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SICILIA S C



Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
     SICILIA. S. C.  -- On a first brass of Hadrian,
with this legend of the reverse is a juvenile head
which presents a full face without neck : it has
the hair dishevelled, and the chin without beard.
Beneath it is some sea monster, having the figure
of a woman from the head to the waist, and
having serpents for the legs and arms. Vaillant
thinks that this head represents that of Medusa.
Havercamp regards it as more likely to be intended for the Sun, such as it is represented on
medals of Rhodes, which often sent colonists to
Syracuse. -- Eckhel believes that, if the head be
really that of the sun, of which, however, he
thinks, there is strong ground for doubt, it
alludes to the sun as seen at the rising by
Hadrian at Mount Etna (as related by Spartian)
rather than to the Rhodian strangers, especially
as the inhabitants of his Mount Aetna engraved
the head of the sun on their money. But (he
adds) the head is more probably that of Medusa,
which often appears on Sicilian medals, placed
(see Sicilia) in the centre of the triquetra.
-- There can be no doubt but that the marine
monster, placed below, is Scylla, which, in the
Sicilian straights (fretum Siculum), appears to
have exercised a grievous tyranny, and which in
a form not greatly dissimilar is typified on coins
of Sextus Pompey.



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