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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ OsirisView Options:  |  |  | 

Osiris

Osiris was the Egyptian god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. Osiris was also associated with the cycles of nature, in particular vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile. He is classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail. Osiris was the oldest son of the Earth god Geb, and the sky goddess Nut, the brother and husband of Isis, and father of Horus. The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death - as Osiris rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit eternal life through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death if they incurred the costs of the assimilation rituals.


Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 218 - 175 B.C.

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Roman rule in Malta was established in the early stages of the Second Punic War. In 218 BC, Roman consul Tiberius Sempronius Longus sailed with his fleet from Sicily to Melite, and the Carthaginian commander Hamiclar surrendered without offering much resistance. The island was subsequently integrated into the Roman province of Sicilia, and Maleth became known as Melite. The city was regarded as a haven, far from the politics of Rome.
GI84543. Bronze AE 28, Calciati III p. 351, 2; Coleiro 2; SNG Cop VIII 458; SNG Evelpidis I 738; SNG Dreer 603; SNG Morcom -, F, well centered, dark green patina, marks and corrosion, weight 12.970 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 218 - 175 B.C.; obverse veiled female head right wearing stephane; reverse mummy of Osiris standing facing, head left, holding flail and scepter, between winged figures of Isis and Nephthys, each with wings lowered and crossed in front, each wearing solar disk with horns, each holding palm frond and uncertain object, Punic letters ANN above; very rare; $160.00 (Ä142.40)


Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 150 - 146 B.C.

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Melite or Melita was an ancient city located on the site of present-day Mdina, Malta. It began as a Bronze Age settlement, which grew into the city Maleth under the Phoenicians, and became the administrative center of the island. The city fell to Rome in 218 B.C., and it remained part of the Roman and later the Byzantine Empire until 870 A.D., when it was destroyed by the Aghlabids. The city was then rebuilt and renamed Medina, giving rise to the present name Mdina. It remained Malta's capital city until 1530. Only a few vestiges of the Punic-Roman city have survived. The most substantial are the ruins of the Domvs Romana, in which a number of well-preserved mosaics and statues have been found. Sparse remains of other buildings and parts of the city walls have been excavated, but no visible remains of the city's numerous temples, churches, and other public buildings survive.
GI84544. Bronze AE 28, Calciati III p, 353, 7; Coleiro 3; SNG Cop 463; SNG Dreer 607; SNG Morcom -; SNG Evelpidis I -, F, brown tone, slightly irregular flan, small edge cracks, weight 11.397 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 150 - 146 B.C.; obverse MELITAIWN (downward on right), veiled female (Astarte) head right, with ureus and lotus crown, sign of Tanit combined with caduceus left; reverse Osiris kneeling left on one knee, with four spread wings, two coming out from the upper back, two from the lower back, wearing solar disc crown, scepter in right hand, flail in left hand, wearing pinafore and necklace; rare; $160.00 (Ä142.40)


Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 150 - 146 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Melite or Melita was an ancient city located on the site of present-day Mdina, Malta. It began as a Bronze Age settlement, which grew into the city Maleth under the Phoenicians, and became the administrative center of the island. The city fell to Rome in 218 B.C., and it remained part of the Roman and later the Byzantine Empire until 870 A.D., when it was destroyed by the Aghlabids. The city was then rebuilt and renamed Medina, giving rise to the present name Mdina. It remained Malta's capital city until 1530. Only a few vestiges of the Punic-Roman city have survived. The most substantial are the ruins of the Domvs Romana, in which a number of well-preserved mosaics and statues have been found. Sparse remains of other buildings and parts of the city walls have been excavated, but no visible remains of the city's numerous temples, churches, and other public buildings survive.
GI84545. Bronze AE 28, Calciati III p, 353, 7; Coleiro 3; SNG Cop 463; SNG Dreer 607; SNG Morcom -; SNG Evelpidis I -, aF, green patina, weight 10.719 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 315o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 150 - 146 B.C.; obverse MELITAIWN (downward on right), veiled female (Astarte?) head right, with ureus, wearing lotus crown, sign of Tanit combined with caduceus left; reverse Osiris kneeling left on one knee, with four spread wings, two coming out from the upper back, two from the lower back, wearing solar disc crown, scepter in right hand, flail in left hand, wearing pinafore and necklace; rare; $140.00 (Ä124.60)







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 07, 2016.
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Osiris