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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ Aeolis |  |  | ◁◁      ▷▷

Aeolis

Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., Aeolis, Aegae

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Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.
SH54008. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2431 (4 specimens), SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 3.696 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Aegae mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse BPETANNIKOC KAICAP, bare head of Britannicus right; reverse AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, head facing, eagle in right, long scepter behind in left; extremely rare; $350.00 (€304.50)


Aigai, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Aegae (or Aigai) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aegae, Aeolis was located at the mid-point between the modern cities of Ýzmir, Manisa, Bergama and Aliaða.
GB90401. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 12 var (different monograms); SNGvA 1598 var (same); SNG München 368 var (same); BMC Troas p. 96, 14 (no monograms); SGCV II 4169, gVF, weight 4.601 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aigai mint, 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AIΓAEΩN, Nike standing left, wreath in righ, palm in left, monogram left, monogram right; $220.00 (€191.40)


Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $195.00 (€169.65)


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., Aegae, Aeolis

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Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.
SH68013. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2431 (4 specimens), SNG Cop -, aF, weight 2.633 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 90o, Aegae mint, obverse BPETANNIKOC KAICAP, bare head of Britannicus right; reverse AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left; very rare; $175.00 (€152.25)


Elaea, Aeolis, c. 340 - 300 B.C.

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Aristophanes in Plutus makes a humorous comment on victorious athletes who are crowned with wreath made of wild olive instead of gold: "Why, Zeus is poor, and I will clearly prove it to you. In the Olympic games, which he founded, and to which he convokes the whole of Greece every four years, why does he only crown the victorious athletes with wild olive? If he were rich he would give them gold."
GB71614. Bronze AE 18, BMC Troas p. 125, 6; SNG Cop 171 var (plain helmet); SNGvA 1606 var (same and monogram in exergue); cf. SGCV II 4204 (AE10), gVF, green patina, light corrosion, weight 5.498 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 90o, Elaea mint, c. 340 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Athena left in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a snake, wearing necklace and cruciform earring; reverse grain kernel, flanked by E - Λ, all within olive wreath; $150.00 (€130.50)


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.

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Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB71582. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Oinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; $125.00 (€108.75)


Larissa Phrikonis, Aeolis, c. 4th Century B.C.

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Coins of Larissa Phrikonis are very rare. Lindgren and Von Aulock each list one single coin of the city. Small bronzes have typically achieved prices of $150 to $300 in major auctions. A few of these coins are on the market at this time, possibly all from a single find.
GB59297. Bronze AE 11, SNG München 565, SNG Cop 212, BMC Troas -, VF, weight 1.113 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 90o, Larissa Phrikonis mint, obverse horned female river-god facing three-quarters facing; reverse laureate head of Apollo right; very rare; $110.00 (€95.70)


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.

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Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GA71547. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Kayhan 84 ff., SNG Cop 31 ff.; SNGvA 1623; BMC Troas p. 105, 10 ff.; Klein 333; Rosen 538; SGCV II 4174, VF, dark toning, weight 0.397 g, maximum diameter 7.8 mm, Kyme mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse eagle head left, KY or no ethnic; reverse incuse mill-sail pattern; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.

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Cyme, one of the oldest and noblest of the Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its inhabitants were mainly agricultural and averse to seafaring.
GA71981. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Kayhan 84 ff., SNG Cop 31 ff.; SNGvA 1623; BMC Troas p. 105, 10 ff.; Klein 333; Rosen 538; SGCV II 4174, VF, toned, porous, weight 0.461 g, maximum diameter 8.1 mm, Kyme mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse eagle head left, K[Y] downward on left (Y off flan, possibly below neck); reverse incuse mill-sail pattern, pebble pattern within impressions; $100.00 (€87.00)


Kyme, Aeolis, c. 190 - 160 B.C.

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GB73077. Bronze AE 22, SNG München 492 (same dies); BMC Troas p. 110, 61; SNG Cop 99; McClean 7894; cf. SNGvA 1632 (diff. magistrate, etc.); SNG Tübingen 2699 (same), VF, weight 8.746 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 45o, Kyme mint, magistrate Laonikos, c. 190 - 160 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Amazon Kyme right, hair in bun inn back, border of dots; reverse horse right, KY above, Λ below belly, one handled vase below raised right foreleg, ΛAONIKΩΣ (magistrate's name) in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€87.00)




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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1: Asia: Bosporus...Aeolis...Lydia. (London, 1926).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Monnaies Grecques. (Amsterdam, 1883)
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Lindgren, H and F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Oakley, J.H. "The Autonomous Wreathed Tetradrachms of Kyme, Aeolis" in ANSMN 27. (1982).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Sacks, K.S. "The Wreathed Coins of Aeolian Myrina" in MN 30 (1985).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 19: Troas-Lesbos. (Berlin, 1991).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 1: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lesbos, Ionia. (Berlin, 1957).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain III, Lockett Collection, Part 4: Peloponnese - Aeolis (gold and silver). (London, 1945).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 6: Asia Minor: Pontus-Phrygia. (London, 1965).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 9: Bosporus - Aeolis. (London. 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society. (New York, 1969 - present).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Troas, Aeolis and Lesbos. (London, 1894).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 30, 2015.
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Aeolis Coins