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Index Of All Titles


Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
A Case of Counterfeits
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
Greek Alphabet
Greek Dates
Greek Mythology Link
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Helvetica's ID Help Page
Historia Numorum
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Latin Plurals
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Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Nabataean Numerals
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Names
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
The Sign that Changed the World
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Widow's Mite

Otacilia Severa

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Octacilia (Marcia) Severa, daughter of Severus, Governor of Pannonia, married Philip senior, about A.D. 234, by whom she had Philip the younger, seven years before the elevation of her husband to the Imperial throne.  Of an engaging person, and in private conduct without reproach, she was culpably ambitious, and participated with Philip in the murder of the Third Gordian.  This princess professed Christianity, and is said to have been subjected to ecclesiastical penance by the Bishop of Antioch, Saint Babylas, for her criminal share in the death of the virtuous young emperor.  It was however, by Otacilia's protection that the Christians breathed in peace during the reign of her husband, and by her instruction that her son, a youth of great promise, was brought up in piety and wisdom of their holy faith.  But the death of Philip precipitated this woman into the obscure condition in which she was born, and, sustaining the horror of having her son slain in her arms by the Pretorians, in whose camp they jointly sought a refuge on the approach of Trajan Dacius to Rome, Otacilia passed the remainder of her days in retirement.  The inscriptions on her coins are OTACILIA. SEVERA. AVG., and MARCIA. OTACILIA. SEVERA. AVG.  Some pieces represent her with Philip the father and Philip the younger - and many of her coins retrace the celebrated epocha, and the festal solminities which occupy so large a portion of the types struck in honour of her husband and her son.  On the large brass of this Empress we read

 CONCORDIA AVG. S.C. ; PVDICITIA. AVG. S.C.; and on another SAECVLARES AVG. S.C., with the figure of a hippopotamus. - Pellerin also gives in his Mlange a silver coin of Otacilia, with FECVNDITAS TEMPORVM., and a woman seated on the ground, holding a cornucopiae in her right towards two children.  She is said to have had a daughter as well as a son.  Her gold coins and brass medallions are very rare: silver of the usual size and first and second brass very common.

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