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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>Greece

Medieval Coins of Greece


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Louis of Burgundy, 31 Jul 1313 - 2 Aug 1316
Click for a larger photo Louis of Burgundy was a younger son of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and Agnes of France. On 31 Jul 1313, he married Matilda of Hainaut to whom Philip I of Taranto gave the Principality of Achaea. Louis ceded his family lands in Burgundy to his elder brother in exchange for the title of "King of Thessalonica." Matilda and Louis arrived separately in Achaea, she sailing directly from Marseille to Navarino with 1,000 troops, while Louis came by way of Venice to solicit aid from the Republic. Matilda's army was defeated on 22 Feb 1316 by Ferdinand of Majorca, who also claimed the principality. Ferdinand was defeated by Louis and killed in battle on 5 Jul 1316. Four weeks later, Louis died. The Chronicle of the Morea attributes his death to a fever, while the Catalan Declaratio summa states that he was poisoned by John, count of Cephalonia. His death left Achaea in an unsettled state, with his brother Eudes, his wife, and the Angevins all attempting to gain it.
ME71110. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 29, Metcalf Crusaders 993 - 996, Schlumberger XII 23, aVF, coppery spots, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1313 - 1316; obverse + LODOVIC•D•B•P•AChE, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA annulet after legend, castle tournois, annulet left; very rare; $700.00 (€609.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Achaea, Philip of Taranto, 1307 - 1313
Click for a larger photo The obverse legend identifies Philip as the prince of Achaia and Taranto and depot of Romania.
ME68685. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 26b, Metcalf Crusaders PT2, 983 var, Schlumberger XII, 21 var., VF, toned, weight 0.796 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Clarentza mint, 1307 - 1313; obverse + Ph'S P ACH TARD D R (S retrograde), cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois; $120.00 (€104.40)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318
Click for a larger photo In 1313, Philip I of Taranto granted Achaea to Matilda. The principality was, however, possessed by another claimant, Ferdinand of Majorca. At the Battle of Manolada on 5 July 1316, Ferdinand was vanquished and killed and Maud's husband, Louis of Burgundy, took control of Elis. He was, however, poisoned soon after, leaving a twice-widowed 23-year-old in charge. Rule was soon disputed by varying claimants and Maud was solidly dispossessed of her fief by 1318, in which year John, Duke of Durazzo, an Angevin, abducted the princess and forced her to marry him. She did not give him children, however, and he repudiated her in 1321. Maud married yet again to Hugh de La Palice and retired to Aversa, where she died in 1331.
CR73355. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 34; Metcalf Crusaders type MA1b, gF, weight 0.759 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Clarentza mint, 1316 - 1318; obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattée, pellet in the first and second quarters; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below; $75.00 (€65.25)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31345. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 69, VF, weight 0.796 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois; very rare; $70.00 (€60.90)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31347. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 74, aVF, weight 0.818 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 270o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, n below; very rare; $60.00 (€52.20)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31348. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 72, F, reverse double struck, weight 0.841 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée, crescent downward in upper right quarter; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois; very rare; $55.00 (€47.85)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31351. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 76, aVF, weight 0.849 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 345o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, II below; very rare; $55.00 (€47.85)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364
Click for a larger photo From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
CR31346. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 75, F, weight 0.754 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P ACHE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, R below; very rare; $50.00 (€43.50)


ITEMS PER PAGE 13510203050



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REFERENCES

Friedberg, Arthur and Ira. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (2009).
Gamberini, C. Le imitazioni e la contraffazioni monetarie nel mondo. (Bologna, 1971).
Malloy, A.G., I.F. Preston, & A.J Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D.M. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Paolucci, R. The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Stahl, Alan M. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).
Tzamalis, A.P. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" inNK 9-10 (1990-1991).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 04, 2015.
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Medieval Greece