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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Anatolia>Aeolis PAGE 1/2«««12»»»

Aeolis

Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., Aeolis, Aegae
Click for a larger photo Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.
SH54008. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2431 (4 specimens), SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 3.696 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Aegae mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse BPETANNIKOC KAICAP, bare head of Britannicus right; reverse AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, head facing, eagle in right, long scepter behind in left; extremely rare; $390.00 (€292.50)

Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., Aegae, Aeolis
Click for a larger photo Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.
SH68013. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2431 (4 specimens), SNG Cop -, aF, weight 2.633 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 90o, Aegae mint, obverse BPETANNIKOC KAICAP, bare head of Britannicus right; reverse AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left; very rare; $220.00 (€165.00)

Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Click for a larger photo  
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $220.00 (€165.00)

Larissa Phrikonis, Aeolis, c. 4th Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Coins of Larissa Phrikonis are very rare. Lindgren and Von Aulock each list one single coin of the city. Small bronzes have typically achieved prices of $150 to $300 in major auctions. A few of these coins are on the market at this time, possibly all from a single find.
GB59297. Bronze AE 11, SNG München 565, SNG Cop 212, BMC Troas -, VF, weight 1.113 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 90o, Larissa Phrikonis mint, obverse horned female river-god facing three-quarters facing; reverse laureate head of Apollo right; very rare; $125.00 (€93.75)

Kyme, Aeolis, c. 165 - 30 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB90513. Bronze AE 12, SNG Cop 109; BMC Troas p. 112, 86; SNG München 511; SNGvA 1643 var (magistrate), Choice gVF, weight 1.677 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, magistrate Zoilos, c. 165 - 30 B.C.; obverse KY, bridled horse forepart right; reverse ZΩI/ΛOΣ, bow and quiver tied together; $125.00 (€93.75)

Elaia, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons," a subtle sign that she was worshipped long before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.
GB90177. Bronze AE 17, BMC Troas p. 127, 20; SNGvA 7685; SNG Cop 181; SNG München 395; SGCV II 4206, VF, weight 2.581 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Aeolis mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath, dot border; reverse EΛ−AI/T−ΩN, lit torch within grain wreath; ex Gerhard Rohde; $80.00 (€60.00)

Grynion, Aeolis, c. 350 - 306 B.C.
Click for a larger photo  
GB43079. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 204; BMC Troas p. 133, 2, F, weight 3.942 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, Grynion mint, c. 350 - 306 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing; reverse ΓYPNH, mussel shell; rare; $55.00 (€41.25)

Kyme, Aeolis, c. 350 - 250 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Cyme, one of the oldest and noblest of the Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its inhabitants were mainly agricultural and averse to seafaring.
GB59700. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 41 ff., SNGvA 1625, SGCV II 4186, F, weight 1.358 g, maximum diameter 11.4 mm, die axis 90o, Kyme mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obverse eagle standing right with closed wings; reverse one-handled vase, K-Y across field; $45.00 (€33.75)

Kyme, Aeolis, c. 350 - 250 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Cyme, with its large capable port, was valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes's fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GB58968. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 41 ff., SNGvA 1625, SGCV II 4186, gF, weight 1.232 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 180o, Kyme mint, c. 350 - 250 B.C.; obverse eagle standing right with closed wings; reverse one-handled vase, K-Y across field; $40.00 (€30.00)

Aegae, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Aegae (or Aigai) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aegae, Aeolis was located at the mid-point between the modern cities of Ýzmir, Manisa, Bergama and Aliaða in Turkey.
BB69788. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 8; SNGvA 1597; BMC Troas p. 96, 12; SGCV 4167, F, green patina, weight 5.240 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aeolis, Aegae mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AIΓAEΩN, Zeus standing slightly right, nude, radiate, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical in left, three monograms on left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $36.00 (€27.00)



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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1: Asia: Bosporus...Aeolis...Lydia. (London, 1926).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Monnaies Grecques. (Amsterdam, 1883)
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Lindgren, H and F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Oakley, J.H. "The Autonomous Wreathed Tetradrachms of Kyme, Aeolis" in ANSMN 27. (1982).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Sacks, K.S. "The Wreathed Coins of Aeolian Myrina" in MN 30 (1985).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 4: Bosporus - Lesbos. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 19: Troas-Lesbos. (Berlin, 1991).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 1: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lesbos, Ionia. (Berlin, 1957).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain III, Lockett Collection, Part 4: Peloponnese - Aeolis (gold and silver). (London, 1945).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 6: Asia Minor: Pontus-Phrygia. (London, 1965).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 9: Bosporus - Aeolis. (London. 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society. (New York, 1969 - present).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Troas, Aeolis and Lesbos. (London, 1894).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 22, 2014.
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Aeolis Coins