The Age of Gallienus
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Class A Folles
Armenian Numismatics Page
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Denarii of Otho
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Maps of the Ancient World
Museum Collections Available Online
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Excellence Award
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Megaris, a small but populous state of ancient Greece, west of Attica and north of Corinthia, whose inhabitants were adventurous seafarers, credited with deceitful propensities. The capital, Megara, famous for white marble and fine clay, was the birthplace of Euclid. Mount Geraneia dominates the center of the region. The island of Salamis was originally under the control of Megara, before it was lost to Athens in the late 7th century BCE.
Aegosthena, at the head of the Corinthian gulf and at the foot of Mt. Cithaeron, possessed a temple of the prophet Melampus (Paus. i. 44. 5), who first established the worship of Dionysos in Greece, and in whose honor an annual festival was held. Imperial coins only. Sept. Severus and Geta, Inscr. ΑΙΓΟCΘΕΝΙ[ΩΝ]. Infant (Melampus?) suckled
Megara, in ancient times the flourishing capital of the territory between Attica and the isthmus of Corinth, commanded the trade routes between Peloponnesus and Central Greece. Svoronos, in Journ. Int. d'arch. num., i. p. 373, has suggested that during the sixth century B.C. Megara may have been the place of mintage of the series of archaic didrachms, etc., of the Wheel type and of Euboic weight, described above under Euboea (p. 358); see also Babelon, Traitť, p. 778. This attribution is, however, conjectural, though by no means improbable.
|Head of Apollo.||ΜΕΓ ΑΡΕ Lyre. |
AR 122 grs.
|Id.||Μ Ε Γ Α and Η between five crescents. |
AR 50 grs.
|Id.||Μ Ε Γ between three crescents.
AR 23 grs.
AR 18.2 grs.
It is uncertain to what standard the above coins belong. From the battle of Chaeroneia until the time of Demetrius Poliorcetes, who conferred freedom on Megara in B.C. 307, it would appear that no money was struck there.
|Head of Apollo, resembling in style some of the finest tetradrachms of Demetrius. [BMC Attica, Pl. XXI. 5, 6.]||ΜΕΓΑ ΡΕΩΝ Lyre, sometimes with fillet attached.
AR Attic Drachm.
|Id.||ΜΕΓΑ ΡΕΩΝ Id.
AR Ĺ Drachm.
|Id.||ΜΕΓΑ Prow, with magistrate's name.
|Head of Apollo (Ibid., Figs. 7, 8).||ΜΕΓΑΡΕΩΝ Lyre.
|Id.|| Ą Tripod.
|Id.||Μ Ε Γ in wreath.
|Prow on which tripod (Ibid., Fig. 10).||ΜΕΓ Two dolphins.
|ΜΕΓΑ Prow (Ibid., Fig. 12).||Tripod between dolphins.
|Id.||Obelisk of Apollo Karinos between dolphins.
|Μ Ε Tripod.||Dolphin.
Shortly after this the town fell again into the power of the Macedonian kings, in whose hands it remained until B.C. 243, when Aratus united it to the Achaean League. Some of the above described bronze coins may be as late as B.C. 243, but the silver pieces can hardly be placed after circ. B.C. 300.
The Megarean coin-types refer to the worship of Apollo, who was said to have assisted Alkathoos to build the walls of the town. In honor of this god the lesser Pythian games were held at Megara. The obelisk is probably the stone at Megara which was called Apollo Καρινος (Paus. i.
For coins struck at Megara between B.C. 243 and 146 see Achaean League.
|ΜΕΓΑΡΕΩΝ Bearded head of the philosopher Eucleides of Megara, veiled and wearing ear-ring. [BMC Attica, Pl. XXI. 14.]||Artemis (Soteira (?), Paus. i. 40. 2) running with torch in each hand; probably a copy of the statue made by Strongylion for the Megarians.
This remarkable type refers to the story that Eucleides attended the lectures of Socrates in the disguise of a woman, the Athenians having passed a decree that no citizens of Megara should be admitted within their walls (Aulus Gellius, Noct. Att., vi. 10).
Demeter standing holding two torches before a third tall torch fixed in the ground (Paus. i. 40. 6). Asklepios and Hygieia (Paus. i. 40. 6). Tyche sacrificing at altar (Paus. i. 43. 6, statue by Praxiteles). Artemis running with two torches. Artemis Agrotera holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver at her shoulder (Paus. i. 41. 3). Pythian Apollo with lyre, beside altar (Paus. i. 42. 2, 5). Apollo, Artemis, and Leto (Paus. i. 44. 2). Statue of Athena, probably that of gold and ivory on the Acropolis, mentioned by Pausanias (i. 42. 4). Dionysos standing (Paus. i. 43. 5). Herakles at rest. Term in temple. Zeus Olympios (?) seated (Paus. i. 40. 4). Zeus advancing.
Pagae, the port or harbor of Megara on the Corinthian gulf. After B.C. 243 it became a member of the Achaean League, and independent of Megara (see Achaean League, p. 417). Imperial coins are also known; inscr. ΠΑΓΑΙWΝ, M. AureliusóSept. Severus; typesóTemple containing statue of Artemis running with torches (Paus. i. 44. 4). Temple between Palm and Olive-tree with an owl seated amid the branches (N. C. 1900, 11). Kybele seated; at her feet, lion. Dionysos seated. Isis in temple. Bust of Tyche. Tyche standing before statue of Artemis. Horseman. Gate with three entrances, on which figures, etc. Herakles on basis in building.