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Home>Catalog>Judean&BiblicalCoins>BiblicalCoins>InThisSign...PAGE 1/2«««12
In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Byzantine Empire, Tiberius II Constantine, 26 September 578 - 14 August 582 A.D.

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On 5 October 572, Justin II dies after several periods of insanity. On the advice of his wife Sophia, he has raised his general Tiberius to the rank of co-emperor (Caesar). From December 574 he has ruled jointly with Sophia, and now succeeds him as emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
SH90891. Gold solidus, SBCV 422, DOC I 4c, Tolstoi 3, Ratto 916, Morrisson BnF 4, Hahn MIB 4, Sommer 6.2, Berk 76, Wroth BMC 3 var (D N...), VF, scratches and punches, weight 4.444 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 579 - 14 Aug 582 A.D.; obverse d M Tib CONS-TANT P P AVC, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in left, shield in right; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC Γ, cross potent atop four steps, CONOB in exergue; scarce; $490.00 (€426.30)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Parium, Mysia

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Located near Lampsacus, Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period it was in the domain of Lysimachus and then the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia within the province of Asia. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.
RP70938. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 304; SNGvA 1343; BMC Mysia p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged obverse die, weight 4.774 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Parium mint, obverse IMP VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, cornucopia on back, CGIHP below; ex Russian Coins; $450.00 (€391.50)


Aelia Verina, Augusta 7 February 457 - 484 A.D.

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Verina was the highly ambitious and capable wife of Leo I. After the death of her husband she continued to exercise great influence in the governing of the Empire. She was responsible for inciting two failed rebellions against Zeno, by her brother Basiliscus in 475 - 476 and then by Leontius in 484 - 488. She died while under siege at the fortress of Cherris in Isauria, in 484 A.D.
SH67607. Bronze AE 2, RIC X 655 var, LRBC 2253 var (reverse legend is normally SALVS REI-PVBLICAE), F, open flan crack, weight 3.240 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse AEL VERINA AVG, draped bust right; reverse SALV REI-PVBLICAE (sic), Victory seated right, holding shield inscribed chi-rho on cippus, CONE in exergue; very rare; $360.00 (€313.20) ON RESERVE


Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

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Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR67639. Bronze follis, Metcalf 63 - 70, Malloy Crusaders 4a, VF, weight 2.652 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1104 - 1112 A.D.; obverse bearded facing bust of Tancred, wearing turban and chain armor, sword in right; reverse Cross pommee, fleuronnée at base; IC - XC / NI-KA (May Jesus Christ Conquer) in angles; ex Pecunem & Gitbud & Naumann; $340.00 (€295.80)


Kingdom of Cyprus, 15th Century A.D.

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Deniers with rampant lion and cross types were struck by many of the Kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem. Types were struck with stars, pellets, or crosslets in the quadrants. Janus struck the type with an S in one quadrant. We do not know of another example with letters in more than one quadrant. Unfortunately we can't read the legends or the letters in the quadrants but it is possible a specialist could improve the attribution.
CR68025. Billon denier, Unpublished(?), Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusaders -, gF, weight 0.530 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 270o, obverse lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse cross pattée, a letter in three or four of the quarters; extremely rare; $270.00 (€234.90)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL71345. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Siscia 286, EF, centered on a tight flan, short open flan crack, weight 5.169 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star before; reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing head left, holding labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) and spear, Victory right crowning him, A left, •BSIS• in ex; $225.00 (€195.75)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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According to Zosimus, Julian gave Procopius an imperial robe, informing him of his intent to make him his successor. But Julian did not tell anyone of this intent and Jovian was acclaimed emperor. Procopius gave Jovian the robe. He told Jovian of Julian's intention but asked the new Emperor to allow him to retire to private life. Jovian accepted and Procopius and his family retired to Caesarea Mazaca.
SH71595. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2081, RIC IX 17a, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, nice portrait, weight 2.913 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, object on ground to left, Christogram above right, CONSΓ in ex; rare; $225.00 (€195.75)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 616, the Jews of Jerusalem gained complete control over the city, much of Judea and Galilee became an autonomous Jewish province of the Sasanian Persian Empire. The Jewish Temple was rebuilt by Nehemiah ben Hushiel (exilarch of Jerusalem) who establish a High Priesthood. In September 629 the Byzantines retook Jerusalem after 15 years of Persian occupation. In 630, Heraclius decreed that all Jews must become Christian; a massacre followed around Jerusalem and in Galilee, some survivors fled to the Dara'ah area.

The flan flaw is the result of a plug inserted into the flan prior to striking to increase and achieve the proper weight for the coin.
BZ65918. Silver hexagram, DOC II/I 61, Wroth BMC 107, Hahn MIB 134, Morrisson BnF 2, Sommer 11.44, SBCV 795, Ratto 1389, Tolstoi -, aVF, uneven strike, flan flaw, reverse graffiti, weight 6.455 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 315o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 615 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (or similar), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse dEUS AdIUTA ROmANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps; scarce; $200.00 (€174.00)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 616, the Jews of Jerusalem gained complete control over the city, much of Judea and Galilee became an autonomous Jewish province of the Sasanian Persian Empire. The Jewish Temple was rebuilt by Nehemiah ben Hushiel (exilarch of Jerusalem) who establish a High Priesthood. In September 629 the Byzantines retook Jerusalem after 15 years of Persian occupation. In 630, Heraclius decreed that all Jews must become Christian; a massacre followed around Jerusalem and in Galilee, some survivors fled to the Dara'ah area.

The minor flan flaw is the result of a plug inserted into the flan prior to striking to increase and achieve the proper weight for the coin.
BZ90640. Silver hexagram, DOC II, part I, 61, Wroth BMC 107; Hahn MIB 134; Morrisson BnF 2, Sommer 11.44; SBCV 795; Ratto 1389; Tolstoi -, VF, uneven strike, flan adjusted with a plug, weight 6.099 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 615 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (or similar), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse DEUS ADIUTA ROmANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps; scarce; $200.00 (€174.00)


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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In 363, Jovian negotiated a disastrous peace with Persia, surrendering four of the five Roman provinces gained by Galerius in 298, and the cities Nisibis and Singara.
SH90399. Bronze AE 1, RIC VIII Thessalonica 238, VF, green patina, weight 8.537 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 135o, 4th officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIAN - VS P F AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA ROMANORVM, Jovian standing facing, head right, holding Victory on globe and Chi-Rho standard, •TES∆•; rare; $180.00 (€156.60)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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Did you read the description and wonder, what is a vexillum and what is a staurogram? If so, note the terms are in blue text. Click on any blue text in our website catalog to open a page or website where you will find a definition, explanation or related information.This type was issued with various Christian symbols on the banner.
RL71441. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 125, LRBC 2614, Voetter 22, Choice gVF, weight 4.209 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right hand; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, vexillum with staurogram on flag in right, resting left on grounded shield behind, two kneeling bound captives at feet before him, star left, ANB in ex; $175.00 (€152.25)


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of emperor Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over government policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D.
SH71708. Bronze AE 3, RIC X 101, LRBC 2231, SRCV 4241, gVF, weight 2.321 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield, CONS[A] in ex; scarce; $175.00 (€152.25)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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After Jovian's death, the new emperors, Valentinian I and Valens, sent some soldiers to arrest Procopius. He surrendered, but asked to meet his family; he had his captors dine and drink, and then seized the opportunity to flee with his family, first to the Black Sea and later to the Tauric Chersonese, where they hid. However, Procopius feared a betrayal, and decide to go to Constantinople and to declare himself Emperor.
RL73604. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1930, RIC IX Heraclea 7, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19881, VF, dark sea green patina, tight flan with slightly ragged edges, weight 3.425 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, pellet right, SMHA in exergue; rare; $175.00 (€152.25)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Serenianus a general with a reputation for cruelty, was once the executioner of Constantius Gallus, and had previously served as Valens' comes domesticorum (commander of the imperial bodyguard). After Procopius rebelled, loyal to Valens, he went to Cyzicus, where an imperial officer named Venustus had retreated with money intended to pay the troops. Serenianus was confident in the city garrison and in the strength of the city walls, but Procopius wanted the payroll. He collected a strong army, besieged and captured the city. Serenianus was sent as a prisoner to Nicaea. During the night after Procopius was killed, Marcellus, a relative of Procopius in command of the garrison of Nicaea, entered the Palace where Serenianus was held, and killed him. Marcellus was later captured and executed.
RL71574. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1928, RIC IX 10, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19884, VF, excellent centering, reverse weak, weight 2.962 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, SMNB in ex; rare (R3); $160.00 (€139.20)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius' bronze was typically struck on undersized flans. Perfectly centered coins on large flans occur very rarely and if uncirculated and with good detail such as on this specimen they retail for at least $600 (2003).
RB71806. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinople 17(a)6, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, double struck, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 2.509 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONS∆• in ex; rare (R2); $160.00 (€139.20)


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general Aëtius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RB73541. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 449, LRBC 2604, SRCV 4279, VF, nice for the type, crowded flan, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 425 - 435; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, SMKB in ex; $150.00 (€130.50)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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The Christogram, a ligature of Chi and Rho, the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL63886. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX Constantinople 61, SRCV 4194, aEF, weight 1.464 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated right inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, CONE in ex; scarce; $125.00 (€108.75)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL71445. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC1136, Voetter 31, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, Victory steering at stern, BSIS followed by control-mark in ex; $125.00 (€108.75)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337.
RL73198. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII Alexandria 4, LRBC 1445, Voetter 42, Choice gF, weight 1.306 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, posthumous, Jun 337 - Apr 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse Constantine in quadriga right, veiled, the hand of God reaches down to him, S - R flanking high in field, SMALA in exergue; $120.00 (€104.40)


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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BZ73548. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, overstruck, weight 10.129 g, maximum diameter 30.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $120.00 (€104.40)


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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On the obverse at 12:00, Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Emperor Arcadius.
RL63749. Bronze AE 2, RIC X 22.2, VF, weight 2.370 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N ARCAD-IVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield, hand of God above holding wreath; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor standing facing, head left, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, seated captive at feet on left, symbol left, SMHB* in ex; $110.00 (€95.70)


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250

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Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME66343. Billon denaro, MIR 10 292 (R), MEC Italy III 566, Biaggi 470 (NC), Choice VF, weight 0.951 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 45o, Brindisi mint, 1247 - 1248; obverse + ROM INPERATOR (INP ligate), FR in center, --- above, six pointed star below; reverse + R IERSL' ET SICL', circle upon cross pattée; rare; $110.00 (€95.70)


Kingdom of Naples, Charles II, 1674 - 1700

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This was the last hammer struck type for Naples.
ME66311. Bronze 3 cavalli, hammer struck, MIR Napoli 309/3, F, irregular tight flan, weight 1.458 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, 1679; obverse CAROLVS II D G REX, Charles' head right, AC/A monogram upper left, crescent moon upper right, 1679 (off flan) below; reverse IN HOC SIGNO VIN (In this sign you will conquer), Foliate cross, leaf in each angle; $90.00 (€78.30)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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On the throne Aelia Flaccilla was a shining example of Christian virtue and ardent charity. St. Ambrose describes her as "a soul true to God." Theodoret in particular exalts her humility, charity and benevolence (Church History V.19, ed. Valesius, III, 192 sq.). He tells us how she personally tended the disabled, and quotes a saying of hers: "To distribute money belongs to the imperial dignity, but I offer up for the imperial dignity itself personal service to the Giver." Aelia Flaccilla is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.
RL65868. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX Constantinople 82.2, aVF, some light cleaning scratches, weight 4.002 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, empress standing facing, head right, arms folded on breast, cross right, CONSE in ex; scarce; $80.00 (€69.60)


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2084, RIC IX 17b, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19882, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, palm frond lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in exergue; very rare; $70.00 (€60.90)


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31347. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 74, aVF, weight 0.818 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, n below; very rare; $60.00 (€52.20)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL70767. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, Choice VF, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $50.00 (€43.50)


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31348. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 72, F, reverse double struck, weight 0.841 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée, crescent downward in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois; very rare; $45.00 (€39.15)


Alexius I, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.

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In 1104, the Venice Arsenal was founded. It employed some 16,000 people for the mass production of sailing ships in large assembly lines, hundreds of years before the Industrial Revolution.
BZ62304. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV part 1, 45b; cf. SBCV 1932 (tetarteron), aVF, crudely clipped flan, barbarous style, weight 0.885 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, obverse patriarchal cross on two steps, A − ∆ / K − Φ flanking in fields; reverse bust facing wearing crown and loros and holding jeweled scepter and globus cruciger; scarce; $45.00 (€39.15)


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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This type with the cross in the left field was struck only at the Constantinople mint. Other mints all had the cross in the right field.
RL70647. Bronze AE 3, RIC X 77 - 78, LRBC 2218 or 2220, F, weight 1.608 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 Jan 400 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDO-XIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God, cross left, CON[...] in ex; scarce; $45.00 (€39.15)


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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In 459 Leo I signed a peace treaty with the Ostrogoths. King Theodemir sent his son Theodoric, age 5, as a child hostage to Constantinople. At court, Theodoric learned Latin, military tactics and religion (until 469).
RL62178. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, aVF, weight 0.969 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing, cross on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, b - E across fields; scarce; $40.00 (€34.80)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60501. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.082 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $40.00 (€34.80)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In 367, Valentinian I launched a punitive expedition against the Alamanni due to the crises in Britannia and Gaul. The Alamanni re-crossed the Rhine and plundered Moguntiacum (modern Mainz).
RL70758. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 14(a)xvi, gVF, weight 2.637 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, * / F right, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€34.80)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In November 375, Valentinian I concluded a peace treaty with the Alamanni in Germany, then marched into Illyrium to repel an invasion of the Quadi and the Sarmatians on the Danube frontier. On 17 November 375, while negotiating with the Quadi, Valentinian, age 54, became so enraged that he died in a fit of apoplexy at Brigetio (Hungary). Extreme cruelty marked his 11-year reign but he founded schools and provided physicians to serve the poor of Constantinople.
RL70759. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 14(a)xvi, VF, centered, green patina, weight 2.409 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, * / F right, BSISC in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€34.80)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL70762. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, VF, centered, weight 2.619 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINI-ANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ΓSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€34.80)


Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

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Nicomedia had two officinae (workshops) and struck these Christogram type pentanummium with and without the two pellets in the lower field. We believe the type without pellets was struck by the first officina and the type with two pellets was struck by the second officina.
BZ69700. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 37, Sommer 2.35, Hahn MIB 47, Berk 81, SBCV 93, Morrison BnF -, aF, weight 2.015 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 522 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AV (or similar, obscure), diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right; reverse large Christogram, N (Nicomedia) left, E (5 nummi) right, two pellets (2nd officina?) in lower inner fields; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $38.00 (€33.06)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In 364 A.D., Valens began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB70765. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, VF, weight 2.323 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 (€30.45)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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Around 350, Pope Julius I declared that Christ's birth would be celebrated on December 25. This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6. Even in the West, the January 6 celebration of the nativity of Jesus seems to have continued until after 380. The December 25 celebration was imported into the East later: in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the 4th century, probably in 388, and in Alexandria only in the following century.
RL71497. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 244, VF, green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 2.592 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, at stern Victory steering, ∆SIS and control-mark in ex; $34.00 (€29.58)


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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Leo I established a new imperial guard at Constantinople, the Excubitors. This elite guard of 300 men was recruited from the warlike Isaurians.
RL62184. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, F, weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse scepter, b - E across fields; scarce; $30.00 (€26.10)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL62854. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 84, F, weight 3.292 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, vexillum with cross on flag in right, resting left on grounded shield behind, two kneeling bound captives at feet before him, star left, SMKA in ex; $30.00 (€26.10)


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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Arcadius was a weak Emperor dominated by his advisers. His ministers, the clergy, and his wife Aelia Eudoxia, schemed to increase their own influence and marginalize their rivals.
BB62676. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX Cyzicus 26(c), LRBC 2578, VF, weight 0.922 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, staurogram left, SMKA in ex; $28.00 (€24.36)




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In This Sign... Biblical Coins