, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican Rome, the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
In 146, received the imperium proconsular and the Younger was given the title Augusta.SH73156. , 1669, 767a, 974, 320, 709, 4168, VF, nice green , nice portrait, light scratches, , 22.051 g, maximum 31.5 mm, 0o, Rome mint, c. 146 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG - P P TR P, laureate right; Antoninus in slow left, eagle-tipped in left, reins in right, / S C in two lines in ; $600.00 (€534.00)
, , 338 - 317 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on , but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76352. Bronze AE 18, I p. 206, 116 R1 2; 1113; 164; 95 var.; -, gVF, , nice green , , 6.283 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 270o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 338 - 317 B.C.; AKPA−ΓA, laureate of Zeus left; standing left, wings open, tearing at hare left in talons, ∆ below wings; $500.00 (€445.00)
Messana, , c. 330 - 325 B.C.
Founded in the 8th century B.C., until the 5th century Messina was called Zancle, meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its harbor. sacked the city in 397 B.C. and then Dionysius I of conquered it. In 288 B.C. the Mamertine mercenaries seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives. The city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to conflict with . Initially assisted the . When attacked a second time, the asked Rome for . Rome was initially reluctant, but allied with the to limit Carthaginian power.In 264 B.C., Roman troops were deployed to , the first time a Roman army acted outside the Italian Peninsula. At the end of the First Punic War, Messana was a free city allied with Rome.SH77506. Bronze tetras, 840 (R1); 751 ff.; I p. 52, 16; 421; 674; -; -, Nice VF, classical , nice green , 3.603 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Messana (Messina, , Italy) mint, c. 330 - 325 B.C.; ΠOΣEI∆AN, laureate of Poseidon left, ∆ (mark of value) behind; M−E−Σ−Σ−A−NI−ON, ornate trident , flanked on each side by a with down; ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB77206. Bronze AE 20, Black Sea 311 - 312, 134, -, -, -, VF, green , some light corrosion, 4.750 g, maximum 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; heads of Zeus and right; : ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, above right; very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
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