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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ OsirisView Options:  |  |  | 


Osiris was the Egyptian god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. Osiris was also associated with the cycles of nature, in particular vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile. He is classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail. Osiris was the oldest son of the Earth god Geb, and the sky goddess Nut, the brother and husband of Isis, and father of Horus. The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death - as Osiris rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit eternal life through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death if they incurred the costs of the assimilation rituals.

Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 218 - 175 B.C.

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Roman rule in Malta was established in the early stages of the Second Punic War. In 218 BC, Roman consul Tiberius Sempronius Longus sailed with his fleet from Sicily to Melite, and the Carthaginian commander Hamiclar surrendered without offering much resistance. The island was subsequently integrated into the Roman province of Sicilia, and Maleth became known as Melite. The city was regarded as a haven, far from the politics of Rome.
GI84543. Bronze AE 29, Calciati III p. 351, 2; Coleiro 2; SNG Cop VIII 458; SNG Evelpidis I 738; SNG Dreer 603; SNG Morcom -, F, well centered, dark green patina, marks and corrosion, weight 12.970 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 218 - 175 B.C.; obverse veiled female head right wearing stephane; reverse mummy of Osiris standing facing, head left, holding flail and scepter, between winged figures of Isis and Nephthys, each with wings lowered and crossed in front, each wearing solar disk with horns, each holding palm frond and uncertain object, Punic letters ANN above; very rare; $140.00 (Ä124.60)


Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 29, 2017.
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