Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Please login or register to view your wish list! All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Please login or register to view your wish list! Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical Coins ▸ In This Sign...View Options:  |  |  |   

In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76208. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 67, LRBC II 2289, SRCV V 18232, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, weight 4.213 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on shield, stepping on two kneeling barbarians, SMNΓ in exergue; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Issued by Vetranio

Click for a larger photo
In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL73908. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 286 (S), LRBC II 1173, Voetter 51, SRCV V 18203, VF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, spots of corrosion on the obverse, small edge cracks, weight 4.277 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issued by Vetranio, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star before; reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing head left, holding labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) and spear, Victory right crowning him, A left, •ΓSIS• in exergue; scarce; $165.00 (€145.20)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
After Jovian's death, the new emperors, Valentinian I and Valens, sent some soldiers to arrest Procopius. He surrendered, but asked to meet his family; he had his captors dine and drink, and then seized the opportunity to flee with his family, first to the Black Sea and later to the Tauric Chersonese, where they hid. However, Procopius feared a betrayal, and decide to go to Constantinople and to declare himself Emperor.
RL74066. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 7, LRBC II 1930, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19881, VF, green patina, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 9th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, pellet lower right, SMHΘ exergue; rare; $165.00 (€145.20)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Procopius was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and general under Julian II. On 28 Sep 365, during the rule of Valentinian and Valens, he bribed two legions passing by Constantinople and proclaimed himself emperor. In April 366, Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt. Procopius fled, but was later captured and executed.
RL74567. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6 (R2), Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, aVF, green patina, typical tight flan, light marks, scratches and corrosion, weight 3.116 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONSA• in exergue; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general A๋tius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RL76330. Bronze half centenionalis, DOCLR 336 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Theodosius II 449 (also this obverse legend break), LRBC II 2604, SRCV V 21234, VF, well centered, green patina, bare copper high-points, weight 1.154 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, SMKB in exergue; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77163. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, well centered on a crowded flan, some details not fully struck, weight 11.336 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77164. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, overstruck, well centered, weight 6.610 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The Christogram, a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL73692. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 180, SRCV IV 18021, LRBC I 788, Cohen VII -, gVF, nice green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 1.810 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 342 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-S P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory walking left, looking right, holding wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field, *ASIS* in exergue; rare type; $145.00 (€127.60)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Serenianus a general with a reputation for cruelty, was once the executioner of Constantius Gallus, and had previously served as Valens' comes domesticorum (commander of the imperial bodyguard). After Procopius rebelled, loyal to Valens, he went to Cyzicus, where an imperial officer named Venustus had retreated with money intended to pay the troops. Serenianus was confident in the city garrison and in the strength of the city walls, but Procopius wanted the payroll. He collected a strong army, besieged and captured the city. Serenianus was sent as a prisoner to Nicaea. During the night after Procopius was killed, Marcellus, a relative of Procopius in command of the garrison of Nicaea, entered the Palace where Serenianus was held, and killed him. Marcellus was later captured and executed.
RL71574. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1928, RIC IX 10, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19884, VF, excellent centering, reverse weak, weight 2.962 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, SMNB in exergue; rare (R3); $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Procopius' bronze was typically struck on undersized flans. Perfectly centered coins on large flans occur very rarely and if uncirculated and with good detail such as on this specimen they retail for at least $600 (2003).
RB71806. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, double struck, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 2.509 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONS∆• in exergue; rare (R2); $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general A๋tius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RL73541. Bronze half centenionalis, DOCLR 336 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Theodosius II 449 (also this obverse legend break), LRBC II 2604, SRCV V 21234, VF, nice for the type, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 425 - 435; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, SMKB in exergue; $125.00 (€110.00)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL71445. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, BSIS followed by control-mark in exergue; $110.00 (€96.80)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76206. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 90, LRBC II 2018, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice green patina, weight 3.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in right, resting left on shield, two kneeling bound captives before him, Γ left, CONSZ* in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
According to Sebeos' account, it was Valentinus, a general of Armenian origin, who engineered the fall and mutilation of Martina and Heraklonas, and imposed Constans II as the sole Byzantine emperor. Early in 642, Valentinus was appointed commander-in-chief of the Byzantine army, he was also rendered quasi-imperial honors - most notably he was allowed to wear the imperial purple, and his daughter Fausta was married to the young Constans II and proclaimed Augusta. In 643 and 644, Valentinus led a campaign against the Arabs but his army was routed and he reportedly panicked and fled, leaving his treasury to be captured by the Arabs. In 644 or 645, Valentinus appeared at Constantinople with a contingent of troops, and demanded to be crowned emperor. The people of the capital and the leading men of the state, Patriarch Paul II foremost, rejected his claim. A mob lynched his envoy Antoninos and then killed Valentinus.
BZ71809. Bronze follis, Hahn MIB 162b (same reverse arrangement); DOC II, part 2, 59c; Wroth BMC 106; Tolstoi 143; Ratto 1551; SBCV 1000; Sommer 12.49; Morrisson BnF -, VF, well centered and struck, flan crack, weight 4.169 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 641 - 642 A.D.; obverse EN TouTO NIKA (In this, be victorious, ou ligate), Constans standing facing, beardless, wearing crown with cross and chlamys, long staff surmounted by globus cruciger in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse large m (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/A downward on left, N/E/o downward on right, in exergue: ϖ (ending of inscription on right), ΓI (3rd officina, regnal year 1); $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.
BZ71740. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, 25; Sommer 36.16; Morrisson BnF 31; Wroth BMC 14; Ratto 1886; SBCV 1760, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 6.238 g, maximum diameter 25.47 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Kingdom of Naples, Charles II, 1674 - 1700

Click for a larger photo
This was the last hammer struck type for Naples.
ME66311. Bronze 3 cavalli, hammer struck, MIR Napoli 309/3, F, irregular tight flan, weight 1.458 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, 1679; obverse CAROLVS II D G REX, Charles' head right, AC/A monogram upper left, crescent moon upper right, 1679 (off flan) below; reverse IN HOC SIGNO VIN (In this sign you will conquer), Foliate cross, leaf in each angle; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII, 11 May 912 - 6 June 913 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 945 Romanus I was deposed by his sons who wanted the throne. Instead Constantine VII took control. Finally, when he was 40 years old, he finally had sole rule and real power. Later that year he made Romanus II, his son and grandson of Romanus I, his co-emperor.
BZ76634. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 2, 26; Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/AE/55; Wroth BMC 45; Ratto 1900; SBCV 1761; Sommer 36.17, aVF, weight 7.594 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 27 Jan - 6 Apr 945; obverse + COnST bASIL ROM', Constantine VII facing, bearded, wearing modified loros and crown with cross, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse + COnSt/EnΘEO bA/SILEVS R/OmEOn (Constantine King of the Romans); from the James Fitzgerald Collection, ex Beast Coins; $75.00 (€66.00)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB72446. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 264, LRBC II 50, SRCV V 18791, Cohen VIII 5, VF, well centered, corrosion, encrustations, flan cracks, weight 5.112 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 353; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Magnentius standing slightly left, head left, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, A right, TRP in exergue; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general A๋tius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RL75119. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 21231 ff. (various mints), VF, green patina, obverse legend not fully struck, light marks, light corrosion, weight 1.531 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, mintmark (obscure) in exergue; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2084, RIC IX 17b, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19882, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, palm frond lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in exergue; very rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

Click for a larger photo
On the throne Aelia Flaccilla was a shining example of Christian virtue and ardent charity. St. Ambrose describes her as "a soul true to God." Theodoret in particular exalts her humility, charity and benevolence (Church History V.19, ed. Valesius, III, 192 sq.). He tells us how she personally tended the disabled, and quotes a saying of hers: "To distribute money belongs to the imperial dignity, but I offer up for the imperial dignity itself personal service to the Giver." Aelia Flaccilla is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.
RL65868. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Constantinopolis 82.2 (S), LRBC II 2174, SRCV V 20618, Cohen VIII 6, aVF, some light cleaning scratches, weight 4.002 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, empress standing facing, head right, arms folded on breast, cross right, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 352, Constantius II invaded northern Italy in pursuit of the usurper Magnus Magnentius, who withdrew with his army to Gaul. Constantius declared an amnesty for Magnentius' soldiers, many of whom deserted to him. By the end of the year Constantius entered Milan.
RL73207. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 184 (S), Bastien MM 272, Depeyrot Arles 111/1, LRBC II 441, SRCV V 18823, Cohen VIII 69, aVF, nice portrait, under-size flan, weight 3.559 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 352 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG ET CAESS, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, Christogram (Greek chi-rho Christ monogram) above center, I below center, PAR in exergue; scarce; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

Click for a larger photo
This type with the cross in the left field was struck only at the Constantinople mint. Other mints all had the cross in the right field.
RL70647. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 77 - 78, LRBC II 2218 or 2220, SRCV V 20887, F, weight 1.608 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 Jan 400 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God, cross left, CON or CONS in exergue; scarce; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL70767. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, LRBC II 1276, SRCV V 19745, Cohen VIII 11, Choice VF, clear monogram of Christ, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 459 Leo I signed a peace treaty with the Ostrogoths. King Theodemir sent his son Theodoric, age 5, as a child hostage to Constantinople. At court, Theodoric learned Latin, military tactics and religion (until 469).
RL62178. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, aVF, weight 0.969 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing, cross on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, b - E across fields; scarce; $36.00 (€31.68)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In November 375, Valentinian I concluded a peace treaty with the Alamanni in Germany, then marched into Illyrium to repel an invasion of the Quadi and the Sarmatians on the Danube frontier. On 17 November 375, while negotiating with the Quadi, Valentinian, age 54, became so enraged that he died in a fit of apoplexy at Brigetio (Hungary). Extreme cruelty marked his 11-year reign but he founded schools and provided physicians to serve the poor of Constantinople.
RL70759. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 14(a)xvi, LRBC II 1327, SRCV V 19450, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, green patina, weight 2.409 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, * / F right, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€31.68)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL70762. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19447, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, weight 2.619 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ΓSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€31.68)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

Click for a larger photo
The Christogram is the monogram of Christ, a ligature of the first two letters of Christ in Greek, X (chi) and P (rho). It is also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon.
RL77779. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 2800, F, encrusted, weight 2.236 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; $30.00 (€26.40)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus described a tsunami hitting Alexandria and other places in the early hours of 21 July 365: "Slightly after daybreak, and heralded by a thick succession of fiercely shaken thunderbolts, the solidity of the whole earth was made to shake and shudder, and the sea was driven away, its waves were rolled back, and it disappeared, so that the abyss of the depths was uncovered and many-shaped varieties of sea-creatures were seen stuck in the slime; the great wastes of those valleys and mountains, which the very creation had dismissed beneath the vast whirlpools, at that moment, as it was given to be believed, looked up at the sun's rays. Many ships, then, were stranded as if on dry land, and people wandered at will about the paltry remains of the waters to collect fish and the like in their hands; then the roaring sea as if insulted by its repulse rises back in turn, and through the teeming shoals dashed itself violently on islands and extensive tracts of the mainland, and flattened innumerable buildings in towns or wherever they were found. Thus in the raging conflict of the elements, the face of the earth was changed to reveal wondrous sights. For the mass of waters returning when least expected killed many thousands by drowning, and with the tides whipped up to a height as they rushed back, some ships, after the anger of the watery element had grown old, were seen to have sunk, and the bodies of people killed in shipwrecks lay there, faces up or down. Other huge ships, thrust out by the mad blasts, perched on the roofs of houses, as happened at Alexandria, and others were hurled nearly two miles from the shore, like the Laconian vessel near the town of Methone which I saw when I passed by, yawning apart from long decay." The tsunami was so devastating that anniversary was still commemorated annually at the end of the 6th century in Alexandria as a "day of horror." Valentinian I sent an investigator to assess the impact on taxes.
RL77509. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 4(a) (R2), LRBC II 1916, SRCV V 19478, Cohen VII 21, Hunter V -, VF, dark green patina, scratches, deposits, weight 2.940 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIP, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, SMHA in exergue; rare; $28.00 (€24.64)
 


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Leo I established a new imperial guard at Constantinople, the Excubitors. This elite guard of 300 men was recruited from the warlike Isaurians.
RL62184. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, F, weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse scepter, b - E across fields; scarce; $27.00 (€23.76)
 


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Arcadius inherited the eastern empire while his brother Honorius received the west. He inherited none of his father's skills and was under the influence Praetorian prefects and other advisers, including Empress Eudoxia. His greatest personal accomplishment was beautiful handwriting.
RL76486. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 26(c)3, DOCLR 123, LRBC II 2570 and 2578, SRCV V 20851, F, excellent centering, light deposits, weight 1.751 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right hand over right shoulder, dragging captive by hair with left, staurogram left, SMKΓ in exergue; $26.00 (€22.88)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt.
RL76600. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 3(b)2 (S), LRBC II 1920, SRCV V 19754, Cohen VIII 11, VF, well centered and struck, green patina, ragged flan, weight 2.374 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, dragging captive with right, SMHB in exergue; ex Forum (2006); scarce; $24.00 (€21.12)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76599. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19446, Cohen VIII 12, VF, well centered, nice green patina, weight 1.905 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ASISC in exergue; ex Forum (2004); $22.00 (€19.36)
 


Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
 
RL76598. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 26(c)xviii (S), LRBC II 1748, SRCV V 20069, Cohen VIII 23, F, green patina, ragged irregular flan, weight 2.352 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor forcing barbarian to kneel, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, * left, •/Γ right, TES in exergue; ex Forum (2004); scarce; $21.00 (€18.48)
 


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

Click for a larger photo
Aelia Flaccilla, like her huband Theodosius, was of Hispanian-Roman descent. She may have been the daughter of Claudius Antonius, Prefect of Gaul, who was consul in 382. Her marriage with Theodosius probably took place in the year 376, when Theodosius' father fell into disfavour and he withdrew to Cauca in Gallaecia.
BB77767. Bronze half centenionalis, SRCV V 20623 ff., Cohen VIII 5, F, rough, encrustations, tight flan, weight 1.333 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 315o, uncertain mint, 383 - 384 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, mintmark in exergue; $.99 (€.87)




  



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES



Catalog current as of Sunday, May 01, 2016.
Page created in 3.884 seconds
In This Sign... Biblical Coins