(103-76BC) was a Hellenised Jew who grossly offended the Pharisees by the extent to which he adopted Greek culture; they were all into it, but he went too far, and they objected to him as High Priest. This led to a rebellion in which he had
several hundred Pharisees crucified (a Greek punishment which was normally rejected by the Jews) while their families were killed in front of them, and he 'looked on, drinking, with his
concubines lying beside him'. Eventually he was forced to make peace
, and was succeeded by his
wife, Salome Alexander
, who supported the Pharisees.