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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical Coins ▸ In This Sign...View Options:  |  |  |   

In This Sign You Will Be The Victor

The Roman, Byzantine, crusader and other coins below carry the symbols of Christ. In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Chi Rho Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO ERIS, meaning "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions' standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor. Click here to read Christian Themes in Byzantine Coinage by Zach Margulies.


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Issued by Vetranio

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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL73908. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 286 (S), LRBC II 1173, Voetter 51, SRCV V 18203, VF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, spots of corrosion on the obverse, small edge cracks, weight 4.277 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issued by Vetranio, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star before; reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing head left, holding labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) and spear, Victory right crowning him, A left, •ΓSIS• in exergue; scarce; $165.00 (€146.85)
 


Byzantine Empire, Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.

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Based on seal inscriptions, the letters on the reverse have been interpreted to abbreviate, Σταυρε βοηθει Pwmavov ∆εσποτην (O Cross, aid our ruler Romanus).
BZ83532. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, 8; Morrisson BnF 1; Wroth BMC 9; Ratto 2030; Sommer 54.4; SBCV 1866, VF, overstruck, light marks, green patina, small edge crack, weight 5.994 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, wears pallium and colobium, Gospels in both hands, dotted cross behind head, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) flanking in two divided lines across the field; reverse cross with X at center and globus and pellets at the end of each arm, pellets and points at base, C - R / P - ∆ in the angles; $160.00 (€142.40)
 


Crusaders, County of Tripoli, Bohemond IV, 1187 - 1233

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Bohemond IV the One-Eyed, was Count of Tripoli from 1187 to 1233, and Prince of Antioch from 1201 to 1216 and from 1219 to 1233. The dying Raymond III of Tripoli offered his county to Bohemond's elder brother, Raymond, but their father Bohemond III of Antioch sent Bohemond to Tripoli in late 1187. Saladin, the Ayyubid sultan of Egypt and Syria, conquered the County in summer 1188, save for the capital and two fortresses. The county was returned in the truce that Bohemond's father made with Saladin in 1192. After his father died Bohemond seized Antioch. He made an alliance with Ayyubid emir of Aleppo and the Seljuq sultan of Rum, who often invaded Cilicia in the following years, preventing Leo I of Cilicia from attacking Antioch. Leo I supported a rebellion in Tripoli, which Bohemond crushed, but he lost an eye fighting. Bohemond confiscated the property of the Hospitallers, for which he was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX. He tried to secure Cilicia for his younger son, Philip, but Constantine of Baberon, who had administered Cilicia, imprisoned Philip and Philip was murdered the following year. Bohemond's excommunication was lifted shortly before his death when he made an agreement with the Hospitallers.
ME76429. Bronze pougeoise, Sabine type 4, 294; Malloy Crusaders 15c; Metcalf Crusaders pl. 21, 540 - 541, VF, typical small flan, weight 0.456 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, Tripoli mint, c. 1210 - 1220; obverse + CIVITAS, fortified gateway with five crenelations and arched undivided doorway; reverse + TRIPOLIS, St. Andrew's cross pommetιe, pellet within circle in center, crescent and pellet in each quarter; scarce; $150.00 (€133.50)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77163. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, well centered on a crowded flan, some details not fully struck, weight 11.336 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse Cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $150.00 (€133.50)
 


Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class B, Romanus III or Michael IV, 12 November 1028 - 10 December 1041 A.D.

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The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.
BZ77164. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class B; SBCV 1823, VF, overstruck, well centered, weight 6.610 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 10 Dec 1041 A.D.; obverse EMMANOVHΛ, facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, holding gospels with both hands, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse cross on three steps with pellet at each extremity, in fields IS - XS (Jesus Christ) / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (King of Kings); $150.00 (€133.50)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The Christogram, a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL73692. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Siscia 180, SRCV V 18021, LRBC I 788, Cohen VII -, gVF, nice green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 1.810 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 342 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-VS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory walking left, looking right, holding wreath in each hand, Chi-Rho in right field, *ASIS* in exergue; rare type; $145.00 (€129.05)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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After Jovian's death, the new emperors, Valentinian I and Valens, sent some soldiers to arrest Procopius. He surrendered, but asked to meet his family; he had his captors dine and drink, and then seized the opportunity to flee with his family, first to the Black Sea and later to the Tauric Chersonese, where they hid. However, Procopius feared a betrayal, and decide to go to Constantinople and to declare himself Emperor.
RL74066. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 7, LRBC II 1930, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19881, VF, green patina, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 3.928 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 9th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, chi-rho Christogram above right, pellet lower right, SMHΘ exergue; rare; $145.00 (€129.05)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius' bronze was typically struck on undersized flans. Perfectly centered coins on large flans occur very rarely and if uncirculated and with good detail such as on this specimen they retail for at least $600 (2003).
RB71806. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, VF, double struck, well centered on a somewhat ragged flan, weight 2.509 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONS∆• in exergue; rare (R2); $140.00 (€124.60)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Procopius was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and general under Julian II. On 28 Sep 365, during the rule of Valentinian and Valens, he bribed two legions passing by Constantinople and proclaimed himself emperor. In April 366, Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt. Procopius fled, but was later captured and executed.
RL74567. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2082, RIC IX Constantinopolis 17(a)6 (R2), Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19883, aVF, green patina, typical tight flan, light marks, scratches and corrosion, weight 3.116 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, CONSA• in exergue; rare; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The Roman historian Eutropius says Constans "indulged in great vices," in reference to his homosexuality, and Aurelius Victor stated that Constans had a reputation for scandalous behavior with "handsome barbarian hostages." Nevertheless, Constans did sponsor a decree alongside Constantius II that ruled that marriage based on "unnatural" sex should be punished meticulously. However, the decree may have only outlawed homosexual marriage. It may also be that Constans was not expressing his own feeling when promulgating the legislation but was rather trying to placate public outrage at his own perceived indecencies.
RL77064. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 122, LRBC II 1649, SRCV V 18675, Cohen VII 13, Hunter V 56 var. (3rd officina), VF, traces of silvering, well centered, some die wear, some light corrosion, weight 5.017 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left on galley, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, Victory seated in stern steering ship, A in left field, TSA in exergue; $130.00 (€115.70)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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Serenianus a general with a reputation for cruelty, was once the executioner of Constantius Gallus, and had previously served as Valens' comes domesticorum (commander of the imperial bodyguard). After Procopius rebelled, loyal to Valens, he went to Cyzicus, where an imperial officer named Venustus had retreated with money intended to pay the troops. Serenianus was confident in the city garrison and in the strength of the city walls, but Procopius wanted the payroll. He collected a strong army, besieged and captured the city. Serenianus was sent as a prisoner to Nicaea. During the night after Procopius was killed, Marcellus, a relative of Procopius in command of the garrison of Nicaea, entered the Palace where Serenianus was held, and killed him. Marcellus was later captured and executed.
RL71574. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 1928, RIC IX 10, Cohen VIII 8, SRCV V 19884, VF, excellent centering, reverse weak, weight 2.962 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, uncertain object at feet, Chi-Rho in upper right field, SMNB in exergue; rare (R3); $125.00 (€111.25)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL73541. Bronze half centenionalis, DOCLR 336 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Theodosius II 449 (also this obverse legend break), LRBC II 2604, SRCV V 21234, VF, nice for the type, weight 1.318 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 425 - 435; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, SMKB in exergue; $110.00 (€97.90)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL71445. Billon quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC II 1136, Voetter 31, SRCV V 18730, Cohen VII 10, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in galley left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left hand, Victory seated in stern steering, BSIS followed by control-mark in exergue; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76206. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 90, LRBC II 2018, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice green patina, weight 3.284 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in right, resting left on shield, two kneeling bound captives before him, Γ left, CONSZ* in exergue; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Kingdom of Naples, Charles II, 1674 - 1700

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This was the last hammer struck type for Naples.
ME66311. Bronze 3 cavalli, hammer struck, MIR Napoli 309/3, F, irregular tight flan, weight 1.458 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, 1679; obverse CAROLVS II D G REX, Charles' head right, AC/A monogram upper left, crescent moon upper right, 1679 (off flan) below; reverse IN HOC SIGNO VIN (In this sign you will conquer), Foliate cross, leaf in each angle; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.

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Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.
BZ71740. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, 25; Sommer 36.16; Morrisson BnF 31; Wroth BMC 14; Ratto 1886; SBCV 1760, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 6.238 g, maximum diameter 25.47 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
RL72446. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 264, LRBC II 50, SRCV V 18791, Cohen VIII 5, VF, well centered, corrosion, encrustations, flan cracks, weight 5.112 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 353; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Magnentius standing slightly left, head left, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, A right, TRP in exergue; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Procopius, 28 September 365 - 27 May 366 A.D.

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The variant with a branch in the left field is considerably scarcer than the usual "indeteminate object" or blank field.
RL59961. Bronze centenionalis, LRBC II 2084, RIC IX 17b, Cohen VIII 9, SRCV V 19882, aF, weight 1.771 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 365 - Apr 366 A.D.; obverse D N PROCO-PIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse REPARATIO FEL TEMP (happy times restored), Procopius standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, palm frond lower left, Christogram above right, CONS[?] in exergue; very rare; $60.00 (€53.40)
 


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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On the throne Aelia Flaccilla was a shining example of Christian virtue and ardent charity. St. Ambrose describes her as "a soul true to God." Theodoret in particular exalts her humility, charity and benevolence (Church History V.19, ed. Valesius, III, 192 sq.). He tells us how she personally tended the disabled, and quotes a saying of hers: "To distribute money belongs to the imperial dignity, but I offer up for the imperial dignity itself personal service to the Giver." Aelia Flaccilla is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.
RL65868. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Constantinopolis 82.2 (S), LRBC II 2174, SRCV V 20618, Cohen VIII 6, aVF, some light cleaning scratches, weight 4.002 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, empress standing facing, head right, arms folded on breast, cross right, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $60.00 (€53.40)
 


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL75119. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. RIC X Theodosius II 440 ff., SRCV V 21231 ff. (various mints), VF, green patina, obverse legend not fully struck, light marks, light corrosion, weight 1.531 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, mintmark (obscure) in exergue; $55.00 (€48.95)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of emperor Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over government policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D.
RL79790. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 101 (S), LRBC II 2231, DOCLR 274, SRCV V 20892, aVF/aF, marks and scratches, weight 2.718 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield, CONSA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $45.00 (€40.05)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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This type with the cross in the left field was struck only at the Constantinople mint. Other mints all had the cross in the right field.
RL70647. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 77 - 78, LRBC II 2218 or 2220, SRCV V 20887, F, weight 1.608 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 Jan 400 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God, cross left, CON or CONS in exergue; scarce; $40.00 (€35.60)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL70767. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, LRBC II 1276, SRCV V 19745, Cohen VIII 11, Choice VF, clear monogram of Christ, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€35.60)
 


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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In 459 Leo I signed a peace treaty with the Ostrogoths. King Theodemir sent his son Theodoric, age 5, as a child hostage to Constantinople. At court, Theodoric learned Latin, military tactics and religion (until 469).
RL62178. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, aVF, weight 0.969 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing, cross on globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left, b - E across fields; scarce; $36.00 (€32.04)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In November 375, Valentinian I concluded a peace treaty with the Alamanni in Germany, then marched into Illyrium to repel an invasion of the Quadi and the Sarmatians on the Danube frontier. On 17 November 375, while negotiating with the Quadi, Valentinian, age 54, became so enraged that he died in a fit of apoplexy at Brigetio (Hungary). Extreme cruelty marked his 11-year reign but he founded schools and provided physicians to serve the poor of Constantinople.
RL70759. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 14(a)xvi, LRBC II 1327, SRCV V 19450, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, green patina, weight 2.409 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, * / F right, BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€32.04)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL70762. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19447, Cohen VIII 12, VF, centered, weight 2.619 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ΓSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€32.04)
 


Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - Early October 404 A.D., Wife of Arcadius

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The Christogram is the monogram of Christ, a ligature of the first two letters of Christ in Greek, X (chi) and P (rho). It is also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon.
RL77779. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 2800, F, encrusted, weight 2.236 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; $30.00 (€26.70)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus described a tsunami hitting Alexandria and other places in the early hours of 21 July 365: "Slightly after daybreak, and heralded by a thick succession of fiercely shaken thunderbolts, the solidity of the whole earth was made to shake and shudder, and the sea was driven away, its waves were rolled back, and it disappeared, so that the abyss of the depths was uncovered and many-shaped varieties of sea-creatures were seen stuck in the slime; the great wastes of those valleys and mountains, which the very creation had dismissed beneath the vast whirlpools, at that moment, as it was given to be believed, looked up at the sun's rays. Many ships, then, were stranded as if on dry land, and people wandered at will about the paltry remains of the waters to collect fish and the like in their hands; then the roaring sea as if insulted by its repulse rises back in turn, and through the teeming shoals dashed itself violently on islands and extensive tracts of the mainland, and flattened innumerable buildings in towns or wherever they were found. Thus in the raging conflict of the elements, the face of the earth was changed to reveal wondrous sights. For the mass of waters returning when least expected killed many thousands by drowning, and with the tides whipped up to a height as they rushed back, some ships, after the anger of the watery element had grown old, were seen to have sunk, and the bodies of people killed in shipwrecks lay there, faces up or down. Other huge ships, thrust out by the mad blasts, perched on the roofs of houses, as happened at Alexandria, and others were hurled nearly two miles from the shore, like the Laconian vessel near the town of Methone which I saw when I passed by, yawning apart from long decay." The tsunami was so devastating that anniversary was still commemorated annually at the end of the 6th century in Alexandria as a "day of horror." Valentinian I sent an investigator to assess the impact on taxes.
RL77509. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 4(a) (R2), LRBC II 1916, SRCV V 19478, Cohen VII 22, Hunter V -, VF, dark green patina, scratches, deposits, weight 2.940 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIP, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, SMHA in exergue; rare; $28.00 (€24.92)
 


Leo I and Verina, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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Leo I established a new imperial guard at Constantinople, the Excubitors. This elite guard of 300 men was recruited from the warlike Isaurians.
RL62184. Bronze AE 4, RIC X 713 - 718, F, weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse D N LEO (or similar), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Empress Verina standing facing holding cross on globe and transverse scepter, b - E across fields; scarce; $27.00 (€24.03)
 


Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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Arcadius inherited the eastern empire while his brother Honorius received the west. He inherited none of his father's skills and was under the influence Praetorian prefects and other advisers, including Empress Eudoxia. His greatest personal accomplishment was beautiful handwriting.
RL76486. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 26(c)3, DOCLR 123, LRBC II 2570 and 2578, SRCV V 20851, F, excellent centering, light deposits, weight 1.751 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Aug 388 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right hand over right shoulder, dragging captive by hair with left, staurogram left, SMKΓ in exergue; $26.00 (€23.14)
 


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL76599. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(a)ii, LRBC II 1275, SRCV V 19446, Cohen VIII 12, VF, well centered, nice green patina, weight 1.905 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, •ASISC in exergue; ex Forum (2004); $22.00 (€19.58)
 


Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.

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RL76598. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 26(c)xviii (S), LRBC II 1748, SRCV V 20069, Cohen VIII 23, F, green patina, ragged irregular flan, weight 2.352 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor forcing barbarian to kneel, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, * left, •/Γ right, TES in exergue; ex Forum (2004); scarce; $21.00 (€18.69)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to take Constantine up to heaven.
BB83839. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17476 ff., F, green patina, small flan, weight 1.161 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain mint, posthumous, c. Jun 337 - Apr 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled draped bust right; reverse Constantine in a quadriga right, the hand of God reaching down to receive him, mintmark in exergue (off flan); $12.00 (€10.68)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He ruled the Eastern Roman Empire, from the Danube to the Persian border, and began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB83757. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Constantinopolis 16(c), F, well centered, marks, corrosion, weight 2.080 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) and dragging captive, CONSP∆ in exergue; $6.00 (€5.34)
 




  



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Catalog current as of Sunday, September 25, 2016.
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In This Sign... Biblical Coins