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Home>Catalog>Judean&BiblicalCoins>BiblicalCoins>InThisSign... PAGE 1/2«««12»»»

In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Arcadius minted this type for himself, Honorius, and Theodosius II.
RL67625. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 132, VF, weight 0.771 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 225o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 404 - 406 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG, cross, SMKA in exergue; $95.00 (€71.25)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thracica to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. mint marks: H, HERAC, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL50650. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 7, LRBC 1930, F, weight 2.312 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATI-O FEL TEMP, Procopius standing facing, labarum in right, resting left hand on shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, • right, SMHB in ex; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Very clear Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaching down to take Constantine up to heaven.
RL68702. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII 37, VF, weight 1.021 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 315o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, posthumous, 337 - April 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse Emperor, veiled, in quadriga right; the hand of God reaches down to him; star above, SMANE in ex; $90.00 (€67.50)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31393. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 74, F, crude as usual, weight 0.822 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 270o, Corinth mint, obverse IOhS P ACh, cross pattιe; reverse CLARENCIA, castle tournois, n below; very rare; $85.00 (€63.75)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31347. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 74, aVF, weight 0.818 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattιe; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, n below; very rare; $70.00 (€52.50)

Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class I, Nicephorus III, 7 January 1078 - 1 April 1081, Crusader Imitative?
Click for a larger photo Unusual thin and slightly syphate flan, possibly a crusader imitative.
BZ54801. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class I; SBCV 1889; unusual thin and slightly syphate flan, possibly a crusader imitative, F, weight 3.520 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople mint, obverse IC - XC, bust of Christ facing, with nimbus cruciger, wears pallium and colobium, holding book of Gospels; reverse Latin cross, with X at center, globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornament flanking below, crescents flanking above; $70.00 (€52.50)

Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 17b, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople mint, 28 Sep 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATI-O FEL TEMP, Procopius holding labarum in right, resting left on shield, branch lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in ex; very rare; $70.00 (€52.50)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31348. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 72, F, reverse double struck, weight 0.841 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattιe, crescent downward in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois; very rare; $55.00 (€41.25)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31346. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 75, F, weight 0.754 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattιe; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, R below; very rare; $50.00 (€37.50)

Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
BB65866. Bronze AE 4, SRCV 4279, cf. RIC X 440 ff. (various mints), VF, weight 1.066 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, uncertain mint mark in ex; $50.00 (€37.50)

Crusaders, Principality of Tripoli, Bohemond V, 1233 - 1251 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Bohemond V was ruler of the Principality of Antioch and Count of Tripoli from 1233 to his death. Like his father before him, Bohemond had a notorious dislike for the Knights Hospitaller and the neighboring Kingdom of Armenia, preferring an alliance with the Knights Templar. Peace with Armenia was assured only shortly before his death, with the mediation of Louis IX of France.
CR70277. Bronze pougeoise, Malloy Crusaders 21, Metcalf Crusaders 555, aVF, weight 0.857 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, Tripoli mint, 1233 - 1251 A.D.; obverse + CIVITAS, cross pomme, pellet in circle at center and pellet in each quarter; reverse TRIPOLIS, Genoese gateway or tower with double door and three crenelations; scarce; $50.00 (€37.50)

Alexius I, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 1104, the Venice Arsenal was founded. It employed some 16,000 people for the mass production of sailing ships in large assembly lines, hundreds of years before the Industrial Revolution.
BZ62304. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV part 1, 45b; cf. SBCV 1932 (tetarteron), aVF, crudely clipped flan, barbarous style, weight 0.885 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, obverse patriarchal cross on two steps, A − ∆ / K − Φ flanking in fields; reverse bust facing wearing crown and loros and holding jeweled scepter and globus cruciger; scarce; $45.00 (€33.75)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31398. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 34; Metcalf Crusaders type MA1b, F, weight 1.002 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattιe; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below; $40.00 (€30.00)

Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 459 Leo I signed a peace treaty with the Ostrogoths. King Theodemir sent his son Theodoric, age 5, as a child hostage to Constantinople. At court, Theodoric learned Latin, military tactics and religion (until 469).
RL62178. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, aVF, weight 0.969 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing, cross on globe in right, transverse scepter in left, b - E across fields; scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60501. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.082 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)

Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
BB68010. Bronze AE 4, SRCV 4279, cf. RIC X 440 ff. (various mints), F, weight 1.335 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 270o, uncertain mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, uncertain mint mark in ex; $40.00 (€30.00)

Crusaders, Epirus, Frankish Greece, Philip of Taranto, 1294 - 1313
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.

Philip received Lepanto in 1294 as a dowry from his wife Thamar. The obverse legend abbreviates Philippus princeps Traranti, despatus. This legend was used before Philip assumed the title Princeps Achaie, c. 1307.
CR31830. Billon denier, Metcalf Crusaders DR1(c), Malloy Crusaders 111b (or similar), aVF, weight 0.676 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 90o, Lepanto mint, c. 1294 - 1307; obverse + PhS P TAR DESP, cross pattιe, fleur-de-lis at beginning and cross or fleur-de-lis at end of legend, angular closed E; reverse + NEPANTI CIVIS, castle tournois, I? at beginning and fleur-de-lis? at end of legend (marks off flan), angular and closed C and E, V with no serif at the foot; $36.00 (€27.00)

Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius
Click for a larger photo Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Empress Eudoxia on both the obverse and reverse.

The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL66213. Bronze AE 3, RIC X 83, LRBC 2805, aF, weight 2.787 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDO-XIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned with wreath by the Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God above, cross right, ANTA in ex; ex Seaver Collection; scarce; $36.00 (€27.00)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL62854. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 84, F, weight 3.292 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor standing left, vexillum with cross on flag in right, resting left on grounded shield behind, two kneeling bound captives at feet before him, star left, SMKA in ex; $35.00 (€26.25)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60522. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.869 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy of arms over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $32.00 (€24.00)

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Constans, Constantine's youngest son, inherited part of the Western Empire. In 340, Constantine II, his brother, invaded his territory but was killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, his general Magnentius rebelled. Constans tried to escape but overtaken and killed.
BB62102. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 181, F, weight 1.703 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 347 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-S P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory walking left, looking right, holding wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field, *BSIS* in ex; rare type; $30.00 (€22.50)

Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Leo I established a new imperial guard at Constantinople, the Excubitors. This elite guard of 300 men was recruited from the warlike Isaurians.
RL62184. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, F, weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse scepter, b - E across fields; scarce; $30.00 (€22.50)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Arcadius was a weak Emperor dominated by his advisers. His ministers, the clergy, and his wife Aelia Eudoxia, schemed to increase their own influence and marginalize their rivals.
BB56611. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 65(c), VF, weight 0.937 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, 28 Aug 388 - spring 393 mint, obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, head right, trophy of arms over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, staurogram left, TESΓ in ex; scarce; $28.00 (€21.00)

Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 391, all non-Christian temples in the Empire were closed, as Theodosius established Christianity as the official state religion. The eternal fire in the Temple of Vesta in the Roman Forum was extinguished, and the Vestal Virgins were disbanded.
BB62169. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(a)5, F, weight 0.861 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, cross within circle left, [SMN...] in exergue; very scarce; $28.00 (€21.00)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Arcadius was a weak Emperor dominated by his advisers. His ministers, the clergy, and his wife Aelia Eudoxia, schemed to increase their own influence and marginalize their rivals.
BB62676. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 26(c), LRBC 2578, VF, weight 0.922 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, staurogram left, SMK[?] in ex; $28.00 (€21.00)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In the spring of 387, Theodosius I increased the taxes in Antioch. The peasants rioted and set fire to public buildings. Theodosius sent imperial troops to quell the disturbance, and closed the public baths and theaters.
BB68767. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 67(b), VF, attractive red earthen highlighting, weight 0.944 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, ANTB in ex; $28.00 (€21.00)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Arcadius inherited the eastern empire while his brother Honorius received the west. He inherited none of his father's skills and was under the influence Praetorian prefects and other advisers, including Empress Eudoxia. His greatest personal accomplishment was beautiful handwriting.
RL57876. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 24c, VF, weight 3.450 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 383 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS E-XERCITI, emperor standing right, standard in left, globe in right, left foot on captive seated on ground, •SMHB; large bronze for the period; $27.00 (€20.25)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Did you read the description and wonder, what is a staurogram? If so, note the term is in blue text. Click on any blue text in our website catalog to open a page or website where you will find a definition, explanation or related information.
BB59656. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 86b, LRBC 2192, VF, weight 1.387 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 388 - 395 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right over shoulder, dragging captive with left, staurogram left, CONSA in ex; nice red desert earthen highlighting on a green patina; $25.00 (€18.75)

Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., wife of Theodosius I
Click for a larger photo Aelia Flaccilla died of natural causes early in 386. Her death is mentioned by (among others) Claudian, Zosimus, Philostorgius and Joannes Zonaras. According to the Chronicon Paschale, the palatium Flaccillianum of Constantinople was named in her honor. A statue of her was placed within the Byzantine Senate.
BB51140. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 61, SRCV 4194, F, weight 1.100 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, CON[...] in ex; scarce; $24.00 (€18.00)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Theodosius issued decrees that effectively made Nicene Christianity the official state church of the Roman Empire. He allowed the destruction of prominent Hellenistic temples of classical antiquity, including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi and the Serapeum in Alexandria. He dissolved the order of the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the pagan rituals of the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It was not until the end of the 19th century, in 1896, that Olympics were held again.
RL68766. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 70(c)1, VF, red earthen highlighting, weight 1.022 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 15 May 392 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, P left, ANT∆ in ex; rare (R2); $24.00 (€18.00)

Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
RL69420. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 14(a) xiv, VF, weight 2.553 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, S left, * / D right, BSISC in ex; $24.00 (€18.00)

Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., wife of Theodosius I
Click for a larger photo Aelia Flaccilla, like her huband Theodosius, was of Hispanian-Roman descent. She may have been the daughter of Claudius Antonius, Prefect of Gaul, who was consul in 382. Her marriage with Theodosius probably took place in the year 376, when Theodosius' father fell into disfavour and he withdrew to Cauca in Gallaecia.
BB62112. Bronze AE 4, SRCV 4194, aVF, weight 1.449 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, uncertain mint mark in exergue; scarce; $23.00 (€17.25)

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo A Christogram is the monogram of Christ, a ligature of the first two letters of Christ, X (Chi) and P (Rho). Also called a Monogramma Christi.
BB62200. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 5(b)ii, aVF, weight 2.278 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; $21.00 (€15.75)

Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 August 388, the usurper Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed. This coin was minted at Aquileia after the city was recovered for Theodosius II and Vanlentinian II.
BB62700. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 58(a), LRBC 1105, aVF, weight 1.254 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 28 Aug 388 - 393 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, Christian staurogram left, AQS in ex; scarce; $21.00 (€15.75)

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB52626. Copper AE 3, RIC IX 16(b), LRBC 1705, gF, green patina, weight 2.284 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 364 - 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, TESΓ in ex; $19.00 (€14.25)

Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
BB52883. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 65(a), LRBC -, aVF, weight 1.032 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, P left, TESA in ex; scarce; $19.00 (€14.25)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 391, all non-Christian temples in the Empire were closed, as Theodosius established Christianity as the official state religion. The eternal fire in the Temple of Vesta in the Roman Forum was extinguished, and the Vestal Virgins were disbanded.
BB62698. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 67(d)6, gF, weight 0.981 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICE, Victory walking left holding trophy over right shoulder, dragging captive with left, cross left, ANΓ in ex; $19.00 (€14.25)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I
Click for a larger photo The Christogram, a ligature of Chi and Rho, the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
BB66195. Bronze AE 4, SRCV 4194, aF, weight 1.497 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, mintmark in exergue (off flan); $19.00 (€14.25)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Did you read the description and wonder, what is a staurogram? If so, note the term is in blue text. Click on any blue text in our website catalog to open a page or website where you will find a definition, explanation or related information.
BB68763. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 86b, LRBC 2192, VF, red desert earthen highlighting on a black patina, weight 1.327 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 388 - 395 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right over shoulder, dragging captive with left, staurogram left, CONSin ex; $19.00 (€14.25)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 390, Theodosius brought an obelisk, now known as the obelisk of Theodosius, from Egypt to the Hippodrome of Constantinople, where it still stands.
BB68772. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 86(c), LRBC 2193, aVF, red earthen highlighting, weight 1.095 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, staurogram left, CONSΓ in ex; $19.00 (€14.25)

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 9 August 378, at the Battle of Adrianople, a large Roman army led by Emperor Valens was defeated by the Visigoths. Valens was killed along with two-thirds of his army. Theodosius I became eastern Roman emperor after the death of Valens.
BB69430. Bronze AE 3, SRCV 4117, aVF, weight 2.515 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 45o, uncertain mint, obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, uncertain mint mark in ex; $19.00 (€14.25)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 390, Theodosius brought an obelisk, now known as the obelisk of Theodosius, from Egypt to the Hippodrome of Constantinople, where it still stands.
BB68775. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 86(c), LRBC 2193, VF, desert patina, weight 1.019 g, maximum diameter 12.0 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, staurogram left, CONS[...] in ex; $18.00 (€13.50)

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB69433. Copper AE 3, RIC IX 16(b), LRBC 1705, F, weight 2.654 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 364 - 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, TESΓ in ex; $18.00 (€13.50)

Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.
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BB69444. Bronze AE 3, SRCV 4102, F, weight 2.118 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 367 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor walking left, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, A right, TES ex; $16.00 (€12.00)

Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius
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BB68349. Copper AE 3, SRCV 4241, Fair, weight 2.005 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus; scarce; $15.00 (€11.25)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL68769. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 67(d)4, VF, partially uncleaned, weight 1.414 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 383 - 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICE, Victory walking left holding trophy over right shoulder, dragging captive with left, cross left, ANTΓ in ex; $14.00 (€10.50)

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
BB52670. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 14(b)x, LRBC 1300, F, weight 1.858 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 367 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, Emperor advancing right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, R in right field, [•ΓSISC] in ex; $12.00 (€9.00)

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo On 28 September 365 Procopius revolted and bribed two legions passing by Constantinople. He proclaimed himself Emperor, and took control of Thrace and Bithynia. In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt. Procopius fled the battlefield, but was captured and executed.
BB52632. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 5(b)vii, LRBC 1295, F, weight 2.491 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) and dragging captive, * / A right, DASISC in ex; $11.00 (€8.25)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 373, Valens converted to Arianism and orders the persecution of orthodox Christians.
BB52727. Copper AE 3, RIC IX 26(b), aVF, weight 2.701 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 330o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 367 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor walking right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, wreath left, • / A right, TES in ex; $10.00 (€7.50)

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 390, Theodosius brought an obelisk, now known as the obelisk of Theodosius, from Egypt to the Hippodrome of Constantinople, where it still stands.
BB68771. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 86(c), LRBC 2193, F, well centered on a tight flan, weight 0.911 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0ro, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, staurogram left, CONS[...] in ex; $9.00 (€6.75)



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