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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical Coins ▸ In This Sign...View Options:  |  |  | 

In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77163. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, well centered on a crowded flan, some details not fully struck, weight 11.336 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77164. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, overstruck, well centered, weight 6.610 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL73692. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 180, SRCV V 18021, LRBC I 788, Cohen VII -, gVF, nice green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 1.810 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 342 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-VS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory walking left, looking right, holding wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field, *ASIS* in exergue; rare type; $130.00 (€115.70)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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After Jovian's death, the new emperors, Valentinian I and Valens, sent some soldiers to arrest Procopius. He surrendered, but asked to meet his family; he had his captors dine and drink, and then seized the opportunity to flee with his family, first to the Black Sea and later to the Tauric Chersonese, where they hid. However, Procopius feared a betrayal, and decide to go to Constantinople and to declare himself Emperor.
RL74066. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 7, LRBC II 1930, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19881, VF, green patina, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 9th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, pellet lower right, SMHΘ exergue; rare; $130.00 (€115.70)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and general under Julian II. On 28 Sep 365, during the rule of Valentinian and Valens, he bribed two legions passing by Constantinople and proclaimed himself emperor. In April 366, Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt. Procopius fled, but was later captured and executed.
RL74567. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6 (R2), Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, aVF, green patina, typical tight flan, light marks, scratches and corrosion, weight 3.116 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONSA• in exergue; rare; $130.00 (€115.70)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The Roman historian Eutropius says Constans "indulged in great vices," in reference to his homosexuality, and Aurelius Victor stated that Constans had a reputation for scandalous behavior with "handsome barbarian hostages." Nevertheless, Constans did sponsor a decree alongside Constantius II that ruled that marriage based on "unnatural" sex should be punished meticulously. However, the decree may have only outlawed homosexual marriage. It may also be that Constans was not expressing his own feeling when promulgating the legislation but was rather trying to placate public outrage at his own perceived indecencies.
RL77064. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 122, LRBC II 1649, SRCV V 18675, Cohen VII 13, Hunter V 56 var. (3rd officina), VF, traces of silvering, well centered, some die wear, some light corrosion, weight 5.017 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left on galley, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, Victory seated in stern steering ship, A in left field, TSA in exergue; $115.00 (€102.35)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL71445. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, BSIS followed by control-mark in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76206. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 90, LRBC II 2018, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice green patina, weight 3.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in right, resting left on shield, two kneeling bound captives before him, Γ left, CONSZ* in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL84369. Bronze maiorina, Hunter V 3 (also 5th officina), RIC IX Constantinopolis 55.5 (S), LRBC II 2149, SRCV V 20611, Cohen VIII 4,, F, centered on a tight flan, green patina with earthen highlighting, rough, weight 3.437 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hair in plait up back and top of head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on column, CONE in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.
BZ71740. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, 25; Sommer 36.16; Morrisson BnF 31; Wroth BMC 14; Ratto 1886; SBCV 1760, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 6.238 g, maximum diameter 25.47 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class I, Nicephorus III, 7 January 1078 - 1 April 1081

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On this coin the emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design, hence it is anonymous. Instead of the earthly king, it depicts Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ84516. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class I; SBCV 1889, aVF, dark green patina, weight 5.262 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 7 Jan 1078 - 1 Apr 1081; obverse Christ bust facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, gospels in left; reverse Latin cross with X at center, globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornaments in lower fields, crescents in upper fields; $45.00 (€40.05)
 


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RL84230. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 26(b)2, LRBC II 2577, SRCV V 20561, Cohen VIII 30, Choice VF, well centered and struck, dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, edge cracks, weight 1.315 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory walking left, head right, carrying trophy in right hand, dragging captive with left hand, staurogram left, SMKB in exergue; $40.00 (€35.60)
 


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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Aelia Flaccilla died of natural causes early in 386. Her death is mentioned by (among others) Claudian, Zosimus, Philostorgius and Joannes Zonaras. According to the Chronicon Paschale, the palatium Flaccillianum of Constantinople was named in her honor. A statue of her was placed within the Byzantine Senate.
RL77781. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Antioch 64 (R), LRBC II 2744, SRCV V 20628, Cohen VIII 5, F/VF, dark green patina, small edge cracks, weight 1.468 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANE in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $36.00 (€32.04)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In November 375, Valentinian I concluded a peace treaty with the Alamanni in Germany, then marched into Illyrium to repel an invasion of the Quadi and the Sarmatians on the Danube frontier. On 17 November 375, while negotiating with the Quadi, Valentinian, age 54, became so enraged that he died in a fit of apoplexy at Brigetio (Hungary). Extreme cruelty marked his 11-year reign but he founded schools and provided physicians to serve the poor of Constantinople.
RL70759. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 14(a)xvi, LRBC II 1327, SRCV V 19450, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, green patina, weight 2.409 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, * / F right, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $32.00 (€28.48)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL70762. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19447, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, weight 2.619 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ΓSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $32.00 (€28.48)
 


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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In 402, Germanic settlers laid siege to Milan. Honorius transferred the capital of the Western Empire from Milan to Ravenna. General Stilicho recalled troops from the frontiers of the Empire to defend Italy. On April 6 he defeated the Visigoths at the Battle of Pollentia. The Visigoths left Italy for Illyricum after Stilicho defeated them at the Battle of Verona in June 403.
RL83774. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 97 (S), LRBC II 2797, SRCV V 20807, aF, porous, weight 2.311 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, helmeted, pearl-diademed, and draped bust facing, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield decorated with cross on left arm; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, right foot on prow, head right, long scepter vertical in left hand, Victory standing on globe and offering wreath in right hand, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; $30.00 (€26.70)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL77779. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 2800, F, encrusted, weight 2.236 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; $27.00 (€24.03)
 


Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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After the defeat of Maximus, Theodosius remained in Milan until 391. Valentinian took no part in Theodosius' triumphal celebrations over Maximus. Valentinian and his court were installed at Vienne in Gaul, while Theodosius appointed key administrators in the West. Theodosius appointed his trusted general Arbogast, a Frank, as magister militum for the Western provinces (bar Africa) and guardian of Valentinian. Acting in the name of Valentinian, Arbogast was actually subordinate only to Theodosius. While the general campaigned successfully on the Rhine, the young emperor remained at Vienne, in contrast to his warrior father and his older brother, who had campaigned at his age. He was strangled, probably on the order of Arbogastes.
RL84717. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Constantinopolis 86(a)1 (S), LRBC II 2183, SRCV V 20345, Cohen VII 30, VF/F, uneven reverse strike, weight 0.804 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory walking left, head right, holding trophy and dragging captive, staurogram (P) in left field, CONSB in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (€22.25)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In 373, Valens converted to Arianism and orders the persecution of orthodox Christians.
RL84224. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 26(b)xxi, LRBC II 1766, SRCV V 19752, Cohen VIII 11, VF, well centered on a tight flan, flatness of strike, weight 2.477 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor walking right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, wreath left, • over ∆ right, TES in exergue; $24.00 (€21.36)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76599. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19446, Cohen VIII 12, VF, well centered, nice green patina, weight 1.905 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ASISC in exergue; ex Forum (2004); $20.00 (€17.80)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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"This issue was interrupted by the revolt of Procopius in September, AD 365." -- Roman Coins and Their Values V by David R. Sear
BB83765. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 8(b) and 12(b), LRBC II 2518 and 2527, SRCV V 19761, Cohen VIII 11 and 12, F, nice green patina, edge splits, weight 2.445 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor advancing right, looking left, dragging captive with right, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, SMKΓ in exergue; $18.00 (€16.02)
 







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Catalog current as of Saturday, March 25, 2017.
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In This Sign... Biblical Coins