Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Charachmoba, Arabia
Coins of Charachmoba (Kerak, Jordan today) were struck only for Elagabalus and are very rare. Kerak has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age. It was an important city for the Moabites. In the Bible it is called Qer Harreseth or Kir of Moab and was subject to the Assyrian empire; in the Books of Kings (16:9) and Book of Amos (1:5, 9:7), it is mentioned as the place where the Syrians went before they settled in the regions north of Palestine, and to which Tiglath-Pileser III sent the prisoners after the conquest of Damascus. It became important in the late Hellenistic Period, and eventually fell under Nabataean rule. Rome took it in 105 A.D., with support from the Arab Ghassanid tribe (who still live in there). Today Karak is best known for the crusader's Kerak Castle.
RP72143. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 1; Rosenberger 1; BMC Arabia p. 27, 1; Sofaer p. 157 and pl. 134, 1; Meshorer City-Coins 276 var (retrograde rev leg); SNG ANS -, VF, nice green patina, a few pits, weight 7.750 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 135o, Charachmoba (Kerak, Jordan) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AV K M AV ANTWNINO, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind, flower (star?) in right field; reverse XAPAX MWBA, Tyche standing facing, head left, wearing kalathos, chiton, and mantle, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; none of the references mention the flower (or star) on the obverse, but it may have originally been present on most specimens; very rare; $550.00 (€478.50)
Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.JD72682. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 53,122; Rosenberger 59; BMC Samaria p. 62, 111; Lindgren III 1510, gVF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, typical tight flan, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Neapolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped bust right wearing stephane; reverse ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE •CVP•, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $250.00 (€217.50)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis, Provincia Arabia
Gadara, located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.RP72132. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online 6688, Sofaer 62 (ΓMC) = Rosenberger IV 66, Spijkerman 65 (ΓMC), cf. SNG ANS 1319 (EMC), BMC Galatia -, Meshorer City Coin -, gF, well centered and struck, near black patina with red earthen encrustation, weight 5.846 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 179 - 180 A.D.; obverse AVT K Λ AVP KOMMO∆ON, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APEWN, Tyche standing right, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, cornucopia in left, left foot on galley; small Nike offering wreath atop column on right, ΓMC (year 243 of the Pompeian era) upward on right; scarce; $240.00 (€208.80)
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Neapolis, Syria Palestina
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. Neapolis is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
RP72145. Bronze AE 24, Rosenberger II 45 var; SNG ANS 996 var; Sofaer p. 55 & pl. 52, 104 - 105 var; BMC Palestine p. 61, 104 var (all slightly different rev. legend), F, rough, spots of encrustation, weight 8.503 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Neapolis (Nablus, Israel) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AVR - ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from behind; reverse ΦΛ NE−ACΠ−OΛ−EΩC - CYP ΠA (Flavia Neapolis Syria Palestina), Tetrastyle temple with peaked roof, pediment and central arch, Tyche standing left within, wearing turreted crown and short chiton, holding bust in right hand, spear vertical in left; rare; $115.00 (€100.05)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Nysa Scythopolis, Decapolis
Nysa Scythopolis (Beth Shean) was the center of Egyptian rule in the northern part of Canaan during the Late Bronze Period.
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RP73078. Bronze AE 24, Barkay 85, Spijkerman 59, Sofaer 59, aF, weight 9.195 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, Nysa-Scythopolis mint, 240 - 241 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANT GOP∆IANOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse NVC CKVΘOΠO IEPAC V, Dionysus advancing right, chlamys flying behind, thyrsos in right, placing left hand on head of small figure standing at feet before him, panther left but looking back right behind him, grape bunch upper right, ∆−T (year 304) divided across field; rare; $100.00 (€87.00)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.RP57198. Billon tetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura Coins 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $95.00 (€82.65)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Rabbathmoba, Arabia
Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.
RP72140. Bronze AE 24, Spijkerman 29b; BMC Arabia, p. 44, 5 var (date P − ∆); Rosenberger 15 var (same); SNG ANS -; Sofaer -, aF, green highlighting patina, porous, weight 8.987 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rabbathmoba mint, 209 - 210 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC ANTΩNINOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PABAΘMOVBHNΩN, Poseidon standing left, nude, foot on prow, dolphin in right, trident vertical behind in left, ∆ − P (year 104) divided across field; $90.00 (€78.30)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Petra, Provincia Arabia
UNESCO describes Petra as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage." The BBC selected Petra as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die."
RX73104. Bronze AE 24, cf. Soefar 31 (very similar crude variant); SGICV 2281; Spijkerman 28 ff. (all slightly different in some way); SNG ANS -; Meshorer-; Rosenberger -, aVF, centers not fully struck, closed crack, weight 8.759 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Petra mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AY K Λ CEΠT CEOYHPOC ΠEP CEB (or similar), laureate bust right, bare shoulders from behind; reverse A∆(P) ΠE(TPA) MHTPOΠOΛIC (or similar), Tyche seated left on rock, wearing turreted crown, veil, long chiton and mantle, right hand extended, open and empty, trophy over left shoulder in left hand; $65.00 (€56.55)
Sidon, Phoenicia, 174 - 150 B.C.
Sidon has been inhabited since very early in prehistory. In the years before Christianity, Sidon had many conquerors: Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, and finally Romans. Sidon is mentioned by the prophets Isaiah (e.g. Isaiah 23:2,4,12), Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:22, 27:3, 47:4), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:8, 28:21, 32:30) and Joel (Joel 3:4). Jesus visited Sidon on (Matthew 15:21, Mark 3:8, Mark 7:24, Luke 6:17). Paul sailed for Rome from Sidon (Acts 27:3,4).GB90873. Bronze AE 19, BMC Phoenicia p. 155, 87; SNG Cop 209; SGCV II 5958; Lindgren -, F, bevelled edge, center dimples, weight 4.277 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 90o, Sidon mint, 174 - 150 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Tyche right, letter or letters behind(?); reverse rudder horizontal with blade left, Phoenician inscription in two lines above and two below: "Of the Sidonians, the metropolis of Kambe, of Hippo, of Kition, and of Tyre"; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 (€39.15)
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