Aelia Eudocia, Augusta, 2 January 423 - 20 October 460 A.D.

Eudocia was selected by Pulcheria to wed her brother, Theodosius II, in 421 A.D. The daughter of the Athenian sophist Leontius, she was originally named Athenais, but changed her name shortly before her marriage. She exercised considerable political influence for a time, but, around 444, Pulcheria had her exiled to Jerusalem (perhaps on charges of adultery). She spent the rest of her life in religious pursuits, erecting churches and monasteries. When she died on October 20th, 460, she was buried in the church of St. Stephen, a church she herself had founded. She was later made a saint and her image appears on icons.

In the excavations of 1979/1980, there were uncovered at the baths of Hammat-Gader...South-west of the large pool, was found a marble slab inscribed with a poem in Homeric verse ascribed in its heading to the learned poetess, the Empress Eudocia. The inscription at Gadara transcribes a poem by her in praise of the baths and giving thanks for their medical services. Its fragmentary end closes either with a description of the statues around the pools, or a list of the patrons who paid for its reconstruction...

Eudocia |Augusta|

I have seen many infinite wonders in my lifetime
but who, O noble Furnace, could in so many tongues describe
your vigor since at birth, one is but a mortal and a nobody. Yet rather,
justice demands that you be called a new Ocean of Heat
or Paean (the Healer), a begetter and donor of sweet streams.
From you, is born a countless wave both on this side and on that -
on the one, hot - on the other, cold - and also a medium one -
pouring forth your beauty into four fourfold springs.
Behold an Indian and her matron, Repentinus, Saint Elias,
Behold Antoninus Pius, Fresh Galatia - and she herself,
Good Health. Behold, a large luke-warm pool and a small one,
as well as a very pearl, the old Furnace, and one more Indian
and her matron, the Steadfast Monastery and the Patriarch's ...
By your strong vigor the sick ...(are cured?)
But I will sing of the God who is famed for his skill....
for the benefit of men ....

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