In this section we include the most attractively patinated bronze coins of our selection, as well as uncleaned hoard and fine cabinet toned silver.
Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
Vesta was originally a household spirit. Later she was personified as the goddess of the hearth and given the stature of her Greek equivalent, Hestia. In the temple of Vesta her flame was kept alive by Vestal Virgins.
SH65746. Copper as, RIC I 38, BMCRE I 46, Cohen 27, SRCV I 1803, Choice VF, superb portrait, beautiful patina, weight 10.868 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare head left; reverseVESTA S C, Vesta enthroned left, patera extended in right, scepter in left; $700.00 (€525.00)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis, Thrace
Hadrian refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the area around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by Constantine I in 323, and Valens was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.
SH65237. Bronze AE 25, Jurukova Hadrianopolis p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); Mionnet, Suppl. II, 658; BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, green patina, weight 7.837 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, Hadrianopolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very rare; $670.00 (€502.50)
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 663, Constans II invaded southern Italy.
SH68095. Bronze follis, Anastasi 204; SBCV 1110; DOC IIpart 2, 181; Hahn MIB 210; Morrisson BN 9; Wroth BMC 362; Tolstoi 374; Ratto 1638, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, weight 5.242 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 659 - 663; obverseConstans (left) in military attire with long cross in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, each holds globus cruciger in right, monogram above, SCL in exergue; overstruck on a trimmed older coin, no indication of undertype; $600.00 (€450.00)
The Magnetes, Thessaly, Greece, c. 140 - 130 B.C.
The Magnetes were an ancient Greek tribe living in Thessalian Magnesia who took part in the Trojan War. They later also contributed to the Greek colonization by founding two prosperous cities in Western Anatolia, Magnesia on the Maeander and Magnesia ad Sipylum.
SH67647. Bronze tetrachalkon, cf. Rogers Thessaly 342; BCD Thessaly II 418.5; Lindgren II 1402; SNG Cop 159, VF, some legend unstruck, well centered, nice green patina, weight 8.242 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 45o, Magnetes' mint, 140 - 130 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus; reverse MAΓNHTON, centaur Cheiron standing right, right hand extended, branch in left over shoulder; $500.00 (€375.00)
Carthago Nova, Roman Occupation, Scipio Africanus, c. 209 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type was struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
SH60680. Bronze 1/5 unit, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, VF, green patina, weight 2.028 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, 209 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $450.00 (€337.50)