The Longinus Dies for Macrinus and Diadumenian
at Nicopolis ad Istrum


(a provisional die study)

Statius Longinus was the first governor of Moesia Inferior to issue coins for Macrinus, and he used the Nicopolis mint exclusively. Eckhel listed him first, though Pick, in AMNG I, 1, listed him last. We do not know why Macrinus had three governors in the space of so short a reign. We do not know for how many months Longinus, followed by Pontianus and Agrippa (who certainly was last), had the tenure of his office, but, in my opinion, the coins themselves suggest that it was for at least half of the fourteen months. The Longinus portrait types, so far as we can judge, are the earliest and, in any case, since Agrippa must succeed Pontianus, Longinus must precede him. Fortunately, there are some father-son reverse die links, though, with so many dies in not much more than half of a very short reign, the re-use after an interval of a still-viable die cannot be precluded. Even so, die links are as good evidence as can be had.

I include here, for the time being, only the dies of which I have sufficient, preferably firsthand knowledge. The number is adequate, however, to show which obverse dies may have been in use at once, which are the principal obverse dies (some clearly were cut by second-rank engravers), and to exhibit the range of 'manners' (in the sense of Italian maniere, as understood by Vasari's contemporaries) used to convey varying notions of an emperor's character: his excellence as a military leader, his utter humanity, his almost godly exaltation (he was expected, after all, with consecratio to become divus and be borne on the back of Jupiter's eagle to eternity with the gods, as we see in the vault of the Arch of Titus, for example). Artists, including intaglio engravers, not only were regionally trained (and they did travel, surely) but also inherited as part of normal training a wide range of Hellenistic modes of portrayal, just as there were levels in rhetoric and poetry (Ovid and Cicero, for example, commanded all of them), available as required to be applied to the emperor's basic features. If he had a son and heir, there was a whole gamut also for every aspect of royal childhood: Diadumenian's portrait may emphasize tender immaturity or inchoate manliness or even a princely quasi-divinity. These are what is meant by Manners. What I find remarkable in Moesia Inferior at this time is the concern and capacity for conveying character by these inherited, well understood artistic means, in this respect surpassing some older, larger, and wealthier minting cities.

This page presents the obverse dies, grouping the basic varieties to allow additions if new dies turn up, prefixed M for Macrinus and D for Diadumenian; H is for Head, BB is for Bare Bust, and all other busts are B, followed by lower-case Roman letters in a logical sequence.
The full-size (750 pixels wide) images of each specimen are accessed by clicking on the Rnumber given for each. For the obverse types, the specimens chosen often preserve the legend less completely than otherwise inferior ones, or those listed by Pick, AMNG I, 1 and, similarly, are complemented by details preserved in the others.

Note that both for the obverse legends and for the reverse legends in the list following, I have used the Latin alphabet, substituting the historical equivatlents (as G for gamma, R for rho, P for pi) and I have differentiated eta and omega by adding French circumlexes (so Ô and Ê).  Experience with other nations' keyboards and their servers' operating systems has taught me that this old way is best transmitted to the greatest number of places.  If I were preparing this for print, of course, I'd avail myself of one of epigraphical fonts that I have.  I am confident, however, that the user here can read the actual legends from the coins, just as I can.  Some of the letter forms are peculiar, but they are not illegible.

At the end of this study (and later at the end of that for Pontianus and Agrippa dies), the subjects of the Reverses are listed in the order familiar from AMNG and numbered, simply as reverse dies; this list provides the clickable numbers used to reach the large images and also gives the AMNG list numbers when they exist (which I use to refer to the reverse types; the links to obverses do vary). Alphabetical order, what with both Greek and Roman names and with different initial letters from one language to another, is not really practicable.

For all of his contributions to my study and for the many coins and images without which this study (and the next, on the Agrippa dies) could not have been done, I dedicate this page to my friend C. Rhodes, who also has been unstinting in discussing them.

Once again I wish to thank not only all the friends who have helped with images and with advice but, for this and succeeding pages concerned with issues signed by the governors of Moesia Inferior, particularly Curtis Clay, to whom I always turn for questions of Imperial administration (but he is not responsible for what I may have missed!). 


This head has the least expanded and elaborated shoulder termnination. It also, however had the obverse legend with AV added at the end. It is used, notably, with the Haimos die, shared with Diadumenian, but its other pairings are with a Hermes and with an Asklepios & Hygieia, types that differ from Diadumenian's Haimos-die links (q.v.).
R19i The Haimos Mountains; R14i Asklepios and Hygieia; R15v Asklepios (s.d.a. Diadumenian); R12i Hermes; R7iv Apollo, altar







The longer abbreviation of Opellios required that the obverse legend begin just to the l. of 6h; a punctuating dot is usually visible following SEV. The shoulder termination is both broader and more deeply scalloped than on MHa, which this die seems to succeed. It was heavily used, with standard reverse subjects, such as Zeus, Hera, Homonoia, et al.
R1iv  R1ivbis R1ivter Zeus seated to l.; R3i  R3ibis  Hera with Peacock; R7iii Apollo, altar; R25i  Dikaiosyne (scales, cornucopiae, wheel);  R27ii Homonoia;  R18ii River, prow;  R19ii  R19iibis Topographical Youth;







Macrinus rougher headMHc ---]OPELLI SEV• | MAKRE[---
Evidently a cruder secondary die based on MHb; disparate spacing and proportions show that it is not simply a retouched old die. Used for one of the several Dikaiosyne types.  R25ii Nemesis-Dikaiosyne; R27vi  Homonoia; R29iii  and R29iv Tyche










This protrait, like several other, looks like an attempt to take account of Macrinus's most distinctive facial traits. It was used notably for the Nemesis that lifts a bit of her drapery in front of her face, with two dies.  The remaining coin here is the quite remarkable Tyche Euposia with Ploutos for Macrinus (elsewhere well documented for Caracalla and here for Diadumenian--but father and son have different dies).  R21i Nemesis, die 1; R21ii and R21iibis Nemesis, die 2; R29v Tyche Euposia with infant, probably Ploutos, perched on her forearm. 








Macrinus more elegantMHe AVT K M OPEL SEV | MAKREINOS
A more flattering version of an attempt similar to the last.  This skillfully engraved (and seemingly perceptive) die is not richly represented among known specimens.  Possibly, in this case, it may have been damaged and discarded, because it may share the Weary Herakles reverse die with the next obverse, q.v.  R17i  Lysippic Weary Herakles; R7v Apollo with laurel; R8ii Artemis in the type of the Artemis Rospigliosi (Paris, Louvre, IllusIVPick1741), not the usual Huntress but one that looks r., rushes l., and holds her bow in the crook of her l. arm.








Macrinus refined headMHf AVT K M OPEL SEV | MAKREINOS
A crisply elegant refinement of the foregoing, reminding one of MBd (below).  All three specimens of the Dionysos show wine poured from the kantharos, and the Ares has a livelier stance than the other two dies of the same kind, which were used with busts.  The Zeus is very similar to others listed as Pick 1722, and the Herakles may be from the same die as that used with MHe.
R13i  R13ibis 13iter; R1iii  R1iiibis; R17ibis; R15iv; R9iii (the last two Courtesy T. White).








At present known only with Homonoia reverses: R27vii  R27vii-var  R27viii









Macrinus very detailedMHh AVT K M OPELLI SE | VÊ MAKRINOS
The flat band between the knot of the laurel and the ear could only be reconstructed in life on a head with front hair long enough to conceal it, but it appears with all this die's reverses.  This seated Zeus and this portrait die look as if they were made for each other. R1v Seated Zeus; R26i Dikaiosyne; R28i Liberalitas.









Used with the City Goddess, R6i (compare Philippopolis, IllusV), with an Homonoia, R27ix, with an elaborate River R18iv, and with one of the Topographic Youths,R19iii.  With this noble-looking portrait the known reverse dies, even the Homonoia, are of outstanding quality and closely related in particulars, such as the spacing, R Ô, of the letters in the exergue on the Homonoia and the Youth.









This is the Longinus obverse die that was used by Agrippa with an Homonoia and a Tyche and with the famous Nymphaeum, Pick AMNG I, 1, no. 1719, Taf. III, 23. Though related to MHi, it is unique in the dainty shape of the head, as well as the spelling of the obverse legend. Because it and its Topographic Youth seem to have been made for each other, the other links of the latter are especially interesting. Since all the personifications, as well as the architectural die, are signed by Agrippa, this single die-pair so far stands alone for Longinus. R19iv.






A robust and striking head which may not have been much of a likeness but is a good bit of intaglio cutting. Used with personification reverses. Closely related to Diadumenian DBgR28ii Liberalitas; R20i Dikaiosyne; R22i  R22ibis Nemesis; R27x Homonoia; R5i Kore(?); R1xi Zeus, std.









A portrait head combining the cheek and neck of a middle-aged man with the almost somber expression seen in the bare bust MBBa.
R10ii  R10iibis Athena at altar.









The solidity and sobriety of the portrait, with the allusion to the drapery over the proper left shoulder of a half-draped mature deity (typically Zeus, though also Asklepios, Hades, or Poseidon, wearing only an himation in the Greek style, with its end brought over the left shoulder) impart to such an obverse a quasi-divine stamp (see IllusIII).  One of its reverse dies, Pick 1783, shows the emperor in armor holding an orb (which also exists with the armored bust MBg), and the other reverse dies are a selection of notably 'worthy' types.  The standard Zeus seated to l., de rigueur in provincial issues for emperors, himself (if you look closely and the specimen is not too worn) exhibits the end of his himation on his left shoulder.  The present die, R1x, is one of several made for Longinus coins.  The statuary Hermes Resting for Macrinus, though listed for Diadumenian as no. 1849, actually is for Macrinus, R12v; Diadumenian had his own die on all that we know.  One Athena coin, R10iv, is listed by Pick with this obverse, as no. 1746, but we also have MBBa with Pick 1745, R10v (the variation being the absence of the spear as well as a legend division), where Athena has an altar.  The Asklepios, R15iii, does not match one of those in Pick, but is of the common type.  The Topographic Youth with this die, R19iiter, proves to be that used with MHb, above, and, last but not least, the Emperor standing with head to l., leaning on a spear (he is in military armor and boots) and holding an orb, seems to me especially appropriate to this obverse; it is Pick 1783 with this obverse, R30i (courtesy H.-J. Hoefst).



Probably to be read as a bust from behind with a cloak over armor, though the armor is not explicit. Used with the river god Pick 1763.  This type of bust is much more frequently seen for Diadumenian, and it strongly recalls DBe.  For whatever reason, only the one Young River, with source vessel and fruited tree, is known to me for this obverse die.  Seeing them, in all conditions, is I think useful enough to justify posting them all: R18iii  R18iiibis  R18iiiter R18iiiquat.









Bust in cuirass, with evident straps over shoulders, without a cloak. Used with Homonoia Pick 1775, R27i











Bust, perhaps with a breastplate, with evident straps over shoulders, without a cloak. Used with nude gods, Dionysos, Zeus, Apollo (with and without an altar), and a young river god.  This bust seems rather old-fashioned, even comical, but it was used a great deal, and the engraving is very fine.  Could it occupy the same niche among the Longinus coins as the breastplate with gorgoneion, worn with an aegis, among those of Agrippa? R1vi Zeus standing l.; R7ii Apollo at altar; R7ix Apollo with laurel; R13iii Dionysos with grapes; R18v  R18vbis Young River.






Bust from in front, with fringed cloak worn over armor fastened on r. shoulder. Used with Apollo (both stg. l. and Sauroktonos), with Artemis Huntress, with nude Dionysos.  This is the die compared with MHf above, and the fold of cloth at the back of the neck and the setting and rendering of the eye are closely comparable with DBb, below.  Most important to me is the unlisted Apollo Sauroktonos, R7x, R7xbis, R7xter; Apollo holding laurel, R7i, R7ibis, Artemis without a hound R8i; Dionysos with thyrsos and grapes R13iii, R13iiibis, R13iiiter,R13iiiquat (reverses may all be same die?)and a couple of personifications, Nemesis R23i and Dikaiosyne R20iii.

With a different obverse, but most nearly like R23i, see "Some Notes on Nemesis" on page 9 of

Posted 2 Sept 2007, it is the most particularized coin image of Nemesis that I have seen.




Bust in mail armor from behind, with a bit of drapery. Used with Serapis and with Apollo holding a fancy (recurving) bow.  Serapis R2i, Apollo with recurving bow R7vii  R7viibis  R7viiter.









Bust in mail armor from behind with a bit of drapery. The die of the Herakles & Hydra reverse, possibly also used with one of the armed Ares dies, but the eta at 1h should be present, and close attention to the laurel ribbons is necessary. R17iii Herakles and Hydra and, possibly, R9ii (which, if not, would be MBh).









Bust in mail armor from behind, with a bit of drapery; it is on several specimens from this die that the linked rows of chain mail are especially plain (the type specimen, at l., is stripped but otherwise undamaged). In bad condition, it is used with the second reverse showing the Emperor in armor holding an orb., stg. l., Pick 1784, R30ii, (on-line auction, 21 June 2006), but it is above all the obverse of Macrinus Leaning Nike reverse, once so rare that it was unknown to Pick, now so well represented that I could omit two specimens.  The die pair is always the same and, remarkably, different from Diadumenian's : R11i R11ibis  R11iter; Apollo at altar: R7vi  R7vibis; Athena stg. to r.: R10i  R10ibis R10iter; Hermes stg.: R12ii  R12iibis; Young River: R18iiiquin;  and finally Tyche: R29i  R29ibis  R29iter.







Bust in mail armor from behind, with a bit of drapery; some of these also show the 'curls' of mail rather than rows of overlapping scales. In every grade, the jolly character of this portrait is remarkable, and it is used with a good range of reverse types.  This die and the last could be complementary—whether used simultaneously or successively.  R1i Zeus; R4i  R4ibis R4iter Demeter; R8ibis Artemis; R9i Ares (interesting that three dies for this selfsame type are used with three obverse dies); R18i R18bis Young nude River, reclining to l., regardant r.








Recalls at Rome the 'double denarius' (antoninianus) with a similar bust (but radiate), BMCRE p. 508, 82, pl. 80, 15; see also Gemini, LLC, Auct. II, Jan. 2006, no. 499, the die that attracted my attention.
Bust from front; military cloak fastened (with a disk fibula) on his r. shoulder, its heavy fringe on his l. shoulder, the shoulder flaps of his armor emerging from the cloak on his r. shoulder. This is Diadumenian's Haimos obverse, in this case the same die as Macrinus's, R19ibis; also used with Zeus, R1ii (note errors in data), or R15i  R15bis Asklepios, and R2iv  R2ivbis Serapis.

DBa,bis A second rougher die, with similar drapery and round head, preserving M OPEL DIADO | V[--- (so a different obverse legend) is used with a nude Dionysos reverse:




The 'tenderest' child's head of Diadumenian.  Bust 3/4 view from front, like the last, with the cloak fastened on his r. shoulder and its heavy fringe showing on his left shoulder (see the military portrait of this period in Munich, Illus I) and the shoulder flaps emerging from the cloak on his r. shoulder, but not rendered so explicitly here.  This is the same dress as on Macrinus MBd, above.  Used with Tyche Euposia R29ii  R29iibis (a different die, though, from Pick 1868, Taf. XIX, 7, where the handle of the rudder is level), with Hermes R12iv  R12ivbis  R12ivter (all with Diadumenian's own die, with its punctuation marks and OS ISTR in the exergue) and R30iii, apparently Diadumenian himself.  On the Tyche Euposia dies see also:





Category and manner similar to the last, though probably by a different engraver.  The earmark of the die is the stacked ou in the boy's name.  Used with some of the most charming and artistic reverse dies.  Equestrian Emperor R30iv  R30ivbis  R30ivter;  Herakles stg. with Nemean Lion's skin R17ivApollo with patera at altar R7ixApollo with recurving bow R7viii (that for Macrinus has a laurel instead of a patera); Artemis Huntress but without hound R8iiisda8i and R8iiibissda8i; Demeter with snake emerging from a cista and another climbing her burning torch R4ii  R4iibis; Nemesis-Dikaiosyne (scales, wheel, cornucopiae) R26iii.







DiadLinearDBd M OPEL DIADOV (not stacked ligate)  |  MENIANOS K.
Same type of bust as last, but a different engraver. R1viii and R18iiisext  Zeus stg. l. and Young River holding fruited branch.










Bust with cloak over armor, seen from behind; the shoulder is evident, but the shoulder flaps of armor are not clear and may be absent.  For both Serapis and the Leaning Nike, Diadumenian's have obviously matching dies (but not the same die).  The beautifully preserved obverse of R2v (( is exactly like that of R11ii, his Leaning Nike.  On the others, the obverse is less perfect but the same die: R7xi (again, matching Macrinus's R7i, but a separate die), R8iv R8ivbis (with minor but cruel tool work), a standard Artemis Huntress with hound, R2vter, an obv. with sharper facial features and and a a rev. die with void exergue, and R2vbis, a worn specimen of the same dies as the Busso Peus one. R17ii, shows the second copyist's version, with a shorter club supported on a high pile of rocks (IllusII, in the Argos Museum), of the famous Lysippic Weary Herakles, and Diadumenian's own die of a Nemesis (with Dikaiosyne's scales as well as her own goad and wheel), appears on R23ii  R23iibis  R23iiter.  An Eagle reverse which I noted for sale on line has an obv. of this kind, but not this die, and its obverse legend does not jibe perfectly with Pick 1871 (or 1872); a coin like that recently for sale (both dies) is . The type of bust, from behind with military cloak, however, is like this one.




DiadLooseDBf M OPEL DIAD  |  OVMENIANOS (no specimen with complete and legible obverse legend, included Pick 1853)
The style of portrait seems related to the next, though it seems less sure and less painstaking.  R16i is the only Hygieia reverse known to me issued by Longinus.  The Askleipios reverse seems a companion to it, rough though my spccimen is R15ii.  The Hera reverse, without a peacock, is similarly designed, with PR | OS across the field and ISTRÔ in the exergue (Pick 1833): R3ii.  Finally, three specimens guarantee that Diadumenian Topographic Youth, seated on a sort of ledge, is a different die from those of Macrinus that it closely resembles: R19v  R19vbis R19vter, the last being Rauch Mailbid 10, no. 225 (March 2006). 







DiadCfMHjDBg K M OPPEL ANTÔN DIADVMENIANOS.  Note double pi and ANTÔN; legend continuous.  The engraver's work seems like that of Macrinus MHk, but the boy's die is much less limited to personifications.  The tendency to set off the brow and temples from the hair by a pronounced V groove here coincides with adding ANTÔN to his name; for Macrinus, as an emphatic trait, it is seen in MHj and MHk.  On some of the portrait dies issued for Agrippa, it becomes a signature mannerism (see IllusVI).  R1vii (Zeus), R3iii (Hera, not the same as R3ii and apparently unlisted), R8v R8vbis (Artemis Huntress, the second Courtesy H.-J. Hoeft), R20ii (a true Dikaiosyne: ), R27iv  R27ivbis (Homonoia, the second preserving the exergue).







DiadWornDBh  Neither specimen with complete legend, but obv. is continuous and includes ANTÔN.  The reverse die in question is the Topographic Youth holding a curvy branch in his right hand, cradling marsh plants in his left arm, with what resembles a folded-over cushion behind him and with rho and omega widely spaced in the second line of the exergue.  With this die we have R19iiibis  R19iiiterThis die is shared with MHi with which, I suspect, it may have originated.









DiadRoundPointedDBi K M OPPEL ANT[ÔN  |  DI]ADOVMENIANOS.  Double pi and ANTÔN.  Hera, both R3iv and R3v.












DiadTkalecDBj Very similar to last except for details in drapery.  The specimens available for photography are not nearly so good as R4iv (
151004&AucID=180&Lot=984 which also supplies the image of the obverse), but they amply confirm the reverse die: R4ivbis  R4ivter.









Used with personification reverses.  R28iii Pick 1863, is courtesy Vl. Chickkov.  R27v is an Homonoia not listed by Pick, but R27ivter,
Pick 1862, is shared with DBg.See









Nude bust with bits of drapery on his l. shoulder.  Manlier expression, and this is the only obverse of Longinus for Diadumenian that I know with the iota on ANTÔNI.  The obverse is Pick 1837 (that in Varbanov Engl. 3745 is a different obverse die).  On the unadvisablity of calling such a bust "heroic", cf. Reply 13 at  On searching in Forvm's Discussion for 'heroic bust', one brings up also that of Caracalla at Plotinopolis, and elsewhere, with a shield, for which 'heroic' is the only possible epithet. That this Diadumenian die corresponds to Macrinus MBBa, however, is probable, given the similarity of style, comparing this Demeter with that Athena, R4iii and R10iv, and the 'manner' as well as the category of the two obverse portraits.







DiadHeadDHa K M OPELLI ANTÔ[N?] DIADOVMENIANOS.  One coin may show the N.  This rather hieratic head also may share reverse dies with other obverses, as a glance through the illustrations in Varbanov's Greek Imperial Coins I or specimens shown in Coin Archives reveals.  The odd Athena, Pick 1845, R10iii, is remarkable,, and I can contribute here the reverse of Pick 1861, R24i, which has the obv. given here for DHa, listed by Pick for no. 1859, a different reverse (where Nemesis holds her goad).








to serve as links to the Obverse dies.  These are in the order used by Behrendt Pick in AMNG I, 1, which itself, while printing the obverse descriptions at left, is arranged according to reverse subjects and (by listing minor variation below) so far as possible by dies.  In some cases, of course, Pick had neither the coin in hand (though he had worked at the major collections) nor a cast nor even a transcription of the legend from a trusted (but no one is infallible) colleague and had to use publications that, like Varbanov’s Greek Imperial Coins I, more than a century later, ignored letter distribution in the legends, though it is likely that word divisions were relied on, even at the mint itself, to distinguish dies having the same subject (I cannot prove it, but an intaglio die that has been in use for a while, of a Seated Zeus or a Standing Homonoia, for example, might be hard to distinguish from another still in use).  For this reason, by the way, and because the images are sometimes vague (where present), I have not yet added Varbanov numbers to this list.  The present study itself, brought to its next stage towards finality, is necessary to control Varbanov’s listings.
First I give the Reverse Number (a link), in boldface, then Pick’s number, then the legend, using Times New Roman with a circumflex on o for omega and on e for eta.  Some persons where the servers running their browsers can handle nothing more may want to use these pages.  Besides, with every set of fonts I can find, all loaded onto my computer, I still have none that includes everything that Berlin had in metal a century ago, except, I think, NAU3, perhaps.  Anything, however, is better than using W for omega (except where W actually exists on the coin itself).  Also, with good photos anyone can see spiky squared letters, for example, where they are used, which no respectable font would render.  And, though I know that Dreamweaver can handle Unicode, I’m not sure how it would come through in Forvm (not at all in the Discussion software).  Therefore, I have chosen to use the Ô and the Ê; they seem to have worked fine on the Auspex page, they register in the Discussion threads, and they are the option of my youth, on Olympia and Hermes typewriters.  Finally, I give a brief description, noting an altar or a peacock, a hound or an orb, as required.
R for reverse; Arabic numeral for subject; small roman numeral for die, bis, ter, quat,… for multiple specimens that seem useful as evidence, for the style or technique or details or for the legend.  Pick’s reading of the legend is basic (except where he questions the published version of it), and I have tried to incorporate my own readings, though more work is wanted.
R1i      Pick 1721        VP STA LONGINOV  |  NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue OS ISTRÔ  Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter.
R1ii     ——    [VP STA LON]GINOV  |  NI(scepter tip)KOPOLITÔN PRO[S] and in exergue ISTRON            Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter.
R1iii    Pick 1723        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN P  and in exergue ROS IST.  Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter (with R1iiibis)
R1iv    ——    VP STATI LONGIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue PROS ISTR Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter (with R1ivbis and R1ivter)
R1v     cf Pick 1724    VP STA LONGINOV (ou ligate) NIKOP  |  OLITÔN PROS and in exergue S ISTRÔ  (sic, extra sigma).  Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter, but, unlike Pick 1724, without eagle.
R1vi    Pick 1726        VP S[TA LONGINOV N]IKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue I S.  Nude Zeus stg. l., holding patera in his r. and leaning on scepter in his l.
R1vii   Pick 1828        VP STATIOV LONGINO(tip of scepter)V NIKOPOLITÔN (ligate omega-nu) and in exergue [PROS IS: unclear].  Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter.
R1viii  Pick 1831        VP STA LONGINOV (ligate ou) NIKOP(tip of scepter)OLITÔN P[ROS] IS (the exergue void).  Nude Zeus stg. l., holding patera in his r. and and leaning on his scepter in his l.
R1ix (vacat)
R1x     ——   VP STATI LONGINOV  |  NI  |  KOP[---------] and in exergue S ISTRON.  See also  Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter.
R1xi    ——    VP STATI  LONGIN[OV NIK]OPO[LITÔN PR] and in exergue OS ISTRÔ.  Zeus std. l., with patera and scepter.
R2i      Pick1727         VP STA LONGINOV NI  |  KOPOLITÔN PROS I.  Serapis stg. l., raising his r. arm and holding his scepter athwart in his l.
R2ii (vacat)
R2iii vacat)
R2iv    ——    VP STATI LONG[INOV]  |  NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in field IC || TR and in exergue Ô  Serapis stg. l., raising his r. arm and holding his scepter athwart in his l.  The r. arm is not held so high as usual, and there is a large stiff ‘bow’ of cloth by his l. elbow (with R2ivbis)
R2v     ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I and in exergue STRÔ (with R2vbis and R2vter)  A standard Serapis, like Macrinus R2i but a different die.  None are listed for Diadumenian by Pick, and none is pictured in Varbanov I.
R3i      Pick1729         VP STATIOV LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN and OS || IS and in exergue TR(?)--legend relying on the Löbbecke specimen in Pick, p. 443 and Taf. XIV, 2.  Hera with scepter and patera held for pouring, with peacock at her feet, look back up at her (with R3ibis)
R3ii     Pick 1833        VP STATI LONG[INOV]  |  NIKOPOLITÔN and PR || OS in field and, in exergue, ISTRÔ.  Hera stg. l., with ‘pouring’ patera and scepter.  No peacock.
R3iii    Pick 1835        VP STATIOV LONG (nu-gamma ligate)  |  INOV NIK (horribly double-struck, but the reverse die is the same as for R3v, with a different obverse).  Hera, as on the last.       
R3iv    Pick 1834        VP STATIOV LON | GI | NOV NIKOPOLITÔN (omega-nu ligate) and in exergue PROS I and ST || RÔ across field.  Hera, as on the last.
R3v     ——    VP STATIOV LONG (nu-gamma ligate)  |  INOV NIKOPOLITÔN and PROS IS / TRÔ in the exergue (same reverse as R3iii).  Hera, as on the last.
R4i      Pick 1731        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IS and in exergue TRON.  Demeter stg. l. with grain (?and poppy heads) in her r. hand, resting on her tall, segmented, flaming torch in her left (with R4ibis and R4iter)
R4ii     Pick 1836        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue I S.  Demeter stg. l. with grain ears in her r. hand held over a cista from which a snake emerges, resting on her tall, flaming torch, on which another snake is entwined (with Riibis)
R4iii    Pick 1837        VP STATI LONGINO  |  V NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S ISTRÔ.  This also, by the criterion of bareheadedness, might be Kore.  Demeter or Kore stg. l. with two grain ears in her lowered r. hand, resting her l. on a tall torch (but not strongly segmented, and the top is missing).
R4iv    Pick 1838        VP STATIOV LON  |  GINO[V NIKOPOL]ITÔ and in field N P || R and in exergue OS ISTRÔ  Also bareheaded: Demeter or Kore, like the last.  The primary specimen is linked, to Coin Archives; with R4ivbis and R4ivter.
R5i      Pick 1733        VP STATI LONGINOV NIKO  |  ?  |  OPOLITÔN PR and in field OS || I and in exergue STRÔ.  Bareheaded, and Pick suggests she may be Kore; she stds. to l. and holds two grain ears with a poppy head in her r. hand, resting her l. on a segmented tall torch (its top missing).

R6i      Pick 1736        VP STATIOV LO | N | GINOV NIKOPO and in exergue LITÔN PRO / S ISTR (two more letters than Pick had).  Goddess in mural crown std. l., with grain ears in her r. hand, her l. resting on (plainly) a scepter.  Pick already saw that, with the mural crown, she couldn’t be Demeter.  It is hard to believe that the Persons of the Mint / the Boulê or Ekklesia (by whatever name) / the Governor or his designated persons were not aware of the Antonine Polis types of Philippopolis, IllusV, and the engraver has served both Macrinus and Nicopolis very well indeed.  Note that Philippopolis holds grain, too; Philippopolis also liked nicely lettered two-line exergues.
APOLLO  (most, if not all, of these must really be Apollo rather than Bonus Eventus)
R7i      Pick 1736        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue IS.  Apollo stg. l., holding patera in his r. hand and a branch in his l. hand (also with R7ibis).
R7ii     ——     [VP STA…]GINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IST (this also disagrees with Mionnet for 1737, because the OV is not ligate, and possibly there is space for STATI or STATIOV).  Apollo stg. l., with patera (possibly with wine streaming from it) over burning garlanded altar, but not the same die as R7v.                              
R7iii    ——    VP STATIOV LON[…, and across field P || R[?] and in exergue ISTRÔ.  Possibly a variant of Pick 1739.  Nude Apollo stg. l., holding patera (mesomphalos) over burning garlanded altar and, in his l. hand, a branch or ears of grain.
R7iv    ——    VP STA LONGIN[OV NI]KOPOLITÔN PROS ISTRÔ (continuous, with exergue void).  Apollo stg. l., holding patera over burning garlanded altar and, in his l. hand, a large laurel branch.
R7v     Pick 1737        VP STA LONGINOV (ou ligate) NIK  |  […]OS I (Mionnet, Pick’s only source for no. 1737, has IST at the end, but everything else matches).  Apollo stg. l., with patera (mesomphalos) in his r. and, in his l. hand, a large laurel branch (with berries as well as leaves).  Very like R7iv, but without an altar.
R7vi    Pick 1738        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IST (continuous).  Apollo stg. l., holding patera over narrow burning altar and, in his l. hand, an amorphous branch (also with R7vibis).
R7vii   Pick 1735        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I.  Apollo stg. l., holding branch in his r. hand; in the crook of his l. arm a distinctive recurving bow (also with R7viibis and R7viiter).
R7viii  Pick 1839        VP STA LONGINOV LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue OS IS.  Apollo as in R7vii, except that he has a patera instead of a branch, and his l. forearm is wrapped in a chlamys.  As Pick points out, the type of Apollo with such a bow appeared earlier for Septimius (AMNG I, 1, Taf. XV, 7).
R7ix    ——    VP STA LON[GINOV NIK]OPOLITÔN PR and in exergue OS IS.  This is a companion die to R7ii, but without an altar and with the exergue used for the ending of the legend.
R7x     ——    VP STA [LONGIN]OV NIKOPOLIT[Ô]N PROS IS and in exergue TRON.  Apollo Sauroktonos, leaning forward as the museum copies do, his dart arm drawn back, his l. hand at the top of the trunk, the lizard on r. side of the tree trunk (with R7xbis and R7xter).
R7xi    Pick 1840        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I and in exergue STRON.  Apollo stg. l, with patera in his r. and a ‘branch’ that resembles nothing else so much as a furled umbrella—otherwise a nice die.
R7xii   ——    [not really legible]LITÔN [PR] and in exergue OS IS[TR?].  Description similar to R7vi, but with certainly different ending to the legend and a different die of the same type.
R8i      Pick 1740        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I and in exergue STRON.  Artemis huntress striding r. (without hound).  Also R8ibis.
R8ii     Pick 1741        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue I.  Artemis dressed as huntress moving to l. but looking back to r.: the type of the “Artemis Rospigliosi” (IllusIVPick1741).
R8iii    Pick 1842        …]INOV NIKOPOLITÔN PR[…  (Pick says rev. = no. 1740, but he does not specify “same die”; our second specimen, though, shows the same exergue).  See R8iiisdaR8i and R8iiibissdaR8i.
R8iv    Pick 1843        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I and in exergue STRÔ.  Artemis striding to r., fully equipped and with her hound.  The second specimen, R8ivbis, was crudely cleaned.
R8v     Pick 1844        VP STATIOV LONGI  |  NOV NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue PROS I (from Pick’s Gotha specimen, still needed for the lefthand part of the legend).  Artemis striding to r., with her hound.  H.-J. Hoeft’s specimen, R8vbis, shows the avid hunting hound vividly, as well as the shoulders of Diadumenian on the obverse.
R9i      ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPO[LI]TÔN PROS I.  Ares stg. l., leaning on inverted spear, holding rim of his shield with is r. hand (shield fairly foreshortened).
R9ii     Pick 1742        VP STA LONGI[NOV NIKOPOLI]TÔN PROS and in exergue ISTRON.  Ares as on the last, but the shield is more strongly foreshortened.
R9iii    ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue             OS IST.  On this die, Ares legs are spread farther, and the spearhead is broader.
(N.B.: Pick says that the 5 specimens he cites at no. 1742 are with the same obverse die as 1740; so is R9ii)
R10i    ——    VP STA [-------- ----]POLITÔN PRO and in exergue S IS.  Athena stg. r., leaning on inverted spear in her r., her l. hand holding the edge of her shield seen in profile.  It is possible that when the hands perform opposite duties to the usual ones that figure’s facing r. rather than l. may be due to intaglio reversal.  See also R10ibis, R10iter
R10ii   Pick 1745        VP STATI LONGINO  |  V NIKOPOLI[TÔN PR] and in exergue OS ISTR.  Athena stg. l., with her right making libation over burning garlanded altar, with her l. supporting her shield and spear (spearhead upwards).  See also R10iibis.
R10iii  Pick 1845        VP STATI LONGIN[O  |  V]  NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in field OS || IST and in exergue RÔ (revising Pick's version by the photo).  See:
R10iv  Pick 1746        VP STATI LONGIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and across field OS || IS and in exergue T R Ô
R10v   Pick 1745var   VP STATI LONGIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue OS ISTR
R11i    ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IS (now seen more frequently than Diadumenian’s).  Nike with raised wings stg. l, in her lowered r. hand a wreath, on her l. arm, leaning on a garlanded pillar, a long palm frond.  The pillar may be either a pier or a column, but, with a leafy capital, it is not a stele.  See here also R11ibis and R11iter.
R11ii   Pick 1847        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue             OS ISTRO (not omega).  See also AMNG I, 1, Taf. XVI, 13.  Diadumenian’s die arguably is better drawn and engraved.
R12i    Pick 1748        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PR[OS I], continuous.  Hermes stg. l, with purse, l. arm wrapped in meager chlamys, his kerykeion held vertical, his r. forearm horizontal, towards 9h.
R12ii   ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IS (legend and lowered arm deviating from Pick’s nos. 1748-1751).  Hermes stg. l. with purse, l. arm wrapped in chlamys with kerykeion, and, like no. 1752, he wears boots.  See also R12iibis.       
R12iii  Pick 1848        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PR[…, incl. traces in the exergue).  Hermes stg. l., with purse, with the chlamys wrapped around his l. forearm as usual, but the head of her kerykeion is large, and he is barefoot.
R12iv  Pick 1849 (but there it is the die we know for Macrinus that is listed for Diadumenian, so here, N.B., I give the die we all have with the Diadumenian obv. bust DBb, the DIA | DOVMENIANOS bust paired with its exergue OS ISTR; see also R12ivbis and R12ivter, as well as those in www.Diadumenian .com.: VP•STA•LONGINOV•NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue OS ISTR.  Hermes Resting, his r. leg raised with his foot on a cairn, his r. elbow resting on his raised thigh, holding the kerykeion, his l. forearm wrapped in his chlamys, akimbo, but with the back of the hand at the small of his back (not like a woman’s posture); he is bareheaded but wears boots.
R12v   Pick 1753        VP STATI LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IS and TR Ô at his feet.  This is the die that Pick knew.  He knew it with a bust in armor (no. 1753), but I have it with the bare bust with bits of drapery, BBa, as also posted , in a specimen with better detail for the T RÔ by Hermes’ feet.  The figure of Hermes is similar, but the kerykeion points more downward and he does not look up (as if he heard someone approaching).
R13i    Pick 1754        (as Pick’s specimen 3, which also has a Head die) VP STA LONGINOV NIK[…]TÔN PRO and in exergue S IS.  Nude Dionysos stg. l., with kantharos (visible streams of wine), leaning on beribboned smooth-shaft thyrsos.  See also R13ibis and R13iter.
R13ii   Pick 1850        not represented here, but Pick says that it is like 1755; see
R13iii  Pick 1755        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue I S.  Nude Dionysos stg. l., with grapes, leaning on beribboned knobby (as if lathe-turned) thyrsos; he also has fancy boots.  The other two specimens with such a Dionysos, R13iiibis and R13iiiter, have a different kind of bust in armor for the obverse and have OS I in the reverse exergue.  At least two dies for a knobby staff, grape-bearing Dionysos are involved.
R14i    Pick 1758        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IST (continuous).  Hygieia with snake and patera to r. and Asklepios leaning on snake staff in his r. armpit, looking l. to face her.
R15i    Pick 1851        VP STA LONGINOV (both nu-gamma and the ou ligate) NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I. Asklepios stg. frontal, looking l., r. hand on snake staff.  See also R15ibis.
R15ii   Pick 1853        VP STATIOV(?) LON  |  GINOV N[IKOPOLITÔN] and in field PR || OS  and in exergue ISTRÔ (from Pick)
R15iii  ——    VP STATI LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue ISTRÔ (partly unclear at left).  Despite the damaged die, this is surely the normal frontal Asklepios, head facing l.
R15iv  Pick 1756 and 1852 (shared die); judging from the obv. legend in Pick, the obv. for Diadumenian may be DBe, whose Serapis in rather consonant with this Asklepios.  Certainly, though, R15iv (shown courtesy of T. D. White) is Pick 1756: VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue I S.
R15v Probably Pick 1723.  VP STA LONGINOV (both the nu-gamma and the ou ligate) NIKOPOLITÔNPROS I. 

R16i    Pick 1854        VP STATIOV LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IS with exergue void but TR || Ô across field.  This agrees perfectly with AMNG I, 1, Taf. XVII, 6.
R17i    Pick 1759        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS I.  Herakles stg. r., in the type of the Lysippic “Weary Herakles”.  Also, R17ibis.
R17ii   Pick 1857        VP STA•LONGINOV•NIKOPOLITÔN P[---   Herakles stg. r. in the sub-type with a tall cairn of stones on which the butt end of the club is propped (see IllusII) of the Lysippic “Weary Herakles”.
R17iii  Pick 1760        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IST, continuous.  Herakles and the Hydra.
R17iv  Pick 1855        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOL[ITÔN PR]OS I.  Young Herakles stg. looking r., leaning on a rustic, knobby club in his r. hand, holding the whole pelt of the Nemean lion over his l. forearm.
RIVER GOD (with source vessel)
R18i    Pick 1761        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue PROS I.  Beardless young, nude river god, reclining on the ground, to l. but looking back to r.  See R18ibis, courtesy of A. Bourgeois.
R18ii   Pick 1762        VP STATI LONGINOV (ou ligate) NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue PROS ISTR / Ô.  Beardless young river god, half draped, std. to l. on a rock (?) and looking up to l., his r. hand resting on the prow of a ship, his l. arm cradling a large branch, the S-curving kind on other dies held in the r. hand, leaning on his l. elbow on a flowing source vessel (though, as Pick notes, there actually is space between them).
R18iii  —— cf. Pick 1763.     VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue (righside-up) PROS ISTR.  Young river god, half draped, reclining on the ground, holding fruited bough in his r. hand, leaning his l. elbow (approximately) on a flowing source vessel; he has something S-curved but leafless in the crook of his l. arm.  See R18iiibis, R18iiiter, R18iiiquat, R18iiiquin, R18iiisext, with different obverses.
R18iv  ——    …] LONGINOV NIKOPOLI and in two lines in exergue TÔN PROS / ISTRÔ; there is space at left for more than STA.  This is one of the exceptional reverses for the obv. MHi.  Beardless young river god, half draped, reclining on the ground, to l., holding fruited bough in his r. hand, leaning on his l. elbow on a flowing source vessel.
R18v   Pick 1763       VP STA LONGINOV NIKPOLITÔN and continuing below (becoming upside-down) PROS ISTR.  See also R18vbis/
TOPOGRAPHIC MALE (no source vessel or water)
R19i    Pick 1766        VP STA•LONGEINOV•NIKO | POLITÔN P and in exergue ROS ISTR / Ô and in field at l. AIMO / S.  Its counterpart for Diadumenian, R19ibis, shares the die.  They also share the Asklepios die R15i, R15ibis, R15iter.
These are not, of course, the first Haimos or the last: See the thread
The earliest Haimos known so far is that issued by Gentianus, IllusVIII.
All of the following show a half-draped youth, std. l. on a rise (perhaps draped, perhaps man-made), holding an S-curving branch (not unlike cattails, which Pick calls a marsh plant) before his face, leaning on his l. hand, which is supported by something apparently separate from his seat and probably not part of nature.  They are addressed by Pick’s nos. 1764-1765 and his note at the bottom of p. 451, but not all have the S-curving branch, and some have a shape like a folded custion and others haven’t.
R19ii   VP STATIOV LO | NGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue PROS IST / RÔ•  No curving object in left or ‘cushion’ .  See also R19iibis and R19iiter.
R19iii  VP STATIOV LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN and in exergue PROS IST / R  Ô (widely spaced).  This youth has a tree bough (?) in his r. and the S-curving (marsh?) plants in his l. and the ‘folded cushion’ at r.  See also R19iiibis and R19iiiter.
R19iv  VP STATI  LONG INOV NIKOPOL[IT] and in exergue ÔN PROSIS / TRÔ.  This youth has both plants but no ‘folded cushion’.
R19v   VP STATI  LONG  |  INOV NIKOPOLI and in exergue TÔN PROSI / STRÔ.  This youth has only the ‘marsh’ plants in his r. hand and no ‘folded cushion’.  Also R19vbis.
DIKAIOSYNE (scales and cornucopiae)
R20i    Pick 1771        [---]GIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and across field S || IS and in exergue TRÔ.  Dikaiosyne holding cornucopiae and scales, stg. l.
R20ii   ——    VP STATIOV LONGIN[-- ---]OPOLITÔN PROS and across field IS || TRÔ (for  Diadumenian, DBg):
R20iii  ——    VP STATI (?) LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S IS.
NEMESIS (holding garment to face, holding goad, wheel at feet)
R21i    Pick 1767        VP STA LONGINOV (ou ligate) NIK  |  OPOLITÔ[N P]ROS ISTR and in exergue Ô.   
R21ii   ——    VP STA LONGINOV  |  NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S IS.  See also R21iibis.
NEMESIS-DIKAIOSYNE (scales and goad)
R22i    Pick 1770        VP STATI LONGIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue OS IST.  See also R22ibis.
NEMESIS-DIKAIOSYNE (scales, goad, wheel)
R23i    Pick 1768        [VP STA LO]NGINOV NIKOPOLITÔ[N P]ROS and in exergue [I]S
(With a different obverse, but most nearly like R23i, see "Some Notes on Nemesis" on page 9 of
R23ii   ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IS and void exergue.  See also R23iibis and R23iiter.
NEMESIS-DIKAIOSYNE (scales, cornucopiae, wheel)
R24i    ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PROS IST and in the exergue RÔ
NEMESIS-DIKAIOSYNE (scales, cornucopiae, wheel)
R25i    Pick 1773        (verifying Krupka specimen) VP STATIOV LONGINOV N[---] and in field PR || O[S] and in exergue [traces].
R25ii   Pick 1772        VP STA LONGINOV (gamma-nu and ou both ligate) NIKOPOLITÔN P[ROS IS]
DIKAIOSYNE (with Nemesis’ wheel)
R26i    ——    [V]P STA L[ONGINOV  |  NIKO]POLITÔN PR and in exergue [OS] IS.
R26ii   ——    VP STATI LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN [PROS ISTRÔ—but not necessarily like 1771, itself wohl ungena].
R26iii  Pick 1861        VP STA LONGIN[OV] NIKOPOLITÔN PR and in exergue [O]S IS.
HOMONOIA (Concordia)
R27i    Pick 1775        VP STATIOV LONGI  |  NOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and across field SI  ||  ST and in exergue RÔ.
R27ii   ——    VP STATIOV LONGI  |  N[….P] and across field ROS || IS and in exergue TR[Ô].  Homonoia with kalathos stg. left making a libation from a patera (mesomphalos) over flaming garlanded altar, cornucopiae in her left.
R27iii  ——    VP STA LONGINOV (both nu gamma and ou ligate) NIKO  |  POLITÔN PROS ISTR and in exergue Ô.  Homonoia with kalathos stg. l., holding patera and cornucopiae.
R27iv  Pick 1862        VP STATIOV LONGINO  |  V NIKOPOL[ITÔN PROS I] and in exergue STRÔ.  See also R27ivbis
R27v   ——    VP STATIOV LONGI  |  NOV [---]  and  across field PR  ||  OS
R27vi  ——    VP STATI (?) [LONGINOV]  |  NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue ISTRÔ
R27vii ——    VP STATI LONGIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN PR and across field OS  ||  IS and in exergue [traces].
R27viii Pick 1776       …]NOV (ou ligate)  |  NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and across field IS || TR and in exergue Ô
R27ix  ——    VP STATIOV LONGI  |  NOV N[…]ÔN PRO and across field S I  ||  ST and in exergue R  Ô
R27x   ——    VP STATI LONGIN  |  OV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and across field C || IS and in exergue [?TRÔ]
R28i    Pick 1779        VP STATI LONGINOV  |  NIKOPOLITÔN PROS and in exergue ISTRÔ
R28ii   ——                VP STATI LONGINOV  |  NIKOPOLIT(?)ÔN PRO and in exergue STRÔ
R28iii  Pick 1863        VP STATIOV L  |  ON  |  GIOV (sic, no N) NIKOPOLITÔN and in field PR || OS and in exergue [ISTRÔ]
            In each, the figure like Homonoia but with tray instead of patera.
R29i    Pick 1780        VP STA LONGI  |  NOV NI  |  KOPOLITÔN PROS I (Pick notes the I in a variant die).  Tyche with kalathos, to l., her rudder on a sphere.  See also R29ibis, R 29iter
R29ii   Pick 1868        Legend witb NI | KO at top and ending with STRON in the exergue.  Tyche Euposia; she looks back at the Ploutos-baby seated on the horn of the cornucopiae (as on Eirene’s by Kephisodotos: see Piraeus infant, IllusVII).  See also R29iibis and postings in
R29iii  ——    [V]P STA LONGINOV (ou ligate) NIKOP[----]ROS I (unclear), with void exergue.
R29iv  ——    [VP] STATI(?) LONG[INOVNIK?]OPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S IST.
R29v   ——    VP STA LONGINOV (or ligate) [---] ending in TRÔ with the exergue void  (and at least one more Tyche Euposia reverse die, still requiring further study, and see Pick nos. 1868 and 1869).
R30i    Pick 1783        VP STATI LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S IS.
R30ii   Pick 1784        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S IS
R30iii ——    VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue probably S I  (compare Macrinus nos. 1783-1784, since 1782 has an altar).
R30iv  Pick 1870        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S I   See also R30ivbis and R30ivter.
(note that R30iii and R30iv have the same obverse die, too)
R31i    Pick 1871        VP STA LONGINOV NIKOPOLITÔN PRO and in exergue S I.  With the ligate ou, this cannot be the same obverse die as DBe, and its garments (if nothing else!) exclude DBb and DBc, though the S I in the exergue (to grasp at straws) suggests placing it close to R30iii and R30iv, which go with DBc.  The Eagle reverse might be that of Pick 1871, which has the legend of DBc.