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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ GreeceView Options:  |  |  | 

Medieval Coins of Greece

Byzantine Empire, Alexius I, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.

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This type is listed as a tetarteron in the references. According to CLBC I the weight varies from 0.59 to 3.22 grams, with an average diameter of 18mm. This coin was struck with tetarteron size dies but the flan is only 11mm in diameter. Perhaps it was intended as a half tetarteron.
ME76749. Bronze half tetarteron, CLBC I 2.4.8 var., DOC IV part 1, 45 var.; SBCV 1932 var., Sommer 59.27 var., Ratto 2087 var., Grierson 1063 var. (all tetarteron), aVF, tight flan, uneven strike, areas of light corrosion, weight 0.646 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 135o, uncertain (Greek?) mint, 4 Apr 1081 - 15 Aug 1118 A.D.; obverse patriarchal cross on two steps, A − ∆ / K − Φ flanking in two lines across field; reverse bust of Alexius I facing, wearing crown and loros, holding jeweled scepter and globus cruciger; scarce; $28.00 (24.64)


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Louis of Burgundy, 31 Jul 1313 - 2 Aug 1316

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Louis of Burgundy was a younger son of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and Agnes of France. On 31 Jul 1313, he married Matilda of Hainaut to whom Philip I of Taranto gave the Principality of Achaea. Louis ceded his family lands in Burgundy to his elder brother in exchange for the title of "King of Thessalonica." Matilda and Louis arrived separately in Achaea, she sailing directly from Marseille to Navarino with 1,000 troops, while Louis came by way of Venice to solicit aid from the Republic. Matilda's army was defeated on 22 Feb 1316 by Ferdinand of Majorca, who also claimed the principality. Ferdinand was defeated by Louis and killed in battle on 5 Jul 1316. Four weeks later, Louis died. The Chronicle of the Morea attributes his death to a fever, while the Catalan Declaratio summa states that he was poisoned by John, count of Cephalonia. His death left Achaea in an unsettled state, with his brother Eudes, his wife, and the Angevins all attempting to gain it.
ME71110. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 29, Metcalf Crusaders 993 - 996, Schlumberger XII 23, aVF, coppery spots, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1313 - 1316; obverse + LODOVICDBPAChE, cross patte; reverse + DE CLARENCIA annulet after legend, castle tournois, annulet left; very rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Achaea, William II of Villehardouin, 1246 - 1278

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William of Villehardouin became Prince of Achaea when his brother Geoffrey II died in 1246. He conquered the remaining territory of the Peloponnese and built the fortress of Mistra near Sparta. In 1249 he accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade, joining him in Cyprus with 400 knights and 28 ships. Louis gave him a license to mint coins in the style of royal French money. William defeated Venice in the War of the Euboeote Succession and defeated the Duke of Athens in 1258, reaffirming his power over the duchy. In 1259 he formed an alliance with the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus against Nicaea. He led the Achaean forces against the Nicaeans, but the Epirote army deserted and William was defeated. He fled and hid under a haystack, but was captured. He remained captive until 1262 and permanently lost all his power.
CE76935. Bronze denier, Malloy Crusaders p. 356, 3; Yale Gallery 2001.87.24442; Schlumberger pl. XII, 7, aF/aVF, thin holed flan, obverse rough, weight 0.683 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, Corinth mint, Genoese occupation, c. 1250; obverse G. P. - AC-CA-IE, long cross, extending beyond inner circular border and dividing legend; reverse COR-INT-VOm (clockwise from 2:00, N appearing as H, Om ligate), fortified castle, cross flanked by pellets above; ex Varesi auction 42 (17 Nov 2003), lot 1563; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Friedberg, Arthur and Ira. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (2009).
Gamberini, C. Le imitazioni e la contraffazioni monetarie nel mondo. (Bologna, 1971).
Malloy, A.G., I.F. Preston, & A.J Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D.M. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Paolucci, R. The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Stahl, Alan M. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).
Tzamalis, A.P. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" inNK 9-10 (1990-1991).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 04, 2016.
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Medieval Greece