Alexander III the Great is arguably the most famous man of antiquity. Born into Macedonian royalty, his genius and charisma led the Macedonian army across three continents, creating an empire that covered most of the then known world, from Greece to India. He was regarded by many in the lands he conquered as god, and his fame grew even greater after his premature death at about the age of 33. His reign marks the beginning of the Hellenistic Age, a time when almost every aspect of human civilization flourished. His coinage is highly complex, struck in more than 100 cities on three continents and spanning more than 250 years. The standards are the silver tetradrachms depicting Heracles, the ancient world's mythic hero, and Zeus, king of the Olympian gods, and the gold staters depicting Athena, goddess of wisdom and warfare, and Nike, goddess of victory. Other denominations in silver and gold were also struck, along with several different bronze types and denominations.
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. A British Museum Catalogue. Two volumes. Zurich and London: The Swiss Numismatic Society in association with the British Museum Press, 1991. 637 pages, 159 plates. Describes about 4100 coins struck in the name of Alexander the Great (lifetime and posthumous issues), his half-brother and successor, Philip Arrhidaeus, and those of Lysimachus of the Alexander types. The introductory text discusses designs, titles, portraiture, symbols and monograms, denominations, weights, hoard evidence, circulation patterns, countermarks, counterfeits, and chronology. The catalogue of coin varieties is arranged by mints. References are given to similar specimens in other collections and hoards. The list of varieties is supplemented by more specific listings of coins in the British Museum collection for which weights, die alignment, and provenances are given. The plates illustrate coins in the British Museum's collection. Includes tables of concordance to Muller and von Prokesch-Osten and indices of hoards and issue marks (symbols, Greek and Aramaic letters, monograms). Also includes brief listings of barbarous issues and modern forgeries. This is the most comprehensive study of the Alexander coinage ever published and is the standard reference fro the series.--from Ancient Greek Numismatics, A Guide to Reading and Research by William E. Daehn.
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