Allison Sermarini's Maps of the Ancient World
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Map - 650 AD Byzantine Empire780 viewsThe Byzantine Empire in 650 - by this year it had lost all of its southern provinces except the Exarchate of Africa.
Map - The frontier between the Roman/Byzantine and Sassanid Persian empires in Late Antiquity (4th-7th centuries)856 viewsThe frontier between the Roman/Byzantine and Sassanid Persian empires in Late Antiquity (4th-7th centuries). Basemap taken from Image:Arshakuni Armenia 150-en.svg. Sources: G. Greatrex & S.N.C. Lieu: The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part II, 363–630 AD). Routledge 2002, ISBN 0-415-14687-9, pp. xxix–xxxii; R.W. Thomson, J. Howard-Johnston & T. Greenwood: The Armenian history attributed to Sebeos Liverpool University Press 1999, ISBN 0-85323-564-3, pp. 360–363; Map of the cities listed in Hierocles' Synecdemus after Ernest Honigmann, Le Synecdèmos d'Hiéroclès et l'opuscule géographique de Georges de Chypre, Brussels 1939
Map - Greek and Latin states in southern Greece, c. 1210197 viewsPolitical map of southern Greece in c. 1210, after the establishment of the Crusader states following the Fourth Crusade.

After Constantinople was conquered during the Fourth Crusade in 1204, Greece was divided among the Crusaders. The Latin Empire held Constantinople and Thrace, while Greece itself was divided into the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens. The Venetians controlled the Duchy of the Archipelago in the Aegean, and the Despotate of Epirus was established as one of the three Byzantine Greek successor states. Michael VIII restored the empire in 1261, having also regained the Kingdom of Thessalonica. By his death in 1282, Michael had taken back the Aegean islands, Thessaly, Epirus, and most of Achaea, including the Crusader fortress of Mystras, which became the seat of a Byzantine despotate. However, Athens and the northern Peloponnese remained in Crusader hands. With the exception of the Ionian Islands and some isolated forts which remained in Venetian hands until the turn of the 19th century, the final end of the Frankokratia in the Greek lands came with the Ottoman conquest, chiefly in the 14th to 16th centuries.
Map - 842 AD Anatolia and the Byzantine-Arab Frontier Region623 viewsByzantine Asia Minor (Anatolia) and the Byzantine-Arab frontier region in 842 AD, with provinces and major settlements. Topography taken from DEMIS Mapserver, which are public domain, other wise self-made. Sources: W. Treadgold, The Byzantine Revival, 780-842 (1988), pp. 316, 336; The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c.500-1492 (2009), p. 371; Droysen - Oströmisches Reich.jpg; A. Kazhdan et al., The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (1991), p. 2035
Map - 1375 Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia586 views
Map - 814 AD Europe1002 views
Map - Italy 1796188 viewsMap of Italy in 1796.
Map - 843 - 870 AD The Division of the Carolingian Empire: Verdun 843 and Mersen, 870625 views
Map - 622 750 AD Age of the Caliphs822 views
Map - 1200 AD Anatolia499 viewsAD 1200 Anatolia
The Sultanate of Rûm and surrounding states, c. 1200.369 viewsThe Sultanate of Rum seceded from the Seljuk Empire in 1077, with capitals first at Iznik and then at Konya. The name Rûm derives from the Arabic name for Romans, ar-Rūm, itself a loan from Greek Pωμαῖοι, referring to the Greek people that had been ruled by the Romans (the Byzantines). They reached the height of power during the late 12th and early 13th century, when it succeeded in taking Byzantine ports on the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Trade from Iran and Central Asia was developed using caravans, and strong trade ties with the Genoese formed during this period. The increased wealth allowed the sultanate to absorb other Turkish states in eastern Anatolia (Danishmends, Mengujekids, Saltukids, Artuqids). They eventually succumbed to the Mongol invasion in 1243 (Battle of Köse Dağ), and became vassals of the Ilkhanate. Their power disintegrated during the second half of the 13th century. The last Seljuq sultans was murdered in 1308. The dissolution of the Seljuq state left behind small states, among them that of the Ottoman dynasty, which eventually conquered and reunited Anatolia to become the Ottoman Empire.
Map - 1300 AD Anatolia613 viewsAD 1300 Anatolia
Map - Seljuks of Rum535 views
Map - Asia Medieval Commerce565 views
Map - 1140 AD Asis Minor and the Crusader States430 views
Map - Decline of the March of Brandenburg under the Houses of Wittelsbach and Luxemburg357 views
Map - 1025 AD Byzantine Empire373 views
Map - 717 AD Byzantine Empire369 views
Map - 867 AD Byzantine Empire375 views
Map - 814 AD Europe and the Mediterranean456 views
Map - 1265 AD Byzantine Empire429 views
Map - 1355 AD Byzantine Empire546 views
Map - 1081 AD Byzantine Empire396 views
Map - 1400 AD Byzantine Empire585 viewsByzantine Empire 1400
Map - 1400 AD Byzantine Empire321 views
Map - 395 AD Byzantine Empire329 views
Map - 550 AD Byzantine Empire444 views
Map - 554 AD Byzantine Empire316 views
Map - 1180 AD Byzantine Empire365 views
Map - 1170 AD Byzantium Empire360 views
Map - 750 AD Islamic Califate331 views
Map - 814 AD Europe at the Death of Charles the Great379 views
Map - 1378 AD Central Europe309 views
Map - 1477 AD Central Europe355 views
Map - 1547 AD Central Europe370 views
Map - 1648 AD Central Europe301 views
Map - Spread of Christianity333 views
Map - LONDON IN THE TIME OF THE TUDORS382 viewsThis is the earliest proper map (as opposed to panorama) of London known. Attributed to Ralph Agas, and probably surveyed between 1570 and 1605. The original was 6 foot 0.5 inches long by 2 feet 4.5 inches wide. This much reduced image, a scan of a copy of a lithograph of a copy, was itself badly repaired with sellotape and has had to be "restored"; so is hardly a truly faithful representation of the original, but few good copies exist and no other detailed public domain images are known.


Map - Eastern Hemisphere in 600 AD437 views
Map - 1205 - 1230 AD The Despotate of Epirus416 views
Map - 1700 AD Europe416 views
Map - 1000 AD Europe and the Byzantine Empire475 views
Map - 1142 AD Europe440 views
Map - 1360 AD Europe and the Mediterranean446 views
Map - 1550 AD Europe and the Mediterranean400 views
Map - 1560 AD Europe and the Mediterranean381 views
Map - 600 AD Europe and Eastern Roman Empire 364 views
Map - 650 AD Europe and the Mediterranean386 views
Map 526 AD Europe at the Death of Theoderic the Great83 viewsThird map (of four) from plate 19 of Professor G. Droysen's Allgemeiner Historischer Handatlas, published by R. Andrée. Plate is titled "Europa zur Zeit der Völkerwanderung". This map is titled "Europa beim Tode Theoderichs d. Gr. (526)
Map - 1328 AD Europe and the Mediterranean358 views
Map - 1430 AD Europe and the Mediterannean339 views
Map - 1470 AD Europe and the Mediterannean302 views
Map - 1092 AD Europe292 views
Map - 1648 AD Europe and the Mediterranean301 views
Map - 1097 AD Europe and the Mediterranean 334 views
Map - 1190 AD Europe and the Mediterranean378 views
Map - 1190 AD Europe and the Mediterranean390 views
Map - 476-493 AD Europe in the Time of Odoacer392 views
Map - 900 AD The Peoples of Europe437 views
Map - 1097 AD Europe and the Mediterranean367 views
Map - 1154 Duchy of Aquitane357 viewsMedieval France 1154
Gepidia at its largest territorial extent138 viewsThe Gepids reached the zenith of their power after 537, settling in the rich area around Singidunum (today's Belgrade). For a short time, the city of Sirmium (present-day Sremska Mitrovica) was the center of the Gepid State and the king Cunimund minted golden coins in it. In 546 the Byzantine Empire allied themselves with the Lombards, and in 552 the Gepids suffered a disastrous defeat from Alboin, king of the Lombards, in the Battle of Asfeld, after which Alboin had a drinking cup made from the skull of Cunimund.

List of Gepid kings
Ardaric, fl. c. 454
Thraustila, fl. 488
Thrasaric, fl. 505
Elemund, ?-548
Thurisind, 548-c. 560
Cunimund, c. 560-567

Map - 1355 - 1366 AD The Gough Map of Britain392 viewsThe Gough Map or Bodleian Map is a map of Great Britain, dating between 1355 and 1366, and is the oldest surviving route map of Great Britain. Its precise date of production and authorship are unknown. It is named after Richard Gough, who donated the map to the Bodleian Library in 1809.
Dating of the map has been undertaken based on historical changes of place names and sizes. Gough believed the map to date from the reign of Edward III, but 19th-century scholarship suggested that it dated from c.1300, during the reign of Edward I. The map is now generally believed to have been made within an eleven-year window, due to the ability to date some of its features. The earliest given date is deduced by the depiction of a city wall around Coventry, which was first constructed in 1355. The latter date is usually given as 1366, the year in which the town marked on the map as Sheppey was renamed Queenborough. Lexicographic evidence also suggests that it dates from the latter half of the 14th century. It is, however, believed that the map is based on an earlier version, made around 1280.


Map - 1000 AD Italy364 viewsPolitical map of Italy in 1000 AD (CE).
Map - 1494 Italy404 viewsPolitical map of Italy in early 1494, before the invasion of Italy by Charles VIII of France.
Map - Italy 1494 34 viewsMap of Italy in 1494.
Map - 1084 Italy and the Illyrian Coast540 viewsMap of Italy and the Illyrian coast in the year 1084.
MAP - 555 AD - Byzantine Empire Under Justinian458 viewsThe Eastern Roman Empire (red) and its vassals (pink) in 555 AD during the reign of Justinian I.
Map - German States, Brandenburg, 1320 A.D.71 viewsMap - German States, Brandenburg, 1320 A.D.
Map - Kingdom of Northumbria 802 AD83 viewsKingdom of Northumbria 802 AD

The Kingdom of Northumbria was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland. The name derives from the Old English Norþan-hymbre meaning "the people or province north of the Humber", which reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory, the Humber Estuary. Northumbria started to consolidate into one kingdom in the early seventh century. At its height, the kingdom extended from just south of the Humber to the River Mersey and to the Firth of Forth, in Scotland. Northumbria ceased to be an independent kingdom in the mid-tenth century.
Map 1214 The Latin Empire62 viewsThe borders of the Latin Empire and Byzantine Empire after the 4th crusade (1204) up to the Treaty of Nymphaeum in 1214.
1204 AD The Latin Empire and Partition of the Byzantine Empire after the 4th Crusade, c. 1204.94 viewsThe Latin Empire and the Partition of the Byzantine Empire after the 4th crusade, c. 1204; borders are approximate.
Map - Barbarian Migrations396 views
Map - Seljuks of Rum29 viewsMap of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate in 1243.

The Seljuks were a Central Asian nomadic group of Sunni Muslims. The last Seljuk sultan died in battle in 1194 when the Great Seljuks were defeated by the Mongols. A breakaway group, the Seljuks of Rum, settled in Anatolia. They too eventually succumbed to the continuing Mongol expansion of the 12th and 13th centuries.
Map - 1250 AD Medieval Europe in the 13th Century897 views1 comments
Map - 800 AD Mediterranean377 views
Map - 476 AD Mediterranean436 views
Map - Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia, 637 - 638 AD492 viewsArab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia, 637 - 638 AD
Map 635 AD Muslim-Byzantine troop movement561 viewsMuslim-Byzantine troop movement from September 635 to just before the event of the Battle of Yarmouk.

In 629, the Islamic prophet Muhammad had recently succeeded in unifying all of the nomadic tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. Those tribes had previously been too divided to pose a serious military threat to the Byzantines or the Persians. Now unified and animated by their new conversion to Islam, they comprised one of the most powerful states in the region. The first conflict between the Byzantines and Muslims was the Battle of Mu'tah in September 629. A small Muslim skirmishing force attacked the province of Arabia but were repulsed. Because the engagement was a Byzantine victory, there was no apparent reason to make changes to the military configuration of the region. Also, once the severity of the Muslim threat was realized, the Byzantines had little preceding battlefield experience with the Arabs, and even less with zealous soldiers united by a prophet. Even the Strategicon, a manual of war praised for the variety of enemies it covers, does not mention warfare against Arabs at any length. The following year the Muslims launched raids into the Arabah south of Lake Tiberias, taking Al Karak. Other raids penetrated into the Negev reaching as far as Gaza. The Battle of Yarmouk in 636 resulted in a crushing defeat for the larger Byzantine army; within three years, the Levant had been lost again. By the time of Heraclius' death in Constantinople, on February 11, 641, most of Egypt had fallen as well.
Map - Conquests of Prophet Muhammad and the Rashidun Caliphate, 630-641496 views
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