Ancient Coins from Lycia for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins shop
Babelon, E. Les Perses Achménides, pp. lxxxix-cxiii, 63-82, 1893.
Babelon, E. Inventaire de la Coll. Waddington, pp. 153-177, 1898.
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Fellows, C. Coins of Ancient Lycia. (London, 1855).
Hill, G.F. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia. (London, 1897).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Noe, S.P. "A Lycian Hoard" in Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society. (New York, 1958).
Mørkholm, O. "The Classification of Lycian coins before Alexander the Great" in JNG XIV (1964).
Olçay, N. & O. Mørkholm. "The Coin Hoard from Podalia" in NC 1971.
Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Price, M.J. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Six, J. P. Monnaies lyciennes, R. N., 1886, 1887.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia-Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Troxell, H.A. The Coinage of the Lycian League, NNM 162. (New York, 1982).
Vismara, N. Monetazione arcaica in elettro dell'Asia Minore nelle Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, donazione Winsemann Falghera. (Milan, 1993).
Waggoner, N.M. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).
The coinage of Lycia confirms in a most striking manner the testimony
of ancient writers, especially Strabo, with regard to the Federal constitution of the country. Among no other ancient people do we find Federal
institutions so wisely framed and so firmly rooted as among the Lycians.
Although the majority of the early coins represent individual dynasts, it is clear that there existed some sort of federation between these rulers,
more or less under Persian suzerainty. The abundant coinage testifies to
the great prosperity of the country in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.
The distinctive symbol on the money of the various cities which took
part in this Federal coinage is the Triskeles or so-called Triquetra, which
sometimes takes the form of a tetraskeles or of a diskeles. Various
hypotheses have been advanced as to the intention of this strange
symbol (Bab., Tr., ii. 510 f.). The most reasonable is that which has
been put forward by L. Müller, that it is a solar emblem symbolizing
rotatory motion. In this case it would refer to the worship of the
national Lycian deity, Apollo Αυκιος, the God of Light. The animal
types—Boars, Winged lions, Griffins, Bulls, &c.—must remain for the most
part unexplained. (but the boar was associated with Apollo). The Lycian
silver money falls into the following classes. The weight-standard is the
Babylonic, but shows considerable irregularity, and a tendency to fall to
the Euboïc standard, the staters weighing from about 155 to under
120 grains. The staters are divided into thirds (tetrobols), sixths
(diobols), &c., but also occasionally into halves (drachms).
SERIES I. Circ. B.C. 520-480.
AR Staters and diobols. Rev. Inc. sq., at first rude, then decorated with lines,
letters, and in one case with bull’s head within radiating pattern (Babelon, Perses
Achém, Pl. XI. 6). Obv. types: Boar, Forepart or Head of boar, Forepart of winged
boar; on shoulder, sometimes, Greek letters (ΠV, ΜΘ, ΚVΒ), the last of which
probably represent Κυ βερνις, son of Kossikas (Hdt. vii. 98). Babelon, Traité, ii.
SERIES II. Circ. B.C. 500-460, or later.
AR Staters, tetrobols, diobols. Obv. types: Boar, Forepart of boar, Bull kneeling,
Lion standing with head reverted, Sphinx, Winged female figure, Helmeted head.
Rev. Inc. sq.; Lion’s head in profile or facing, Eagle’s Head, Tortoise, Forepart
of kneeling bull, Head and neck of bull, Bull’s head facing between + +, Ram's
head, Crab, Forepart of griffin, Head of Ares, Bearded head. Babelon, Tr., ii.
SERIES III. Circ. B.C. 500-450.
AR Staters, tetrobols, diobols. Obv. types: Boar, Forepart of boar, Two foreparts
of boars conjoined, Crab. Rev. Inc. sq.; Triskeles, Triskeles on shield, behind
which two diskeles crossed. A small triskeles, or Lycian letters (Χ, ΠΟ, &c.)
often occur on the animal’s flank or in field. Babelon, Tr., ii. Pl. XXII.
SERIES IV. Circ. B.C. 480-390.
This series includes the remaining coins with the triskeles or its
modifications (except those given in Series V), and a series with heads
of deities and dynasts. A number of the Lycian inscriptions which now
appear have been identified as the names of cities or dynasts. The
legends are frequently retrograde. Vol. I of the Tituli Asiae Minoris
(ed. Kalinka, Vienna 1901) contains a nearly complete vocabulary and
all the latest material for the study of the language; for many of the
dynasts mentioned on the coins see especially the account of the Xanthian stele (op. cit., p. 46). Only a selection of the types, without reference to denominations, can be given here. The rev. is, unless otherwise
stated, in an incuse square.
Circ. B.C. 480-460.
, triskeles on flank. Rev.
Forepart of lion
; in field
Dog lying. Rev. Triskeles.
crouching, or devouring prey. Rev.
or Forepart of boar
Triskeles of cocks’ heads; sometimes with
letters. (Fig. 315, p. 689.)
Ν (Thiba̧n). Cock’s head triskeles.
and human eye. Rev.
, or Forepart, or Butting bull. Rev.
(B. M. C., Lycia
, Pl. III. 6). Rev.
Ε (Mutlä̧i) Triskeles.
Forepart of boar
(Utävä̧). S-shaped diskeles with ‘handle
Two dolphins and human eye; ΠΡΛ (Prl = Aperlae ?) or uninscribed. Rev.
ΑΠΡ or ΠΡΛ Triskeles.
, usually with symbols
, eye, &c. Rev.
ΕΤ↑ (Itä), Ζ
and eye. Rev.
Two dolphins with astragalos
and eye, Dolphin
and fish with F
(Vahñtäzä̧ = ‘of Antiphellus’) or Dolphin
. Rev. ΑΠ
(?). Class I. Circ. B.C. 480-450. Inscr.
ΚΟΠΡΛΛΕ (Kuprlli) or
, Marra), Forepart of
, Facing head of panther
, Human eye, Griffin
crouching, Forepart or head
, Foreparts of two lions (?) conjoined, &c. Rev.
with cygnets’ or monsters’ heads), ‘Heptaskeles.’
Class II. Circ. B.C. 450-410. Inscr. as on Class I, seldom retrograde.
wielding club, Hermes
(?) carrying ram, Nude winged
figure, Bearded head of Ammon
, Bearded head of Ares on shield
Beardless male head, Human eye, Lion
(slaying bull, walking, crouching, forepart of), Winged lion
(walking, crouching, or on shield
), Horse (standing, kneeling), Mule
(standing, or licking hind leg), Bull (walking, with inscr.
Arñ, ‘Xanthus’), Butting bull, Forepart or head and neck of bull. Foreparts of
two bulls conjoined, Foreparts of bull and horse conjoined, Winged man-headed
bull, Forepart of winged bull, Cow suckling calf, Goat (standing or kneeling),
, Dove between two myrtle-branches, Bird flying, Sphinx
Rev. Triskeles, as in Class I; sometimes incuse circle
, with symbol consisting of ring and two horns. Rev.
of cygnets’ heads; similar symbol. Inc. circle
, P. A.
, Pl. XV. 6.)
?). Circ. B.C. 450-420. Obv.
Triskeles, sometimes with serpent
’s head; same
. Circ. B.C. 450. Obv. Griffin
seated on shield
Triskeles. (Imhoof, Kl. M.
, Pl. X. 1.)
. Circ. B.C. 450. Obv. Sphinx
(?). Circ. B.C. 450. Obv. Pegasus
. Circ. B.C. 400. Obv. Lion
seated, forepaw raised. Rev.
Forepart of Pegasos or of fawn.
(?). Circ. B.C. 400. Obv. Dolphin
, Inv. Wadd.
, Pl. VI. 12.)
. Circ. B.C. 480-460. Obv.
Forepart of boar
, Forepart of cow, Winged lion
, Two cocks and
(all these on shield
), Forepart of boar
Head of Seilenos facing, Cock, Head of Aphrodite. Rev.
(sometimes with one
. Circ. B.C. 470-450. Obv.
Cow suckling calf, Head of Aphrodite, Head of
, Head of bearded Herakles
or SΠΠΞ Tetraskeles.
|Head of Athena (showing
||Inc. sq. or circle: Head of bearded dynast in Persian dress, inscr. ↓↑ΡΕ, ↓↑Ρ+↑, or ↓↑ΡΕ
ΡΞΝ+↑ (Arñnahä, ‘of Xanthus’), sometimes
with symbol ; Bull; Forepart of man-headed
bull; Large , inscr. ↓↑Ρ ΤΛFΕ (Tlavi,
| between two cocks on
||↓↑Ρ or ↓ΑΡΕ Eagle and .
|Head of Aphrodite.
Khäriga (Karikas). Circ. B.C. 410.
. Circ. B.C. 410-400 Inscr.,
, or abbreviations
, or none. Obv.
Head and leg of lion
, Head of Athena
, of Athena
, of Artemis
(?) (Imhoof, Kl. M.
, Pl. X. 2), of Dynast, Eagle
, usually with diskeles symbol and in inc. circle
. Circ. B.C. 420 (?). Obv.
Head of Athena
, I. W.
Pl. VI. 17).
. Circ. B.C. 400-390. Obv.
Head of Athena
Inc. sq. or circle
Ρ+↑ Heads of bearded
, or bearded satrap
. Circ. B.C. 400. Obv.
Head of Athena
ΧΤΕΜΕ Youthful male head; Head of Hermes
, incuse circle
. (1) Circ. B.C. 440. Obv.
Forepart of boar
. Rev. Π
ΤΤ (?) Tetraskeles, with
(2) Circ. B.C. 400. Obv. Head of Athena. Rev. Inc. sq. or circle.
ΠΤΤΡΖ (Pttarazä̧), ΠΤ or no inscr. Head of Hermes. Obv. Dolphin.
Rev. ΠΤ Head of Athena.
. Circ. B.C. 430-410. Obv.
Head of Athena
Head of Hermes
. Circ. B.C. 430-410. Obv.
Head of Athena
, with diskeles.
Circ. B.C. 405-395. Obv.
Pegasos (often on shield
), Head of Athena
Forepart of winged stag. Rev.
Inc. sq. or circle
. ↓ΕΝ, monograms
, or no inscription
Triskeles, Diskeles with ↓ attached.
SERIES V. Circ. B.C. 400-362.
The later style and fabric of the following coins induce me to class them to a more recent period than any of those which I have described above. They are characterized by their flatter and larger flans, and by
the gradual disappearance of the well-marked incuse square, which is present on all the earlier Lycian series. The coinage doubtless ended with the acquisition of Lycia by Mausolus in 362 B.C. The silver does not show the degradation towards the Attic weight which is found in
Series IV, but conforms more rigidly to the Babylonic standard. Bronze now first appears. The following are the more important varieties :—
and Trbbänimi. Inscr., Ζ
ΤΡΒ, ΤΡΒΒ^ΝΕΜΕ, some coins bearing both names. Types: Obv.
Lion's scalp, Head and leg of lion
, Head of Artemis
nearly facing. Rev.
Inc. sq. or circle
. Triskeles, Head of Athena
. Adjuncts: club, small triskeles or
. Obv. Lion
’s scalp. Rev.
Facing head of Athena
in triple-crested helmet (Babelon
, Inv. Wadd.
(3) Vädr... Obv. Lion
’s scalp or head. Rev.
. F↑Δ or F↑ΔΡ Triskeles.
. Obv. Lion
’s scalp or head, Forepart of skin with paws. Incuse circle
. Obv. Lion
’s scalp. Rev.
, probably at first dynast of Limyra, afterwards king
of greater part
of Lycia, circ. B.C. 380-362 (cf. Theopompus, fr. 111). He struck bronze as well as silver.
||Inc. sq. or circle, Π↑ΡΕΚΛ↑ Triskeles with symbols in field. |
AR Staters, Tetrobols.
|Head of young Pan, Goat,
or Forepart of goat.
||Π↑ΡΕΚΛ Triskeles. |
Circ. B.C. 330-188.
On his march from Caria into Pisidia Alexander reduced Lycia under
his sway, and from this time down to the date of the defeat of Antiochus
by the Romans, B.C. 190, the country was subject successively to the
Ptolemies and the Seleucidae.
Of coins of Alexander’s types few, if any, seem to have been struck in this district except at Phaselis, q. v. The triskeles is, however, found on bronze coins of the types of Alexander and of the Macedonian interregnum, which provenance shows to be Lycian. Telmessus also issued a bronze coin in the time of Ptolemy I. Coins of Rhodes and of the Ptolemies, &c., circulated (cf. J. H. S., xv, p. 114). After the defeat of Antiochus the Romans in 188 gave Lycia (except Telmessus) to the Rhodians. A few of the cities may have begun to issue small bronze coins early in the second century, but with the exceptions noted no coins were produced in the country during all this period.
Circ. B.C. 168-43 A.D.
In B.C. 168 the Romans restored to the Lycians their full freedom, and the Lycian towns now formed themselves into an independent League under Roman auspices (Livy, xliv. 15; Polyb., xxx. 5), which lasted until the reign of Claudius, A. D. 43, who made the country into a province with Pamphylia.
The coinage of this new Lycian League has much in common with the contemporary coinage of the Achaean League in Peloponnesus. It consists of silver drachms (κιθαρηφοροι) and hemidrachms (?) of degraded
Rhodian weight—characterized by the reappearance of a sharply defined incuse square on the reverse—and of several varieties of bronze.
|Head of Apollo Αυκιος, laureate (or sometimes wearing taenia), bow and quiver at shoulder; after about B.C. 81 the hair is in formal curls; on either side usually Λ—Υ.||Flat, sharply defined incuse square, within which a lyre and, usually, initials of mint with ΛΥΚΙΩΝ (or abbreviation). |
AR Drachms 45 grs.(usually much lighter)
|Head of Artemis, with bow and quiver at her shoulder.
||Similar, but quiver instead of lyre.
The Federal bronze coinage is more varied than the silver, the
prevalent types being, on the obv., Heads of Apollo, Artemis, Hermes,
&c.; on rev., Apollo standing, Lyre, Tripod, Stag, Bow and quiver crossed,
Quiver, Caduceus, &c. The inscription consists of the initials of the
city or district, with or without ΛΥΚΙΩΝ. The coins without any indication of mint were probably struck at Xanthus. The two great districts, Cragus and Masicytes, were united for monetary purposes and struck coins for general circulation; the initials of the various cities were also often combined with those of Cragus or Masicytes according to the district to which they belonged. The following 22 cities are known to have taken part in the currency of the League: in the Cragus district, Telmessus, Pinara, Sidyma, Tlos, Xanthus, Patara, Dias; in the Masicytes district, Myra, Cyaneae, Ty(benissus) or Ty(mena), Arycanda, Antiphellus, Phellus, Aperlae, Apollonia; in other districts, Limyra. Gagae, Rhodiapolis, Olympus (?), Trebenna, Oenoanda, Bubon (?). Strabo (xiv. 664) says that there were twenty-three towns in the confederacy. A change in the style of the coins is noticeable about B.C. 81, when Murena reorganized the country, and some new cities were added to the League. The last coinage of the League includes light Rhodian drachms and denarii, with the portraits of Augustus and Claudius; inscr., ΛΥ; types—one or two lyres, Apollo, Artemis, &c.; also bronze of Claudius, without ΛΥ; types—Goddess of Myra in temple, Apollo standing, &c. (Imhoof, Zur gr. u. röm. Münzk., 1908, pp. 21 f., 170). The coinage of denarii was even continued, after the dissolution of the League by Claudius, under Domitian, Nerva, and Trajan, with the Emperors’ titles in Greek, ΥΠΑΤΟΥ ΙΖ, ΔΗΜ. ЄΞ. ΥΠΑΤ. Β., &c. The Imperial coinage of the Lycian towns belongs almost exclusively to the reign of Gordian and Tranquillina.
Autonomous (Chiefly Post-Alexandrine), Federal, and Imperial Coinage of the Towns of Lycia.
Acalissus (Giauristan-lik). Imperial of Gordian. Inscr., ΑΚΑΛΙCCЄWΝ, Horseman galloping (Rev. Num., 1853, 90). Helen between
Dioskuri; Herakles standing.
Antiphellus (Andifilo), on the coast opposite Megiste. Æ of second century B.C.; inscr., ΑΝΤΙΦΕΛΛΙΤΩΝ or ΑΝΤ; Head of Apollo, Veiled
head, Dolphin. Federal Æ. ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΑΝ, and Imperial of Gordian, ΑΝΤΙΦЄΛΛЄΙΤΩΝ, Tyche.
Aperlae (on Assar Bay). Federal Æ. ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΑΠ, and Imperial of Gordian, ΑΠЄΡΛЄΙΤWΝ, Altar.
Apollonia (Avassari, north of Aperlae ?). Federal Æ. ΛΥΚΙΩΝΑΠΟ.
Araxa (Ören). Imperial of Hadrian, ΑΡΑΞЄΩΝ, Zeus with Nike.
Arycanda (Aruf). Æ of second century; inscr., ΑΡ; Radiate head
(Sozou ?), Apollo sacrificing. Federal AR (?) and Æ. ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΑΡ
or ΑΡΥ. Imperial—Gordian, Tranquillina, ΑΡΥΚΑΝΔЄWΝ, Tyche, Herakles, Horseman-deity (Sozon ?), Naked Warrior, Eagle on boar's
Balbura (Katara). Autonomous Æ of second century B.C. Inscr. ΒΑΛΒΟΥΡΕΩΝ. Types: Head of Demeter, rev. Ear of corn; Head of
Athena, rev. Owl on helmet; Head of Zeus, rev. Club; Eagle on thunder-
bolt; Caduceus; &c. Imperial of Caligula, ΒΑΛΒΟΥΡΕWΝ, Herakles,
Bubon. This town was annexed to Lycia by Murena, B.C. 81. Federal AE. Inscr., ΒΟΥ. Imperial of Augustus, ΒΟΥΒWΝΕWΝ, Artemis
Cadyanda (Üzümlü). Autonomous Æ. Inscr., ΚΑΔΥ. Xoanon; and federal Æ; ΛΥΚΙ ΚΑ (this may belong to Calynda or Candyba).
Calynda (on the Carian border). Autonomous Æ of first century B.C.
Inscr., ΚΑΛΥ or ΚΑΛΥΝ, Head of Artemis, Rev. Forepart of stag or
Candyba (Gendova). Imperial Æ—Gordian III. Inscr., ΚΑΝΔΥΒΕWΝ. Type—Tyche. (Z. f. N., v, Pl. I. 9.)
Choma in the Milyas. Autonomous Æ of first century B.C., ΧΩ or
ΧΩΜ, Head of Zeus and horseman; and Imperial of Gordian, ΧWΜΑΤЄΙΤWΝ, Armed horseman (Sozon ?).
Corydalla. Imperial—Severus Alexander, Gordian, and Tranquillina, ΚΟΡΥΔΑΛΛЄWΝ, Tyche, Athena, Horseman.
Cragus (District). Federal AR and Æ. ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΚΡΑΓ or abbreviations,
often combined with initials of Dias (ΔΙ), Patara (ΠΑ), Telmessus
(ΤΕΛ), Tlos (ΤΛ or ΤΛW) or Xanthus (ΞΑΝ).
Cyane (Ya'u). Federal AR and Æ, ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΚΥ, ΛΥ ΚΥΑ, and
Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina, ΚΥΑΝЄΙΤWΝ, Horseman; Cultus-statue of Artemis Eleuthera.
Dias (in the Cragus district). Federal Æ; ΔΙ and ΛΥ (or ΛΥΚΙ) ΚΡ.
Gagae (Ak-tash). Federal AR (ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΓΑ) and Æ (Archaic veiled
goddess, &c.), and Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina, ΓΑΓΑΤWΝ
Nemesis; Temple with two figures of goddess (?).
Limyra on the Limyrus (Duden-Su). Æ of early second century, ΛΙ or ΛΙΜΥΡΕΩΝ; Head of Apollo, Thunderbolt. Federal AR and AE
ΛΥΚΙΩΝ (or ΛΥΚΙ) ΛΙ. Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina, ΛΙΜΥΡЄWΝ, Zeus seated, Athena, Tyche, Bull and dog at oracular fountain, ΧΡΗCΜΟC (cf. Plin., N. H., xxxi. 22), River-god ΛΙΜΥΡΟC.
Masicytes, a district of central southern Lycia, with capital Myra. Federal AR and Æ, ΛΥΚΙΩΝ (or ΛΥ) ΜΑ (or ΜΑΣ, ΜΑΣΙ); on AE
magistrate’s name ΙΠΠΟΛΟ.
Myra (Dembre = τα Μυρα) on the Myros, chief town of the Masicytes district. Federal AR and Æ, ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΜΥ, ΜΥΡΑ, ΜΑ ΜΥ, &c.; on Æ, bust of Artemis Eleuthera of Myra, veiled, facing; Nike. Imperial of Gordian, ΜΥΡΕWΝ, Agalma of Artemis Eleuthera or Myrrha in tree attacked by men with axes and defended by snakes (Fig. 316, p. 695), cf. Aphrodisias in Caria; Agalma in temple, sometimes with Nike; Tyche. Alliance coins of Gordian with Patara (see below) and Side (?).
Oenoanda (Urludja). AR, Attic stater, second century B.C. Obv.
Head of Zeus with sceptre; rev. ΟΙΝΟΑΝΔΕWΝ, Eagle on thunderbolt.
Olympus, on the east coast at the foot of Mount Olympus. Federal (?) AR, ΟΛΥΜ or ΟΛΥΜΠΗ; Æ, Head of Athena and thunderbolt; Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina, ΟΛΥΜΠΗΝWΝ. Hephaestos forging
shield; Apollo resting on column.
Patara (Gelemish). Federal AR and Æ, ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΠΑ, ΠΑ ΚΡ, ΠΑΤΑΡΕΩΝ. Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina: Nymph seated and Dionysos (?) standing; Apollo shooting; Apollo with eagle and
serpent twining round tripod; Herakles and Antaeos, &c. Alliance coins of Gordian with Myra: ΠΑΤΑΡЄWΝ ΜΥΡЄWΝ ΟΜΟΝΟΙΑ, Temple of Apollo and Artemis; or of Tyche.
Phaselis (Tekirova), a town of Dorian origin on the east coast, has
a history and coinage distinct from the rest of Lycia. Its chief type,
the galley, may be a type parlant (see Forcellini, s. v. phaselus).
Before B.C. 466.
|Prow of galley, in shape of forepart of
||Inc. sq. [Maonald, Hunter Cat., ii,
Pl. LVII. 19] sometimes divided by
irregular bands and divisions.
AR Persic stater
|Θ Male figure wrestling with human-headed bull (Herakles and Acheloos ?).
||Prow of galley; below, dolphin; incuse square
|..... ΙΤ.. Lyre.
|Prow of galley in shape of forepart of
||ΦΑΣ Stern of galley. Inc. sq.
|Forepart of Pegasos.
||Prow of galley. Inc. sq. |
AR 12.3 grs.
During its membership of the Athenian confederacy, Phaselis appears
to have issued no coins.
Circ. B.C. 400-330 or later.
|Prow of galley. [Maonald, Hunter
Cat., Pl. LVII. 21.]
||ΦΑΣΗ Stern of galley and magistrate's
|Prow of galley.
||ΦΑΣΗ Stern of galley. |
|Id. ΦΑΣΗ [Imhoof, Kl. M., Pl. X. 7.]
||Φ Palladium to front. |
Circ. B.C. 330-276.
Regal staters and tetradrachms of types of Alexander (ΦΑ surmounted by stars, Müller, 1276) and Philip III (ΛΥ and prow, Müller, 100).
Circ. B.C. 276-168.
During the earlier part of this period, until 204, Phaselis belonged to the Ptolemies; towards the end it probably issued the Alexandrine tetradrachms with Φ, dated Α to ΛΑ (Müller, 1178-1195; Imhoof-Blumer KM,
|Head of Apollo.
[Babelon, Inv. Wadd., Pl. VII. 10.]
|ΦΑ ΑΡΚΕΣΙΛΑΟΣ Athena holding
||Φ Athena with thunderbolt, aegis, and serpent, standing on prow; magistrates’ names.
AR Staters 171 grs. or less.
|Id. [Brandis, p. 492.]
||Stern of galley; magistrate’s name ΜΝΑΣΙ.
|Prow, surmounted by head of Helios, or jugate busts of Ptolemy IV and
[Imhoof, Mon. gr., p. 327.]
||ΦΑΣΗ Stern of galley, and magistrates’
AR Staters 152 grs., &c.
|Owl on prow.
||Φ Athena with thunderbolt and aegis;
|Head of Athena.
||ΦΑ Prow; monogram. |
After circ. B.C. 168.
During the earliest period of the League, Phaselis, like Olympus, struck coins of Federal types, reading ΦΑΣΗΛΙ, but without ΛΥΚΙΩΝ; it was probably, however, not a member of the League (Strabo, xiv.
To the same period belong the following :—
||ΦΑΣΗ Stern of galley. Inc. sq.
AR 40.1 grs.
||Φ Athena with thunderbolt and aegis, letters Α, Β, Є. |
Imperial of Gordian; inscr., ΦΑCΗΛ(Є)ΙΤWΝ. Types—Female cultus-figure, veil supported by Erotes, with small figure at her feet; Athena;
Phellus (Baindyr ?). Federal Æ, ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΦΕ, and Imperial of
Gordian. ΦЄΛΛЄΙΤWΝ, Female figure holding flower; Aphrodite, veiled,
Pinara (Minara). Æ (.5-.4) of second century B.C.; obv. Head
of Apollo; rev. ΠΙΝΑΡΕΩΝ Bucranium. Federal AR (ΠΙ) and AE
(ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΠΙ or ΠΙ ΛΥ).
Podalia (in the Milyas). Imperial of Tranquillina, ΠΟΔΑΛΙWΤWΝ,
Rhodiapolis (near Shechkeui). Federal AR (ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΡΟ) and Æ.
Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina, ΡΟΔΙΑΠΟΛЄΙΤWΝ, Nemesis; Athena; Artemis huntress.
Sidyma (Dodurgar-Assari). Federal AR: ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΣΙ [Rev. Num.,
1902, p. 81].
Telmessus (Makri). About the end of the fourth or the beginning
of the third century the following coin was struck at this mint :—
Antiochus III possessed the city from about B.C. 196 to 189. To this
time belongs the following coin :—
After belonging to Pergamum from B.C. 189 to 133, it became independent, and struck small Æ (size .45) with head of Hermes, rev. ΤΕΛ, Fly in incuse square. It probably joined the League about B.C. 81. Federal AR, inscr., ΛΥ ΤΕ ΚΡ, and Æ, inscr., ΛΥ ΤΕΛ ΚΡ or ΤΕΛ ΛΥ.
Termessus Minor (ad Oenoanda), a colony of the Pisidian Termessus.
(See N. Chr., 1897, pp. 25 ff.)
First century B.C. (inscr., ΤΕΡ or ΤΕΡΜΗΣΣΕΩΝ).
Quasi-autonomous and Imperial of Tiberius, with ΤΕΡ ΟΙ (Head of Apollo, rev. Lyre; Head of Hermes, rev. Horse; &c.).
Tlos (Duver). Federal AR (ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΤΛ, ΤΛΩ ΚΡ, ΤΛ ΚΡ) and AE (ΤΛΩΕΩΝ, ΤΛ or ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΤΛ, ΛΥ ΚΡ ΤΛΩ). Imperial of Gordian; inscr., ΤΛWЄWΝ. Types—Nike; Tyche; Warrior fighting or sacrificing;
Trebenna (Serdji ?). Federal Æ (ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΤΡ or ΤΡΕ) and Imperial of Gordian and Tranquillina; inscr., ΤΡЄΒЄΝΝΑΤWΝ. Types—
Dionysos; Zeus seated; Apollo with tripod; Athena sacrificing.
Tymena or Tybenissus. Federal Æ, ΛΥ or ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΤΥ.
Xanthus. Æ of second century B.C. Head of Apollo, rev. ΞΑΝΘΙΩΝ
Lyre. The federal coins without mint-name were probably struck here : AR kitharephoroi, &c., and Æ Head of Helios facing, rev. ΛΥΚΙΩΝ Chimaera, &c.; also ordinary federal AR and Æ: ΛΥΚΙΩΝ ΞΑ, ΛΥ ΚΡΞΑΝ, ΞΑΝ ΚΡ.