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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ GreeceView Options:  |  |  | 

Medieval Coins of Greece

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Louis of Burgundy, 31 Jul 1313 - 2 Aug 1316

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Louis of Burgundy was a younger son of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and Agnes of France. On 31 Jul 1313, he married Matilda of Hainaut to whom Philip I of Taranto gave the Principality of Achaea. Louis ceded his family lands in Burgundy to his elder brother in exchange for the title of "King of Thessalonica." Matilda and Louis arrived separately in Achaea, she sailing directly from Marseille to Navarino with 1,000 troops, while Louis came by way of Venice to solicit aid from the Republic. Matilda's army was defeated on 22 Feb 1316 by Ferdinand of Majorca, who also claimed the principality. Ferdinand was defeated by Louis and killed in battle on 5 Jul 1316. Four weeks later, Louis died. The Chronicle of the Morea attributes his death to a fever, while the Catalan Declaratio summa states that he was poisoned by John, count of Cephalonia. His death left Achaea in an unsettled state, with his brother Eudes, his wife, and the Angevins all attempting to gain it.
ME71110. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 29, Metcalf Crusaders 993 - 996, Schlumberger XII 23, aVF, coppery spots, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1313 - 1316; obverse + LODOVIC•D•B•P•AChE, cross pattée; reverse + DE CLARENCIA annulet after legend, castle tournois, annulet left; very rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Principality of Achaea, William II of Villehardouin, 1246 - 1278

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William of Villehardouin became Prince of Achaea when his brother Geoffrey II died in 1246. He conquered the remaining territory of the Peloponnese and built the fortress of Mistra near Sparta. In 1249 he accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade, joining him in Cyprus with 400 knights and 28 ships. Louis gave him a license to mint coins in the style of royal French money. William defeated Venice in the War of the Euboeote Succession and defeated the Duke of Athens in 1258, reaffirming his power over the duchy. In 1259 he formed an alliance with the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus against Nicaea. He led the Achaean forces against the Nicaeans, but the Epirote army deserted and William was defeated. He fled and hid under a haystack, but was captured. He remained captive until 1262 and permanently lost all his power.
CE76935. Bronze denier, Malloy Crusaders p. 356, 3; Yale Gallery 2001.87.24442; Schlumberger pl. XII, 7, aF/aVF, thin holed flan, obverse rough, weight 0.683 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, Corinth mint, Genoese occupation, c. 1250; obverse G. P. - AC-CA-IE, long cross, extending beyond inner circular border and dividing legend; reverse COR-INT-VOm (clockwise from 2:00, N appearing as H, Om ligate), fortified castle, cross flanked by pellets above; ex Varesi auction 42 (17 Nov 2003), lot 1563; rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318

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In 1313, Philip I of Taranto granted Achaea to Matilda. The principality was, however, possessed by another claimant, Ferdinand of Majorca. At the Battle of Manolada on 5 July 1316, Ferdinand was vanquished and killed and Maud's husband, Louis of Burgundy, took control of Elis. He was, however, poisoned soon after, leaving a twice-widowed 23-year-old in charge. Rule was soon disputed by varying claimants and Maud was solidly dispossessed of her fief by 1318, in which year John, Duke of Durazzo, an Angevin, abducted the princess and forced her to marry him. She did not give him children, however, and he repudiated her in 1321. Maud married yet again to Hugh de La Palice and retired to Aversa, where she died in 1331.
CR73355. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders 34; Metcalf Crusaders type MA1b, gF, weight 0.759 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Clarentza mint, 1316 - 1318; obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach, cross pattée, pellet in the first and second quarters; reverse + DE CLARENCIA, castle tournois, annulet at end of legend, annulet left, pheon pointed down (or three branched plant) below; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Friedberg, Arthur and Ira. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (2009).
Gamberini, C. Le imitazioni e la contraffazioni monetarie nel mondo. (Bologna, 1971).
Malloy, A.G., I.F. Preston, & A.J Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D.M. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Paolucci, R. The Coinage of the Doges of Venice, 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Stahl, Alan M. The Venetian tornesello: A medieval colonial coinage. ANSNNM 163. (New York, 1985).
Tzamalis, A.P. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" inNK 9-10 (1990-1991).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 23, 2016.
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Medieval Greece