Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP59985. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 925, Prieur 355, EF, mint luster, weight 10.961 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassedbust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $270.00 (234.90)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria
The destruction of Jerusalem in the First Jewish War made Caesarea, with a population above 125,000 and the hub of the road network, the economic and political hub of Palaestina. Caesarea was again the marshalling point for the Roman army during the reign of Hadrian for the Bar Kochba War, 132 - 136. Hadrian himself visited the city in 130 and again in 134. Hadrian, like Titus sixty-four years earlier, executed Jewish rebels in the city. By tradition, the condemned including Akiva, a leading Jewish sage and the rabbi who had greeted the rebel leader as the expected Messiah (Yer. Ta'anit, iv. 68d). By Hadrian's time Caesarea's outer harbor had deteriorated badly. The harbor had been wrecked by a tsunami in December 115. Tectonic activity had lowered the ocean floor and sunken parts of the breakwater were causing a hazard to shipping. Another earthquake struck in 132 when urban areas were again severely damaged. Much of the original city, including its celebrated harbor, had to be built anew, by Hadrian and his successor Antoninus Pius. At its height the rebuilt city covered an urban area of nearly a thousand acres - almost five-times the size of Jerusalem. -- Kenneth Humphreys
SH90830. Bronze AE 14, KadmanCaesarea 30 - 31; Rosenberger 28; Sofaer 33; BMC Palestine p. 21, 76 - 77; SNG ANS 773 - 775; SNG Cop -, aVF, rough, weight 2.755 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, obverse IM TRA HADRIANO CAE, laureate bust right; reverselion walking right, snake right above, C I F A C (Colonia Prima Flavia Augusta Caesarea) below; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; very rare; $250.00 (217.50)
Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
JD72682. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 53,122; Rosenberger 59; BMC Samaria p. 62, 111; Lindgren III 1510, gVF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, typical tight flan, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Neapolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped bust right wearing stephane; reverse ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE CVP, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $250.00 (217.50)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Ptolemais, Galilee
Ptolemais was a maritime city of Galilee (Acts 21:7). It was originally Accho (or Akko), but was renamed Ptolemais under the rule of Ptolemy Soter.
RP72128. Bronze AE 24, BMC Phoenicia p. 132, 19; Hendin 818; Kadman 97; Rosenberger 47; SNG Cop -, gF, weight 10.659 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ptolemais mint, obverseIMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPT AVG GERM, laureate, undraped bust right; reverse COL POTL, Tyche seated right on rock, wearing veil and kalathos on head, holding stalks of grain downward in right, river god swimming right below; $200.00 (174.00)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57198. Billontetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura Coins 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 (82.65)
Sidon, Phoenicia, 83 - 82 B.C.
Sidon is mentioned by the prophets Isaiah (e.g. Isaiah 23:2,4,12), Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:22, 27:3, 47:4), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:8, 28:21, 32:30) and Joel (Joel 3:4). Jesus visited Sidon on (Matthew 15:21, Mark 3:8, Mark 7:24, Luke 6:17). Paul sailed for Rome from Sidon (Acts 27:3,4).
GB71798. Bronze AE 22, Rouvier 1373; BMC Phoenicia p. 164, 132; Cohen DCA 893; cf. Hoover 10 282, SGCV II 5964, VF, green patina, porous areas, weight 4.999 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 45o, Sidon mint, 87 - 86 B.C.; obverse turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right, monogram behind; reverseAstarte in galley left, tiller and rudder in right, stylis in left, date LEK (year 25) in left field, ΣI∆ΩNΩN and Phoenician script (l ts d n m) in ex; ex Seaver Collection; $70.00 (60.90)