Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.
Messalina, Wife of Claudius. Augusta 41 - 48 A.D., Aegae, Aeolis
Messalina was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia. They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while Claudius was away in Ostia, even though she was married to the emperor, Messalina married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and Messalina driven to suicide.RP73030. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2430, Weber 5470, SNG Cop 23, SNG Lewis 1413, F, green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 3.116 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Aegae mint, 43 - 48 A.D.; obverse MECCALEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right; reverse AIGAEWN, Zeus Aëtophorus standing left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left; ex Triton XIII Sale, part of lot 2209, ex J.S. Wagner collection; rare portrait issue of Messalina in her own name; $280.00 (€243.60)
Aigai, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Aegae (or Aigai) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aegae, Aeolis was located at the mid-point between the modern cities of Ýzmir, Manisa, Bergama and Aliaða.GB90401. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 12 var (different monograms); SNGvA 1598 var (same); SNG München 368 var (same); BMC Troas p. 96, 14 (no monograms); SGCV II 4169, gVF, weight 4.601 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aigai mint, 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AIΓAEΩN, Nike standing left, wreath in righ, palm in left, monogram left, monogram right; $220.00 (€191.40)
Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, 12 February 41 - 11 February 55 A.D., Aegae, Aeolis
Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., son of Cladius I and Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.SH68013. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2431 (4 specimens), SNG Cop -, aF, weight 2.633 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 90o, Aegae mint, obverse BPETANNIKOC KAICAP, bare head of Britannicus right; reverse AIΓAEΩN EΠI XAΛEOY, Zeus standing left, eagle in extended right, long scepter vertical behind in left; very rare; $195.00 (€169.65)
Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $195.00 (€169.65)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.GB71582. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse Oinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; $125.00 (€108.75)
Larissa Phrikonis, Aeolis, c. 4th Century B.C.
Coins of Larissa Phrikonis are very rare. Lindgren and Von Aulock each list one single coin of the city. Small bronzes have typically achieved prices of $150 to $300 in major auctions. A few of these coins are on the market at this time, possibly all from a single find.GB59297. Bronze AE 11, SNG München 565, SNG Cop 212, BMC Troas -, VF, weight 1.113 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 90o, Larissa Phrikonis mint, obverse horned female river-god facing three-quarters facing; reverse laureate head of Apollo right; very rare; $110.00 (€95.70)
Kyme, Aeolis, c. 165 - 30 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.GB90513. Bronze AE 12, SNG Cop 109; BMC Troas p. 112, 86; SNG München 511; SNGvA 1643 var (magistrate), Choice gVF, weight 1.677 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, magistrate Zoilos, c. 165 - 30 B.C.; obverse KY, bridled horse forepart right; reverse ZΩI/ΛOΣ, bow and quiver tied together; $110.00 (€95.70)
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.GA71547. Silver hemiobol, cf. SNG Kayhan 84 ff., SNG Cop 31 ff.; SNGvA 1623; BMC Troas p. 105, 10 ff.; Klein 333; Rosen 538; SGCV II 4174, VF, dark toning, weight 0.397 g, maximum diameter 7.8 mm, Kyme mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse eagle head left, KY or no ethnic; reverse incuse mill-sail pattern; $100.00 (€87.00)
Kyme, Aeolis, c. 190 - 160 B.C.
GB73077. Bronze AE 22, SNG München 492 (same dies); BMC Troas p. 110, 61; SNG Cop 99; McClean 7894; cf. SNGvA 1632 (diff. magistrate, etc.); SNG Tübingen 2699 (same), VF, weight 8.746 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 45o, Kyme mint, magistrate Laonikos, c. 190 - 160 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Amazon Kyme right, hair in bun inn back, border of dots; reverse horse right, KY above, Λ below belly, one handled vase below raised right foreleg, ΛAONIKΩΣ (magistrate's name) in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (€87.00)
Myrina, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware and oysters.GB90738. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 225; SNGvA 1666; SNG München 571 - 573; BMC Troas p. 137, 27 ff., aVF, nice style, nice green patina, weight 3.728 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Myrina mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse amphora, lyre right, MY-PI flanking across lower field; $90.00 (€78.30)
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