2. SEVERVS PIVS AVG
laureate r.VICTORIAE AVGG
, Septimius, togate, bearded, seated front on curule chair, holding Victory
in r. hand, crowned by small Victory
flying in from the right; below on right, a naked captive presenting a shield
to the emperor, or possibly Aion holding up the zodiac
, 100 francs); BMC
371-2, pl. 36.18, the illustrated specimen coming from the Trau Sale, lot 2064. A number of other specimens are also known, for example the one shown below from CoinArchives
; all specimens come from a single rev.
die, but from a number of different obv.
Date of issue? Well, the obverse legend
of Septimius lasted from 201 to 210. Mattingly
p. cxlviii, assigned the type
to 208, seeing a possible connection between fighting near the Atlas
Mountains in Africa
holding up the zodiac
in the type
1008 chose 209 and associated the type
with imperial victories in Britain
in that year.
Correct date: again apparently 206, since a shared obverse
die, illustrated below in Susan Headley's scan of my plaster casts, links this VICTORIAE AVGG type
to the famous LAETITIA TEMPORVM type
, spina of the Circus Maximus
fitted out as ship, chariot
race above, seven animals
below. This type
commemorates the chariot
races and animal hunts performed after the Saecular Games of 204, but it was struck two years later, in 206, mainly in the second half of the year, since Caracalla
's coins of the type
pass from his
) to his
), a change that occurred, as mentioned above, in the course of 206.
It seems to me very likely that these two rare
Victorious-Emperor rev. types
, one for Septimius, one for Caracalla
, both sharing the rev. legend VICTORIAE AVGG
, each struck from only a single rev.
die, both datable to 206 AD, were in fact struck together, as pendants to each other, in one and the same issue!
I think we do not know enough about the history
of 206 to decide whether these two types
commemorate some recent imperial victory
, possibly in Africa
or the East, or merely rehash the old Parthian victory
of 198. The captives
do wear Phrygian caps, suitable for Parthian
I will also leave open the question of interpretation of Septimius' type
: captive holding shield
, or Aion holding zodiac