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Map - Georgian States Colchis and Iberia, 600 - 150 B.C.
Map - Georgian States Colchis and Iberia, 600 - 150 B.C.

Kolchis (Colchis) was an ancient kingdom and region on the coast of the Black Sea, centered in present-day western Georgia. The original Middle Bronze Age inhabitants were probably the ancestors of the present Swan, Mingrelian and Laz people. It was described as a land rich with gold, iron, timber and honey that exported its resources mostly to Greece. The Greeks invaded Kolchis in the 6th to the 5th centuries B.C. colonized and in 302 B.C. It became part of the newly founded Kingdom of Iberia. Kolchis was later divided into several principalities, until their annexation around 101 B.C. by Mithridates VI of Pontus. After that it was involved in wars with the Roman Empire. In 66 B.C. they were defeated by Pompey and became part of the Roman Empire. Christianity began in the 1st century AD. spread by Kolchis and in the 4th century it became the official religion. At that time it formed an important part of medieval Georgia, along with the Kingdom of Iberia.

In Greek mythology, Kolchis was the location of the Golden Fleece sought by Jason and the Argonauts. The myth may have originated from the ancient local practice of using moss to separate gold dust from river bed mud.

Christianity began in the 1st century AD. spread by Kolchis and in the 4th century it became the official religion. At that time it formed an important part of medieval Georgia, along with the Kingdom of Iberia.
oriens.jpg macedonia_1849.jpg Map_Orbis_Veteribus_Notus_1900pix~1.jpg Roman_East_50_CE_Commagene_highlighted-en_svg~0.png Georgian_States_Colchis_and_Iberia_(600-150BC)-en_svg.png
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Filename:Georgian_States_Colchis_and_Iberia_(600-150BC)-en_svg.png
Atlas name:Joe Sermarini / Ancient Asia
Source:https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Georgian_States_Colchis_and_Iberia_(600-150BC)-en.svg
Author, Date printed:Deu, basiert auf Andrew Anderson's File:Earlycaucasus655.jpg und Don-Kun's File:Caucasus 300 map alt de.png, 7 February 2012
Permission granted by:Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license
Authorized use:Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license
File Size:1060 KB
Date added:Jul 30, 2019
Dimensions:1165 x 1024 pixels
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URL:http://www.forumancientcoins.com/Ancient-Maps/displayimage.php?pos=-519
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