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Milne Temnos

Milne, J.G. "A Hoard of Coins of Temnos" in Numismatic Chronicle 1914, pp. 260 - 261.

Temnos (Temnus) on the western coast of Anatolia near the Hermus River, was a small Greek city-state of Aeolis, later incorporated in the Roman province of Asia. Under Augustus it was already on the decline, under Tiberius it was destroyed by an earthquake, and in the time of Pliny (23 - 79 A.D.) it was no longer inhabited. It was, however, rebuilt later. One of the city's more noteworthy figures was the rhetorician Hermagoras.



A NUMBER of small copper coins of Temnos, of the third century B.C., recently reached me from Smyrna : and a few days later a lot consisting of similar coins was offered for sale at Messrs. Sotheby's rooms on February 3, 1914, and was purchased by Mr. Baldwin, who very kindly lent them to me for comparison with my own. As the two groups had evidently formed part of the same hoard, I asked Mr. E. D. Barff of Smyrna, who had obtained mine for me, to make inquiries about them ; and he ascertained that about three hundred coins, all of similar types, had been found together with five or, six tetradrachms of Alexander bearing the Temnos symbol, a bunch of grapes, on the hills above the Menemen plain and brought into Smyrna for sale.

There were fifty-two coins in my lot, and thirty-eight were lent to me by Mr. Baldwin : both groups consisted of the four following varieties, in about equal proportions in each of the two :-

(1) Obv.-Youthful head of Dionysos r., wearing wreath of ivy, hair falling on neck in locks.
Rev.-Vine-branch with bunch of grapes and leaves ; in field, below, T A, to r.   (11 specimens).
(2) Obv.-Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corinthian helmet ; hair falling on neck in locks.
Rev.-Warrior standing r., wearing crested helmet and cuirass ; in raised r. hand a short javelin, ou 1. arm a round shield ; in field, below, Τ Α (5 specimens).

(3) Similar to (2), but on reverse also in field, above, Α Θ (27 specimens.

(4) Similar to (2), but on reverse also in field, above, Φ Z (47 specimens). 86107

The die-position in practically all cases was ↑↑, only six examples showing an irregularity of a few degrees : and the normal diameter was 13 mm, five specimens of (1), one of (3), and eight of (4), measuring 12 mm ; one of (2), four of (3), and three of (4), 14 mm ; and one of (3), 15 mm. I compared the dies of all the coins, and weighed them, with the following results. The obverse dies are lettered in capitals, the reverse in small letters, in each variety in


separate series : the weights are in grams : the order is the same in each case.

(1) Dies.-Aa, Bb, Co, Dd, Be, Ef, Fg, Fh, Gd, He, Ii.
Weights.-1.56, 2.02, 1.98, 1.72, 1.92, 1.65, 2.17, 2.46, 1.70, 1.95, 2.20.

(2) Dies.-Aa, Ab, Bb, Bb, Ce.
Weights.-1-81, 2.08, 2.21, 1.19, 2.18.

(3) Dies.-Aa, Ab, Ac, Ba, Ba, Sc, Be, Be, Cb, Dd, Dd, De, Df, Eg, Eh, Fi, Fk, Gi, Gl, Gl, Gm, HI, HI, Hn, Ho, Ip, Kg.
Weights.-2.19, 1.81, 2.45, 2.34, 119, 1.69, 1.92, 1.90, 2.11, 2.86, 1.69, 1.96, 2.15, 1.71, 1.70, 1.91, 1.58, 3.31, 1.88, 2.09, 219, 1.87, 2.53, 1.90, 1.15, 2.11, 1.77.

(4) Dies.-Aa, Aa, Ab, Ab, Ab, Ab, Ad, Ac, Ad, Ad, Ae, Ae, Af, Af, Ba, Bg, Bg, Bh, Ca, Cd, Ce, Ci, Dk, Dk, El, El, El, Fe, Ff, Fm, Gn, On, Ho, Ho, Hp, Iq, Kr, Ls, Mt, Nu, Ow, Pl, Qx, Ry, Sz, Ts, Taa.
Weights.-2.23, 2.10, 2.16, 1.63, 1.61, 215, 1.81, 1.82, 112, 2.34, 2.60, 1.79, 2.16, 1.93, 2.20, 2.30, 1.81, 315, 2.15, 1.18, 2.40, 1.68, 1.12, 2.00, 1.70, 1.96, 2.55, 2.52, 2.05, 1.8.9, 1.60, 2.02, 2.37, 2.05, 2.09, 2.09, 2.06, 1.55, 1.64, 2.02, 2.37, 215, 1.92, 2.07, 1.78, 1.39, 1.95.

It will be observed that in the case of type (1) there were nine different obverse dies and nine different reverse noted : in type (2), three and three; in type (3), ten and sixteen; in type (4), twenty and twenty-five. There were no instances of the same obverse die being used for coins belonging to different varieties in (2), (3), and (4).

There is an account of what is clearly a part of the same hoard in Monatsbl. Num. Ges. Wien, 1913, p. 164. In this note eighty coins are described, which are said to have been found by a shepherd at Nymphi, 25 km. east of Smyrna : there were eight specimens of (1), two of (2), forty-one of (3), and twenty-nine of (4). It is also mentioned that eighty-one coins of similar types were subsequently in the hands of a Smyrna dealer.

J. G. Milne