Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus Decius most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched Decius with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, Decius, was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.
RP59985. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 925, Prieur 355, EF, mint luster, weight 10.961 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 247 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate and cuirassedbust left, Gorgon's head on cuirass; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO Γ, eagle standing right, head right, wings open, wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C in ex; $270.00 (€202.50)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis
Another option for the countermark could be the head of Hadrian applied during the Second Jewish Revolt ("Bar Kochba" uprising) led by Simon Bar Kochba against Rome, 133 - 135 A.D. In 135 A.D., Hadrian destroyed Jerusalem and founded "Aelia Capitolina" on the site. The Jews were dispersed throughout the Roman Empire.
RP59018. Bronze AE 23, Spijkerman 26; SNG ANS 6, 1300; countermark: cf. Howgego 207 (Tyche), F, weight 9.368 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Decapolis, Gadara mint, 71 - 72 A.D.; obverse OYECΠACIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APA, Tyche standing left, wreath in right, cornucopia in left, date LEΛP left; $125.00 (€93.75)
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria
In 249, after his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, Trajan Decius marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip I. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir was likely killed with his father.
RP57198. Billontetradrachm, McAlee 1043; Prieur 473; BMC Galatia 559; Dura 464; cf. SNG Cop 268 (attributed to Philip I), VF, weight 12.178 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 249 A.D.; obverse AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠA TO ∆, eagle standing left, wings spread, head left, open wreath in beak, ANTIOXIA / S C below; $110.00 (€82.50)
Thyatira, Lydia, 2nd Century B.C.
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). In Revelation, Thyatira is the church that had a false prophetess (Revelation 2:20).
GB70535. Bronze AE 15, SNG Cop 571; SNGvA 3199; BMC Lydia p. 292, 4 ff., VF, green patina, weight 3.100 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse ΘYATEI/PH−NΩN, double-axe (labrys); $50.00 (€37.50)