16.417 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands over bull on left standing right and lion on right standing left, AN VIIII in exergue; $110.00 (€82.50)

Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain.
RB65254. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 168a, Cohen 26, VF/F, grainy with some marks and encrustations, weight 15.635 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 - 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANNONA AVGG S C, Annona standing left, grain in right over modius at feet, cornucopia in left; $110.00 (€82.50)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 247, Philip the Arab celebrated the millennium of Rome by holding the Ludi Saeculares.
RX62936. Billon tetradrachm, Kampmann-Ganschow 74.66; Milne 3662; Dattari 4895; BMC Alexandria p. 254, 1966; Emmett 3493; Geissen 2729 var (EVC), VF, weight 13.388 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 246 - 28 Aug 247 A.D.; obverse A K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EYCE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse L - ∆ (year 4), Nike advancing right, holding filleted wreath with both hands, palm frond in right over left shoulder; $95.00 (€71.25)

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and he defeated and killed Philip in September.
RX64514. Billon tetradrachm, Kampmann-Ganschow 74.104; Milne 3764; Dattari 4892; Geissen 2750 - 2751 var (obv leg ends EVC); BMC Alexandria p. 254, 1968 var (same); Emmett 3492, VF, grainy, weight 11.669 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 248 - 28 Aug 249 A.D.; obverse A K M IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EYCE, laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis; reverse Nike advancing right, wings open, wreath extended in right, fillet and palm frond over shoulder in left, LS (year 6) right; $80.00 (€60.00)

Click for a larger photo Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS41838. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8928, RIC IV 31, RSC IV 43, Choice aEF, full circles centering, weight 3.052 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse FELICITAS TEMP (happy times), Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $65.00 (€48.75)

Click for a larger photo In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity.
RS41864. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8918, RIC IV 27b, RSC IV 9, Choice gVF, full circles strike, weight 3.769 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas standing half left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo In 244 A.D. Philip negotiated peace with the Persian invaders in order to deal with the troubles on the Rhine and Danube border.
RS57656. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8974, RIC IV 52, RSC IV 239, VF, toned, weight 4.128 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 75o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, helmeted, in military garb, branch in right, inverted spear behind in left, right foot on helmet; full circles strike; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

During the Early Middle Ages, the population fell to a mere 20,000, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation.
RS57668. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8952, RIC IV 44b, RSC IV 169, VF, weight 4.401 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 245 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE, Roma seated left, shield at side against seat, Victory in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS68519. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 32b, RSC IV 55, SRCV III 8932, VF, well centered, frosty with mint luster in recesses, weight 4.376 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse FIDES MILIT, Fides standing facing, head left, standard in each hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS68520. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8946, RIC IV 4, RSC IV 136, VF, weight 3.644 g, maximum diameter 22.818 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P IIII COS II P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo "Peace founded with Persis" - after murdering young Gordian III, Philip needed a quick return Rome to secure his spot, so he made peace with Shapur and ended the campaign. The "P M" on the obverse possibly means "Persicus Maximus" boasting total victory, rather than the traditional "Pontifex Maximus".
RS41792. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8941, RIC IV 69, RSC IV 113, EF, flat strike, weight 4.027 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse IMP C M IVL PHILIPPVS P F AVG P M, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX FVNDATA CVM PERSIS, Pax advancing left, branch in right, scepter in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $50.00 (€37.50)

Click for a larger photo Felicitas was the goddess or personification of good luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire, and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.
RS41865. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8950, RIC IV 78, RSC IV 155, VF, horn silver, tight crack, weight 3.315 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse P M TR P VI COS P P, Felicitas standing left, long caduceus in right, cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; rare; $50.00 (€37.50)

Click for a larger photo Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign, or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RS68518. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8916, RIC IV 26b, RSC IV 3, Hunter 19, aVF, weight 3.098 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ADVENTVS AVGG, emperor on horseback left, raising right hand, scepter in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $50.00 (€37.50)



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Obverse legends:

IMPCMIVLPHILLIPVSPFAVGPM
IMPCMIVLPHILIPPVSPFAVGPM
IMPIVLPHILIPPVSPIVSFELAVGPM
IMPMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPPHILIPPVSAVG
MIVLPHILIPPVSAVG



Catalog current as of Thursday, April 24, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Philip I