, , , c. 440 - 375 B.C.
The name is in origin a Pelasgian (pre-Greek) word for "fortress." There were many ancient Greek cities with this name. The name of Thessalian is first recorded in connection with the aristocratic Aleuadai family. is thought to be where the famous Greek physician Hippocrates and the famous philosopher Gorgias of Leontini died.GS77554. Silver , 1120, Trait 690 and pl. CCXCVII 23, -, -, aVF, 0.893 g, maximum 12.3 mm, mint, c. 440 - 400 B.C.; a bull's hoof with bone, laying on a small round or with a dotted edge, all within an outer dotted boarder; diademed of Asklepios right, with long beard, drapery on his left shoulder, erect curving snake with right before him, ΛAPI upward behind; very ; $375.00 (€333.75)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his over the . Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of , , the Antonines and the dynasty.RP77044. Bronze assarion, 184.108.40.206 (R3), 1124, -, I/I -, aVF, centered, green , light corrosion, left side of ragged, 2.476 g, maximum 15.6 mm, 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; AY K M A− ANTΩNIN, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I, of Asklepios, cult statue within, pellet in ; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as and tools for healing and fertility. , the son of and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.RB63743. , 2523, 258, - (noted p. 389), -, -, aVF, on a , , 3.019 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 1, phase 1, summer 271 A.D.; IMP C D AVRELIANVS AVG, , draped and right; , standing facing, left, leaning on staff entwined with snake in right hand, SERD in ; ; $75.00 (€66.75)
, , c. 200 - 133 B.C.
, was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of .
GB77993. Bronze AE 21, 1870, p. 128, 144; 379 var. (ΣEΛEYKOY below on ), gF, dark with brassy high points, top of eagle's off , 7.668 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 0o, mint, c. 200 - 133 B.C.; laureate and bearded of Asklepios right, no ; standing half-left on thunderbolt, wings open, right, Π−EP/Γ−A/MHNΩN in three lines beginning above and ending in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $38.00 (€33.82)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Tomis, Inferior
Tomis was founded by Greek on the of the Black Sea around 600 B.C. for trade with the local Getic population. The Roman poet Ovid was banished by to Tomis in 8 A.D. and died there eight years later. By his account, Tomis was "a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire." Constanta Romania today, the city was renamed to Constantine the Great.RP63347. Bronze tetrassaria, 5787 (R4), I/II 3598, 2310, -, -, -, -, -, aF, a little rough, light corrosion and encrustation, , , 10.13 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, as , Feb/Mar 244 - July/Aug 247 A.D.; MAP IOYΛIOC ΦIΛIΠΠOC, (ending below busts), bare-headed, draped and of right (on left), draped of left, with on (on right); MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, standing facing, left, snake entwined staff in right hand, left hand on hip; ; $29.00 (€25.81)
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