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Sacrificans Imperator

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   Sacrificans Imperator.-- The emperor sacrificing
before an altar appears on Latin coins of
Domitian.-- Also of Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian,
Antonine, M. Aurelius, L. Verus, Commodus,
Severus, Caracalla, Geta, Elagabalus, Alex.
Severus, Gordianus Pius, Trebonianus Gallus,
and their successors down to Licinius senior.
   The emperors, as soon as elected, performed
solemn sacrifices, in quality of their pontificate.
After Tiberius, they were admitted to all
the orders of priesthood.-- On a first brass of
Severus are three figures clothed in the toga,
veiled, and in the act of sacrificing, two joining
hands across a lighted altar, and one in the
centre behind the altar.--- In the Cabinet
a similar type is given as from a
first brass of Caracalla. And as the former
medal bears the 18th Tribunitian power of the
Father (COS. III.) and the latter medal records
the 13th Tribunitian power (COS. III.) of his
eldest son and successor, the supposition of
Havercamp (in Mus. Christin. 164) appears
extremely probable, that the type in question of an offered sacrifice refers to the subject of the
Brittannic victory, achieved by the emperor and
his sons, A.D. 210, and that Severus, Caracalla,
and Geta here are represented redeeming the
vows which they had made to the gods at the
commencement of that memorable, but to the
emperor himself fatal, expedition.-- On a coin of
Caracalla and Geta, two emperors are seen
sacrificing (see SAECVLARIA SACRA) ; the same
type occurs in the Philips, father and son ; in
Valerianus and Gallienus ; and on a medal of
Aurelian the Emperor and a woman standing
opposite each other perform sacrifice at an altar.
On some imperial coins, three, four, five, and
even six figures-- for example, the SAECVLVM
NOVVUM of Philip sen.

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