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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical Coins ▸ In This Sign...View Options:  |  |  |   

In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL90440. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 252, LRBC II 1151, Voetter 47, SRCV V 18673, Cohen VII 13, Choice VF, weight 4.795 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 349 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Victory with wreath and palm on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, A left, •ESIS• in exergue; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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According to Zosimus, Julian gave Procopius an imperial robe, informing him of his intent to make him his successor. But Julian did not tell anyone of this intent and Jovian was acclaimed emperor. Procopius gave Jovian the robe. He told Jovian of Julian's intention but asked the new Emperor to allow him to retire to private life. Jovian accepted and Procopius and his family retired to Caesarea Mazaca.
SH71595. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2081, RIC IX 17a, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, nice portrait, weight 2.913 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, object on ground to left, Christogram above right, CONSΓ in ex; rare; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76208. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Nicomedia 67, LRBC II 2289, SRCV V 18232, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, weight 4.213 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, c. 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on shield, stepping on two kneeling barbarians, SMNΓ in exergue; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Issued by Vetranio

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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL73908. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 286 (S), LRBC II 1173, Voetter 51, SRCV V 18203, VF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, spots of corrosion on the obverse, small edge cracks, weight 4.277 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issued by Vetranio, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star before; reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing head left, holding labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) and spear, Victory right crowning him, A left, •ΓSIS• in exergue; scarce; $165.00 (€145.20)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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After Jovian's death, the new emperors, Valentinian I and Valens, sent some soldiers to arrest Procopius. He surrendered, but asked to meet his family; he had his captors dine and drink, and then seized the opportunity to flee with his family, first to the Black Sea and later to the Tauric Chersonese, where they hid. However, Procopius feared a betrayal, and decide to go to Constantinople and to declare himself Emperor.
RL74066. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 7, LRBC II 1930, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19881, VF, green patina, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 9th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, pellet lower right, SMHΘ exergue; rare; $165.00 (€145.20)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius' bronze was typically struck on undersized flans. Perfectly centered coins on large flans occur very rarely and if uncirculated and with good detail such as on this specimen they retail for at least $600 (2003).
RB71806. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, double struck, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 2.509 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONS∆• in exergue; rare (R2); $160.00 (€140.80)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and general under Julian II. On 28 Sep 365, during the rule of Valentinian and Valens, he bribed two legions passing by Constantinople and proclaimed himself emperor. In April 366, Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt. Procopius fled, but was later captured and executed.
RL74567. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6 (R2), Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, aVF, green patina, typical tight flan, light marks, scratches and corrosion, weight 3.116 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONSA• in exergue; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general Aλtius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RL76330. Bronze half centenionalis, DOCLR 336 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Theodosius II 449 (also this obverse legend break), LRBC II 2604, SRCV V 21234, VF, well centered, green patina, bare copper high-points, weight 1.154 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, SMKB in exergue; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77163. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, well centered on a crowded flan, some details not fully struck, weight 11.336 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77164. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, overstruck, well centered, weight 6.610 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The Christogram, a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL73692. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 180, SRCV IV 18021, LRBC I 788, Cohen VII -, gVF, nice green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 1.810 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 342 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-S P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory walking left, looking right, holding wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field, *ASIS* in exergue; rare type; $145.00 (€127.60)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Serenianus a general with a reputation for cruelty, was once the executioner of Constantius Gallus, and had previously served as Valens' comes domesticorum (commander of the imperial bodyguard). After Procopius rebelled, loyal to Valens, he went to Cyzicus, where an imperial officer named Venustus had retreated with money intended to pay the troops. Serenianus was confident in the city garrison and in the strength of the city walls, but Procopius wanted the payroll. He collected a strong army, besieged and captured the city. Serenianus was sent as a prisoner to Nicaea. During the night after Procopius was killed, Marcellus, a relative of Procopius in command of the garrison of Nicaea, entered the Palace where Serenianus was held, and killed him. Marcellus was later captured and executed.
RL71574. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1928, RIC IX 10, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19884, VF, excellent centering, reverse weak, weight 2.962 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, SMNB in exergue; rare (R3); $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general Aλtius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RL73541. Bronze half centenionalis, DOCLR 336 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Theodosius II 449 (also this obverse legend break), LRBC II 2604, SRCV V 21234, VF, nice for the type, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 425 - 435; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, SMKB in exergue; $125.00 (€110.00)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL71445. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, BSIS followed by control-mark in exergue; $110.00 (€96.80)
 


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

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Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, made his brother Decentius caesar, to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After Magnentius was defeated at the Battle of Mons Seleucus by Constantius II and committed suicide, Decentius, who was leading reinforcements, hanged himself at Senonae.
SH72444. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Rome 223 (R2), SRCV V 18873, Cohen VIII 22, LRBC II -, VF, dark green patina, earthen and oxide encrustations, near centered on a crowed flan, weight 4.706 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, 252 A.D.; obverse MAG DECENTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed cuirassed bust right, Γ behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES, two Victories standing confronted, holding shield inscribed VOT / V / MVLT / X, Christogram (Chi-Rho monogram of Christ) above, R*B in exergue; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337.
RL72593. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 37, LRBC I 1374, SRCV IV 17488, Voetter 33, Cohen VII 760, Choice aEF, some luster, clear hand of God, well centered on tight flan with minor flaws, slight reverse die wear, weight 2.046 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 135o, 9th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 337 - Apr 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse Constantine in quadriga right, veiled, the hand of God reaches down to take him to heaven, star above, SMANΘ in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76206. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 90, LRBC II 2018, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice green patina, weight 3.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in right, resting left on shield, two kneeling bound captives before him, Γ left, CONSZ* in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Kingdom of Naples, Charles II, 1674 - 1700

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This was the last hammer struck type for Naples.
ME66311. Bronze 3 cavalli, hammer struck, MIR Napoli 309/3, F, irregular tight flan, weight 1.458 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, 1679; obverse CAROLVS II D G REX, Charles' head right, AC/A monogram upper left, crescent moon upper right, 1679 (off flan) below; reverse IN HOC SIGNO VIN (In this sign you will conquer), Foliate cross, leaf in each angle; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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According to Sebeos' account, it was Valentinus, a general of Armenian origin, who engineered the fall and mutilation of Martina and Heraklonas, and imposed Constans II as the sole Byzantine emperor. Early in 642, Valentinus was appointed commander-in-chief of the Byzantine army, he was also rendered quasi-imperial honors - most notably he was allowed to wear the imperial purple, and his daughter Fausta was married to the young Constans II and proclaimed Augusta. In 643 and 644, Valentinus led a campaign against the Arabs but his army was routed and he reportedly panicked and fled, leaving his treasury to be captured by the Arabs. In 644 or 645, Valentinus appeared at Constantinople with a contingent of troops, and demanded to be crowned emperor. The people of the capital and the leading men of the state, Patriarch Paul II foremost, rejected his claim. A mob lynched his envoy Antoninos and then killed Valentinus.
BZ71809. Bronze follis, Hahn MIB 162b (same reverse arrangement); DOC II, part 2, 59c; Wroth BMC 106; Tolstoi 143; Ratto 1551; SBCV 1000; Sommer 12.49; Morrisson BnF -, VF, well centered and struck, flan crack, weight 4.169 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 641 - 642 A.D.; obverse EN TouTO NIKA (In this, be victorious, ou ligate), Constans standing facing, beardless, wearing crown with cross and chlamys, long staff surmounted by globus cruciger in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse large m (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/A downward on left, N/E/o downward on right, in exergue: ϖ (ending of inscription on right), ΓI (3rd officina, regnal year 1); $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.
BZ71740. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, 25; Sommer 36.16; Morrisson BnF 31; Wroth BMC 14; Ratto 1886; SBCV 1760, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 6.238 g, maximum diameter 25.47 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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In 383, Hadrian's Wall, the northern Roman frontier in Britain, was overrun by the Picts and fell into ruin.
RL71447. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX 80, LRBC II 2166, DOCLR 9, SRCV V 20784, VF, weight 4.656 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 19 Jan - Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, transverse spear in right hand, shield in left, hand of God crowning him from above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head left, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, captive seated at feet on left looking up at emperor, T left, CONΓ in exergue; $85.00 (€74.80)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB72446. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 264, LRBC II 50, SRCV V 18791, Cohen VIII 5, VF, well centered, corrosion, encrustations, flan cracks, weight 5.112 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 353; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Magnentius standing slightly left, head left, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, A right, TRP in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII, 11 May 912 - 6 June 913 A.D.

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In 945 Romanus I was deposed by his sons who wanted the throne. Instead Constantine VII took control. Finally, when he was 40 years old, he finally had sole rule and real power. Later that year he made Romanus II, his son and grandson of Romanus I, his co-emperor.
BZ76634. Bronze follis, DOC II, part 2, 26; Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/AE/55; Wroth BMC 45; Ratto 1900; SBCV 1761; Sommer 36.17, aVF, weight 7.594 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 27 Jan - 6 Apr 945; obverse + COnST bASIL ROM', Constantine VII facing, bearded, wearing modified loros and crown with cross, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse + COnSt/EnΘEO bA/SILEVS R/OmEOn (Constantine King of the Romans); from the James Fitzgerald Collection, ex Beast Coins; $75.00 (€66.00)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2084, RIC IX 17b, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19882, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, palm frond lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in exergue; very rare; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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In Spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. In 427, under the influence of his rival general Aλtius, the Valentinian III's mother Galla Placidia had convicted the Roman governor and general Bonifacius of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and requested support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
RL75119. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 21231 ff. (various mints), VF, green patina, obverse legend not fully struck, light marks, light corrosion, weight 1.531 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, mintmark (obscure) in exergue; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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On the throne Aelia Flaccilla was a shining example of Christian virtue and ardent charity. St. Ambrose describes her as "a soul true to God." Theodoret in particular exalts her humility, charity and benevolence (Church History V.19, ed. Valesius, III, 192 sq.). He tells us how she personally tended the disabled, and quotes a saying of hers: "To distribute money belongs to the imperial dignity, but I offer up for the imperial dignity itself personal service to the Giver." Aelia Flaccilla is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.
RL65868. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Constantinopolis 82.2 (S), LRBC II 2174, SRCV V 20618, Cohen VIII 6, aVF, some light cleaning scratches, weight 4.002 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, empress standing facing, head right, arms folded on breast, cross right, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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In 347, the Gothic bishop, missionary and translator Ulfilas (Wulfila) obtained permission from Constantius II to immigrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum. There, he invented the Gothic alphabet and translated the Bible from Greek to Gothic.
RL73682. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 181, LRBC I 789, Cohen VII 128, SRCV V 18579, VF, earthen encrustations, weight 1.255 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 347 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-S P F AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory walking left, looking right, raising wreath in each hand, Christogram (Chi-Rho monogram of Christ) in right field, *BSIS* in exergue; ex Forum (2007); rare type; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Byzantine Empire, Alexius I, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.

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In 1104, the Venice Arsenal was founded. It employed some 16,000 people for the mass production of sailing ships in large assembly lines, hundreds of years before the Industrial Revolution.
BZ62304. Bronze half tetarteron, DOC IV part 1, 45b; cf. SBCV 1932 (tetarteron), aVF, crudely clipped flan, barbarous style, weight 0.885 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Greek mint, obverse patriarchal cross on two steps, A − ∆ / K − Φ flanking in fields; reverse bust facing wearing crown and loros and holding jeweled scepter and globus cruciger; scarce; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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This type with the cross in the left field was struck only at the Constantinople mint. Other mints all had the cross in the right field.
RL70647. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 77 - 78, LRBC II 2218 or 2220, SRCV V 20887, F, weight 1.608 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 Jan 400 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God, cross left, CON or CONS in exergue; scarce; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL70767. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, LRBC II 1276, SRCV V 19745, Cohen VIII 11, Choice VF, clear monogram of Christ, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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In 352, Constantius II invaded northern Italy in pursuit of the usurper Magnus Magnentius, who withdrew with his army to Gaul. Constantius declared an amnesty for Magnentius' soldiers, many of whom deserted to him. By the end of the year Constantius entered Milan.
RL73207. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Arles 184 (S), Bastien MM 272, Depeyrot Arles 111/1, LRBC II 441, SRCV V 18823, Cohen VIII 69, aVF, nice portrait, under-size flan, weight 3.559 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 352 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG ET CAESS, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT V MVLT X, Christogram (Greek chi-rho Christ monogram) above center, I below center, PAR in exergue; scarce; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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In 459 Leo I signed a peace treaty with the Ostrogoths. King Theodemir sent his son Theodoric, age 5, as a child hostage to Constantinople. At court, Theodoric learned Latin, military tactics and religion (until 469).
RL62178. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, aVF, weight 0.969 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing, cross on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, b - E across fields; scarce; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In November 375, Valentinian I concluded a peace treaty with the Alamanni in Germany, then marched into Illyrium to repel an invasion of the Quadi and the Sarmatians on the Danube frontier. On 17 November 375, while negotiating with the Quadi, Valentinian, age 54, became so enraged that he died in a fit of apoplexy at Brigetio (Hungary). Extreme cruelty marked his 11-year reign but he founded schools and provided physicians to serve the poor of Constantinople.
RL70759. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 14(a)xvi, LRBC II 1327, SRCV V 19450, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, green patina, weight 2.409 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, * / F right, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL70762. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19447, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, weight 2.619 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ΓSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The "looking upwards" portraits of Constantine are often described as "gazing to Heaven (or God)."
RL76778. Billon follis, RIC VII Heraclea 92, LRBC I 888, F, well centered, rough, weight 3.111 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 327 - 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, diademed head right, eyes to God; reverse D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT XXX in wreath, •SMHA in exergue; $38.00 (€33.44)
 


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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Leo I established a new imperial guard at Constantinople, the Excubitors. This elite guard of 300 men was recruited from the warlike Isaurians.
RL62184. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, F, weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse scepter, b - E across fields; scarce; $30.00 (€26.40)
 


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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Arcadius inherited the eastern empire while his brother Honorius received the west. He inherited none of his father's skills and was under the influence Praetorian prefects and other advisers, including Empress Eudoxia. His greatest personal accomplishment was beautiful handwriting.
RL76486. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 26(c)3, DOCLR 123, LRBC II 2570 and 2578, SRCV V 20851, F, excellent centering, light deposits, weight 1.751 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right hand over right shoulder, dragging captive by hair with left, staurogram left, SMKΓ in exergue; $26.00 (€22.88)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The Christogram, a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
BB76014. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 88, LRBC I 779, SRCV V 18545, Cohen VII 65, VF, rough, weight 1.574 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 225o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-S P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking labarum (Chi-Rho Christogram standard), heads confronted, each holds spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on shield, ΓSIS in exergue; $24.00 (€21.12)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
BB75610. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, F, well centered, weight 2.369 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, ASIS followed by control-mark in exergue; $21.00 (€18.48)
 


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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The abbreviation AVGGG indicates three Augusti (emperors). Arcadius minted this type for himself, Honorius, and Theodosius II.
BB75630. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC Arcadius X 132, LRBC II 2594, DOCLR 257, SRCV V 20839, aF, weight 0.773 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 404 - 406 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG (harmony of the three emperors), cross, SMKA in exergue; $12.00 (€10.56)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ76293. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, aF/F, weight 14.183 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $.99 (€.87)




  



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Catalog current as of Sunday, February 14, 2016.
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In This Sign... Biblical Coins