Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP59985. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 925, Prieur 355, EF, mint luster, weight 10.961 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassedbust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $270.00 (€202.50)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judea Capta, Caesarea, Judaea
Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea, Judaea.
JD57463. Bronze AE 20, Hendin 1446, RPC II 2311, SNG ANS 466, Meshorer 2, gF, weight 8.359 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, as caesar, 71 - 73 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP TITOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse IOY∆AIAΣ EAΛWKYIAΣ, Nike (Victory) standing right, nude to waist, left foot on helmet, writing on a shield hung on a palm tree; $180.00 (€135.00)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis
Another option for the countermark could be the head of Hadrian applied during the Second Jewish Revolt ("Bar Kochba" uprising) led by Simon Bar Kochba against Rome, 133 - 135 A.D. In 135 A.D., Hadrian destroyed Jerusalem and founded "Aelia Capitolina" on the site. The Jews were dispersed throughout the Roman Empire.
RP59018. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 26; SNG ANS 6, 1300; countermark: cf. Howgego 207 (Tyche), F, weight 9.368 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Decapolis, Gadara mint, 71 - 72 A.D.; obverse OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APA, Tyche standing left, wreath in right, cornucopia in left, date LEΛP left; $125.00 (€93.75)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57198. Billontetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Syria 559; Dura 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $110.00 (€82.50)
Nabataean Kingdom, Obodas II, 30 - 9 B.C.
In "Some Nabataean Questions Reconsidered" in Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms, M. Huth persuasively argues that there was no King Obodas II in 62 - 60 B.C., and that all coins in the name of Obodas belong to the king of that name who ruled in 30 - 9 B.C., who should be correctly named Obodas II, not III.
SH32723. Bronze AE 25, Meshorer Nabataean 26 (Obodas III); Huth -, Hoover and Barkay -, BMC Arabia -, SNG ANS -, SGICV -, F, broken, weight 7.785 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, 24 - 23 B.C.; obversejugate, busts right of Obodas II, diademed, and draped, and the queen, O H in field (off flan); reverse Aramaic legend, "Obodas the king, king of the Nabataeans, year seven", two crossed cornucopias, O - H across the fields; very rare; $100.00 (€75.00)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea, Judaea
Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea, Judaea.Caesarea Maritima, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus, the Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").
JD55108. Bronze AE 23, Hendin 1455, Meshorer TJC 392, RPC II 2305, SNG ANS 492- 494, Fair, weight 8.522 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, c. 83 A.D.; obverse IMP DOMITIANVS CAES AVG GERMANICVS, laureate head left; reverse no legend, helmeted figure of Athena standing left, holding shield and spear, placing helmet on trophy, consisting of cuirass, two shields and spears, two crossed greaves at bottom; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); $45.00 (€33.75)