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The History and Epigraphy of the Germanicus Dupondii Struck under Caligula

By Joe Geranio

Germanicus. Died AD 19. ∆ Dupondius (29mm, 16.10 g, 8h). Rome mint. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. Germanicus in slow quadriga right; panel of chariot decorated with Victory / Germanicus standing left, raising arm, holding aquila. RIC I 57 (Gaius). cngcoins.com

 

Germanicus Reconstructed and Restored Statue from Amelia

Fragments of a remarkable bronze statue of Germanicus, the adopted son of the Emperor Augustus, were found in 1963 in Via Rimembranze, outside Porta Romana  on what was probably an army parade ground. After their skillful reassembly on a steel frame, Germanicus now stands some two meters high in an impressive exhibit at the end of the room.

Germanicus was a fine soldier who was killed in what is now Germany in 9 AD.  He is seen in full armor exhorting the troops.  His breastplate is decorated with a relief in which Achilles murders Troilus, the youngest son of King Priam, outside the walls of Troy.  The statue probably dates to the reign of Germancus' younger brother, the Emperor Tiberius (14-37 AD), who is sometimes accused of his murder. http://www.ktucitywalks.co.uk/4.html

While constructing a Mill in 1963 workers came across a pile of twisted bronze material in Amelia, it turned out to be a rare Signis Receptis statue of Germanicus. It was painstakingly put together and is very rare.

Statue of Germanicus (ca. 40 AD)

Fragments of this remarkable bronze statue were found in 1963 in Via Rimembranze, outside Porta Romana on what was probably an army parade ground (see the Walk around Amelia). The base found nearby is not inscribed: the statue is almost certainly a portrait of Germanicus, the adopted son of the Emperor Augustus, a fine soldier who was awarded honours after leading the Roman army in what is now Germany in 9 AD. He died in Syria in 18AD.

The statue probably dates to

✴the reign of the Emperor Tiberius (14-37 AD), the stepson of Augustus and Germanicusí adoptive father, who is sometimes accused of his murder; or

✴that of the Emperor Caligula (37-41 AD), Germanicusí son.

After the skillful reassembly of the bronze fragments on a steel frame, Germanicus now stands some two meters high. He is dressed in full armor exhorting the troops. His breastplate is decorated with a relief in which Achilles attacks Troilus, the youngest son of King Priam, outside the walls of Troy. (Legend has it that Achilles dragged the handsome Troilus from his horse by his hair, intent upon raping him. Troilus escaped and took refuge in a temple, but Achilles beheaded him there and mutilated his body).

The Epigraphic evidence

There are two probable sources of epigraphic evidence for Germanicus' triumph, one a fragment of the Fasti Amiternini for May 26, after 769 a.u.c: CIL P, p. 243: [fer. s. ex c. quo]d eo die [Germanicus C]aesar [triumphans] invectus est [in urbem]; and the other a coin, on the obverse of which Germanicus is pictured standing in a four-horse chariot (quadriga) which is
adorned with a Victory and a garland in relief, and holding a sceptre surmounted with an eagle; and on the reverse of which he is again represented in military attire holding a similar
sceptre, along with the inscription: Signis recept. Germ. S. C. This coin was, in all probability, struck during his lifetime: Cohen I. p. 225, n. 7.

From Epigraphic commentary on Gaius Caligula now in public domain.