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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ GreeceView Options:  |  |  | 

Medieval Coins of Greece

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Robert of Taranto, 1333 - 1364

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Robert II of Taranto (1299/1319 – 10 September 1364), of the Angevin family, was Prince of Taranto (1332–1346), King of Albania (1332–1364), Prince of Achaea (1333–1346), Titular Emperor of Constantinople (as Robert II, 1343/1346-1364). He was the oldest surviving son of Prince Philip I of Taranto and Empress Catherine II of Valois. In 1332, as a result of an exchange with his uncle John of Gravina, Robert became Prince of Achaea. Because of his youth, authority was effectively exercised by his mother Catherine II of Valois until her death in 1346. At that point Robert inherited the throne of the Latin Empire, and was recognized as emperor by the Latin states of Greece. His actual power, such as it was, remained based upon his authority as prince of Achaea. In Naples, on 9 September 1347 he married Marie of Bourbon, but the marriage was childless. When he died on 10 October 1364, his widow attempted to keep the principality for herself and her son from her previous marriage. However, Robert's younger brother Philip II of Taranto succeeded as the legitimate heir. He died in Naples and was buried there.
CR31351. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 76, aVF, weight 0.849 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 345o, Clarentza mint, obverse + ROBT P AChE, cross pattée; reverse + CLARENCIA, castle tournois, II below; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States," ex A.J. Seltman Collection; very rare; $26.38 (€23.21)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Louis of Burgundy, 31 Jul 1313 - 2 Aug 1316

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Louis of Burgundy was a younger son of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and Agnes of France. On 31 Jul 1313, he married Matilda of Hainaut to whom Philip I of Taranto gave the Principality of Achaea. Louis ceded his family lands in Burgundy to his elder brother in exchange for the title of "King of Thessalonica." Matilda and Louis arrived separately in Achaea, she sailing directly from Marseille to Navarino with 1,000 troops, while Louis came by way of Venice to solicit aid from the Republic. Matilda's army was defeated on 22 Feb 1316 by Ferdinand of Majorca, who also claimed the principality. Ferdinand was defeated by Louis and killed in battle on 5 Jul 1316. Four weeks later, Louis died. The Chronicle of the Morea attributes his death to a fever, while the Catalan Declaratio summa states that he was poisoned by John, count of Cephalonia. His death left Achaea in an unsettled state, with his brother Eudes, his wife, and the Angevins all attempting to gain it.
ME71110. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 29, Metcalf Crusaders 993 - 996, Schlumberger XII 23, aVF, coppery spots, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1313 - 1316; obverse + LODOVIC•D•B•P•AChE, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA annulet after legend, castle tournois, annulet left; very rare; SOLD

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318

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In 1313, Philip I of Taranto granted Achaea to Matilda. The principality was, however, possessed by another claimant, Ferdinand of Majorca. At the Battle of Manolada on 5 July 1316, Ferdinand was vanquished and killed and Maud's husband, Louis of Burgundy, took control of Elis. He was, however, poisoned soon after, leaving a twice-widowed 23-year-old in charge. Rule was soon disputed by varying claimants and Maud was solidly dispossessed of her fief by 1318, in which year John, Duke of Durazzo, an Angevin, abducted the princess and forced her to marry him. She did not give him children, however, and he repudiated her in 1321. Maud married yet again to Hugh de La Palice and retired to Aversa, where she died in 1331.
CR73355. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 34; Metcalf Crusaders type MA1b, gF, weight 0.759 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Clarentza mint, 1316 - 1318; obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattée, pellet in the first and second quarters; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below; SOLD



Friedberg, Arthur and Ira. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (2009).
Gamberini, C. Le imitazioni e la contraffazioni monetarie nel mondo. (Bologna, 1971).
Malloy, A.G., I.F. Preston, & A.J Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D.M. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Paolucci, R. The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Stahl, Alan M. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).
Tzamalis, A.P. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" inNK 9-10 (1990-1991).

Catalog current as of Monday, November 30, 2015.
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Medieval Greece