Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP59985. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 925, Prieur 355, EF, mint luster, weight 10.961 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassedbust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $270.00 SALE PRICE $243.00
Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
JD72682. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 53,122; Rosenberger 59; BMC Samaria p. 62, 111; Lindgren III 1510, gVF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, typical tight flan, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Neapolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped bust right wearing stephane; reverse ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis, Provincia Arabia
Gadara, located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.
RP72132. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online 6688, Sofaer 62 (ΓMC) = Rosenberger IV 66, Spijkerman 65 (ΓMC), cf. SNG ANS 1319 (EMC), BMC Galatia -, Meshorer City Coin -, gF, well centered and struck, near black patina with red earthen encrustation, weight 5.846 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 179 - 180 A.D.; obverse AVT K Λ AVP KOMMO∆ON, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APEWN, Tyche standing right, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, cornucopia in left, left foot on galley; small Nike offering wreath atop column on right, ΓMC (year 243 of the Pompeian era) upward on right; scarce; $240.00 SALE PRICE $216.00
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57198. Billontetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura Coins 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
Sidon, Phoenicia, 174 - 150 B.C.
Sidon has been inhabited since very early in prehistory. In the years before Christianity, Sidon had many conquerors: Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, and finally Romans. Sidon is mentioned by the prophets Isaiah (e.g. Isaiah 23:2,4,12), Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:22, 27:3, 47:4), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:8, 28:21, 32:30) and Joel (Joel 3:4). Jesus visited Sidon on (Matthew 15:21, Mark 3:8, Mark 7:24, Luke 6:17). Paul sailed for Rome from Sidon (Acts 27:3,4).
GB90873. Bronze AE 19, BMC Phoenicia p. 155, 87; SNG Cop 209; SGCV II 5958; Lindgren -, F, bevelled edge, center dimples, weight 4.277 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 90o, Sidon mint, 174 - 150 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Tyche right, letter or letters behind(?); reverse rudder horizontal with blade left, Phoenician inscription in two lines above and two below: "Of the Sidonians, the metropolis of Kambe, of Hippo, of Kition, and of Tyre"; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175 - 165 or 164 B.C.
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho, but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.
Antiochos IV assumed divine epithets, which no other Hellenistic king had done, such as Theos Epiphanes ("God Manifest") and after his defeat of Egypt, Nikephoros ("Bearer of Victory"). But his often eccentric behavior, capricious actions and even insanity led some of his contemporaries to call him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanes.
In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil.
GY69847. Bronze serrated AE 15, Houghton-Lorber II 1479; BMC Seleucid p. 38, 41; SNG Spaer 1130 ff.; Houghton CSE 791 ff.; Babelon Rois 572 ff.; HGC 9 726; SGCV II 6994, F, nice green patina, weight 2.676 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 45o, Ake Ptolemais mint, c. 173 - 168 B.C.; obverse diademed and radiate head of Antiochus right, A/B monogram behind, filletborder; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTOXOY, Veiled and draped goddess (Hera or Demeter ) standing facing, long scepter or torch in right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50