Osiris was the Egyptian god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. Osiris was also associated with the cycles of nature, in particular vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile. He is classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail. Osiris was the oldest son of the Earth god Geb, and the sky goddess Nut, the brother and husband of Isis, and father of Horus. The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death - as Osiris rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit eternal life through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death if they incurred the costs of the assimilation rituals.
AB31065. Egyptian bronze figure of the god Osiris in mummified form wearing Atef-crown with Uraeus, height 13.0 cm (5"), Choice, braided beard curved at the tip, holding the royal regalia crock and flail; two-sided, loop on back; excellent detail, original patina; $1125.00 (€866.25)
AB31082. Egyptian bronze figure of the god Osiris in mummified form, Choice, wearing Atef-crown with Uraeus, braided beard curved at the tip, holding the royal regalia crock and flail; two-sided; excellent detail, original patina, height 13.6 cm (5 1/8"); $1125.00 (€866.25)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During the mummification process, large organs, such as the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines were extracted and placed in four jars. In the Ptolemaic period, the Greeks called these jars "canopic jars," relating them to the deity of the old city Canop (now a village in Abu Kyr). The heart was left in the body because it held the spirit, understanding and senses and would be needed on the Day of Judgment in the underworld.
RX55044. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 1595; Dattari 2179, Geissen 1284; Curtis 588; BMC Alexandria p. 115, 991 var (busttype); Emmett 1373, VF, irregular flan, weight 10.287 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse ANTWNEINO CEB EYCEB, laureate head right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse ETO VC B (year 2), canopic jar of Osiris; $110.00 (€84.70)