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Flamen Martialis




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Flamen Martialis, a priest of Mars, whose dignity was the most exalted, after that of the Flamen Dialis, and was required to be held by a patrician. A denarius of the Cornelia gens struck under Augustus, distinctly names this office, and represents the sacerdotal functionary himself; for L LENTVLVS is there called FLAMEN MARTIALIS.



We see a figure, naked except round the midle, holding a small Victory in his right hand, and a spear transversely in his left. He is crowned by a togated figure who stands beside him, and resting the left hand on a shield inscribed with the letters C V (Clipeus Votivus). The crown held by a togated figure ober the head of the smaller one is like a star.

Havercamp is of opinion that this type represents one Lentulus, a priest, who in the name of Augustus is dedcating a statue of Julius Caesar, over the head of which was placed the Julium Sidus, in the temple of Mars Ultor, whilst the shield which he holds in his right hand is a votive one. This explanation, which rests on no conclusive evidence, Eckhel (v 182), leaves to the adoption of those who approve of it. At the same time he acknowledges his inability to improve upon it. Cicero (ad Quintum fratem, iii cp i, sect 5),  mentions a L. Lentulus, the son of a priest, prior to the one inquestion.

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