In this section we include the most attractively patinated bronze coins of our selection, as well as uncleaned hoard and fine cabinet toned silver.
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Honos was the god of chivalry, honor and military justice. He was usually depicted in art with a spear and a cornucopia. He was sometimes identified with Virtus.
SH68901. Bronze dupondius, RIC III 802, BMCRE 1738, Cohen 415, SRCV II -, EF, beautiful green patina, well centered, weight 12.822 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 145 - 147 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P, radiate head right; reverseHONORI AVG COS IIII, Honos standing facing, head left, togate, branch in right, cornucopia in left; a very attractive coin!; $900.00 (€675.00)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Hadrian refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
SH65237. Bronze AE 25, Jurukova p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); Mionnet, Suppl. II, 658; BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, green patina, weight 7.837 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, Hadrianopolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very rare; $670.00 (€502.50)
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 663, Constans II invaded southern Italy.
SH68095. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204; SBCV 1110; DOC IIpart 2, 181; Hahn MIB 210; Morrisson BN 9; Wroth BMC 362; Tolstoi 374; Ratto 1638, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, weight 5.242 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverseConstans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram above, SCL in exergue; overstruck on a trimmed older coin, no indication of undertype; $600.00 (€450.00)
Carthago Nova, Roman Occupation, Scipio Africanus, c. 209 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type was struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
SH60680. Bronze 1/5 unit, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, VF, green patina, weight 2.028 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, 209 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $450.00 (€337.50)
Kamarina, Sicily, 420 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A marsh north of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the marsh, but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the marsh was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained marsh, razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.
GB69930. Bronze tetras, Westermark-Jenkins 203 (same dies); Calciati III p. 68, 38; SNG ANS 1230, Choice aEF, nice green patina, weight 2.781 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 90o, Kamarina mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; obverse head of Athena left, wearing crested helmet decorated with wing, some locks of hair showing, olive spray before her, dot border; reverse KAMA (retrograde upwards), owl standing left on one leg, lizard in other talon, head facing, three pellets (mark of value) below; $450.00 (€337.50)