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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical Coins ▸ In This Sign...View Options:  |  |  | 

In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The Roman historian Eutropius says Constans "indulged in great vices," in reference to his homosexuality, and Aurelius Victor stated that Constans had a reputation for scandalous behavior with "handsome barbarian hostages." Nevertheless, Constans did sponsor a decree alongside Constantius II that ruled that marriage based on "unnatural" sex should be punished meticulously. However, the decree may have only outlawed homosexual marriage. It may also be that Constans was not expressing his own feeling when promulgating the legislation but was rather trying to placate public outrage at his own perceived indecencies.
RL85725. Billon heavy maiorina, Hunter V 56 (also 3rd officina), RIC VIII Thessalonica 122, LRBC II 1649, SRCV V 18675, Cohen VII 13, Choice VF, excellent centering, small areas a little weak, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.733 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left on galley, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, Victory seated in stern steering ship, A in left field, TSΓ in exergue; $90.00 (Ä76.50)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RL84230. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 26(b)2, LRBC II 2577, SRCV V 20561, Cohen VIII 30, Choice VF, well centered and struck, dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, edge cracks, weight 1.315 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory walking left, head right, carrying trophy in right hand, dragging captive with left hand, staurogram left, SMKB in exergue; $36.00 (Ä30.60)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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Aelia Flaccilla died of natural causes early in 386. Her death is mentioned by (among others) Claudian, Zosimus, Philostorgius and Joannes Zonaras. According to the Chronicon Paschale, the palatium Flaccillianum of Constantinople was named in her honor. A statue of her was placed within the Byzantine Senate.
RL77781. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Antioch 64 (R), LRBC II 2744, SRCV V 20628, Cohen VIII 5, F/VF, dark green patina, small edge cracks, weight 1.468 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANE in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $32.00 (Ä27.20)







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Catalog current as of Friday, December 15, 2017.
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In This Sign... Biblical Coins