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Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.
Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var. (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
C. Asinius Gallus, Proconsul of Asia, 6 - 5 B.C., Temnos, Aeolis
The larger denomination of the same series honored Augustus. On this coin Gallus gives himself the epithet Aγνος, meaning pure or holy! Later he was an ambitious and powerful senator. A foe of Tiberius, in 11 B.C. he married Tiberius' ex-wife, Vipsania. He was suspected of and never denied fathering Tiberius' son, Drusus the Younger. After Vipsania died, he courted the widow of Germanicus, Agrippina. In 30 A.D., Tiberius had him imprisoned and for three years kept him in solitary confinement and on the very edge of starvation until he died. To add further insult he was discredited by damnatio memoriae.RP76796. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2447; SNG Cop 276; SNG München 627; BMC Troas p. 146, 25; SNGvA -, gF, well centered, green patina, slightly irregular flan, weight 3.610 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Temnos mint, 5 B.C.; obverse ACINIOC ΓAΛΛOC AΓNOC, bare head of Asinius Gallus right; reverse APOΛΛAC ΦAINIOY TAMNITAN, head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
Elaea, Aeolis, c. 340 - 300 B.C.
Aristophanes in Plutus makes a humorous comment on victorious athletes who are crowned with wreath made of wild olive instead of gold: "Why, Zeus is poor, and I will clearly prove it to you. In the Olympic games, which he founded, and to which he convokes the whole of Greece every four years, why does he only crown the victorious athletes with wild olive? If he were rich he would give them gold."GB71614. Bronze AE 18, BMC Troas p. 125, 6; SNG Cop 171 var. (plain helmet); SNGvA 1606 var. (same and monogram in exergue); cf. SGCV II 4204 (AE10), gVF, green patina, light corrosion, weight 5.498 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 90o, Elaea mint, c. 340 - 300 B.C.; obversehead of Athena left in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a snake, wearing necklace and cruciform earring; reverse grain kernel, flanked by E - Λ, all within olive wreath; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Kyme, Aiolis, c. 165 - 85 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.GB71582. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 108; SNGvA 1642; SNG München 507; BMC Troas p. 113, 87; Klein 336; SGCV II 4193, VF, nice style and patina, weight 3.400 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, c. 165 - 85 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverseOinochoe (one-handled vase) between two laurel branches, KY above, I−Ω/I−Λ/O−Σ (Zoilos, magistrate) in three lines across inner field flanking vase; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
Larissa Phrikonis, Aeolis, c. 4th Century B.C.
Coins of Larissa Phrikonis are very rare. Lindgren and Von Aulock each list one single coin of the city. Small bronzes have typically achieved prices of $150 to $300 in major auctions. A few of these coins are on the market at this time, possibly all from a single find.GB59297. Bronze AE 11, SNG München 565, SNG Cop 212, BMC Troas -, VF, weight 1.113 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 90o, Larissa Phrikonis mint, obverse horned female river-god facing three-quarters facing; reverse laureate head of Apollo right; very rare; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
Kyme, Aeolis, c. 165 - 30 B.C.
Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.GB90513. Bronze AE 12, SNG Cop 109; BMC Troas p. 112, 86; SNG München 511; SNGvA 1643, Choice gVF, weight 1.677 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme mint, magistrate Zoilos, c. 165 - 30 B.C.; obverse KY, bridled horse forepart right; reverse ZΩI/ΛOΣ, bow and quiver tied together; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Elaea, Aiolis
Elaea was the ancient port of Pergamum, located near the modern town of Zeytindag, Izmir Province, Turkey. The name of Elaea occurs in the history of the kings of Pergamum. According to Strabo, from Livy (xxxv. 13), travelers who would reach Pergamum from the sea, would land at Elaea. One of the passages of Livy shows that there was a small hill near Elaea, and that the town was in a plain and walled. Elaea was damaged by an earthquake in the reign of Trajan, at the same time that Pitane suffered. The ruins of the silted port's breakwater can be seen on satellite photos.GB77997. Bronze AE 16, BMC Troas p. 129, 42; SNGvA 1611; SNG München 424, SNG Cop -, aVF, nice dark green patina, weight 3.197 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Elaea (near Zeytindag, Turkey) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse AVTO - TPAI A∆P, laureate head and draped bust right; reverse EΛA/ITΩN, basket containing two poppy-heads in center, flanked on each side by two dropping stalks of grain; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; rare; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Myrina, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware and oysters.GB90738. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 225; SNGvA 1666; SNG München 571 - 573; BMC Troas p. 137, 27 ff., aVF, nice style, nice green patina, weight 3.728 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Myrina mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverseamphora, lyre right, MY-PI flanking across lower field; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Elaea, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.
Elaea was the port of Pergamum; the site is not precisely determined but is near Zeytindag, Izmir Province, Turkey.GB73449. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 169; BMC Troas p. 125, 11; SGCV II 4204, VF, green patina, weight 1.262 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 0o, Elaea mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena left; reverse grain kernel, E-Λ flanking at sides, all within olive wreath; $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50
Elaia, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of seasons," a subtle sign that she was worshipped long before she was made one of the Olympians. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian pantheon.GB90177. Bronze AE 17, BMC Troas p. 127, 20; SNGvA 7685; SNG Cop 181; SNG München 395; SGCV II 4206, VF, weight 2.581 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Aeolis mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obversehead of Demeter right, wearing grain wreath, dot border; reverse EΛ−AI/T−ΩN, lit torch within grain wreath; ex Gerhard Rohde; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
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Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Lindgren, H and F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
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